JAMA , Curry SJ et. al.
Oct 25th, 2018 - Intimate partner violence (IPV) and abuse of older or vulnerable adults are common in the United States but often remain undetected. In addition to the immediate effects of IPV, such as injury and death, there are other health consequences, many with long-term effects, including development of mental health conditions such as depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorders, substan...
Gastroenterology Hadjiliadis D, Khoruts A et. al.
Dec 31st, 2017 - Improved therapy has substantially increased survival of persons with cystic fibrosis (CF). But the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) in adults with CF is 5-10 times greater compared to the general population, and 25-30 times greater in CF patients after an organ transplantation. To address this risk, the CF Foundation convened a multi-stakeholder task force to develop CRC screening recommendatio...
Obstetrics and Gynecology;
Oct 24th, 2017 - Trial of labor after cesarean delivery (TOLAC) refers to a planned attempt to deliver vaginally by a woman who has had a previous cesarean delivery, regardless of the outcome. This method provides women who desire a vaginal delivery the possibility of achieving that goal-a vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC). In addition to fulfilling a patient's preference for vaginal delivery, at an ...
Sep 5th, 2017 - This statement updates the recommendations for routine use of the seasonal influenza vaccine and antiviral medications for the prevention and treatment of influenza in children. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends annual seasonal influenza immunization for everyone 6 months and older, including children and adolescents. Highlights for the upcoming 2017-2018 season include the followin...
NIH.gov NIH Director
Feb 2nd, 2020 - For those who track cancer statistics, this year started off on a positive note with word that lung cancer deaths continue to decline in the United States . While there’s plenty of credit to go around for that encouraging news—and continued reduction in smoking is a big factor—some of this progress likely can be ascribed to a type of immunotherapy, called PD-1 inhibitors. This revolutionary ...
JAMA Oncology; Kichenadasse, et al
Dec 25th, 2019 - Is high body mass index associated with survival outcomes with atezolizumab therapy, an immune checkpoint inhibitor, in patients with non–small cell lung cancer?
International Journal of Cancer; Carolyn E. Eberle et al
Dec 4th, 2019 - Many hair products contain endocrine‐disrupting compounds and carcinogens potentially relevant to breast cancer. Products used predominately by black women may contain more hormonally‐active compounds. In a national prospective cohort study, we examined the association between hair dye and chemical relaxer/straightener use and breast cancer risk by ethnicity.
JAMA Oncology; Calkins KL, et al
Dec 4th, 2019 - What is the association between cancer treatment and CD4 count and HIV RNA level, and how are these markers associated with all-cause mortality among people with HIV?
Obstetrics & Gynecology; ACOG
Nov 30th, 2019 - A hereditary cancer syndrome is a genetic predisposition to certain types of cancer, often with onset at an early age, caused by inherited pathogenic variants in one or more genes. Most hereditary cancer syndromes exhibit autosomal dominant inheritance. The most common hereditary cancer syndromes related to women’s cancer include hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome, Lynch syndrome, Li...
Annals of Internal Medicine; Holger J. Schünemann, et al
Nov 30th, 2019 - This synopsis of the European Breast Guidelines provides recommendations regarding organized screening programs for women aged 40 to 75 years who are at average risk. The recommendations address digital mammography screening and the addition of hand-held ultrasonography, automated breast ultrasonography, or magnetic resonance imaging compared with mammography alone. The recommendations also dis...
Circulation Adam J. Nelson et al
Nov 30th, 2019 - Antithrombotic therapy for cardiovascular disease revolves around balancing 2 key outcomes—reducing ischemic events without increasing bleeding. There has been a subtle but progressive shift away from a dominant focus on reducing ischemic events to a more balanced and explicit interest in avoiding bleeding. Bleeding is common and, in part, an expected result of the increased use of anticoagulan...
JAMA Internal Medicine; Rob F. Walker, et al
Nov 30th, 2019 - Testosterone therapy is increasingly prescribed in patients without a diagnosis of hypogonadism. This therapy may be associated with increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) through several mechanisms, including elevated hematocrit levels, which increase blood viscosity.
Obstetrics & Gynecology;
Nov 30th, 2019 - Postpartum hemorrhage causes approximately 11% of maternal deaths in the United States and is the leading cause of death that occurs on the day of birth. Importantly, 54–93% of maternal deaths due to obstetric hemorrhage may be preventable. Studies that have evaluated factors associated with identification and treatment of postpartum hemorrhage have found that imprecise health care provider est...
Nov 30th, 2019 - A rare form of skin cancer may sometimes start with cancer-causing mutations in hair follicle stem cells. A better understanding of how melanoma arises may lead to ways to detect and treat the disease earlier.
JNCCN Ettinger DS, et al
Nov 30th, 2019 - The NCCN Guidelines for Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) address all aspects of management for NSCLC. These NCCN Guidelines Insights focus on recent updates in immunotherapy. For the 2020 update, all of the systemic therapy regimens have been categorized using a new preference stratification system; certain regimens are now recommended as “preferred interventions,” whereas others are categori...
JNCCN Gilligan T, et al
Nov 30th, 2019 - Testicular cancer is relatively uncommon and accounts for <1% of all male tumors. However, it is the most common solid tumor in men between the ages of 20 and 34 years, and the global incidence has been steadily rising over the past several decades. Several risk factors for testicular cancer have been identified, including personal or family history of testicular cancer and cryptorchidism. Test...
Obstetrics & Gynecology;
Nov 29th, 2019 - Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common, benign condition in women. For many women it can cause vaginal bulge and pressure, voiding dysfunction, defecatory dysfunction, and sexual dysfunction, which may adversely affect quality of life. Women in the United States have a 13% lifetime risk of undergoing surgery for POP (1). Although POP can occur in younger women, the peak incidence of POP sympto...
NEJM Bakker MF, et al
Nov 27th, 2019 - Extremely dense breast tissue is a risk factor for breast cancer and limits the detection of cancer with mammography. Data are needed on the use of supplemental magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to improve early detection and reduce interval breast cancers in such patients.
JAMA Oncology; Mayadev JS, et al
Nov 26th, 2019 - Is immunotherapy after chemoradiotherapy in node-positive cervical cancer tolerable?
Nov 26th, 2019 - Maintenance Therapy for RAS Wild-Type Metastatic Colorectal Cancer