Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics : JDBP; Ganta A, S Pillai S et. al.
Aug 10th, 2022 - Decrease in sunlight exposure during periods of social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic increased the risk of severe manifestations of vitamin D deficiency (VDD) in a particular "high-risk" population. Our objective was to highlight the importance of vitamin D screening in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and restrictive eating. We describe 3 adolescent male patients with ASD wh...
BMJ Open; McKenna MJ, Lyons OC et. al.
Aug 5th, 2022 - Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, there have been plausible suggestions about the need to augment vitamin D intake by supplementation in order to prevent SARS-CoV2 infection and reduce mortality. Some groups have advocated supplementation for all adults, but governmental agencies have advocated targeted supplementation. We sought to explore the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on...
PloS One; Psihogios A, Madampage C et. al.
Aug 3rd, 2022 - Elderly long-term care residents (ELTCRs) face considerable burden of infection, especially evident during the COVID-19 pandemic. The nutritional status of the host can influence susceptibility to infection by altering immune system integrity, therefore, nutrition-based interventions may be a viable complement to existing infection prevention measures. This scoping review sought to identify nut...
International Journal of Biometeorology; Czerwińska A, Krzyścin J
Aug 2nd, 2022 - In Poland, schools were closed from March to June 2020 due to the COVID-19 epidemic. During the lockdown (March-April), everyone was advised to stay at home. From May, students were allowed to spend time outdoors. We examine their exposure to solar UV radiation during the period of virtual learning at schools (May-June), vacations (July-August) and the first month of typical learning (September...
Clinical Nutrition ESPEN; Neves FF, Pott-Junior H et. al.
Jul 26th, 2022 - Several studies have shown conflicting results for the relationship between vitamin D deficiency and COVID-19 outcomes. Here, we aimed to evaluate whether plasma 25(OH)D levels predict mortality in adults admitted with COVID-19, considering potential confounders. We conducted a retrospective cohort study that included 115 adults (age 62.1 ± 17.6 years, 65 males) admitted to a Brazilian public h...
Nature Reviews. Immunology; Martineau AR, Cantorna MT
Jul 23rd, 2022 - Vitamin D for COVID-19: where are we now?|2022|Martineau AR,Cantorna MT,|
Complementary Therapies in Medicine; Gholi Z, Yadegarynia D et. al.
Jul 23rd, 2022 - Data on the associations of vitamin D levels with severe outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among critically ill elderly patients are not conclusive and also no information is available about some outcomes such as delirium. Therefore, the current study was done to assess these associations in critically ill elderly COVID-19 patients. In total, 310 critically ill COVID-19 patients, ...
Nature Reviews Immunology; Martineau, A.R. et. al.
Jul 22nd, 2022 - Early in the COVID-19 pandemic, a lack of vaccines and therapies prompted interest in a potential role for vitamin D in reducing risk or severity of disease. This was based on the recognized effects of vitamin D on host responses to other respiratory viruses, and evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) showing the efficacy of vitamin D supplementation for the prevention of other acute...
PloS One; Herman B, Wong MC et. al.
Jul 22nd, 2022 - Post-COVID symptoms are the new concern in the COVID-19 pandemic, where recovered patients experience residual symptoms affecting their quality of life. Therefore, it is imperative to evaluate the role of complete vaccination, prescribed medication, and micronutrients during COVID episodes in the occurrence of post-COVID symptoms. A longitudinal evaluation of Indonesia's recovered COVID-19 pati...
International Journal of Immunogenetics; Jafarpoor A, Jazayeri SM et. al.
Jul 22nd, 2022 - Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), but the pathogenesis is unclear. Host genetic background is one of the main factors influencing the patients' susceptibility to several viral infectious diseases. This study aimed to investigate the association between host genetic polymorphisms of two genes, ...
Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research : the Official ... Hanggara DS, Iskandar A et. al.
Jul 15th, 2022 - The purpose of this study was to observe the role of vitamin D levels with T helper 1 (Th1)-type cytokines, such as interferon γ (IFN-γ) and interleukin-12 (IL-12) efficacy, in those who had already received 2 injections of inactivated severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2) vaccines (CoronaVac). We also observed if these cytokines played any significance in the CoronaVac ef...
PloS One; Shah R, Mohammed YN et. al.
Jul 15th, 2022 - Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is associated with thromboembolism. Antiphospholipid antibody (APLa) formation is one of the mechanisms. Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with thrombosis in antiphospholipid antibody syndrome. Measure APLa and vitamin D in hospitalized COVID-19 patients with and without thrombosis to evaluate if thromboembolism is associated with concomitant APLa and ...
Journal of Endocrinological Investigation; Coperchini F, Greco A et. al.
Jul 14th, 2022 - A more severe course of COVID-19 was associated with low levels of Vitamin D (VitD). Moreover in vitro data showed that VitD up-regulates the mRNA of the Angiotensin Converting Enzyme 2 (ACE-2), the SARS-COV-2 receptor in different type of cells. ACE-2 is expressed in several type of tissues including thyroid cells, on which its mRNA was shown to be up-regulated by interferon-gamma (IFN-γ). The...
International Journal of Clinical Practice; Lee YS, Lee SU et. al.
Jul 14th, 2022 - Although it is generally agreed that vitamin D is important for bone health, the role of vitamin D in preventing fractures in children and adolescents remains unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency in healthy Korean children with fractures. Our secondary aim was to compare serum vitamin D levels before and during the coronavi...
Current Sports Medicine Reports; Trojian T
Jul 9th, 2022 - COVID-19 and Vitamin D Supplementation.|2022|Trojian T,|therapeutic use,
Medicine Shah MW, Ahmad T et. al.
Jul 9th, 2022 - Vitamin D play a substantial role in immune function, but little is known about its prevention in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). A detail bibliometric analysis of the published scientific literature indexed in Web of Science on vitamin D as a therapeutic option for the COVID-19 patients' treatment is lacking. Thus, the current study was conducted to determine the key bibliometric indices ...
Journal of Internal Medicine; Subramanian S, Griffin G et. al.
Jul 8th, 2022 - Vitamin D, when activated to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, is a steroid hormone that induces responses in several hundred genes, including many involved in immune responses to infection. Without supplementation, people living in temperate zones commonly become deficient in the precursor form of vitamin D, 25-hydroxyvitamin D, during winter, as do people who receive less sunlight exposure or those wi...
PloS One; D'Ecclesiis O, Gavioli C et. al.
Jul 7th, 2022 - To assess the evidence on SARS-CoV2 infection and Covid-19 in relation to deficiency and supplementation of vitamin D, we conducted a systematic review up to April 2021. We summarised data from 38 eligible studies, which presented risk estimates for at least one endpoint, including two RCT and 27 cohort-studies: 205565 patients with information on 25OHD status and 2022 taking vitamin D suppleme...
Journal of General Internal Medicine; Hunt CM, Efird JT et. al.
Jun 30th, 2022 - Many severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) positive patients take commonly prescribed medications with properties which may affect mortality. Assess if common medications postulated to affect clinical outcomes are associated with mortality in SARS-CoV-2 positive patients in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). Observational national cohort analysis. Consecutive 26,50...
Current Drug Metabolism; Abouzid M, Główka F et. al.
Jun 29th, 2022 - Background Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin, and it is a potential key factor to maintain a healthy status. Various observational studies have reported the association between vitamin D deficiency and an elevated risk of osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and certain types of cancers. The number of studies that investigated the genetic determinants of vitamin D hydroxy m...