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A model of covid-19 transmission to understand the effectiveness of the containment mea...
https://doi.org/10.1017/S0950268820002162
Epidemiology and Infection; Zongo P, Zorom M et. al.

Sep 22nd, 2020 - A model of covid-19 transmission to understand the effectiveness of the containment measures: application to data from France.|2020|Zongo P,Zorom M,Mophou G,Dorville R,Beaumont C,|

Epidemiological surveillance of common respiratory viruses in patients with suspected C...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-020-05392-x
BMC Infectious Diseases; Si Y, Zhao Z et. al.

Sep 22nd, 2020 - The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is currently the peak season of common respiratory viral infections. However, the clinical symptoms of most SARS-CoV-2 infected patients are not significantly different from those of common respiratory viral infections. Therefore, knowing the epidemiological patterns of...

Transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) to animals...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12967-020-02534-2
Journal of Translational Medicine; Salajegheh Tazerji S, Magalhães Duarte P et. al.

Sep 22nd, 2020 - COVID-19 caused by a novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) originated in Wuhan (Hubei province, China) during late 2019. It has spread across the globe affecting nearly 21 million people with a toll of 0.75 million deaths and restricting the movement of most of the world population during the past 6 months. COVID-19 became the leading health, economic, and humanitar...

Best Practice Guidance for Adult Infusion Centres during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Report ...
https://doi.org/10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjaa147
Journal of Crohn's & Colitis; Dotan I, Panaccione R et. al.

Sep 22nd, 2020 - Infusion centres are a central part in the management of patients with inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] and could be a source of transmission of SARS-COV-2. Here we aimed to develop global guidance for best practices of infusion centres for IBD patients and to determine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on these centres. Under the auspices of the International Organization for the Study of In...

Multidisciplinary Safety Recommendations After Tracheostomy During COVID-19 Pandemic: S...
https://doi.org/10.1177/0194599820961990
Otolaryngology--head and Neck Surgery : Official Journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery; Meister KD, Pandian V et. al.

Sep 22nd, 2020 - In the chronic phase of the COVID-19 pandemic, questions have arisen regarding the care of patients with a tracheostomy and downstream management. This review addresses gaps in the literature regarding posttracheostomy care, emphasizing safety of multidisciplinary teams, coordinating complex care needs, and identifying and managing late complications of prolonged intubation and tracheostomy. Pu...

Ethics of sharing medical knowledge with the community: is the physician responsible fo...
https://doi.org/10.1136/medethics-2020-106348
Journal of Medical Ethics; Strous RD, Karni T

Sep 22nd, 2020 - A recent update to the Geneva Declaration's 'Physician Pledge' involves the ethical requirement of physicians to share medical knowledge for the benefit of patients and healthcare. With the spread of COVID-19, pockets exist in every country with different viral expressions. In the Chareidi ('ultra-orthodox') religious community, for example, rates of COVID-19 transmission and dissemination are ...

Efficacy of Povidone-Iodine Nasal and Oral Antiseptic Preparations Against Severe Acute...
https://doi.org/10.1177/0145561320957237
Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal; Pelletier JS, Tessema B et. al.

Sep 21st, 2020 - Severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the pathogen responsible for the global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). From the first reported cases in December 2019, the virus has spread to over 4 million people worldwide. Human-to-human transmission occurs mainly through the aerosolization of respiratory droplets. Transmission also occurs through contact with...

COVID-19 healthcare demand and mortality in Sweden in response to non-pharmaceutical mi...
https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyaa121
International Journal of Epidemiology; Sjödin H, Johansson AF et. al.

Sep 21st, 2020 - While the COVID-19 outbreak in China now appears suppressed, Europe and the USA have become the epicentres, both reporting many more deaths than China. Responding to the pandemic, Sweden has taken a different approach aiming to mitigate, not suppress, community transmission, by using physical distancing without lockdowns. Here we contrast the consequences of different responses to COVID-19 with...

Whole-genome sequencing to track SARS-CoV-2 transmission in nosocomial outbreaks.
https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciaa1433
Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America; Lucey M, Macori G et. al.

Sep 21st, 2020 - During the first wave of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, outbreaks of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in healthcare institutions posed a significant problem. Due to limited evidence, guidance on appropriate infection prevention and control (IPC) measures such as the wearing of face masks varied. Here, we applied whole virus genome sequencing (WvGS)...

Gastrointestinal Coronavirus disease 2019: epidemiology, clinical features, pathogenesi...
https://doi.org/10.1080/17474124.2020.1821653
Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology; Simona D, Lorena T et. al.

Sep 21st, 2020 - The new Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the etiologic agent of coronavirus disease 2019. Some authors reported evidences that patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection could have a direct involvement of the gastrointestinal tract, and in symptomatic cases, gastrointestinal symptoms (diarrhea, nausea/vomiting, abdominal pain) could be very common. Area covered: In this a...

