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Knowledge translation tools to guide care of non-intubated patients with acute respirat...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7791165
Critical Care (London, England); Leasa D, Cameron P et. al.

Jan 9th, 2021 - Providing optimal care to patients with acute respiratory illness while preventing hospital transmission of COVID-19 is of paramount importance during the pandemic; the challenge lies in achieving both goals simultaneously. Controversy exists regarding the role of early intubation versus use of non-invasive respiratory support measures to avoid intubation. This review summarizes available evide...

Contribution of Interventional Radiologist in the Management of Pseudoaneurysm and Neck...
https://doi.org/10.1177/0145561320987030
Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal; Zhang N, Lechien JR et. al.

Jan 7th, 2021 - Patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may have endothelial inflammation, pseudoaneurysm, and an increasing risk of bleeding, especially during surgical procedures. In this article, we reported 2 cases of COVID-19 patients with neck vascular lesions. The first patient had pseudoaneurysm of the cricothyroid artery, which was treated by percutaneous glue injection through ultras...

Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in Surgical Smoke during Laparoscopy: A Prospective, Proof-o...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmig.2020.12.026
Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology; Bogani G, Ditto A et. al.

Dec 29th, 2020 - There are growing concerns regarding the potential risk of coronavirus disease transmission during surgery and in particular during minimally invasive procedures owing to the aerosolization of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) particles. However, no study has demonstrated this hypothesis. Here, we aimed to investigate the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in surgical smoke. A pr...

Noninvasive Mechanical ventilation in COVID-19 era: Proposal for a continuous positive ...
https://doi.org/10.1111/aor.13888
Artificial Organs; Cavaglià M, Olivieri C et. al.

Dec 16th, 2020 - Non-invasive Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (NIV-CPAP) is effective in patients with hypoxemic respiratory failure. Building evidence during the COVID-19 emergency reported that around 50% of patients in Italy treated with NIV-CPAP avoided the need for invasive mechanical ventilation. Standard NIV-CPAP systems operate at high gas flow rates responsible for noise generation and inadequate h...

Challenges in Brain Death Determination and Apnea Testing for Patients with COVID-19.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7577670
Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases : the Official Journal of National Stroke Association; Radaideh Y, Garg R et. al.

Dec 1st, 2020 - Apnea testing remains essential for the clinical evaluation of brain death determination. In patients who test positive for SARS-CoV-2, disconnecting the patient from the ventilator and introducing high flow oxygen into the endotracheal tube increases the risk for aerosolization of airway secretions and exposure of the examiner. Case report of a patient with an intracerebral hemorrhage that evo...

Quantification of Aerosol Generation During Cataract Surgery.
https://doi.org/10.1097/j.jcrs.0000000000000530
Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery; Noureddin GS, Iovieno A et. al.

Nov 24th, 2020 - To determine whether phacoemulsification cataract surgery is an aerosol-generating medical procedure (AGMP) and therefore, to help determine the personal protective equipment required by healthcare providers in the era of the COVID-19 pandemic, as COVID-19 can be transmitted via aerosolization during AGMPs. Laboratory DESIGN:: In this laboratory-based simulation, phacoemulsification cataract su...

Low incidence of airborne SARS-CoV-2 in acute care hospital rooms with optimized ventil...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7734095
Emerging Microbes & Infections; Dumont-Leblond N, Veillette M et. al.

Nov 18th, 2020 - The worldwide repercussions of COVID-19 sparked important research efforts, yet the detailed contribution of aerosols in the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 has not been elucidated. In an attempt to quantify viral aerosols in the environment of infected patients, we collected 100 air samples in acute care hospital rooms hosting 22 patients over the course of nearly two months using three different a...

Prophylactic Dressings for Maintaining Skin Integrity of Healthcare Workers When Using ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7678667
Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing : Official Publication of The Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society; Pacis M, Azor-Ocampo A et. al.

Nov 17th, 2020 - Extended use of N95 respirator masks is far more prevalent during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. As WOC nurses, we were tasked with formulating procedures for protecting the facial skin integrity of healthcare workers (HCWs) using personal protective devices when caring for patients with suspected or active COVID-19, while avoiding contamination when the masks are donned or d...

A critical review of the safety of minimally invasive surgery in the era of COVID-19.
https://doi.org/10.1080/13645706.2020.1838549
Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies : MITAT : Official Journal of the Society for Minimally Invasive Therapy; Emile SH, Hamid HKS

Oct 27th, 2020 - The Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected surgical practice around the world. While several abdominal emergencies can be managed effectively and safely using minimally invasive surgery (MIS), the safety of using MIS amid the COVID-19 pandemic has been debated. MIS, including laparoscopy and robotic surgery, is considered an aerosol-generating procedure and some recent resea...

A novel homozygous variant in an Iranian pedigree with cerebellar ataxia, mental retard...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7698443
Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis REFERENCES; Ziyaeifard M, Ziyaeifard P

Oct 20th, 2020 - The COVID-19 outbreak is public health emergency, spreads easily from human to human, and may cause acute severe respiratory syndrome. The anesthesia teams who perform this procedure are at risk aerosolization and need special consideration and safety measures. Cardiac anesthesiologist follows two aims, recognition of COVID-19 patients that need surgery and decreasing the risk of perioperative ...

