Nov 9th, 2019 - Many misused drugs can alter a person’s thinking and judgment, leading to health risks, including addiction, drugged driving and infectious disease. Most drugs could potentially harm an unborn baby; pregnancy-related issues are listed in the chart below for drugs where there is enough scientific evidence to connect the drug use to specific negative effects. Commonly Abused Drugs.
Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology; Davies C, et al
Nov 7th, 2019 - Psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia are heterogeneous and often debilitating conditions that contribute substantially to the global burden of disease. The introduction of dopamine D2 receptor antagonists in the 1950s revolutionised the treatment of psychotic disorders and they remain the mainstay of our treatment arsenal for psychosis. However, traditional antipsychotics are associated wi...
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation; Kalantar-Zadeh K, et al
Nov 6th, 2019 - How often have you been told to eat more protein and less carbohydrates to stay healthy? This is not an emerging food culture but rather a prevailing dogma in our society. Physicians, dietitians and other health care professionals tell us constantly about the advantages of a high-protein diet (HPD), such as losing weight rapidly, burning calories, diminishing appetite, preventing obesity, manag...
Lymphoma Research Foundation;
Nov 6th, 2019 - Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in the United States and worldwide, accounting for about 22 percent of newly diagnosed cases of B-cell NHL in the United States. More than 18,000 people are diagnosed with DLBCL each year.
JAMA Network Open; Al-Shbool G, et al
Nov 5th, 2019 - Clinical trials play a crucial role in shaping the practice of medicine. Nonreporting of clinical trial results affects the validity of the literature and can negatively affect patient care. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in the United States and worldwide. Studies assessing reporting of clinical trial results in thoracic oncology are lacking. We sought to investig...
Nov 5th, 2019 - Biogen Inc. (Nasdaq: BIIB) and Alkermes plc (Nasdaq: ALKS) today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved VUMERITY™ (diroximel fumarate), a novel oral fumarate with a distinct chemical structure, for the treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS), to include clinically isolated syndrome, relapsing-remitting disease and active secondary progressive disease...
Nov 5th, 2019 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a supplemental Biologics License Application for Fluzone® High-Dose Quadrivalent (Influenza Vaccine) for use in adults 65 years of age and older. Fluzone® High-Dose (Influenza Vaccine) was approved by the FDA in 2009 as a trivalent influenza vaccine, including two influenza A strains and one influenza B strain. Fluzone High-Dose Quadri...
Annals of Internal Medicine;
Nov 5th, 2019 - The goal of this American College of Physicians (ACP) guidance statement is to guide clinicians on age to start and stop CRC screening, frequency of screening, and optimal screening test in asymptomatic, average-risk adults, based on a critical review of existing guidelines and their evidence reviews.
Nov 5th, 2019 - Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration authorized marketing of a test to detect human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Type-1 drug resistance mutations using next generation sequencing (NGS) technology. The Sentosa SQ HIV Genotyping Assay is the first HIV drug resistance assay that uses NGS technology that the FDA has authorized for marketing in the U.S.
American Family Physician; JEFFREY C. LEGGIT, MD
Nov 5th, 2019 - RAS inhibitors have been widely prescribed to treat hypertension; however, it remains unclear whether they are superior to other antihypertensive drugs in terms of clinically relevant outcomes for primary hypertension.
Nov 5th, 2019 - The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) collects information on thousands of state-licensed providers who specialize in treating substance use disorders, addiction, and mental illness.
JAMA Network Open; Covelli A, et al
Nov 5th, 2019 - What do clinicians perceive as barriers to engaging in fertility preservation discussions with young women with cancer?
Lancet Gastroenterology Hepatology; Schiller LR
Oct 31st, 2019 - Constipation is a symptom that affects around 11-20% of the adult population yearly. Most physicians consider infrequency of defecation as a hallmark of constipation. However, most patients view excessive straining as the biggest component of constipation and only a minority of patients with constipation have infrequent bowel movements.