Potential sources, modes of transmission and effectiveness of prevention measures again...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2020.09.022
The Journal of Hospital Infection; Kampf G, Brüggemann Y et. al.

Sep 21st, 2020 - During the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic new studies are emerging daily providing novel information about sources, transmission risks and possible prevention measures. In this review, we aimed to comprehensively summarize the current evidence on possible sources for SARS-CoV-2, including evaluation of transmission risks and effectiveness of applied prevention measures. Next to symptomatic patient...

Clinical characteristics and humoral immune response in Healthcare Workers with COVID-1...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2020.09.018
The Journal of Hospital Infection; Vandercam G, Simon A et. al.

Sep 21st, 2020 - Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at high risk of acquiring COVID-19 and could play a role in nosocomial transmission. Since February 4, 2020, Belgian Health authorities reported more than 90568 cases, of which 8.3% were HCWs. Data on clinical characteristics, sources of infection and humoral immune response of HCWs with COVID-19 remain scarce. Analyse the clinical characteristics, humoral immune r...

Epidemiological approximation of the enteric manifestation and possible fecal-oral tran...
https://doi.org/10.1097/MEG.0000000000001934
European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology; Pamplona J, Solano R et. al.

Sep 21st, 2020 - The recent appearance of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection has led to the publication of the first evidence on gastrointestinal symptoms (GIS), the possible enteric involvement of the virus and the detection of RNA in stool, with its possible implication in the fecal-oral transmission of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We aimed to conduct a systematic r...

Effects of Cocooning on Coronavirus Disease Rates after Relaxing Social Distancing.
https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2612.201930
Emerging Infectious Diseases; Wang X, Du Z et. al.

Sep 21st, 2020 - As coronavirus disease spreads throughout the United States, policymakers are contemplating reinstatement and relaxation of shelter-in-place orders. By using a model capturing high-risk populations and transmission rates estimated from hospitalization data, we found that postponing relaxation will only delay future disease waves. Cocooning vulnerable populations can prevent overwhelming medical...

A review of medications used to control and improve the signs and symptoms of COVID-19 ...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2020.173568
European Journal of Pharmacology; Hushmandi K, Bokaie S et. al.

Sep 21st, 2020 - In December 2019, an unprecedented outbreak of pneumonia associated with a novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) emerged in Wuhan City, Hubei province, China. The virus that caused the disease was officially named by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). According to the high transmission rate of SARS-CoV-2, it became a glob...

Use of Weather Variables in SARS-CoV-2 Transmission Studies.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2020.09.032
International Journal of Infectious Diseases : IJID : Official Publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases; Babin S

Sep 20th, 2020 - The persistence and intensity of the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, and the advanced planning required to balance competing concerns of saving lives and avoiding economic collapse, may depend in part on whether the virus is sensitive to seasonal changes in variables such as temperature and humidity. Although multiple studies have sought to address possible effects of these variables on SARS-CoV-2...

The need for improved discharge criteria for hospitalised patients with COVID-19-implic...
https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afaa206
Age and Ageing; Sze S, Pan D et. al.

Sep 20th, 2020 - In the COVID-19 pandemic, patients who are older and residents of long term care facilities (LTCF) are at greatest risk of worse clinical outcomes. We reviewed discharge criteria for hospitalised COVID-19 patients from ten countries with the highest incidence of COVID-19 cases as of 26th July 2020. Five countries (Brazil, Mexico, Peru, Chile and Iran) had no discharge criteria; the remaining fi...

Safety and efficacy of tracheotomy for critically ill patients with coronavirus disease...
https://doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezaa312
European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery : Official Journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery; Aodeng S, Wang W et. al.

Sep 20th, 2020 - Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global pandemic. Critically ill patients often require prolonged intubation for mechanical ventilation to support breathing; thus, the artificial airway must be managed by tracheotomy. Therefore, studies exploring appropriate and safe methods for tracheotomy that minimize the risks of nosocomial transmission are important. A retrospective analysis of the...

Management practices of emergency departments in general hospitals based on blockage of...
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11739-020-02499-6
Internal and Emergency Medicine; Hu X, Liu S et. al.

Sep 19th, 2020 - In a Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic, management of the emergency department is a difficult task in terms of prevention and control of the disease in general hospitals. On top of meeting urgent needs of patients for medical treatment, the emergency department also has to devote resources into investigation and prevention of COVID-19. At the beginning of the epidemic, with the strat...

Microdroplet and spatter contamination during phacoemulsification cataract surgery in t...
https://doi.org/10.1111/ceo.13861
Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology; McGhee CNJ, Dean S et. al.

Sep 19th, 2020 - Determine phacoemulsification cataract surgery risk in a Covid-19 era. SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) transmission via microdroplet and aerosol generating procedures present a risk to medical professionals. As the most common elective surgical procedure performed globally; determining contamination risk from phacoemulsification cataract surgery may guide personal protection equipment use. Pilot study in...