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Any unique image biomarkers associated with COVID-19?
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-020-06956-w
European Radiology; Pu J, Leader J et. al.

May 27th, 2020 - To define the uniqueness of chest CT infiltrative features associated with COVID-19 image characteristics as potential diagnostic biomarkers. We retrospectively collected chest CT exams including n = 498 on 151 unique patients RT-PCR positive for COVID-19 and n = 497 unique patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Both COVID-19 and CAP image sets were partitioned into three groups for ...

Guidance for Resumption of Routine Electrodiagnostic Testing during the COVID-19 Pandemic.
https://doi.org/10.1002/mus.26990
Muscle & Nerve; Desai U, Kassardjian CD et. al.

May 27th, 2020 - As the world accommodates to the COVID-19 pandemic, routine in-person medical services are resuming. The resumption of non-urgent electrodiagnostic (EDX) testing faces unique challenges due to the long duration of the procedure and direct close contact with patients, including studies with risk of exposure to oropharyngeal secretions. We provide consensus guidance for resumption of EDX testing,...

Features of Enteric Disease from Human Coronaviruses: Implications for COVID-19.
https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.26066
Journal of Medical Virology; Cimolai N

May 27th, 2020 - Coronaviruses have long been studied in both human and veterinary fields. Whereas the initial detection of endemic human respiratory coronaviruses was problematic, detection of these and newly discovered human coronaviruses has been greatly facilitated with major advances in the laboratory. Nevertheless, technological factors can affect the accuracy and timeliness of virus detection. Many human...

The COVID-19 epidemic of manuscripts.
https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.14437
Journal of Advanced Nursing; Watson R, Mark M

May 27th, 2020 - In the midst of the novel coronavirus pandemic-referred to as COVID-19-there has been much uncertainty. We remain uncertain about its precise origin, its structure and composition, how best to test for it, or for resulting immunity, whether or not exposure leads to immunity, whether or not disposable surgical masks are effective, why men and some ethnic minorities are more susceptible and just ...

Clinical features, isolation, and complete genome sequence of severe acute respiratory ...
https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.26075
Journal of Medical Virology; Phan LT, Nguyen TV et. al.

May 27th, 2020 - In January 2020, we identified two SARS-CoV-2 infections in a familial cluster with one person coming from Wuhan, China. The complete genome sequences of two SARS-CoV-2 strains isolated from these patients were identical and 99.98% similar to strains isolated in Wuhan. This is genetically suggestive of human-to-human transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and indicates Wuhan as the most plausible origin of...

COVID-19: Consider IL6 receptor antagonist for the therapy of cytokine storm syndrome i...
https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.26078
Journal of Medical Virology; Chakraborty C, Sharma AR et. al.

May 27th, 2020 - COVID-19 leads to mortality of several patients and the cytokine storm is reportedly critical in the patients. In order to reduce the cytokine storm, we would like to propose the IL6 receptor antagonist therapy for the COVID-19 patients. Two humanized monoclonal antibodies are in clinical trial following IL6R antagonist therapies namely tocilizumab and sarilumab. However, researchers and physic...

Practical Guide for Pediatric Pulmonologists on Imaging Management of Pediatric Patient...
https://doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24870
Pediatric Pulmonology; Foust AM, McAdam AJ et. al.

May 27th, 2020 - Understanding of coronavirus disease 2019 is rapidly evolving with new articles on the subject daily. This flood of articles can be overwhelming for busy practicing clinicians looking for key pieces of information that can be applied in daily practice. This review article synthesizes the reported imaging findings in pediatric COVID-19 across the literature, offers imaging differential diagnosti...

The Diagnosis of SARS-CoV2 Pneumonia: A Review of Laboratory and Radiological Testing R...
https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.26081
Journal of Medical Virology; Zheng Z, Yao Z et. al.

May 27th, 2020 - The rapid emergence of COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) has necessitated the implementation of diverse pandemic control strategies throughout the world. In order to effectively control the spread of this disease, it is essential that it be diagnosed at an early stage so that patients can be reliably quarantined such that disease spread will be slowed. At present, the diagnosis of this infect...

Impact of COVID-19 on the mental health of surgeons and coping strategies.
https://doi.org/10.1002/hed.26291
Head & Neck REFERENCES; Balasubramanian A, Paleri V et. al.

May 27th, 2020 - Unprecedented times call for extraordinary measures. While surgeons across the globe try to comprehend the evolving facade of the COVID-19 pandemic and improvise surgical practice to the best of their ability, the psychological impact of the stress on their own mental health and well-being has been underestimated. This paper aims to review the indirect and overt factors that may affect the ment...