The New England Journal of Medicine; Tait, D. et. al.
Oct 28th, 2019 - BACKGROUND Results of an earlier analysis of a trial of the M72/AS01E candidate vaccine against Mycobacterium tuberculosis showed that in infected adults, the vaccine provided 54.0% protection against active pulmonary tuberculosis disease, without evident safety concerns. We now report the results of the 3-year final analysis of efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity. METHODS From August 201...
Oct 28th, 2019 - Biologic drugs are complex medications produced from living organisms or their parts. They include vaccines and drugs to treat conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, and cancer. Some biologic drugs, like insulin, can only be delivered by injection. If taken by mouth, stomach acid would destroy the drug before it could take effect.
Oct 28th, 2019 - Selected risk factors (things that increase your chance of getting cancer), including tobacco and alcohol use and human papillomavirus (HPV).
Oct 28th, 2019 - Shingles (also known as herpes zoster) results from infection by the varicella zoster virus. This common virus causes chickenpox (also known as varicella), which is characterized by itchy spots on the skin that cover the whole body and usually occurs in childhood or adolescence. After the body fights the initial infection, the varicella zoster virus remains in nerve cells for the rest of a per...
Oct 27th, 2019 - The FDA is evaluating new information about the risk of blood continuing to leak into the aneurysm (Type III endoleak) when Endologix AFX endovascular grafts (AFX with Strata, AFX with Duraply, or AFX2) are used for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). We’ve previously communicated about the greater risk of Type III endoleaks occurring with the Endologix AFX with Strata device co...
Journal of Clinical Oncology; Sharma, P. et. al.
Oct 27th, 2019 - PURPOSE To independently validate two biomarkers, a 44-gene DNA damage immune response (DDIR) signature and stromal tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (sTILs), as prognostic markers in patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) treated with adjuvant doxorubicin (A) and cyclophosphamide (C) in SWOG 9313. METHODS Four hundred twenty-five centrally determined patient cases with TNBC from ...
Pediatrics Armstrong, S. et. al.
Oct 27th, 2019 - Severe obesity among youth is an “epidemic within an epidemic” and portends a shortened life expectancy for today’s children compared with those of their parents’ generation. Severe obesity has outpaced less severe forms of childhood obesity in prevalence, and it disproportionately affects adolescents. Emerging evidence has linked severe obesity to the development and progression of multiple co...
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, & Psychiatry; Bai. S., et al
Oct 27th, 2019 - Objectives To systematically review the efficacy and safety of anti-inflammatory agents for patients with major depressive disorders. Methods We searched the literature to identify potentially relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs) up to 1 January 2019. The primary outcome was efficacy, measured by mean changes in depression score from baseline to endpoint. Secondary outcomes included ...
The Lancet Psychiatry; Black, N. et. al.
Oct 27th, 2019 - Medicinal cannabinoids, including medicinal cannabis and pharmaceutical cannabinoids and their synthetic derivatives, such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), have been suggested to have a therapeutic role in certain mental disorders. We analysed the available evidence to ascertain the effectiveness and safety of all types of medicinal cannabinoids in treating symptoms of vario...
Medical Clinics of North America; Nanda A, et al
Oct 27th, 2019 - Asthma affects approximately 300 million people worldwide and approximately 7.5% of adults in the United States. Among adults, asthma results in about 10.5 million physician office visits per year and affects approximately 8.7% of blacks, 7.6% of whites, and 5.8% of Hispanics. Asthma is characterized by inflammation of airways, variable airflow obstruction, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness.3 I...
Oct 23rd, 2019 - This draft guidance contains recommendations concerning the content and format for certain labeling information for saline and silicone gel-filled breast implants. FDA is issuing this draft guidance to help ensure that a patient receives and understands the benefits and risks of these devices. The recommendations are being made based on concerns that some patients are not receiving and/or under...
