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Transmission of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 During Long Flight
https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/26/11/20-3299_article
Emerging Infectious Diseases;

Oct 31st, 2020 - To assess the role of in-flight transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), we investigated a cluster of cases among passengers on a 10-hour commercial flight.

In-Flight Transmission of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2
https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/26/11/20-3254_article
Emerging Infectious Diseases;

Oct 31st, 2020 - In 2019, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) emerged in China, ultimately causing the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Many persons with SARS-CoV-2 infection have since flown into and out of COVID-19–affected areas. Some countries quarantine arriving passengers. Airports are also screening passenger body temperatures before boarding and after arrival. Recent inv...

Video consultations in primary and specialist care during the covid-19 pandemic and bey...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m3945
BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.); Car J, Koh GC et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - Video consultations in primary and specialist care during the covid-19 pandemic and beyond.|2020|Car J,Koh GC,Foong PS,Wang CJ,|

Covid-19: Fauci awarded for "unprecedented public service" while Trump fires more insults.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m4064
BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.); Tanne JH

Oct 21st, 2020 - Covid-19: Fauci awarded for "unprecedented public service" while Trump fires more insults.|2020|Tanne JH,|

Prediction models for covid-19 outcomes.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m3777
BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.); Sperrin M, McMillan B

Oct 21st, 2020 - Prediction models for covid-19 outcomes.|2020|Sperrin M,McMillan B,|

Living risk prediction algorithm (QCOVID) for risk of hospital admission and mortality ...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m3731
BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.); Clift AK, Coupland CAC et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - To derive and validate a risk prediction algorithm to estimate hospital admission and mortality outcomes from coronavirus disease 2019 (covid-19) in adults. Population based cohort study. QResearch database, comprising 1205 general practices in England with linkage to covid-19 test results, Hospital Episode Statistics, and death registry data. 6.08 million adults aged 19-100 years were included...

COVID-19 outbreak-related psychological distress among healthcare trainees: a cross-sec...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-041671
BMJ Open; Wang Y, Li Y et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - The COVID-19 outbreak has caused enormous strain on healthcare systems, and healthcare trainees, which comprise the future healthcare workforce, may be a vulnerable group. It is essential to assess the psychological distress experienced by healthcare trainees during the COVID-19 outbreak. A cross-sectional study with 4184 healthcare trainees at Sichuan University in China was implemented during...

Rapid ethnographic assessment of the COVID-19 pandemic April 2020 'surge' and its impac...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-041772
BMJ Open; Palinkas LA, Whiteside L et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - Assess the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on service delivery by frontline healthcare providers in acute care medical and emergency department settings and identify strategies used to cope with pandemic-related physical and mental health demands. Rapid clinical ethnography of patient-provider encounters during an initial pandemic 'surge' conducted by a team of clinician-researchers using a st...

Transcriptional and proteomic insights into the host response in fatal COVID-19 cases.
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2018030117 10.1056/NEJMoa2020283 10.1056/NEJMoa2007764.0028-4793 10.1056/nejmoa2021436
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America; Wu M, Chen Y et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the global pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2, has resulted thus far in greater than 933,000 deaths worldwide; yet disease pathogenesis remains unclear. Clinical and immunological features of patients with COVID-19 have highlighted a potential role for changes in immune activity in regulating disease severity. However, little is known about the responses in human...

Initial economic damage from the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States is more widespr...
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2014279117 10.3386/w26918
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America; Polyakova M, Kocks G et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - The economic and mortality impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic have been widely discussed, but there is limited evidence on their relationship across demographic and geographic groups. We use publicly available monthly data from January 2011 through April 2020 on all-cause death counts from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and employment from the Current Population Survey to estimate...

International Sexual Health And REproductive health (I-SHARE) survey during COVID-19: s...
https://doi.org/10.1136/sextrans-2020-054664
Sexually Transmitted Infections; Michielsen K, Larrson EC et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - COVID-19 may have a profound impact on sexual health, reproductive health and social life across the world. Shelter in place regulations that have extended across the globe may influence condomless sex, exacerbate intimate partner violence and reduce access to essential reproductive health services. Population representative research is challenging during shelter in place, leaving major gaps in...

