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About 110,815 results

The DETECT Study: Discovery and Evaluation of Testing for Endometrial Cancer in Tampons
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03538665

May 20th, 2022 - BACKGROUND: Endometrial cancer is the most common and second deadliest gynecological cancer in women in the United States, with over 63,000 new cases and 11,000 deaths expected to occur in 2018. Unlike most cancers, endometrial cancer incidence and mortality are increasing, due to increases in risk factors such as obesity and population aging. Racial disparities in endometrial cancer incidence ...

Establishment of a Perinatal Database and a Bank of Biological Materials
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00339235

May 20th, 2022 - The aim of this project is to establish a clinical database and a bank of biological materials which will be used to improve the pathophysiologic understanding of the mechanisms underlying various pregnancy diseases. The US-Mexico Reproductive Health Research Development Workshop, sponsored by the NIH, recommended that the setting up of "tissue, blood, and placental banks from human and relevan...

Molecular Basis of Human Phagocyte Interactions With Bacterial Pathogens
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00339287

May 20th, 2022 - Human phagocytic cells such as polymorphonuclear leukocytes (neutrophils or PMNs) are readily mobilized to sites of infection and ingest microorganisms by a process known as phagocytosis. The combined effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antimicrobial peptides released into forming bacterial phagosomes kill most ingested bacteria. However, many bacterial pathogens have devised means to ...

Biospecimen Procurement for Genitourinary Malignancies Branch Immunotherapy Protocols
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02682667

May 20th, 2022 - Background: -Immunotherapy is a promising approach to the treatment of cancer. GMB investigators are studying immunotherapy for the treatment of diverse malignant and premalignant conditions. These studies require the collection of biospecimens for research purposes. Objectives: To collect and bank blood, apheresis products, tumor, body fluids, and other biospecimens from patients with cancer o...

Study of the Complications Associated With Certain Stem Cell Transplants
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01919099

May 20th, 2022 - Between 80 and 100 allogeneic stem cell transplants (allo-HSCT) are performed every year at the NIH to treat a variety of malignant and nonmalignant conditions. The current transplant protocols at the NIH focus on research regarding the response of the underlying disease, the development of graft versus host disease (GVHD) as well as the feasibility and safety of a variety of transplant strateg...

Study of Human Non-Shivering Thermogenesis and Basal Metabolic Rate
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01950520

May 20th, 2022 - The balance between energy expenditure (EE) and energy intake ultimately determines body weight. Resting EE is the major component (60-75%) of total EE in an adult human being. Resting EE dynamically adapts to environmental changes such as ambient temperature. In our on-going study of environmental temperature changes within and around the thermoneutral zone, we observed that healthy young men ...

National Cohort Study of Idiopathic and Heritable Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01907295

May 20th, 2022 - What does the study involve? PAH patients will be seen at their local centre by their service team but they will have additional bloods taken. Relatives of PAH patients will be seen every year at their nearest PAH centre. Tests will include: Epidemiology Questionnaire to assess factors affecting health An echocardiogram (ECHO) to assess the size, shape, pumping action and the extent of any dama...

The Role of Uncertainty in Coping: The Experience of Parents of Children With Undiagnosed Medical Conditions
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01905865

May 20th, 2022 - The proposed study aims to test the effect of the degree of perceived uncertainty on coping efficacy among parents of children with undiagnosed medical conditions. There are many dimensions to uncertainty when there is no identified cause for a condition that affects one s child. They include illness identity, management, longevity and life planning, the meaning of the child s condition for the...

Evaluating a New Knee-Ankle-Foot Brace to Improve Gait in Children With Movement Disorders
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01961557

May 20th, 2022 - Objective The purpose of this protocol is to evaluate several configurations of a prototype Extension Assist Knee-Ankle-Foot Orthosis (EA-KAFO) in patients with cerebral palsy (CP), muscular dystrophy (MD), spina bifida (SB), or incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI) who have knee extension deficiency. Three forms of assistance will be provided at the knee joint including a passive-damper compone...

Biospecimen Procurement for NIDCD Clinical Protocols
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03429036

May 20th, 2022 - Background: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) investigators are studying the natural history and treatment of diverse conditions of the head and neck affecting hearing, balance, smell, taste, swallowing, voice and speech at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). These studies require the collection of biospecimens for research purposes. Objectives: Prima...

