Apr 30th, 2017 - Chylothorax is an uncommon but serious medical condition, which arises when intestinal lymphatic fluid leaks into the pleural space. Treatment strategies depend on the daily output and underlying etiology, which may be due to direct injury to lymphatic vessels or a nontraumatic disorder.
Oct 31st, 2017 - Evaluation of cranial neuropathy can be complex given the different pathway of each cranial nerve as well as the associated anatomic landmarks. Radiological evaluation requires imaging of the entire course of the nerve from its nucleus to the end organ.
Sep 4th, 2018 - There is a new appreciation of the perimenopause—defined as the early and late menopause transition stages as well as the early postmenopause—as a window of vulnerability for the development of both depressive symptoms and major depressive episodes. However, clinical recommendations on how to identify, characterize and treat clinical depression are lacking.
Apr 30th, 2017 - Stress fractures, including both fatigue and insufficiency types, are frequently encountered in clinical practice as a source of pain in both athletes and patients with predisposing conditions. Radiography is the imaging modality of choice for baseline diagnosis.
Le Rhun, E.
Jul 12th, 2017 - These EANO–ESMO joint recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) from solid cancers represent the first European guideline initiative on this topic. LM is defined as the spread of tumour cells within the leptomeninges and the subarachnoid space, is synonymous with ‘neoplastic meningitis’ and can be further denoted by primary tumour as leptomeningeal carcin.
Apr 30th, 2016 - The first practice parameter on exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) was published in 2010. This updated practice parameter was prepared 5 years later.
Jul 14th, 2014 - These guidelines summarize the definitions, diagnostic criteria, differential diagnoses, and treatments of a group of benign disorders of anorectal function and/or structure. Disorders of function include defecation disorders, fecal incontinence, and proctalgia syndromes, whereas disorders of structure include anal fissure and hemorrhoids.
Sep 23rd, 2019 - Although androgen excess can manifest in many ways, the most common and recognizable symptoms are hirsutism and acne. Reports of hirsutism and acne should be taken seriously because of their possible association with medical disorders, their substantial effect on self-esteem and quality of life, and the potential for psychosocial morbidity. In patients with symptoms of androgen excess, the diff...
Pediatrics Wood JN, Fakeye O et. al.
Jan 20th, 2015 - To develop guidelines for performing an initial skeletal survey (SS) for children <24 months of age presenting with bruising in the hospital setting, combining available evidence with expert opinion. Applying the Rand/UCLA Appropriateness Method, a multispecialty panel of 10 experts relied on evidence from the literature and their own clinical expertise in rating the appropriateness of performi...
Neurology Gloss D, Varma JK et. al.
Oct 20th, 2016 - To evaluate the evidence for EEG theta/beta power ratio for diagnosing, or helping to diagnose, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We identified relevant studies and classified them using American Academy of Neurology criteria. Two Class I studies assessing the ability of EEG theta/beta power ratio and EEG frontal beta power to identify patients with ADHD correctly identified 166 ...
JAMA Saag MS, Benson CA et. al.
Jul 25th, 2018 - Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the cornerstone of prevention and management of HIV infection. To evaluate new data and treatments and incorporate this information into updated recommendations for initiating therapy, monitoring individuals starting therapy, changing regimens, and preventing HIV infection for individuals at risk. New evidence collected since the International Antiviral Society-U...
JAMA Greer DM, Shemie SD et. al.
Aug 7th, 2020 - There are inconsistencies in concept, criteria, practice, and documentation of brain death/death by neurologic criteria (BD/DNC) both internationally and within countries. To formulate a consensus statement of recommendations on determination of BD/DNC based on review of the literature and expert opinion of a large multidisciplinary, international panel. Relevant international professional soci...
Gastroenterology Smalley W, Falck-Ytter C et. al.
Jul 15th, 2019 - AGA Clinical Practice Guidelines on the Laboratory Evaluation of Functional Diarrhea and Diarrhea-Predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Adults (IBS-D).|2019|Smalley W,Falck-Ytter C,Carrasco-Labra A,Wani S,Lytvyn L,|standards,diagnosis,etiology,physiopathology,therapy,standards,standards,complications,diagnosis,physiopathology,therapy,
Pediatrics Hoyme HE, Kalberg WO et. al.
Jul 28th, 2016 - The adverse effects of prenatal alcohol exposure constitute a continuum of disabilities (fetal alcohol spectrum disorders [FASD]). In 1996, the Institute of Medicine established diagnostic categories delineating the spectrum but not specifying clinical criteria by which diagnoses could be assigned. In 2005, the authors published practical guidelines operationalizing the Institute of Medicine ca...
Chest Rubin GD, Ryerson CJ et. al.
Apr 10th, 2020 - With more than 900,000 confirmed cases worldwide and nearly 50,000 deaths during the first 3 months of 2020, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has emerged as an unprecedented health care crisis. The spread of COVID-19 has been heterogeneous, resulting in some regions having sporadic transmission and relatively few hospitalized patients with COVID-19 and others having community tr...
Menopause (New York, N.Y.); Maki PM, Kornstein SG et. al.
Sep 4th, 2018 - There is a new appreciation of the perimenopause - defined as the early and late menopause transition stages as well as the early postmenopause - as a window of vulnerability for the development of both depressive symptoms and major depressive episodes. However, clinical recommendations on how to identify, characterize and treat clinical depression are lacking. To address this gap, an expert pa...
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine; Meyer KC, Raghu G et. al.
May 2nd, 2012 - The clinical utility of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL) cell analysis for the diagnosis and management of patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) has been a subject of debate and controversy. The American Thoracic Society (ATS) sponsored a committee of international experts to examine all relevant literature on BAL in ILD and provide recommendations concerning the use of BAL in the dia...
The Journal of Dermatology; Oiso N, Suzuki T et. al.
Feb 27th, 2013 - Vitiligo is an acquired pigment disorder in which depigmented macules result from the loss of melanocytes from the involved regions of skin and hair. The color dissimilarity on the cosmetically sensitive regions frequently induces quality of life impairment and high willingness to pay for treatment in patients with vitiligo. The Vitiligo Japanese Task Force was organized to overcome this situat...
Emergency Radiology; Demehri S, Rybicki FJ et. al.
Mar 19th, 2012 - The purpose of these guidelines is to recommend appropriate imaging for patients with blunt chest trauma. These patients are most often imaged in the emergency room, and thus emergency radiologists play a substantial role in prompt, accurate diagnoses that, in turn, can lead to life-saving interventions. The ACR Appropriateness Criteria® are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical condi...
Chest Schwartz AM, Rezaei MK
May 9th, 2013 - This article provides evidence-based background and recommendations for the development of American College of Chest Physicians guidelines for the diagnosis and management of lung cancer. Specific population, intervention, comparison, and outcome questions were addressed to arrive at consensus recommendations. A systematic search of the medical and scientific literature using MEDLINE and PubMed...