JAMA , Mangione CM et. al.
Feb 15th, 2023 - Genital herpes is a common sexually transmitted infection caused by 2 related viruses, herpes simplex type 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex type 2 (HSV-2). Infection is lifelong; currently, there is no cure for HSV infection. Antiviral medications may provide clinical benefits to symptomatic persons. Transmission of HSV from a pregnant person to their infant can occur, most commonly during delivery...
Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology; Fabre V, Davis A et. al.
Feb 15th, 2023 - We provide an overview of diagnostic stewardship with key concepts that include the diagnostic pathway and the multiple points where interventions can be implemented, strategies for interventions, the importance of multidisciplinary collaboration, and key microbiologic diagnostic tests that should be considered for diagnostic stewardship. The document focuses on microbiologic laboratory testing...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Smith AD et. al.
Nov 28th, 2022 - Acute pyelonephritis (APN) is a severe urinary tract infection (UTI) that has the potential to cause sepsis, shock, and death. In the majority of patients, uncomplicated APN is diagnosed clinically and is responsive to treatment with appropriate antibiotics. In patients who are high risk or when treatment is delayed, microabscesses may coalesce to form an acute renal abscess. High-risk patients...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Pierce JL et. al.
Nov 28th, 2022 - Musculoskeletal infections involve bones, joints, and soft tissues. These infections are a common clinical scenario in both outpatient and emergent settings. Although radiography provides baseline findings, a multimodality approach is often implemented to provide more detailed information on the extent of infection involvement and complications. MRI with intravenous contrast is excellent for th...
Kidney International; Martin P, Awan AA et. al.
Nov 22nd, 2022 - Infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) has adverse liver, kidney, and cardiovascular consequences in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), including those on dialysis therapy or with a kidney transplant. Since the publication of the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) HCV Guideline in 2018, advances in HCV management, particularly in the field of antiviral therapy and tr...
MMWR. Recommendations and Reports : Morbidity and Mortali... Harpaz R, Ortega-Sanchez IR et. al.
Jun 6th, 2008 - These recommendations represent the first statement by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) on the use of a live attenuated vaccine for the prevention of herpes zoster (zoster) (i.e., shingles) and its sequelae, which was licensed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on May 25, 2006. This report summarizes the epidemiology of zoster and its sequelae, describes the z...
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology;
Oct 21st, 2022 - Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer worldwide and the fourth most common cancer among men in South Korea, where the prevalence of chronic hepatitis B infection is high in middle and old age. The current practice guidelines will provide useful and sensible advice for the clinical management of patients with HCC. A total of 49 experts in the fields of hepatology, oncolo...
JAMA , Mangione CM et. al.
Sep 28th, 2022 - Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection that can progress through different stages (primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary) and cause serious health problems if left untreated. Reported cases of primary and secondary syphilis in the US increased from a record low of 2.1 cases per 100 000 population in 2000 and 2001 to 11.9 cases per 100 000 population in 2019. Men account for the majorit...
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology : the Official C... Flamm SL, Wong F et. al.
Sep 9th, 2022 - The purpose of this American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) Institute Clinical Practice Update is to review the available published evidence and expert advice regarding the clinical management of patients with suspected acute kidney injury in patients with cirrhosis. This article provides practical advice for the management of patients with cirrhosis and acute kidney injury based on the ...
International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents; Tiseo G, Brigante G et. al.
Jun 14th, 2022 - Management of patients with infections caused by multidrug-resistant organisms is challenging and requires a multidisciplinary approach to achieve successful clinical outcomes. The aim of this paper is to provide recommendations for the diagnosis and optimal management of these infections, with a focus on targeted antibiotic therapy. The document was produced by a panel of experts nominated by ...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Shet NS et. al.
