Diagnosis (Berlin, Germany); Harahwa TA, Lai Yau TH et. al.
Jul 5th, 2020 - As the world continues to study and understand coronavirus disease (COVID-19), existing investigations and tests have been used to try and detect the virus to slow viral transmission and its global spread. A 'gold-standard' investigation has not yet been identified for detection and monitoring. Initially, computed tomography (CT) was the mainstay investigation as it shows the disease severity a...
Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health References; Mayurasakorn K, Pinsawas B et. al.
Jul 3rd, 2020 - The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has affected nearly 70% of children and teenagers around the world due to school closure policies. School closure is implemented widely in order to prevent viral transmission and its impact on the broader community, based on preliminary recommendations and evidence from influenza. However, there is debate with regard to the effectiveness of school closures....
International Journal of Infectious Diseases : IJID : Official Publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases; Alkhamis MA, Youha SA et. al.
Jul 3rd, 2020 - The prompt understanding of the temporal and spatial patterns of the epidemic on a national level is a critical step for the timely allocation of surveillance resources. Therefore, we explored the temporal and spatiotemporal dynamics of the COVID-19 epidemic in Kuwait using daily confirmed case data collected between the 23rd of February and the 7th of May, 2020. We quantified the epidemic prog...
Journal of Dental Research; Zemouri C, Awad SF et. al.
Jul 2nd, 2020 - Dental health care workers are in close contact to their patients and are therefore at higher risk for contracting airborne infectious diseases. The transmission rates of airborne pathogens from patient to dental health care workers are unknown. With the outbreaks of infectious diseases, such as seasonal influenza, occasional outbreaks of measles and tuberculosis, and the current pandemic of th...
Emerging Infectious Diseases; Bugembe DL, Kayiwa J et. al.
Jul 2nd, 2020 - We established rapid local viral sequencing to document the genomic diversity of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 entering Uganda. Virus lineages closely followed the travel origins of infected persons. Our sequence data provide an important baseline for tracking any further transmission of the virus throughout the country and region.
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Marshall K, Vahey GM et. al.
Jul 2nd, 2020 - On March 26, 2020, Colorado instituted stay-at-home orders to reduce community transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). To inform public health messaging and measures that could be used after reopening, persons with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 during March 9-26 from nine Colorado counties comprising approximately 80% of the state's population† (Ad...
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Tenforde MW, Billig Rose E et. al.
Jul 2nd, 2020 - Descriptions of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the United States have focused primarily on hospitalized patients. Reports documenting exposures to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, have generally been described within congregate settings, such as meat and poultry processing plants (1) and long-term care facilities (2). Understanding individual behaviors and demographic charact...
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Callaghan AW, Chard AN et. al.
Jul 2nd, 2020 - In the United States, approximately 180,000 patients receive mental health services each day at approximately 4,000 inpatient and residential psychiatric facilities (1). SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), can spread rapidly within congregate residential settings (2-4), including psychiatric facilities. On April 13, 2020, two patients were transferred to Wyomi...
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Njuguna H, Wallace M et. al.
Jul 2nd, 2020 - Transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), by asymptomatic and presymptomatic persons poses important challenges to controlling spread of the disease, particularly in congregate settings such as correctional and detention facilities (1). On March 29, 2020, a staff member in a correctional and detention facility in Louisiana developed symptoms† and lat...
Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA; Dixit RA, Hurst S et. al.
Jul 2nd, 2020 - The COVID-19 pandemic has led to the rapid expansion of telehealth services as healthcare organizations aim to mitigate community transmission while providing safe patient care. As technology adoption rapidly increases, operational telehealth teams must maintain awareness of critical information such as patient volumes and wait times, patient and provider experience, and telehealth platform per...
Cancer Science; Zhou X, Wang G et. al.
Jul 2nd, 2020 - The rapid spread of COVID-19 represented the most serious issue to public health globally. Hematological patients as immunocompromised hosts are vulnerable to SARS-CoV-2 infection. There is rare information available regarding the clinical features of hematological patients concomitant with COVID-19. In this study, 9 concomitant patients were analyzed for their clinical manifestations, the labo...
American Journal of Perinatology; Rubin ES, Sansone SA et. al.
Jul 2nd, 2020 - As new information about coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is rapidly discovered, clinicians are better equipped to make informed decisions for their patients. While current research suggests COVID-19 viral antigen is not found in vaginal secretions, its detectability in the female lower genital tract may have clinical implications for obstetric and gynecologic care for women. We present a ca...
Oral Diseases; Martínez Lamas L, Diz Dios P et. al.
Jul 2nd, 2020 - The detection of SARS-CoV-2 in the saliva of patients with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has made this biological fluid relevant in terms of the diagnosis and transmission of the infection (To et al, 2020a; Azzi et al, 2020a). As a result, the dental clinic is considered an environment of risk for dental healthcare personnel and their patients, particularly due to the potential transmission of...
Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology; Bays DJ, Nguyen MH et. al.
Jul 2nd, 2020 - To describe the pattern of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 during 2 nosocomial outbreaks of COVID-19 with regard to the possibility of airborne transmission. Contact investigations with active case finding were used to assess the pattern of spread from 2 COVID-19 index patients. A community hospital and university medical center in the United States, in February and March, 2020, early in the COVID-1...
Infectious Diseases of Poverty; Gray DJ, Kurscheid J et. al.
Jul 2nd, 2020 - There is currently considerable international debate around school closures/openings and the role of children in the transmission of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Whilst evidence suggests that children are not impacted by COVID-19 as severely as adults, little is still known about their transmission potential, and with a lot of asymptomatic cases they may be silent transmitters (i.e. inf...
Journal of Global Health; Li X, Xu W et. al.
Jul 2nd, 2020 - Understanding the role of children in the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 is urgently required given its policy implications in relation to the reopening of schools and intergenerational contacts. We conducted a rapid review of studies that investigated the role of children in the transmission of SARS-CoV-2. We synthesized evidence for four categories: 1) studies reporting documented cases of SARS-C...
International Journal of Infectious Diseases : IJID : Official Publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases; Bajunirwe F, Izudi J et. al.
Jul 2nd, 2020 - To examine the patterns of COVID-19 transmission in Uganda. We reviewed press releases from the Uganda Ministry of Health from when the first case was announced on March 22 up to May 29, 2020 a 10-week period. We obtained the press releases from the MoH website and the Twitter handle (@MinofHealthUG). Data include number of persons tested and the categories classified as international arrivals,...
International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health; Chen LD
Jul 2nd, 2020 - A one-dimensional droplet evaporation model is used to estimate the droplet lifetime from evaporation in air. The mathematical model invokes assumptions of spherical symmetry, ideal gas mixture, binary diffusion, no re-condensation on droplet surface, and constant properties. Four initial droplet diameters (0.001, 0.01, 0.1, and 1 mm), two ambient temperatures (20 and 30 oC) and a range of ambi...
Pediatric Radiology; Raissaki M, Shelmerdine SC et. al.
Jul 2nd, 2020 - During the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, guidelines have been issued by international, national and local authorities to address management and the need for preparedness. Children with COVID-19 differ from adults in that they are less often and less severely affected. Additional precautions required in the management of children address their increased radiosensitivity, need for accompanyi...
Emerging Infectious Diseases; Leshem E, Afek A et. al.
Jul 2nd, 2020 - Israel's response during the containment phase of the COVID-19 outbreak in early 2020 led to a delay in sustained community transmission and effective mitigation. During February-April 2020, a total of 15,981 confirmed cases resulted in 223 deaths. A total of 179,003 persons reported electronically to self-quarantine and were entitled to paid sick leave.