Psychosocial Stress Contagion in Children and Families During the COVID-19 Pandemic.
https://doi.org/10.1177/0009922820927044
Clinical Pediatrics; Liu CH, Doan SN

May 27th, 2020 - Psychosocial Stress Contagion in Children and Families During the COVID-19 Pandemic.|2020|Liu CH,Doan SN,|

Why have nanotechnologies been underutilized in the global uprising against the coronav...
https://doi.org/10.2217/nnm-2020-0163
Nanomedicine (London, England); Uskoković V

May 27th, 2020 - Prior research on nanotechnologies in diagnostics, prevention and treatment of coronavirus infections is reviewed. Gold nanoparticles and semiconductor quantum dots in colorimetric and immunochromatographic assays, silica nanoparticles in a polymerase chain reaction and spike protein nanospheres as antigen carriers and adjuvants in vaccine formulations present notable examples in diagnostics an...

The COVID-19 Pandemic: A Challenge for the Cardiovascular Health.
https://doi.org/10.2174/1573403X1602200519115447
Current Cardiology Reviews; Crisafulli A, Pagliaro P

May 27th, 2020 - The COVID-19 Pandemic: A Challenge for the Cardiovascular Health.|2020|Crisafulli A,Pagliaro P,|

Exposure to DPP-4 inhibitors and COVID-19 among people with type 2 diabetes. A case-con...
https://doi.org/10.1111/dom.14097
Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism; Fadini GP, Morieri ML et. al.

May 27th, 2020 - Because other coronaviruses enter the cells by binding to dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 (DPP-4), it has been speculated that DPP-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i) may exert an activity against SARS-CoV-2. In the absence of clinical trial results, we analyzed epidemiological data to support or discard such hypothesis. We retrieved information on exposure to DPP-4i among patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) hospital...

Endogenous Deficiency of Glutathione as the Most Likely Cause of Serious Manifestations...
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsinfecdis.0c00288
ACS Infectious Diseases; Polonikov A

May 27th, 2020 - Higher rates of serious illness and death from coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection among older people and those who have comorbidities suggest that age- and disease-related biological processes make such individuals more sensitive to environmental stress factors including infectious agents like coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Specifically, impaired redox homeostasis and associated oxidative str...

Heightened risk of child maltreatment amid the COVID-19 pandemic can exacerbate mental ...
https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000597
Psychological Trauma : Theory, Research, Practice and Policy; Cuartas J

May 27th, 2020 - The spread of the COVID-19 disrupted ecological systems in which children develop, exacerbating threats to their safety and increasing their vulnerability to future psychopathology. Supports to reduce sources of stress for caregivers and protect children from threats to their safety are warranted. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).

Stress and cognitive functioning during a pandemic: Thoughts from stress researchers.
https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000716
Psychological Trauma : Theory, Research, Practice and Policy; Boals A, Banks JB

May 27th, 2020 - In this commentary we discuss a downstream consequence of increases in stress and anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic. Stress and anxiety can lead to mind wandering, which in turn competes for limited cognitive resources. We encourage researchers to be understanding and patient concerning the inevitable cognitive impact of the pandemic and subsequent reduced productivity levels from our studen...

Shattered social identity and moral injuries: Work-related conditions in health care pr...
https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000715
Psychological Trauma : Theory, Research, Practice and Policy; Kröger C

May 27th, 2020 - The present article assesses the effects of shattered social identity and moral injuries experienced by health care professionals (HCPs) due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Professional expertise and emotional-cognitive demands as key aspects of HCPs' social identity are introduced, and the effects of moral injuries-in terms of violation of medical-ethical and social-ethical norms-on the mental healt...

Raising awareness of disabled lives and health care rationing during the COVID-19 pande...
https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000673
Psychological Trauma : Theory, Research, Practice and Policy; Lund EM, Ayers KB

May 27th, 2020 - Discriminatory and ableist health care rationing policies have raised serious concern in the disability community during the novel coronavirus pandemic. These concerns reflect the long-standing devaluation of disabled lives and place considerable weight on the disability community during this already stressful time. Nondisabled psychologists should work to advocate for the rights of people with...

Social representations, identity threat, and coping amid COVID-19.
https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000773
Psychological Trauma : Theory, Research, Practice and Policy; Jaspal R, Nerlich B

May 27th, 2020 - This article describes an integrative social psychological framework within which human reactions to COVID-19 can be understood and predicted. It is argued that social representations of COVID-19 (and its mitigation strategies) must resonate among diverse communities, not be too threatening, and provide clear pathways for action and engagement. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights...

When chaos is the norm: How some veterans with PTSD are continuing to engage in trauma-...
https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000718
Psychological Trauma : Theory, Research, Practice and Policy; Sciarrino NA, Myers US et. al.

May 27th, 2020 - The COVID-19 pandemic has caused many Veterans Healthcare Administration providers working with veterans diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder to question the feasibility and appropriateness of continuing to provide trauma-focused treatment during this crisis. The Veterans Healthcare Administration is in a unique position to continue to provide trauma-informed care because of its capacit...