May 14th, 2022 - Imaging plays an integral role in the evaluation of suspected musculoskeletal infections in children, not only in the accurate identification of infection such as osteomyelitis or septic arthritis, but also in guiding management. Various diagnostic modalities serve different purposes in the assessment of suspected pediatric musculoskeletal infections. The purpose of this document is to provide ...
Journal of the American College of Cardiology; , Gluckman TJ et. al.
Mar 22nd, 2022 - 2022 ACC Expert Consensus Decision Pathway on Cardiovascular Sequelae of COVID-19 in Adults: Myocarditis and Other Myocardial Involvement, Post-Acute Sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 Infection, and Return to Play: A Report of the American College of Cardiology Solution Set Oversight Committee.|2022| ,Gluckman TJ,Bhave NM,Allen LA,Chung EH,|complications,diagnosis,therapy,epidemiology,
Clinical Microbiology and Infection : the Official Public... Yelin D, Moschopoulos CD et. al.
Feb 20th, 2022 - The aim of these guidelines is to provide evidence-based recommendations for the assessment and management of individuals with persistent symptoms after acute COVID-19 infection and to provide a definition for this entity, termed 'long COVID'. We performed a search of the literature on studies addressing epidemiology, symptoms, assessment, and treatment of long COVID. The recommendations were g...
Otolaryngology--head and Neck Surgery : Official Journal ... Rosenfeld RM, Tunkel DE et. al.
Feb 10th, 2022 - This executive summary of the guideline update provides evidence-based recommendations for patient selection and surgical indications for managing tympanostomy tubes in children. The summary and guideline are intended for any clinician involved in managing children aged 6 months to 12 years with tympanostomy tubes or children being considered for tympanostomy tubes in any care setting as an int...
International Dental Journal;
Jan 26th, 2022 - Infection Prevention and Control in Dental Practice: Revised version adopted by the General Assembly 27-29 September 2021, Sydney, AustraliaRevised version adopted by the General Assembly: September 2019, San Francisco, United States of AmericaOriginal version adopted by the General Assembly: September 2009, Singapore, Singapore.|2022||
Injury Elcock KL, Reid J et. al.
Nov 29th, 2021 - Bites from animal and humans represent a very small proportion of all the patients presenting to emergency departments, However, they require prompt medical and surgical intervention in order to minimise the risk of infection, that may lead to limb and life-threatening complications. In this review article we synthesise the existing literature for treatment of human and animal bites and offer p...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Boulter DJ et. al.
Nov 20th, 2021 - Plexopathy may be caused by diverse pathologies, including trauma, nerve entrapment, neoplasm, inflammation, infection, autoimmune disease, hereditary disease, and idiopathic etiologies. For patients presenting with brachial or lumbosacral plexopathy, dedicated plexus MRI is the most appropriate initial imaging modality for all clinical scenarios and can identify processes both intrinsic and ex...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Ortiz AO et. al.
Nov 20th, 2021 - Spine infection is both a clinical and diagnostic imaging challenge due to its relatively indolent and nonspecific clinical presentation. The diagnosis of spine infection is based upon a combination of clinical suspicion, imaging evaluation and, when possible, microbiologic confirmation performed from blood cultures or image-guided percutaneous or open spine biopsy. With respect to the imaging ...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Hutchins TA et. al.
Nov 20th, 2021 - In the United States, acute low back pain, with or without radiculopathy, is the leading cause of years lived with disability and the third ranking cause of disability-adjusted life-years. Uncomplicated acute low back pain and/or radiculopathy is a benign, self-limited condition that does not warrant any imaging studies. Imaging is considered in those patients who have had up to 6 weeks of medi...
Neurogastroenterology and Motility : the Official Journal... Wauters L, Dickman R et. al.
Sep 30th, 2021 - Functional dyspepsia (FD) is one of the most common conditions in clinical practice. In spite of its prevalence, FD is associated with major uncertainties in terms of its definition, underlying pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis. A Delphi consensus was initiated with 41 experts from 22 European countries who conducted a literature summary and voting process on 87 statements. Q...