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COVID-19 in pediatric kidney transplantation: The Improving Renal Outcomes Collaborative.
https://doi.org/10.1111/ajt.16501
American Journal of Transplantation : Official Journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons; Varnell C, Harshman LA et. al.

Jan 16th, 2021 - There are limited data on the impact of COVID-19 in children with a kidney transplant. We conducted a prospective cohort study through the Improving Renal Outcomes Collaborative (IROC) to collect clinical outcomes data about COVID-19 in pediatric kidney transplant patients. Twenty-two IROC centers that care for 2732 patients submitted testing and outcomes data for 281 patients tested for SARS-C...

Indirect effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on paediatric healthcare use and severe disea...
https://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-321008
Archives of Disease in Childhood; Williams TC, MacRae C et. al.

Jan 16th, 2021 - To determine the indirect consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on paediatric healthcare utilisation and severe disease at a national level following lockdown on 23 March 2020. National retrospective cohort study. Emergency childhood primary and secondary care providers across Scotland; two national paediatric intensive care units (PICUs); statutory death records. 273 455 unscheduled primary ca...

Covid-19: Government uses lateral flow tests to keep children in schools against regula...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.n148
BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.); Wise J

Jan 16th, 2021 - Covid-19: Government uses lateral flow tests to keep children in schools against regulator's advice.|2021|Wise J,|

Modelling the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on violent discipline against children.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104897
Child Abuse & Neglect; Fabbri C, Bhatia A et. al.

Jan 16th, 2021 - The COVID-19 pandemic could increase violence against children at home. However, collecting empirical data on violence is challenging due to ethical, safety, and data quality concerns. This study estimated the anticipated effect of COVID-19 on violent discipline at home using multivariable predictive regression models. Children aged 1-14 years and household members from the Multiple Indicator C...

Prospective cohort study of children with suspected SARS-CoV-2 infection presenting to ...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-042121
BMJ Open; Funk AL, Florin TA et. al.

Jan 16th, 2021 - Relatively limited data are available regarding paediatric COVID-19. Although most children appear to have mild or asymptomatic infections, infants and those with comorbidities are at increased risk of experiencing more severe illness and requiring hospitalisation due to COVID-19. The recent but uncommon association of SARS-CoV-2 infection with development of a multisystem inflammatory syndrome...

Telehealth Role During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Lessons Learned from Health Care Provider...
https://doi.org/10.1089/tmj.2020.0489
Telemedicine Journal and E-health : the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association; Eddine IS, Zedan HS

Jan 15th, 2021 - Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was originally recognized in December 2019 as a case of lung infection in Wuhan, China. COVID-19 has affected the capability of health care experts to treat patients face to face. One initiative to improve the efficacy and convenience of patient care despite the physical distancing limitations has been the application of "virtual clinics" (VCs) as...

Paediatric presentations to Christchurch Hospital Emergency Department during COVID-19 ...
https://doi.org/10.1111/jpc.15347
Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health References; Bothara RK, Raina A et. al.

Jan 15th, 2021 - To describe the variation in volumes and types of paediatric presentations to a tertiary emergency department in New Zealand during the national level 4 lockdown for COVID-19. A retrospective, comparative cohort study in Christchurch Hospital Emergency Department, New Zealand. There was a 37% reduction in all emergency presentations during the 33-day lockdown period. Paediatric presentations re...

Parental stress, food parenting practices and child snack intake during the COVID-19 pa...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2021.105119
Appetite Jansen E, Thapaliya G et. al.

Jan 15th, 2021 - The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused unprecedented disruptions to the lives of families. This study aimed to investigate the impact of pandemic-associated stress on food parenting practices including interactions surrounding snacks, and child diet. Parents (N = 318) of 2-12-year old children completed a cross-sectional online survey assessing current COVID-19-specific str...

Pneumococcal carriage in children with COVID-19.
https://doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2020.1849516
Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics; Aykac K, Ozsurekci Y et. al.

Jan 15th, 2021 - Background: SARS-CoV-2 is the new virus, and Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the most important pathogens affecting humans. However, we do not yet know whether these microorganisms interact. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between Streptococcus pneumoniae and SARS-CoV-2 in pediatric patients. Methods: This study was conducted retrospectively by means of medical records of pediatr...

Increasing Rate of Unintentional Firearm Deaths in Youngest Americans: Firearm Prevalen...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2020.12.005
Journal of the National Medical Association; Bleyer A, Siegel SE et. al.

Jan 15th, 2021 - The United States has had, by far, the world's greatest civilian ownership of firearms. An even greater ownership occurred during the Covd-19 pandemic, mostly of handguns and including many new owners. The U.S. has also had the least progress of the 41 highest sociodemographic countries ranked by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in reducing the unintentional firearm mortality rat...

