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Nondetection of SARS-CoV-2 on high-touch surfaces of public areas next to COVID-19 hosp...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2021.01.007
American Journal of Infection Control; Mestre LG, Tarruella DR et. al.

Jan 15th, 2021 - We studied the contamination with SARS-CoV-2 and the bacterial load of high-touch surfaces located in public areas next to COVID-19 hospitalization units. Ninety-two samples were obtained from 46 different high-touch surfaces: 36 sites next to COVID-19 hospitalization units and 10 sites in the cabins of the public elevators. SARS-CoV-2 was not detected at any site, despite high bacterial loads ...

Candida auris Outbreak in a COVID-19 Specialty Care Unit - Florida, July-August 2020.
https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm7002e3
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Prestel C, Anderson E et. al.

Jan 14th, 2021 - In July 2020, the Florida Department of Health was alerted to three Candida auris bloodstream infections and one urinary tract infection in four patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) who received care in the same dedicated COVID-19 unit of an acute care hospital (hospital A). C. auris is a multidrug-resistant yeast that can cause invasive infection. Its ability to colonize patients ...

Performing otolaryngological outpatient consultation during the Covid-19 pandemic.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7781528
American Journal of Otolaryngology; Arosio AD, Russo F et. al.

Jan 12th, 2021 - The Covid-19 pandemic has had a profound impact on the Otolaryngology outpatient clinical practice, which is at high risk of respiratory viral transmission due to the close contact between the examiner and the patient's airway secretions [1]. Moreover, most otolaryngological procedures, including oropharyngoscopy, generate droplets or aerosols from high viral shedding areas [1]. Thus, only non-...

Modes of Transmission of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) a...
https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020395
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health; Delikhoon M, Guzman MI et. al.

Jan 9th, 2021 - The multiple modes of SARS-CoV-2 transmission including airborne, droplet, contact, and fecal-oral transmissions that cause coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) contribute to a public threat to the lives of people worldwide. Herein, different databases are reviewed to evaluate modes of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and study the effects of negative pressure ventilation, air conditioning system, and...

Decontamination of common healthcare facility surfaces contaminated with SARS-CoV-2 usi...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2020.12.016
The Journal of Hospital Infection; Cutts T, Kasloff S et. al.

Jan 8th, 2021 - The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has highlighted the urgent need for safe and effective surface decontamination methods, particularly in healthcare settings. To evaluate the effectiveness of peracetic acid (PAA) dry fogging in decontaminating healthcare facility surfaces experimentally contaminated with SARS-CoV-2. Nine materials (stainless steel, latex painted wood, unsealed hardwood, melamine countert...

Quantitative UV-C dose validation with photochromic indicators for informed N95 emergen...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7787392
PloS One; Su A, Grist SM et. al.

Jan 6th, 2021 - With COVID-19 N95 shortages, frontline medical personnel are forced to reuse this disposable-but sophisticated-multilayer respirator. Widely used to decontaminate nonporous surfaces, UV-C light has demonstrated germicidal efficacy on porous, non-planar N95 respirators when all surfaces receive ≥1.0 J/cm2 dose. Of utmost importance across disciplines, translation of empirical evidence to impleme...

Older adults living in social housing in Canada: the next COVID-19 hotspot?
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7781411
Canadian Journal of Public Health = Revue Canadienne De Sante Publique; Pirrie M, Agarwal G

Jan 5th, 2021 - Older adults in social housing have high rates of chronic diseases and live in clustered housing, creating the ideal situation for a tragic outbreak in this vulnerable population, which has been largely unrecognized in the public health discourse. It is estimated that two thirds of this population have cardiometabolic conditions that put them at higher risk of poor outcomes from COVID-19. In ad...

Spirometry during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Guidelines and practical advice from the exp...
https://doi.org/10.5603/ARM.a2020.0186
Advances in Respiratory Medicine; Franczuk M, Przybyłowski T et. al.

Jan 4th, 2021 - At the end of 2019, in Wuhan, the Hubei Province's capital city in China, the first cases of COVID-19 disease caused by the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, were described. The rapid spread of the infection through the world resulted in the World Health Organization announcing the COVID-19 a global pandemic in March 2020. The main routes of transmission of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, accord...

Safe Use and Storage of Cleaners, Disinfectants, and Hand Sanitizers: Knowledge, Attitu...
https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.20-1119
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene; Gharpure R, Miller GF et. al.

Dec 30th, 2020 - Cleaning and disinfection of frequently touched surfaces and frequent hand hygiene are recommended measures to prevent transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, poison center calls regarding exposures to cleaners, disinfectants, and hand sanitizers have increased as compared with prior years, indicating a need to evaluate household saf...

Surface texture limits transfer of S. aureus, T4 bacteriophage, influenza B virus and h...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7769612
PloS One; Liu Q, Brookbank L et. al.

