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COVID-19 preventive behaviors and influencing factors in the Iranian population; a web-...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-10201-4 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30211-7 10.1007/s12529-008-9002-8 10.1016/j.ypmed.2010.04.010 10.1207/s15324796abm2702_7 10.1186/1471-2334-10-1 10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.04.032 10.1006/pmed.1999.0618 10.1016/S0749-3797(99)00040-9 10.7150/ijbs.45221
BMC Public Health; Firouzbakht M, Omidvar S et. al.

Jan 16th, 2021 - COVID19 is a respiratory disease caused by a novel coronavirus. As there has been no definitive treatment for the disease so far, the only way to control the spread is to break the chain of infection. Our study aimed to analyze the preventive behaviors and influencing factors in the Iranian population. This cross-sectional study was a web-based survey in the Iranian population. We performed the...

Mask use among pedestrians during the Covid-19 pandemic in Southwest Iran: an observati...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-10152-2 10.4269/ajtmh.20-0305 10.1016/j.jinf.2020.04.024 10.1001/jama.2020.6437 10.21101/cejph.a6290 10.20944/preprints202004.0203.v1 10.1101/2020.05.22.20109231 10.1016/j.eclinm.2020.100356 10.20944/preprints202005.0152.v1 10.1016/j.tmaid.2020.101637 10.1093/jtm/taaa121 10.1186/1471-2458-12-1065 10.2147/RMHP.S4810
BMC Public Health; Rahimi Z, Shirali GA et. al.

Jan 15th, 2021 - Many countries have recommended the use of face masks for general population in public places to reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of face mask usage and investigate about different types of face mask and their distribution among pedestrians in southwest Iran during the Covid-19 pandemic. This cross-sectional study was conducted in August 2020 ...

Impact of Gloves and Mask Use on Epidermal Barrier Function in Health Care Workers.
https://doi.org/10.1097/DER.0000000000000682 10.1111/jdv.16573 10.1017/ice.2020.212
Dermatitis : Contact, Atopic, Occupational, Drug; Montero-Vilchez T, Martinez-Lopez A et. al.

Jan 15th, 2021 - Coronavirus disease 2019 has rapidly spread all over the world. Personal protective equipment (PPE) including masks and gloves is needed to avoid transmission. Adverse skin reactions associated with PPE have been described, but there is no information regarding objective measures to assess skin impairment related to PPE. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of using facial mask and n...

Why does the spread of COVID-19 vary greatly in different countries? Revealing the effi...
https://doi.org/10.1017/S0950268821000108
Epidemiology and Infection; Wei J, Guo S et. al.

Jan 14th, 2021 - Why does the spread of COVID-19 vary greatly in different countries? Revealing the efficacy of face masks in epidemic prevention.|2021|Wei J,Guo S,Long E,Zhang L,Shu B,|

Enforcement may crowd out voluntary support for COVID-19 policies, especially where tru...
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2016385118 10.1038/s41586-020-2923-3
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America; Schmelz K

Jan 14th, 2021 - Effective states govern by some combination of enforcement and voluntary compliance. To contain the COVID-19 pandemic, a critical decision is the extent to which policy makers rely on voluntary as opposed to enforced compliance, and nations vary along this dimension. While enforcement may secure higher compliance, there is experimental and other evidence that it may also crowd out voluntary mot...

5 Reasons to Wear a Mask Even After You're Vaccinated
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/944200

Jan 14th, 2021 - Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. As an emergency physician, Dr. Eugenia South was in the first group of people to receive a covid vaccine. She received her second dose last week  — even before President-elect Joe Biden. Yet South said she's in no rush to throw away her face mask. "I honestly don't think I'll ever go without a m...

Outdoor Intraocular Pressure Screening Clinic Boosts Patient Management During Pandemic
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/944057

Jan 13th, 2021 - NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - A drive-through intraocular pressure (IOP) screening clinic minimized COVID-19 exposure for patients and clinicians by enabling eye pressure measurements in a clinic parking lot. Researchers say the protocol is allowing clinicians to continue managing patients with vision-threatening diseases during the pandemic. "We feel lucky to have had the infrastructure in place...

A network-based model to explore the role of testing in the epidemiological control of ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7803001
BMC Infectious Diseases; Cui Y, Ni S et. al.

Jan 13th, 2021 - Testing is one of the most effective means to manage the COVID-19 pandemic. However, there is an upper bound on daily testing volume because of limited healthcare staff and working hours, as well as different testing methods, such as random testing and contact-tracking testing. In this study, a network-based epidemic transmission model combined with a testing mechanism was proposed to study the...

Modified full-face snorkel masks as reusable personal protective equipment for hospital...
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0244422
PloS One; Kroo L, Kothari A et. al.

Jan 13th, 2021 - Here we adapt and evaluate a full-face snorkel mask for use as personal protective equipment (PPE) for health care workers, who lack appropriate alternatives during the COVID-19 crisis in the spring of 2020. The design (referred to as Pneumask) consists of a custom snorkel-specific adapter that couples the snorkel-port of the mask to a rated filter (either a medical-grade ventilator inline filt...