Pediatric inflammatory bowel disease and the effect of COVID-19 pandemic on treatment a...
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41390-020-01312-6 10.3201/eid2609.201476 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjaa061 10.1097/MPG.0000000000002729 10.1016/S2468-1253(20)30151-5 10.2196/19577 10.1258/1357633053499886 10.1111/apa.15376
Pediatric Research; Dorfman L, Nassar R et. al.

Jan 15th, 2021 - The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic affects medical care worldwide, including patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Thus, we aimed to assess its impact on health care provision, fear of infection, adherence to medical treatment, and compliance with preventative instructions in children and adolescents with IBD. A cross-sectional telephonic survey using a Likert scale-based que...

Correlation of SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid antigen and RNA concentrations in nasopharyngeal...
https://doi.org/10.1128/JCM.03077-20
Journal of Clinical Microbiology; Pollock NR, Savage TJ et. al.

Jan 14th, 2021 - Background: Diagnosis of COVID-19 by PCR offers high sensitivity, but the utility of detecting samples with high cycle threshold (Ct) values remains controversial. Currently available rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid antigens (Ag) have sensitivity well below PCR. The correlation of Ag and RNA quantities in clinical nasopharyngeal (NP) samples is unknown.Methods: An ultr...

Protecting the Global Mental Health of Forcibly Displaced Children From the COVID-19 Pa...
https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2020-025346
Pediatrics Song SJ

Jan 14th, 2021 - Protecting the Global Mental Health of Forcibly Displaced Children From the COVID-19 Pandemic.|2021|Song SJ,|

Smell status in children infected with SARS-CoV-2.
https://doi.org/10.1002/lary.29403
The Laryngoscope; Rusetsky Y, Meytel I et. al.

Jan 14th, 2021 - This study aimed to evaluate the olfactory status in children with laboratory confirmed SARS-CoV-2 using subjective and psychophysical methods. This is a prospective clinical cross-sectional study of 79 children with COVID-19. The 21st item of SNOT-22 questionnaire and odor identification test were used for smell assessment. Children were examined twice during the hospitalization, and a telepho...

Progression of Myopia in School-Aged Children After COVID-19 Home Confinement.
https://doi.org/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2020.6239
JAMA Ophthalmology; Wang J, Li Y et. al.

Jan 14th, 2021 - Time spent in outdoor activities has decreased owing to home confinement for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Concerns have been raised about whether home confinement may have worsened the burden of myopia owing to substantially decreased time spent outdoors and increased screen time at home. To investigate the refractive changes and prevalence of myopia in school-aged children...

Immune determinants of COVID-19 disease presentation and severity.
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-020-01202-8
Nature Medicine; Brodin P

Jan 14th, 2021 - COVID-19, caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection, is mild to moderate in the majority of previously healthy individuals, but can cause life-threatening disease or persistent debilitating symptoms in some cases. The most important determinant of disease severity is age, with individuals over 65 years having the greatest risk of requiring intensive care, and men are more susceptible than women. In contra...

Adverse effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in patients with viral respira...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7678345
BMJ Open; von Philipsborn P, Biallas R et. al.

Jan 14th, 2021 - To assess the effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in patients with viral respiratory infections on acute severe adverse outcomes, healthcare utilisation, quality of life and long-term survival. Rapid systematic review. Humans with viral respiratory infections, exposed to systemic NSAIDs. Acute severe adverse outcomes, healthcare utilisation, quality of life and long-term s...

Seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in children of United Kingdom healthcare worker...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7678379
BMJ Open; Corr M, Christie S et. al.

Jan 14th, 2021 - A novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has been responsible for a worldwide pandemic. Children typically have very mild, or no, symptoms of infection. This makes estimations of seroprevalence in children difficult. Research is therefore required to determine the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in children. The primary objective of this study is to report the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 IgM and...

Moderna Needs More Kids for COVID-19 Vaccine Trials
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/944177

Jan 14th, 2021 - Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. Moderna probably will not have clinical trial results anytime soon on how its COVID-19 vaccine affects children and adolescents, according to the company CEO and a federal official. The Moderna vaccine was authorized for use in December and is now being given to people 18 and over. But children ...

Childhood Smoking and Depression Contribute to Young Adult Opioid Use
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/944182

Jan 14th, 2021 - Depression and tobacco use in childhood significantly increased the risk for opioid use in young adults, according to data from a prospective study of approximately 1,000 individuals. Previous research, including the annual Monitoring the Future study, documents opioid use among adolescents in the United States, but childhood risk factors for opioid use in young adults have not been well studie...