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Treating Bioterroism-Related Plague: CDC Issues New Guidelines
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/955928

Aug 3rd, 2021 - The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has issued the first recommendations for the prevention and treatment of plague since 2000. The new guidelines focus on the possibility of bioterrorism with mass casualty events from an intentional release of Yersinia pestis. Plague, a deadly infection caused by Y pestis, has been feared throughout history because of large pandemics. The most well-known pan...

COVID-19 risk among healthcare workers performing nasopharyngeal testing.
https://doi.org/10.1017/ice.2021.354
Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology; Schwartz KL, Muller MP et. al.

Aug 3rd, 2021 - COVID-19 risk among healthcare workers performing nasopharyngeal testing.|2021|Schwartz KL,Muller MP,Williams V,Harry R,Booker S,|

Summer Campers Spread COVID at Home, Follow-Up Finds
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/955803

Aug 2nd, 2021 - Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. After SARS-CoV-2 spread at a sleepaway camp in Georgia last summer, researchers described the efficient spread and high attack rates at camp. In a report published online in The New England Journal of Medicine, researchers found that campers spread COVID to household members after returning home...

The prevalence of olfactory and gustatory dysfunction in covid-19 - A systematic review.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anl.2021.07.007
Auris, Nasus, Larynx; Wu D, Wang VY et. al.

Aug 2nd, 2021 - Loss of smell or taste are early symptoms of COVID-19. Given the high asymptomatic rate of COVID-19, as well as unreliable temperature checking and contact history taking, it is important to understand the role of olfactory and gustatory dysfunction (OGD) in the diagnosis of COVID-19. The aim of this study is to determine how initial symptoms of OGD can be used to screen patients for COVID-19 l...

A novel use for routine CBCT imaging during radiotherapy to detect COVID-19.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2021.07.011
Radiography (London, England : 1995); Clough A, Sanders J et. al.

Aug 2nd, 2021 - Thoracic CT is a useful tool in the early diagnosis of patients with COVID-19. Typical appearances include patchy ground glass shadowing. Thoracic radiotherapy uses daily cone beam CT imaging (CBCT) to check for changes in patient positioning and anatomy prior to treatment through a qualitative assessment of lung appearance by radiographers. Observation of changes related to COVID-19 infection ...

Effect of Non-lockdown Social Distancing and Testing-Contact Tracing During a COVID-19 ...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2021.07.058
International Journal of Infectious Diseases : IJID : Off... Chen YH, Fang CT et. al.

Aug 2nd, 2021 - In Spring 2020, South Korea applied non-lockdown social distancing (avoiding mass gathering and non-essential social engagement, without restricting movement of people who were not patients or contacts), testing-and-isolation (testing), and tracing-and-quarantine the contacts (contact tracing), to successfully control the first large-scale COVID-19 outbreak outside China. However, the relative ...

Cerebrospinal fluid cytokine, chemokine, and SARS-CoV-2 antibody profiles in children w...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msard.2021.103169
Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders; Ngo B, Lapp SA et. al.

Aug 2nd, 2021 - Neuropsychiatric symptoms and CSF cytokine, chemokine, and SARS-COV-2 antibody profiles are unknown in pediatric patients with COVID-19 or multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C), (NP-COVID-19). Children at a single pediatric institution quaternary referral center with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 or MIS-C and neuropsychiatric symptoms were included in this retrospective case series. Clinica...

Measuring hygiene competence: the picture-based situational judgement test HygiKo.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8323094
BMC Medical Education; Heininger SK, Baumgartner M et. al.

Aug 1st, 2021 - With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic at the beginning of 2020, the crucial role of hygiene in healthcare settings has once again become very clear. For diagnostic and for didactic purposes, standardized and reliable tests suitable to assess the competencies involved in "working hygienically" are required. However, existing tests usually use self-report questionnaires, which are suboptimal fo...

Health and healthcare for people with disabilities in the UK during the COVID-19 pandemic.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8285926
Disability and Health Journal; Kavanagh A, Hatton C et. al.

Aug 1st, 2021 - While emerging evidence shows increased mortality from COVID-19 among people with disability, evidence regarding whether there are disability-related inequalities in health during the pandemic is lacking. This study compares access to COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 related health care and mental health of people with and without disability. Longitudinal analysis of 12,703 adults (16-64 years) who pa...

Association of public health interventions and COVID-19 incidence in Vietnam, January t...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8318669
International Journal of Infectious Diseases : IJID : Off... Quach HL, Nguyen KC et. al.

Aug 1st, 2021 - Vietnam implemented various public health interventions such as contact tracing and testing, mandatory quarantine, and lockdowns in response to COVID-19. However, the effects of these measures on the epidemic remain unclear. We described public health interventions in relation to COVID-19 incidence. We used maximum likelihood estimations to assess containment delays (time between symptom onset ...

The toll of COVID-19 on African children: A descriptive analysis on the COVID-19-relate...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2021.07.060
International Journal of Infectious Diseases : IJID : Off... Velásquez SR, Jacques L et. al.