Quantification of Aerosol Concentrations During Endonasal Instrumentation in the Clinic...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7675733
The Laryngoscope; Murr AT, Lenze NR et. al.

Oct 5th, 2020 - Recent anecdotal reports and cadaveric simulations have described aerosol generation during endonasal instrumentation, highlighting a possible risk for transmission of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) during endoscopic endonasal instrumentation. This study aims to provide a greater understanding of particle generation and exposure risk during endoscopic endonasal ins...

A survey of personal protective equipment use among US otolaryngologists during the COV...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7499145
American Journal of Otolaryngology; Yu K, Micco AG et. al.

Sep 26th, 2020 - Describe current practices and challenges in personal protective equipment (PPE) use among US otolaryngologists during the COVID-19 pandemic. Online survey. Academic and non-academic healthcare institutions. Subjects included US otolaryngology physicians. Emails were sent on April 17, 2020 to program coordinators at 121 residency programs, who were requested to forward the email to program dire...

Clinical utility of perfusion (Q)-single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/CT...
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00259-020-05043-y
European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging; Das JP, Yeh R et. al.

Sep 22nd, 2020 - We reviewed the clinical utility of perfusion (Q)-single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/CT for diagnosing pulmonary embolus (PE) in patients hospitalized with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2). Following the World Health Organization's declaration of a global pandemic, our department policy recommended Q-only SPECT/CT for all patients undergoing nuclear me...

Efficacy of Povidone-Iodine Nasal and Oral Antiseptic Preparations Against Severe Acute...
https://doi.org/10.1177/0145561320957237
Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal; Pelletier JS, Tessema B et. al.

Sep 21st, 2020 - Severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the pathogen responsible for the global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). From the first reported cases in December 2019, the virus has spread to over 4 million people worldwide. Human-to-human transmission occurs mainly through the aerosolization of respiratory droplets. Transmission also occurs through contact with...

Noninvasive Ventilation: Options and Cautions for Patients with COVID-19
https://www.staging.medscape.com/viewarticle/937774

Sep 20th, 2020 - Early on in the COVID-19 pandemic, clinicians intubated many patients with respiratory insufficiency because of concern for aerosolization with other methods. "We were concerned that, if we put them on high-flow nasal cannula or a noninvasive ventilation, that we would create aerosols that would then be a risk to clinicians," Meghan Lane-Fall, MD, MSHP, FCCM, said at a Society for Critical Care...

Noninvasive Ventilation: Options and Cautions for Patients with COVID-19
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/937774

Sep 20th, 2020 - Early on in the COVID-19 pandemic, clinicians intubated many patients with respiratory insufficiency because of concern for aerosolization with other methods. "We were concerned that, if we put them on high-flow nasal cannula or a noninvasive ventilation, that we would create aerosols that would then be a risk to clinicians," Meghan Lane-Fall, MD, MSHP, FCCM, said at a Society for Critical Care...

Personal protective equipment availability and usage amongst pediatric otorhinolaryngol...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7462564
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology; Kim DH, Chadha NK et. al.

Sep 12th, 2020 - To survey a group of global pediatric otolaryngology specialists to assess their usage and access to personal protective equipment during the COVID-19 pandemic. A survey of 13 questions was created collecting information on: basic demographics of practice, types of PPE used for procedures of varying aerosolization risk, access to positive air-purifying respirator (PAPR) and patient testing for ...

Tracheotomy in a High-Volume Center During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Evaluating the Surgeo...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7464051
Otolaryngology--head and Neck Surgery : Official Journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery; Thal AG, Schiff BA et. al.

Sep 1st, 2020 - Performing tracheotomy in patients with COVID-19 carries a risk of transmission to the surgical team due to potential viral particle aerosolization. Few studies have reported transmission rates to tracheotomy surgeons. We describe our safety practices and the transmission rate to our surgical team after performing tracheotomy on patients with COVID-19 during the peak of the pandemic at a US epi...

Uninterrupted Continuous and Intermittent Nebulizer Therapy in a COVID-19 Patient Using...
https://doi.org/10.1089/jamp.2020.1636
Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery; Elnadoury O, Beattie J et. al.

Aug 27th, 2020 - Interruptions in continuous nebulized pulmonary vasodilators, such as epoprostenol, can potentially result in clinical deterioration in respiratory status. Coadministration of other intermittent nebulized therapies may require opening the ventilator circuit to facilitate administration. However, in patients with SARS-CoV2 infection, it is preferred to avoid opening the circuit whenever feasible...

Authors' Reply: Open tracheostomy for COVID-19-positive patients: A method to minimize ...
https://doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002913
The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery; Rhee P

Aug 16th, 2020 - Authors' Reply: Open tracheostomy for COVID-19-positive patients: A method to minimize aerosolization and reduce risk of exposure.|2020|Rhee P,|