Diagnoses of syphilis and HIV infection during the COVID-19 pandemic in Taiwan.
https://doi.org/10.1136/sextrans-2020-054802
Sexually Transmitted Infections; Chia CC, Chao CM et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - Diagnoses of syphilis and HIV infection during the COVID-19 pandemic in Taiwan.|2020|Chia CC,Chao CM,Lai CC,|

Effect of IBD medications on COVID-19 outcomes: results from an international registry.
https://doi.org/10.1136/gutjnl-2020-322539
Gut Ungaro RC, Brenner EJ et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - We sought to evaluate COVID-19 clinical course in patients with IBD treated with different medication classes and combinations. Surveillance Epidemiology of Coronavirus Under Research Exclusion for Inflammatory Bowel Disease (SECURE-IBD) is a large, international registry created to monitor outcomes of IBD patients with confirmed COVID-19. We used multivariable regression with a generalised est...

Dysregulation of ACE2 Expression and Function in Co-morbid Disease Conditions Possibly ...
https://doi.org/10.1124/molpharm.120.000119
Molecular Pharmacology; Hammoud S, Wehbe Z et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - ACE2 has emerged as a double agent in the COVID-19 ordeal being physiologically protective yet conducive of viral infection. The identification of ACE2 in as many as 72 tissues suggests that extra-pulmonary invasion and damage is likely, which indeed has already been demonstrated by cardiovascular and gastro-intestinal symptoms. On the other hand, identifying ACE2 dysregulation in patients with...

Republished: Interhospital teleproctoring of endovascular intracranial aneurysm treatme...
https://doi.org/10.1136/neurintsurg-2020-016722.rep
Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery; Bechstein M, Elsheikh S et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - This is a report of the first three cases of endovascular aneurysm treatment that were proctored by a remote interventionalist using a novel high-resolution low-latency streaming technology. The proctor was located in a neurovascular centre and supported the treating interventional teams in two distant cities (up to 800 km/500 miles apart). All aneurysms were treated using the Woven EndoBridge ...

A pragmatic randomized controlled trial reports lack of efficacy of hydroxychloroquine ...
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-19056-6
Nature Communications; Lyngbakken MN, Berdal JE et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - Here, we randomized 53 patients hospitalized with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) to hydroxychloroquine therapy (at a dose of 400 mg twice daily for seven days) in addition to standard care or standard care alone (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier, NCT04316377). All severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) positive patients 18 years of age or older were eligible for study in...

COVID-19 vaccines: time to talk about the uncertainties.
https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-020-02944-8
Nature Subbarao K

Oct 21st, 2020 - COVID-19 vaccines: time to talk about the uncertainties.|2020|Subbarao K,|

Question hubris in nations' COVID-19 responses.
https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-020-02930-0
Nature Mundt AP

Oct 21st, 2020 - Question hubris in nations' COVID-19 responses.|2020|Mundt AP,|

Dozens to be deliberately infected with coronavirus in UK 'human challenge' trials.
https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-020-02821-4
Nature Callaway E

Oct 21st, 2020 - Dozens to be deliberately infected with coronavirus in UK 'human challenge' trials.|2020|Callaway E,|

Bi-paratopic and multivalent VH domains block ACE2 binding and neutralize SARS-CoV-2.
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41589-020-00679-1
Nature Chemical Biology; Bracken CJ, Lim SA et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - Neutralizing agents against SARS-CoV-2 are urgently needed for the treatment and prophylaxis of COVID-19. Here, we present a strategy to rapidly identify and assemble synthetic human variable heavy (VH) domains toward neutralizing epitopes. We constructed a VH-phage library and targeted the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) binding interface of the SARS-CoV-2 Spike receptor-binding domain ...

A global survey of potential acceptance of a COVID-19 vaccine.
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-020-1124-9
Nature Medicine; Lazarus JV, Ratzan SC et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - Several coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines are currently in human trials. In June 2020, we surveyed 13,426 people in 19 countries to determine potential acceptance rates and factors influencing acceptance of a COVID-19 vaccine. Of these, 71.5% of participants reported that they would be very or somewhat likely to take a COVID-19 vaccine, and 61.4% reported that they would accept their...