Aug 1st, 2021 - Few data on the COVID-19 epidemiological characteristics among the pediatric population in Africa exists. This paper examines the age and sex distribution of the morbidity and mortality rate in children with COVID-19 and compares it to the adult population within 15 Sub-Saharan African countries. A merge line listing dataset shared by countries within the Regional Office for Africa was analyzed...

EXPRESS: Clinical performance of the Elecsys® Anti-SARS-CoV-2 combined in an algorithm...
https://doi.org/10.1177/00045632211038038
Annals of Clinical Biochemistry; GabaldÃ-Barrios X, Iftimie S et. al.

Jul 31st, 2021 - Anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies have been used in the study of the immune response in infected patients. However, differences in sensitivity and specificity have been reported, depending on the method of analysis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of an algorithm in which a high-throughput automated assay for total antibodies was used for screening and two semi-aut...

Genomic epidemiology and transmission dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 in congregate healthcare f...
https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciab553
Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication Of... MacCannell T, Batson J et. al.

Jul 31st, 2021 - Outbreaks of SARS-CoV-2 in long term care facilities (LTCFs) cause significant morbidity and mortality. Mapping viral transmission within and between by combining genomic sequencing with epidemiologic investigations enables targeting infection control interventions. We conducted weekly surveillance of residents and staff in LTCFs in Santa Clara County, CA with at least one confirmed COVID-19 ca...

Short Term Experiences of a Liver Transplant Center Before and After the COVID-19 Pande...
https://doi.org/10.1111/ijcp.14668
International Journal of Clinical Practice; Altunisik Toplu S, Bayindir Y et. al.

Jul 31st, 2021 - With the COVID-19 pandemic, managing the process of solid organ transplantation has become a significant matter for transplant centers. In this study, we report our experiences on evaluating the effects of COVID-19 in patients with recent liver transplants. We evaluated patients who received liver transplants during three close consecutive periods of time. For transplants conducted between Octo...

Primary care for patients with respiratory tract infection before and early on in the C...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2021-049257
BMJ Open; van der Velden AW, Bax EA et. al.

Jul 31st, 2021 - To describe primary health care (consultation characteristics and management) for patients contacting their general practitioner (GP) with a respiratory tract infection (RTI) early on in the COVID-19 pandemic in contrasting European countries, with comparison to prepandemic findings. Primary care in 16 countries (79 practices), when no routine SARS-CoV-2 testing was generally available. Before ...

The Store-and-Forward Telemedicine Service User-satisfaction Questionnaire: Development...
https://doi.org/10.1177/1357633X211032409
Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare; Tensen E, van Buggenum J et. al.

Jul 31st, 2021 - With wider adoption of store-and-forward telemedicine accelerating, particularly post-coronavirus disease 2019, it is essential to understand health care providers' (HCPs) satisfaction with digital solutions offered by telemedicine organizations to (continuously) guarantee service quality. We developed the Store-and-Forward Telemedicine Service User-satisfaction Questionnaire to monitor and ass...

Improving Healthcare Value: Effectiveness of a Program to Reduce Laboratory Testing for...
https://doi.org/10.12788/jhm.3649
Journal of Hospital Medicine; Abdul-Moheeth M, Valencia V et. al.

Jul 31st, 2021 - Avoiding routine, repetitive inpatient laboratory testing is a Choosing Wisely® recommendation, with benefits that may be even more pronounced in the setting of the COVID-19 pandemic, considering the need to limit unnecessary exposure, use of personal protective equipment, and laboratory resources. However, the COVID-19 pandemic presented a unique challenge: how to efficiently develop and stand...

Risk of Healthcare-Associated Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in Hospitalized Cancer Patients.
https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciab670
Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication Of... Chow K, Aslam A et. al.

Jul 31st, 2021 - There is limited information on the risk of hospital-acquired COVID-19 among high-risk hospitalized patients after exposure to an infected patient or healthcare worker (HCW) in a non-outbreak setting. This study was conducted at a tertiary care cancer center in New York City from March 10, 2020, until February 28, 2021. In early April 2020, the study institution implemented universal SARS-CoV-2...

The Clinical Significance of Procalcitonin Elevation in Patients over 75 Years Old Admi...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8245241
Mediators of Inflammation; Ticinesi A, Nouvenne A et. al.

Jul 31st, 2021 - To investigate the clinical significance of procalcitonin (PCT) elevation on hospital admission for coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) and its association with mortality in oldest old patients (age > 75 years). The clinical records of 1074 patients with chest high-resolution computed-tomography (HRCT) positive for interstitial pneumonia and symptoms compatible for COVID-19, hospitalized in medic...

The Dual/Global Value of SARS-CoV-2 Genome Surveillance on Migrants Arriving to Europe ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8300587
Annals of Global Health; Marotta C, Stefanelli P et. al.

Jul 31st, 2021 - Despite the pandemic, 34,154 migrants, refugees or asylum-seekers landed in Sicily (Italy) in 2020, representing the main point of entry by sea into Europe. The SARS-CoV-2 surveillance program among migrants arriving to Sicily via the Mediterranean Sea, made by the combination of clinical examination and molecular testing, has been integrated by full-genome sequencing strains using the NGS tech...