Administration of Autologous T-Cells Genetically Engineered to Express T-Cell Receptors Reactive Against Neoantigens in People With Metastatic Cancer
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03412877

May 20th, 2022 - Background: The administration of autologous tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) can mediate complete, durable regressions in 20-25% of participants with metastatic melanoma. Recent studies have shown that these TIL predominantly recognize unique mutated neoantigens expressed by the cancer not shared by other melanomas. Administration of bulk autologous TIL to participants with a variety of ot...

Identifying Risk for Diabetes and Heart Disease in Women
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01809288

May 20th, 2022 - African-American women experience disproportionately high rates of conditions related to insulin resistance, specifically type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). In Africa, T2D and CVD have also become leading causes of death for women. Early recognition of risk and the implementation of preventive measures could improve both quality of life and longevity as well as decrease hea...

Perception, Sensation, Cognition and Action in Humans
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03407066

May 20th, 2022 - Objective: The experiments covered by this protocol aim to uncover basic knowledge about the normal brain mechanisms that give rise to perception and cognition. The protocol encompasses sub-studies in healthy volunteers ( participants ) to uncover behaviors and their physiological basis. The protocol includes only non- or minimally-invasive techniques with minimal risk, including psychophysics,...

Safety Study of Cord Blood Units for Stem Cell Transplants
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01861093

May 20th, 2022 - Background The requirement for licensure of human cell and blood products became part of the FDA final rules for Human Cells, Tissues, and Tissue-Based Products (HCT/Ps) (March 29, 2004 and May 25, 2005) in an effort to prevent transmission of communicable disease, minimize contamination and preserved integrity and function during processing, outline safety and effectiveness requirements for ce...

The Venous Distension Reflex and Orthostatic Hypertension
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03496792

May 20th, 2022 - In humans, two-thirds of the blood volume is contained within the venous vasculature. Because of this, changes in peripheral blood volume and alterations in the mechanical properties of peripheral veins can greatly impact cardiac filling, cardiac output and blood pressure (BP) responses to physiologic stress. Work from our laboratory over the past seven years has shown that local upper limb ven...

Study on Moebius Syndrome and Congenital Facial Weakness Disorders
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02055248

May 20th, 2022 - This is a natural history study with a cross-sectional design of Moebius syndrome (MIM 157900), a heterogeneous developmental disorder defined as a congenital, non-progressive facial weakness with limited abduction of one or both eyes, often associated with additional features such as other cranial nerve dysfunction, craniofacial, skeletal and limb deformities, as well as intellectual or behavi...

Anthrax AV7909 Liquid vs Lyophilized
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04660201

May 20th, 2022 - This is a randomized, parallel-group, double-blind, Phase 1 study designed to assess safety, tolerability and immunogenicity of 2 formulations of adjuvanted anthrax vaccine (AV7909), lyophilized and liquid. Forty healthy young adults, 18 to 45 years old, inclusive, who meet all eligibility criteria, will be randomly allocated to one of two study groups in a 1:1 ratio: 20 will receive AV7909 as ...

Studying Childhood-onset Behavioral, Psychiatric, and Developmental Disorders
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01778504

May 20th, 2022 - This is a diagnostic protocol designed to provide opportunities for identifying new clinical syndromes and permitting longitudinal assessments of a variety of childhood behavioral, psychiatric and developmental disorders. Disorders of particular interest are: autism, disorders of social cognition and other neurodevelopmental disorders; childhood psychiatric disorders and particularly those with...

Efficacy of Ultrasound Guided ESP Vs Video-assisted PVB Catheter Placement in Minimally Invasive Thoracic Surgery
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04729712

May 20th, 2022 - Erector Spinae Plane (ESP) block has emerged as a new regional anaesthesia technique which has had promising early results in attenuating severe acute pain associated with Minimal Invasive Thoracic Surgery (MITS). In a recent randomised control trial among MITS patients, single-shot ESP block improved Quality of Recovery score (QoR-15) and reduced overall complications at 24 hr compared with si...

Whole Exome and Whole Genome Sequencing for Genotyping of Inherited and Congenital Eye Conditions
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02077894

May 20th, 2022 - Objective: The objective of this study is to identify genetic causes of inherited eye conditions through whole exome or whole genome sequencing (referred to as exome sequencing and genome sequencing in the remainder of the document). This includes identifying mutations in known genes or novel genes for recognized conditions, as well as identifying mutations in novel genes for previously unchara...