The Outcome of Hydroxychloroquine in Patients Treated for COVID-19: Systematic Review a...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7556078
Canadian Respiratory Journal; Ayele Mega T, Feyissa TM et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - The pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) resulted in an unprecedented public health challenge worldwide. Despite urgent and extensive global efforts, the existing evidence is inconclusive regarding the medications used for the treatment of COVID-19. To generate an up-to-date evidence for the clinical safety and ef...

Child and Family Outcomes Following Pandemics: A Systematic Review and Recommendations ...
https://doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsaa092
Journal of Pediatric Psychology; C Fong V, Iarocci G

Oct 21st, 2020 - A systematic review of mental health outcomes and needs of children and families during past pandemics was conducted based on the PRISMA protocol. The objectives were to evaluate the quality of existing studies on this topic, determine what is known about mental health outcomes and needs of children and families, and provide recommendations for how COVID-19 policies can best support children an...

Associations between genetically predicted protein levels and COVID-19 severity.
https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiaa660
The Journal of Infectious Diseases; Zhu J, Wu C et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - It is critical to identify potential causal targets for SARS-coronavirus 2, which may guide drug repurposing options. We assessed the associations between genetically predicted protein levels and COVID-19 severity. Leveraging data from The COVID-19 host genetics initiative comparing 6,492 hospitalized COVID-19 patients and 1,012,809 controls, we identified 18 proteins with genetically predicted...

Extra-cardiac multifocal lung uptake of 99mTc-sestamibi in myocardial perfusion imaging...
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12350-020-02393-w
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology : Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology; Malek H, Maghsudi M et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - Extra-cardiac multifocal lung uptake of 99mTc-sestamibi in myocardial perfusion imaging: An asymptomatic case with coronavirus infection features.|2020|Malek H,Maghsudi M,Yaghoobi N,|

The Cross-Talk between Age, Hypertension and Inflammation in COVID-19 Patients: Therape...
https://doi.org/10.1007/s40266-020-00808-4
Drugs & Aging; Casucci G, Acanfora D et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - This paper presents a brief overview of the complex interaction between age, hypertension, the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), inflammation, and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2) infection. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is more frequent and more severe in comorbid elderly patients, especially those with hypertension, diabetes, obesity, or cardiovascu...

Hemoadsorption cartridge and coronavirus disease 2019 infections: A case report and bri...
https://doi.org/10.1111/aor.13846
Artificial Organs; Melegari G, Bertellini E et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - The cytokine storm has been frequently reported to occur in patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Data from the literature suggest that elevated levels of inflammatory mediators, such as interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor, indicate a severe course or the fatality of the disease. Several therapeutic options have been employed to treat critically ill patients,...

Seroprevalence of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in COVID-19 patients and healthy volunteer...
https://doi.org/10.1002/eji.202048970
European Journal of Immunology; Figueiredo-Campos P, Blankenhaus B et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - SARS-CoV-2 has emerged as a human pathogen, causing clinical signs, from fever to pneumonia - COVID-19 - but may remain mild or asymptomatic. To understand the continuing spread of the virus, to detect those who are and were infected, and to follow the immune response longitudinally, reliable and robust assays for SARS-CoV-2 detection and immunological monitoring are needed. We quantified immun...

Treatment of COVID-19 induced chilblains with topical nitroglycerin.
https://doi.org/10.1111/ijd.15253
International Journal of Dermatology References; Weingarten M, Abittan B et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - Treatment of COVID-19 induced chilblains with topical nitroglycerin.|2020|Weingarten M,Abittan B,Rivera-Oyola R,Abittan AI,Weingarten M,|

Two cases of skin manifestations prior to the onset of COVID-19 respiratory symptoms.
https://doi.org/10.1111/ijd.15247
International Journal of Dermatology References; Altayeb A, Cordaro A et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - Two cases of skin manifestations prior to the onset of COVID-19 respiratory symptoms.|2020|Altayeb A,Cordaro A,Caesar J,Vyas J,Ingram J,|

Impact of COVID-19 lockdown measures on oncological surgical activity: Analysis of the ...
https://doi.org/10.1002/jso.26256
Journal of Surgical Oncology REFERENCES; Vissio E, Falco EC et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - Italy was severely affected by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 pandemic. Our Institution, Piedmont's largest tertiary referral center, was designated as a non-COVID-19 hospital and activities were reorganized to prioritize critical services like oncological care. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy in preserving the oncological surgical practice at our Inst...