Personal protective equipment for reducing the risk of COVID-19 infection among healthc...
https://doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000003073
The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery; Griswold DP, Gempeler A et. al.

Jan 12th, 2021 - Healthcare facilities in low- and middle-income countries are inadequately resourced to adhere to current COVID-19 prevention recommendations. Recommendations for surgical emergency trauma care measures need to be adequately informed by available evidence and adapt to particular settings. To inform future recommendations, we set to summarise the effects of different personal protective equipmen...

California Sees Bright Spot in 'Most Intense Surge' of Virus
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/944029

Jan 12th, 2021 - Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. Jim Clark, 86, receives a first dose of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine from UC Davis Health in Sacramento, Calif. SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) — California has lifted a stay-at-home order for 13 northern counties with improving hospital conditions but most of the state's population remains under ti...

Brief Report: Changes in PrEP Use, Sexual Practice, and Use of Face Mask During Sex Amo...
https://doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0000000000002575 10.1136/sextrans-2020-054688 10.1093/ofid/ofaa536 10.1136/sextrans-2020-054680 10.1080/01490400.2020.1774016 10.1136/sextrans-2020-054608 10.1136/sextrans-2020-054543
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (1999); Chow EPF, Hocking JS et. al.

Jan 12th, 2021 - A second wave of COVID-19 began in late June in Victoria, Australia. Stage 3 then Stage 4 restrictions were introduced in July-August. This study aimed to compare the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and sexual practices among men who have sex with men taking PrEP between May-June (post-first lockdown) and July-August (second lockdown). This was an online survey conducted among men who ha...

The Potential for Cloth Masks to Protect Health Care Clinicians From SARS-CoV-2: A Rapi...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7800735
Annals of Family Medicine; Daoud AK, Hall JK et. al.

Jan 12th, 2021 - The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led at times to a scarcity of personal protective equipment, including medical masks, for health care clinicians, especially in primary care settings. The objective of this review was to summarize current evidence regarding the use of cloth masks to prevent respiratory viral infections, such as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 ...

An evidence review of face masks against COVID-19.
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2014564118 10.1177/1528083719858760
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America; Howard J, Huang A et. al.

Jan 12th, 2021 - The science around the use of masks by the public to impede COVID-19 transmission is advancing rapidly. In this narrative review, we develop an analytical framework to examine mask usage, synthesizing the relevant literature to inform multiple areas: population impact, transmission characteristics, source control, wearer protection, sociological considerations, and implementation considerations...

Simulating preventative testing of SARS-CoV-2 in schools: policy implications.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7801157
BMC Public Health; Asgary A, Cojocaru MG et. al.

Jan 12th, 2021 - School testing for SARS-CoV-2 infection has become an important policy and planning issue as schools were reopened after the summer season and as the COVID-19 pandemic continues. Decisions to test or not to test and, if testing, how many tests, how often and for how long, are complex decisions that need to be taken under uncertainty and conflicting pressures from various stakeholders. We have d...

Coronavirus Variant Means We Have to Vaccinate Faster
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/943936

Jan 12th, 2021 - Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. This transcript has been edited for clarity. Welcome to Impact Factor, your weekly dose of commentary on a new medical study. I'm Dr F. Perry Wilson from the Yale School of Medicine. Well, it's 2021. We made it. But forgive me if I say that it doesn't exactly feel like it. The challenges of 2020 have chased us...

The Impacts of Face Mask Use on Standard Automated Perimetry Results in Glaucoma Patients.
https://doi.org/10.1097/IJG.0000000000001786
Journal of Glaucoma; Bayram N, Gundogan M et. al.

Jan 11th, 2021 - The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) spread rapidly worldwide, causing a severe outbreak. Because the disease is easily transmitted, face masks are a vital tool to slow the spread. The aim of this study is to investigate the impacts of face mask use on standard automated perimetry (SAP) results in glaucoma patients. All follow-up glaucoma patients who underwent SAP between May and October 20...

U.S. Reports 100,000 COVID-19 Hospitalizations 40 Days in a Row
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/943952

Jan 11th, 2021 - Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. Registered nurse Kyanna Barboza adjusts the ventilator on her COVID-19 patient at St. Joseph Hospital in Orange, Calif., Thursday, Jan. 7, 2021. California health authorities reported Thursday a record two-day total of 1,042 coronavirus deaths as many hospitals strain under unprecedented caseloa...

Health Workers Unions See Surge in Interest Amid Covid
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/943963

Jan 11th, 2021 - Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. Nurses at Albany Medical Center picketed on Dec. 1, asking for more personal protective equipment. They say they're having to reuse N95 masks up to 20 times. The nurses at Mission Hospital in Asheville, North Carolina, declared on March 6 — by filing the official paperwork — that they were ready...

AMA President: Biden Team Must Create National Pandemic Strategy
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/943993

Jan 11th, 2021 - Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. The incoming Biden administration must formulate an effective national strategy for the COVID-19 pandemic, said Susan R. Bailey, MD, president of the American Medical Association (AMA), in a speech delivered today at the National Press Club in Washington, DC Restore trust in science and science-...