Dec 28th, 2020 - Spread of pathogens on contaminated surfaces plays a key role in disease transmission. Surface technologies that control pathogen transfer can help control fomite transmission and are of great interest to public health. Here, we report a novel bead transfer method for evaluating fomite transmission in common laboratory settings. We show that this method meets several important criteria for quan...

Masks and Face Coverings for the Lay Public : A Narrative Update.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7774036
Annals of Internal Medicine; Czypionka T, Greenhalgh T et. al.

Dec 28th, 2020 - Whether and when to mandate the wearing of facemasks in the community to prevent the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 remains controversial. Published literature across disciplines about the role of masks in mitigating severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) transmission is summarized. Growing evidence that SARS-CoV-2 is airborne indicates that infection control intervent...

Lipid-based vaccine nanoparticles for induction of humoral immune responses against HIV...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7749995
Journal of Controlled Release : Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society; Park KS, Bazzill JD et. al.

Dec 28th, 2020 - The current health crisis of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) highlights the urgent need for vaccine systems that can generate potent and protective immune responses. Protein vaccines are safe, but conventional approaches for protein-based vaccines often fail to elicit potent and long-lasting immune responses. Nanoparticle vaccines designed to co-deliver protein antigens and adjuvants can p...

Occurrence of respiratory viruses on school desks.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2020.12.006
American Journal of Infection Control; Zulli A, Bakker A et. al.

Dec 21st, 2020 - Schools represent high occupancy environments and well-documented high-risk locations for the transmission of respiratory viruses. The goal of this study was to report on the area density, occurrence, and type of respiratory viruses on desks in primary school classrooms. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) techniques were employed to measure nucleic acid area den...

Questioning COVID-19 Surface Stability and Fomite Spreading in Three Aeromedical Cases:...
https://doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usaa548
Military Medicine; Horoho S, Musik S et. al.

Dec 17th, 2020 - It is well established that coronavirus disease 2019 is primarily transmitted through respiratory droplets, and there is mounting research speculation that it may also be transmitted via fomites. Several studies have shown that the virus can persist on both porous and nonporous surfaces for hours to days, depending upon the material. This article examines three cases of polymerase chain reactio...

Mechanisms of Atomization from Rotary Dental Instruments and Its Mitigation.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7746949
Journal of Dental Research; Sergis A, Wade WG et. al.

Dec 17th, 2020 - Since the onset of coronavirus disease 2019, the potential risk of dental procedural generated spray emissions (including aerosols and splatters), for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 transmission, has challenged care providers and policy makers alike. New studies have described the production and dissemination of sprays during simulated dental procedures, but findings lack gener...

Keeping Eyes Safe From COVID-19: What Works?
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/942606

Dec 15th, 2020 - Dr Anthony Fauci has suggested that eyewear such as goggles or face shields can offer more complete protection from the virus that causes COVID-19 than covering the nose and mouth alone. Although stopping short of a universal recommendation, Fauci advocates eyewear for those who want "perfect protection of the mucosal surfaces," including the eyes. For the general public, eye protection is opti...

Substance use and abuse, COVID-19-related distress, and disregard for social distancing...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106754
Addictive Behaviors; Taylor S, Paluszek MM et. al.

Dec 14th, 2020 - Research shows that there has been a substantial increase in substance use and abuse during the COVID-19 pandemic, and that substance use/abuse is a commonly reported way of coping with anxiety concerning COVID-19. Anxiety about COVID-19 is more than simply worry about infection. Research provides evidence of a COVID Stress Syndrome characterized by (1) worry about the dangers of COVID-19 and w...

Sexual Health Implications of COVID-19 Pandemic.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7643626
Sexual Medicine Reviews; Pennanen-Iire C, Prereira-Lourenço M et. al.

Dec 14th, 2020 - A novel coronavirus (COVID-19) reached pandemic levels by March 11th, 2020, with a destructive impact across socioeconomic domains and all facets of global health, but little is known of its impact on sexual health. To review current knowledge on sexual health-related containment measures during pandemics, specifically COVID-19, and focus on 2 main areas: intimacy and relational dynamics and cl...

Viable virus aerosol propagation by positive airway pressure (PAP) circuit leak and mit...
https://doi.org/10.1183/13993003.03666-2020
The European Respiratory Journal; Landry SA, Barr JJ et. al.

Dec 11th, 2020 - Nosocomial transmission of SARS-CoV-2 has been a major feature of the COVID-19 pandemic. Evidence suggests patients can auto-emit aerosols containing viable viruses, these aerosols could be further propagated when patients undergo certain treatments including continuous positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy. Our aim was to assess i) the degree of viable virus propagated from PAP circuit mask l...

Knowledge and practice of personal protective measures during the COVID-19 pandemic: A ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7732079
PloS One; Bazaid AS, Aldarhami A et. al.

Dec 11th, 2020 - The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is an emergent infectious pathogen causing an acute respiratory disease called corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Virus transmission may occur by contact, droplet, airborne or via contaminated surfaces. In efforts to effectively control the COVID-19 outbreak, the world health organization (WHO) and the Saudi Ministry of Health ...