Flavonoids as antiobesity agents: A review.
https://doi.org/10.1002/med.21740
Medicinal Research Reviews REFERENCES; Rufino AT, Costa VM et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - Obesity is a global health problem that affects all age groups in both developing and developed countries. In recent years, the prevalence of overweight and obesity has reached pandemic levels, resulting in a dramatic increase in the incidence of various comorbidities, such as cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, and cancer, consequently leading to massive health and socioeconomic burdens....

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement during the COVID-19 pandemic-A Dutch single-cent...
https://doi.org/10.1111/jocs.15123
Journal of Cardiac Surgery REFERENCES; Rooijakkers MJP, Li WWL et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has put an enormous strain on healthcare systems and intensive care unit (ICU) capacity, leading to suspension of most elective procedures, including transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). However, deferment of TAVR is associated with significant wait-time mortality in patients with severe aortic valve stenosis. Conversely, there is curre...

Management of lung transplantation in the COVID-19 era - An international survey.
https://doi.org/10.1111/ajt.16368
American Journal of Transplantation : Official Journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons; Coiffard B, Lepper PM et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - It is unknown if solid organ transplant recipients are at higher risk for severe COVID-19. The management of a lung transplantation (LTx) program and the therapeutic strategies to adapt the immunosuppressive regimen and antiviral measures is a major issue in the COVID-19 era, but little is known about worldwide practice. We sent out to 180 LTx centers worldwide in June 2020 a survey with 63 que...

Psychological and Coping Responses of Health Care Workers Toward Emerging Infectious Di...
https://doi.org/10.4088/JCP.20r13450
The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry; Chew QH, Wei KC et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - In light of the current evolving coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, and the need to learn from past infectious disease outbreaks to provide better psychological support for our frontline health care workers (HCW), we conducted a rapid review of extant studies that have reported on both psychological and coping responses in HCW during recent outbreaks. We performed a systematic search...

Rebuilding survivorship care during Covid-19.
https://doi.org/10.1177/0003489420966588
The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology; Pagedar NA, Seaman AT

Oct 21st, 2020 - Rebuilding survivorship care during Covid-19.|2020|Pagedar NA,Seaman AT,|

Environmental contamination in a COVID-19 intensive care unit (ICU) - what is the risk?
https://doi.org/10.1017/ice.2020.1278
Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology; Ong SWX, Lee PH et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - The risk of environmental contamination by SARS-CoV-2 in the intensive care unit (ICU) is unclear. We aimed to evaluate the extent of environmental contamination in the ICU and correlate this with patient and disease factors, including the impact of different ventilatory modalities. Observational study where surface environmental samples collected from ICU patient rooms and common areas were te...

Use of In Situ Simulation to Improve Emergency Department Readiness for the COVID-19 Pa...
https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X2000134X
Prehospital and Disaster Medicine; Aljahany M, Alassaf W et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - During the world-wide coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, there is an urgent need to rapidly increase the readiness of hospitals. Emergency departments (EDs) are at high risk of facing unusual situations and need to prepare extensively in order to minimize risks to health care providers (HCPs) and patients. In situ simulation is a well-known method used in training to detect system ga...

Mental health and wellbeing during the COVID-19 pandemic: longitudinal analyses of adul...
https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.2020.212
The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science; O'Connor RC, Wetherall K et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - Mental health and wellbeing during the COVID-19 pandemic: longitudinal analyses of adults in the UK COVID-19 Mental Health & Wellbeing study.|2020|O'Connor RC,Wetherall K,Cleare S,McClelland H,Melson AJ,|

Neurological Manifestations in Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Patients: A Systemat...
https://doi.org/10.1017/S1092852920001935
CNS Spectrums; Ibrahim W

Oct 21st, 2020 - Neurological Manifestations in Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Patients: A Systematic Review of Literature.|2020|Ibrahim W,|