Oct 23rd, 2019 - Allergan plc (NYSE: AGN) today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the company's supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) for BOTOX® for the treatment of pediatric patients (2 to 17 years of age) with lower limb spasticity, excluding spasticity caused by cerebral palsy (CP). This marks the 11th BOTOX® therapeutic indication, having been approved for pedi...
Oct 23rd, 2019 - This page suggests other resources for more information on breast implant issues
Oct 23rd, 2019 - Melinta Therapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ: MLNT), a commercial-stage company focused on the development and commercialization of novel antibiotics to treat serious bacterial infections, today announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved BAXDELA® (delafloxacin) for the treatment of adult patients with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) caused by designated susceptible b...
Oct 23rd, 2019 - Uncertainty remains about the optimal monotherapy for hypertension, with current guidelines recommending any primary agent among the first-line drug classes thiazide or thiazide-like diuretics, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers, and non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers, in the absence of comorbid indications...
The New England Journal of Medicine; Kopetz, S. et. al.
Oct 23rd, 2019 - BACKGROUND Patients with metastatic colorectal cancer with the BRAF V600E mutation have a poor prognosis, with a median overall survival of 4 to 6 months after failure of initial therapy. Inhibition of BRAF alone has limited activity because of pathway reactivation through epidermal growth factor receptor signaling. METHODS In this open-label, phase 3 trial, we enrolled 665 patients with B...
Oct 22nd, 2019 - On October 23, 2019,the Food and Drug Administration approved niraparib (ZEJULA, Tesaro, Inc.) for patients with advanced ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer treated with three or more prior chemotherapy regimens and whose cancer is associated with homologous recombination deficiency (HRD)-positive status. HRD is defined by either a deleterious or suspected deleterious BRCA mu...
Oct 22nd, 2019 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is taking another significant step in protecting women’s health by helping to ensure patients have complete information about the benefits and risks of breast implants. In a draft guidance issued today, we are providing proposed labeling recommendations to manufacturers of these devices to help ensure women receive and understand information regarding the b...
Oct 22nd, 2019 - The webpage provides information about some of the complications and adverse outcomes of breast implants
Annals of Internal Medicine; Barkun, A. et. al.
Oct 21st, 2019 - Description: This update of the 2010 International Consensus Recommendations on the Management of Patients With Nonvariceal Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding (UGIB) refines previous important statements and presents new clinically relevant recommendations. Methods: An international multidisciplinary group of experts developed the recommendations. Data sources included evidence summarized in ...
Oct 21st, 2019 - Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the Federal Trade Commission posted a joint warning letter to Rooted Apothecary LLC, of Naples, Florida, for illegally selling unapproved products containing cannabidiol (CBD) online with unsubstantiated claims that the products treat teething pain and ear aches in infants, autism, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as well as Parki...
Oct 21st, 2019 - Novo Nordisk today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has expanded the label for Fiasp® (insulin aspart injection) 100 u/mL to include use in insulin infusion pumps for the improvement of glycemic control in adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes.1 Fiasp®, a rapid-acting insulin, was approved by the FDA in 2017 for use by intravenous infusion under supervision by a health...
Oct 21st, 2019 - Pain is one of the most common symptoms associated with cancer and its treatment, and feelings of anxiety and depression can intensify the level of pain patients experience, according to the results from a study by Galloway et al that will be presented at the 2019 Supportive Care in Oncology Symposium (Abstract 76). However, authors also reported that having greater social support can help miti...
Oct 21st, 2019 - Eton Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: ETON), a specialty pharmaceutical company focused on developing and commercializing innovative drug products, today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Biorphen®, the first and only FDA-approved ready-to-use formulation of phenylephrine for the treatment of clinically important hypotension resulting primarily from vasodilat...
Circulation Drazner, M. et. al.
Oct 20th, 2019 - This article is a commentary on the following Prognostic Implications of Congestion on Physical Examination Among Contemporary Patients With Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction
Oct 20th, 2019 - The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson announced today the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) approval of STELARA® (ustekinumab) for the treatment of adult patients with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis. The approval for this new indication is based on the pivotal Phase 3 UNIFI clinical trial which achieved its primary endpoint of clinical remission. Re...
