European Radiology; Pu J, Leader J et. al.
May 27th, 2020 - To define the uniqueness of chest CT infiltrative features associated with COVID-19 image characteristics as potential diagnostic biomarkers. We retrospectively collected chest CT exams including n = 498 on 151 unique patients RT-PCR positive for COVID-19 and n = 497 unique patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Both COVID-19 and CAP image sets were partitioned into three groups for ...
Muscle & Nerve; Desai U, Kassardjian CD et. al.
May 27th, 2020 - As the world accommodates to the COVID-19 pandemic, routine in-person medical services are resuming. The resumption of non-urgent electrodiagnostic (EDX) testing faces unique challenges due to the long duration of the procedure and direct close contact with patients, including studies with risk of exposure to oropharyngeal secretions. We provide consensus guidance for resumption of EDX testing,...
Journal of Medical Virology; Cimolai N
May 27th, 2020 - Coronaviruses have long been studied in both human and veterinary fields. Whereas the initial detection of endemic human respiratory coronaviruses was problematic, detection of these and newly discovered human coronaviruses has been greatly facilitated with major advances in the laboratory. Nevertheless, technological factors can affect the accuracy and timeliness of virus detection. Many human...
Journal of Advanced Nursing; Watson R, Mark M
May 27th, 2020 - In the midst of the novel coronavirus pandemic-referred to as COVID-19-there has been much uncertainty. We remain uncertain about its precise origin, its structure and composition, how best to test for it, or for resulting immunity, whether or not exposure leads to immunity, whether or not disposable surgical masks are effective, why men and some ethnic minorities are more susceptible and just ...
Journal of Medical Virology; Phan LT, Nguyen TV et. al.
May 27th, 2020 - In January 2020, we identified two SARS-CoV-2 infections in a familial cluster with one person coming from Wuhan, China. The complete genome sequences of two SARS-CoV-2 strains isolated from these patients were identical and 99.98% similar to strains isolated in Wuhan. This is genetically suggestive of human-to-human transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and indicates Wuhan as the most plausible origin of...
Journal of Medical Virology; Chakraborty C, Sharma AR et. al.
May 27th, 2020 - COVID-19 leads to mortality of several patients and the cytokine storm is reportedly critical in the patients. In order to reduce the cytokine storm, we would like to propose the IL6 receptor antagonist therapy for the COVID-19 patients. Two humanized monoclonal antibodies are in clinical trial following IL6R antagonist therapies namely tocilizumab and sarilumab. However, researchers and physic...
Pediatric Pulmonology; Foust AM, McAdam AJ et. al.
May 27th, 2020 - Understanding of coronavirus disease 2019 is rapidly evolving with new articles on the subject daily. This flood of articles can be overwhelming for busy practicing clinicians looking for key pieces of information that can be applied in daily practice. This review article synthesizes the reported imaging findings in pediatric COVID-19 across the literature, offers imaging differential diagnosti...
Journal of Medical Virology; Zheng Z, Yao Z et. al.
May 27th, 2020 - The rapid emergence of COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) has necessitated the implementation of diverse pandemic control strategies throughout the world. In order to effectively control the spread of this disease, it is essential that it be diagnosed at an early stage so that patients can be reliably quarantined such that disease spread will be slowed. At present, the diagnosis of this infect...
Head & Neck REFERENCES; Balasubramanian A, Paleri V et. al.
May 27th, 2020 - Unprecedented times call for extraordinary measures. While surgeons across the globe try to comprehend the evolving facade of the COVID-19 pandemic and improvise surgical practice to the best of their ability, the psychological impact of the stress on their own mental health and well-being has been underestimated. This paper aims to review the indirect and overt factors that may affect the ment...
Clinical Pediatrics; Liu CH, Doan SN
May 27th, 2020 - Psychosocial Stress Contagion in Children and Families During the COVID-19 Pandemic.|2020|Liu CH,Doan SN,|
Nanomedicine (London, England); Uskoković V
May 27th, 2020 - Prior research on nanotechnologies in diagnostics, prevention and treatment of coronavirus infections is reviewed. Gold nanoparticles and semiconductor quantum dots in colorimetric and immunochromatographic assays, silica nanoparticles in a polymerase chain reaction and spike protein nanospheres as antigen carriers and adjuvants in vaccine formulations present notable examples in diagnostics an...
Current Cardiology Reviews; Crisafulli A, Pagliaro P
May 27th, 2020 - The COVID-19 Pandemic: A Challenge for the Cardiovascular Health.|2020|Crisafulli A,Pagliaro P,|
Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism; Fadini GP, Morieri ML et. al.
May 27th, 2020 - Because other coronaviruses enter the cells by binding to dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 (DPP-4), it has been speculated that DPP-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i) may exert an activity against SARS-CoV-2. In the absence of clinical trial results, we analyzed epidemiological data to support or discard such hypothesis. We retrieved information on exposure to DPP-4i among patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) hospital...
ACS Infectious Diseases; Polonikov A
May 27th, 2020 - Higher rates of serious illness and death from coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection among older people and those who have comorbidities suggest that age- and disease-related biological processes make such individuals more sensitive to environmental stress factors including infectious agents like coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Specifically, impaired redox homeostasis and associated oxidative str...
Psychological Trauma : Theory, Research, Practice and Policy; Cuartas J
May 27th, 2020 - The spread of the COVID-19 disrupted ecological systems in which children develop, exacerbating threats to their safety and increasing their vulnerability to future psychopathology. Supports to reduce sources of stress for caregivers and protect children from threats to their safety are warranted. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).
Psychological Trauma : Theory, Research, Practice and Policy; Boals A, Banks JB
May 27th, 2020 - In this commentary we discuss a downstream consequence of increases in stress and anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic. Stress and anxiety can lead to mind wandering, which in turn competes for limited cognitive resources. We encourage researchers to be understanding and patient concerning the inevitable cognitive impact of the pandemic and subsequent reduced productivity levels from our studen...
Psychological Trauma : Theory, Research, Practice and Policy; Kröger C
May 27th, 2020 - The present article assesses the effects of shattered social identity and moral injuries experienced by health care professionals (HCPs) due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Professional expertise and emotional-cognitive demands as key aspects of HCPs' social identity are introduced, and the effects of moral injuries-in terms of violation of medical-ethical and social-ethical norms-on the mental healt...
Psychological Trauma : Theory, Research, Practice and Policy; Lund EM, Ayers KB
May 27th, 2020 - Discriminatory and ableist health care rationing policies have raised serious concern in the disability community during the novel coronavirus pandemic. These concerns reflect the long-standing devaluation of disabled lives and place considerable weight on the disability community during this already stressful time. Nondisabled psychologists should work to advocate for the rights of people with...
Psychological Trauma : Theory, Research, Practice and Policy; Jaspal R, Nerlich B
May 27th, 2020 - This article describes an integrative social psychological framework within which human reactions to COVID-19 can be understood and predicted. It is argued that social representations of COVID-19 (and its mitigation strategies) must resonate among diverse communities, not be too threatening, and provide clear pathways for action and engagement. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights...
Psychological Trauma : Theory, Research, Practice and Policy; Sciarrino NA, Myers US et. al.
May 27th, 2020 - The COVID-19 pandemic has caused many Veterans Healthcare Administration providers working with veterans diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder to question the feasibility and appropriateness of continuing to provide trauma-focused treatment during this crisis. The Veterans Healthcare Administration is in a unique position to continue to provide trauma-informed care because of its capacit...