Obsessive-compulsive disorder-contamination fears, features and treatment: Novel smartp...
https://doi.org/10.1017/S1092852920001947
CNS Spectrums; Jalal B, Chamberlain SR et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - Obsessive-compulsive disorder-contamination fears, features and treatment: Novel smartphone therapies in light of global mental health and pandemics (COVID-19).|2020|Jalal B,Chamberlain SR,Robbins TW,Sahakian BJ,|

The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on post-operative follow-up after total hip and knee jo...
https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2020.388
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness; Abobaker A, Oluwalana I

Oct 21st, 2020 - The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on post-operative follow-up after total hip and knee joints replacement.|2020|Abobaker A,Oluwalana I,|

The remote neuro-otology assessment - managing dizziness in the coronavirus disease 201...
https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022215120002273
The Journal of Laryngology and Otology; Murdin L, Saman Y et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - The remote neuro-otology assessment - managing dizziness in the coronavirus disease 2019 era.|2020|Murdin L,Saman Y,Rea P,|

How I do it: a simulator of the ear for developing otomicroscopy skills during the coro...
https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022215120002261
The Journal of Laryngology and Otology; Shenton C, Aucott W

Oct 21st, 2020 - How I do it: a simulator of the ear for developing otomicroscopy skills during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.|2020|Shenton C,Aucott W,|

Introduction-Panspermia, 2020.
https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.adgen.2020.04.001
Advances in Genetics; Steele EJ

Oct 21st, 2020 - This current volume is, in many ways, a 2020 update to the important 1999-2000 compendium by Sir Fred Hoyle and Professor N. Chandra Wickramasinghe's "Astronomical Origins of life: Steps towards Panspermia." The emerging new paradigm of biology that connects life on Earth with the wider cosmos is covered in considerable depth showing that terrestrial biological evolution is best understood as a...

Is the 2019 novel coronavirus related to a spike of cosmic rays?
https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.adgen.2020.06.003
Advances in Genetics; Wickramasinghe NC

Oct 21st, 2020 - WHO's pronouncement of the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak as a pandemic disease came months after we published a warning that the present deepest minimum of the sunspot cycle would be likely to facilitate the onset of a viral pandemic. During a deep sunspot minimum (deepest in 100 years) such as we are now witnessing, two space related phenomena could have an effect on the disposition of viral...

Origin of new emergent Coronavirus and Candida fungal diseases-Terrestrial or cosmic?
https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.adgen.2020.04.002
Advances in Genetics; Steele EJ, Gorczynski RM et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - The origins and global spread of two recent, yet quite different, pandemic diseases is discussed and reviewed in depth: Candida auris, a eukaryotic fungal disease, and COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2), a positive strand RNA viral respiratory disease. Both these diseases display highly distinctive patterns of sudden emergence and global spread, which are not easy to understand by conventional epidemiologic...

Time series modelling to forecast the confirmed and recovered cases of COVID-19.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmaid.2020.101742
Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease; Maleki M, Mahmoudi MR et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - Coronaviruses are enveloped RNA viruses from the Coronaviridae family affecting neurological, gastrointestinal, hepatic and respiratory systems. In late 2019 a new member of this family belonging to the Betacoronavirus genera (referred to as COVID-19) originated and spread quickly across the world calling for strict containment plans and policies. In most countries in the world, the outbreak of...

Management Trends in the Cath Lab During the COVID-19 Period, an Egyptian Survey.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpcardiol.2020.100715
Current Problems in Cardiology; Mahmoud SED, Etriby SE et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - The World Health Organization (WHO) announced that the novel coronavirus pneumonia pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 was classified as a public health emergency of international concern on January 30, 2020 Egypt's health ministry had announced the first case in the country at Cairo International Airport involving a Chinese national on 14 February 2020. Case decisions in the cath labs should be indi...

Managing Patients With ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction at the Epicenter of the COVID...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpcardiol.2020.100716
Current Problems in Cardiology; Elbaum L, Rashed E et. al.

Oct 21st, 2020 - During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, strained acute care resources, the potential for rapid clinical decompensation, and concerns about staff safety has prompted a conservative management approach for acute coronary syndrome patients. We present our experience of COVID-19 patients at Elmhurst Hospital Center presenting with ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction and compared out...