Oct 20th, 2019 - AstraZeneca today announced that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Farxiga (dapagliflozin) to reduce the risk of hospitalisation for heart failure (hHF) in adults with type-2 diabetes (T2D) and established cardiovascular disease (CVD) or multiple cardiovascular (CV) risk factors.
Oct 20th, 2019 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Trikafta (elexacaftor/ivacaftor/tezacaftor), the first triple combination therapy available to treat patients with the most common cystic fibrosis mutation. Trikafta is approved for patients 12 years and older with cystic fibrosis who have at least one F508del mutation in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene, wh...
Nature Medicine; Schubert, R. et. al.
Oct 20th, 2019 - Since 2012, the United States of America has experienced a biennial spike in pediatric acute flaccid myelitis (AFM)1,2,3,4,5,6. Epidemiologic evidence suggests non-polio enteroviruses (EVs) are a potential etiology, yet EV RNA is rarely detected in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)2. CSF from children with AFM (n = 42) and other pediatric neurologic disease controls (n = 58) were investigated for intra...
The New England Journal of Medicine; Dransfield, M. et. al.
Oct 19th, 2019 - Observational studies suggest that beta-blockers may reduce the risk of exacerbations and death in patients with moderate or severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but these findings have not been confirmed in randomized trials.
Oct 17th, 2019 - TCT 2019 in San Francisco has left us with a few trials that potentially may change our interventional practice. The COMPLETE study is now complete! To refresh your memory, the COMPLETE trial was presented at ESC Congress 2019, one month before TCT, and studied patients presented with STEMI and multivessel disease. At a median of three-years follow-up, complete revascularization was superior to...
Oct 17th, 2019 - Foamix Pharmaceuticals Ltd. (Nasdaq: FOMX) (“Foamix” or the “Company”), a specialty pharmaceutical company, today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved its novel AMZEEQTM (minocycline) topical foam, 4%. AMZEEQ, formerly known as FMX101, is indicated for the treatment of inflammatory lesions of non-nodular moderate to severe acne vulgaris in adults and pediatric...
Oct 16th, 2019 - Single-dose Xofluza is the first and only antiviral medicine indicated specifically for patients at high risk of developing serious complications from influenza (flu) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) defines people at high risk of serious flu complications as those who have conditions such as asthma, chronic lung disease, diabetes, heart disease, morbid obesity or adults ...
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology; Roiger, G. et. al.
Oct 16th, 2019 - A number of researches showed high prevalence of personality disorders among addicted gamblers. However, there are still few studies investigating the role of pathological personality facets in Gambling Disorder (GD). Moreover, the nature of the relationship between GD and pathological personality is not clear. We administered to a group of addicted gamblers (N = 79) and a group of healthy part...
BMJ Chen, C. et. al.
Oct 15th, 2019 - Objective To investigate the association between weight changes across adulthood and mortality. Design Prospective cohort study. Setting US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1988-94 and 1999-2014. Participants 36 051 people aged 40 years or over with measured body weight and height at baseline and recalled weight at young adulthood (25 years old) and middle adul...
JAMA Cardiology; Chen, Y. et. al.
Oct 15th, 2019 - Question How have the trends in premature mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) changed in the United States during 2000 to 2015 by demographics and county-level factors, including education, rurality, and the prevalence of smoking, obesity, and diabetes? Findings In this study, CVD mortality rates increased significantly among American Indian/Alaska Native individuals age 25 to 49 y...
BMJ Byrne, P. et. al.
Oct 15th, 2019 - Statins are now the most commonly used drug in the UK and one of the most commonly used medicines in the world.12 Although prices have fallen since their patents expired, statins account for substantial drug expenditure in a context of often overstretched healthcare budgets, with estimated global sales approaching $1tn by 2020.3 Use of statins in people with established cardiovascular disease i...