Early Human Development; Scerri M, Grech V
Nov 23rd, 2020 - The historical seriousness of the challenge of the Spanish flu and COVID-19 is well documented as both diseases, then and now, spread indiscriminately across the planet. A century apart, these two pandemics have devastated the world. The advances in health and science over the past hundred years have proved only partially effective against the current pandemic. At the moment, the therapeutic st...
Journal of the Neurological Sciences; Watson N, Kurudzhu H et. al.
Nov 23rd, 2020 - Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a fatal human prion disease. Surveillance systems operate globally with the goals of accurate in-life case ascertainment, appropriate public health interventions to minimise secondary transmission, and monitoring trends in disease epidemiology. The UK experienced the highest incidence of variant CJD (vCJD) in the world following widespread population exposure ...
American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics : Official Publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, Its Constituent Societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics; Malekshoar M, Malekshoar M et. al.
Nov 23rd, 2020 - Orthodontic patients worldwide missed appointments during the early months of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. A significant problem with this virus is its high transmission power. Asymptomatic patients can transmit the virus. The aim of this review is to examine orthodontic emergencies and the necessary strategies and measures for emergency and nonemergency treatment during th...
Hemodialysis International. International Symposium on Home Hemodialysis REFERENCES; Ibernon M, Bueno I et. al.
Nov 23rd, 2020 - COVID-19 is a very high transmission disease with a variable prognosis in the general population. Patients in hemodialysis therapy are particularly vulnerable to developing an infectious disease, but the incidence and prognosis of hemodialysis patients with COVID-19 is still unclear. The main objective is to describe the experience of our dialysis unit in preventing and controlling the spread o...
Journal of Anesthesia; Saito T, Asai T
Nov 23rd, 2020 - Severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), which causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is highly contagious. To protect healthcare workers from infection during airway management, some expert recommendations and guidelines recommended wearing P2/N95 masks, goggles or glasses, glove, face-shields, and gowns as standard personal protective equipment (PPE). Nevertheless, s...
Early Human Development; Scerri M, Grech V
Nov 22nd, 2020 - During the COVID-19 pandemic, face masks have been employed as a public and personal health control measure against the spread of SARS-CoV-2. Their use is intended as personal protection to prevent infection and as source control to limit transmission of the virus in a community or healthcare setting. Yet the wearing of masks has become a catalyst for political conflict, an arena where scientif...
Public Health; Cheng W, Yu Z et. al.
Nov 22nd, 2020 - The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) introduced to curb the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) also interrupted the transmission of influenza. This is a descriptive epidemiological study. Data on changes in the number of reported influenza cases, number of influenza-like illness (ILI) visits, ILI percentage and influenza viru...
Journal of Tropical Pediatrics; Bandyopadhyay T, Sharma A et. al.
Nov 22nd, 2020 - Severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-19) has emerged as a public health emergency in recent times. The reported data on the mode of transmission of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are largely through contact, droplet, airborne and fomite transmission methods with vertical transmission being a rare entity. We hereby report a case of a probable vertical transmission of SA...
Emergency Medicine Journal : EMJ; Noor Azhar M, Bustam A et. al.
Nov 21st, 2020 - Concerns over high transmission risk of SARS-CoV-2 have led to innovation and usage of an aerosol box to protect healthcare workers during airway intubation in patients with COVID-19. Its efficacy as a barrier protection in addition to the use of a standard personal protective equipment (PPE) is not fully known. We performed a simulated study to investigate the relationship between aerosol box ...
Midwifery Liu J, Cao Y et. al.
Nov 21st, 2020 - The rapid pace of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic (COVID-19) presents significant challenges to midwives and nurses. This study aimed to explore midwifery and nursing interventions to limit the transmission of COVID-19 among women in their third trimester of pregnancy, to reduce the incidence of nosocomial infection and promote safety of care for women ...
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health; Teotônio I, Hecht M et. al.
Nov 21st, 2020 - The COVID-19 outbreak, caused by Sars-Cov-2, was officially declared a global pandemic in February 2020, after an unexpected increase in hospitalization and mortality. When faced with this new disease, social and physical distancing and quarantine emerged as solutions to reduce virus transmission. This article examines the quality of life (QoL) of the Brazilian population's during this period o...
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health; Ahlawat A, Mishra SK et. al.
Nov 21st, 2020 - The first case of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the novel contagious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), was reported in Wuhan, China in December 2019 [...].
Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease; Novoa RH, Quintana W et. al.
Nov 21st, 2020 - To describe the maternal clinical characteristics, maternal and perinatal outcomes in COVID-19-positive pregnant women. Articles in all languages on the SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnant women were sought from MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library and LILACS; China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database (CNKI), Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database (VIP) and Wan Fang Data between De...
Nature Communications; Arizti-Sanz J, Freije CA et. al.
Nov 21st, 2020 - The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted that new diagnostic technologies are essential for controlling disease transmission. Here, we develop SHINE (Streamlined Highlighting of Infections to Navigate Epidemics), a sensitive and specific diagnostic tool that can detect SARS-CoV-2 RNA from unextracted samples. We identify the optimal conditions to allow RPA-based amplification and Cas13-based detec...
Emerging Infectious Diseases; Laiton-Donato K, Villabona-Arenas CJ et. al.
Nov 21st, 2020 - Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Colombia was first diagnosed in a traveler arriving from Italy on February 26, 2020. However, limited data are available on the origins and number of introductions of COVID-19 into the country. We sequenced the causative agent of COVID-19, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), from 43 clinical samples we collected, along with another 79 ...
Medical Care Research and Review : MCRR; Baughman RA, Stanley B et. al.
Nov 20th, 2020 - One reason that nursing homes are a primary source of COVID-19 infections and deaths in the United States may be that workers hold multiple jobs. We use 2010-2019 Current Population Survey data to document the rate of second jobholding among nursing and long-term care workers. On average, 6.41% of personal care and nursing aides and 6.23% of licensed practical nurses and registered nurses hold ...
Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology; Khan S, Tsang KK et. al.
Nov 20th, 2020 - Exercise and spirometry testing are associated with coughing, exhaled respiratory droplets and aerosol generation. The risk of SARS-CoV2 transmission associated with these procedures are unknown. We developed a SARS-CoV2-specific consensus guidance document involving key stakeholders for restoring pulmonary diagnostic services, incorporating a patient and community-level risk stratified approach.
Emerging Infectious Diseases; Hopewell PC, Reichman LB et. al.
Nov 20th, 2020 - The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has had unprecedented negative effects on global health and economies, drawing attention and resources from many other public health services. To minimize negative effects, the parallels, lessons, and resources from existing public health programs need to be identified and used. Often underappreciated synergies relating to COVID-19 are with tuberculos...
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews References; Jefferson T, Del Mar CB et. al.
Nov 20th, 2020 - Viral epidemics or pandemics of acute respiratory infections (ARIs) pose a global threat. Examples are influenza (H1N1) caused by the H1N1pdm09 virus in 2009, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2003, and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV-2 in 2019. Antiviral drugs and vaccines may be insufficient to prevent their spread. This is an update of a Cochrane Review publi...
Internal Medicine Journal References; Gunn LD
Nov 20th, 2020 - City planning and infrastructure can influence the social determinants of health, the liveability of cities and the physical and mental health of city residents. This article defines these concepts and discusses how city planning can help in mitigating COVID-19 transmission, and support health by accommodating active transport (i.e. walking and cycling) and emerging technologies (i.e. autonomou...