JAMA , Mangione CM et. al.
Nov 16th, 2022 - Current prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in the US is not well established; however, based on cohort and survey data, in 2007-2010 the estimated prevalence of at least mild OSA (defined as an apnea-hypoxia index [AHI] ≥5) plus symptoms of daytime sleepiness among adults aged 30 to 70 years was 14% for men and 5% for women, and the estimated prevalence of moderate to severe OSA (defin...
JAMA , Davidson KW et. al.
Apr 27th, 2022 - Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality in the US, accounting for more than 1 in 4 deaths. Each year, an estimated 605 000 people in the US have a first myocardial infarction and an estimated 610 000 experience a first stroke. To update its 2016 recommendation, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) commissioned a systematic review on the effectiveness of aspirin ...
Journal of Clinical Oncology : Official Journal of the Am... Vogelbaum MA, Brown PD et. al.
Dec 22nd, 2021 - To provide guidance to clinicians regarding therapy for patients with brain metastases from solid tumors. ASCO convened an Expert Panel and conducted a systematic review of the literature. Thirty-two randomized trials published in 2008 or later met eligibility criteria and form the primary evidentiary base. Surgery is a reasonable option for patients with brain metastases. Patients with large t...
Journal of Clinical Oncology : Official Journal of the Am... Mohile NA, Messersmith H et. al.
Dec 14th, 2021 - To provide guidance to clinicians regarding therapy for diffuse astrocytic and oligodendroglial tumors in adults. ASCO and the Society for Neuro-Oncology convened an Expert Panel and conducted a systematic review of the literature. Fifty-nine randomized trials focusing on therapeutic management were identified. Adults with newly diagnosed oligodendroglioma, isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)-mutant...
Melanoma Research; Cakir OO, Pozzi E et. al.
Nov 30th, 2021 - Penile mucosal melanoma is an aggressive and rare genital malignancy. The aim of the present study was to review the management and outcomes of a homogenous cohort of patients with histologically confirmed penile mucosal melanoma, at a single specialist centre. A retrospective review of an institutional database identified patients with penile mucosal melanoma over a 10-year period. Patient dem...
Cancer Treatment Reviews; Bardi E, Mulder RL et. al.
Sep 28th, 2021 - Survivors of childhood, adolescent and young adult (CAYA) cancer may develop treatment-induced chronic liver disease. Surveillance guidelines can improve survivors' health outcomes. However, current recommendations vary, leading to uncertainty about optimal screening. The International Late Effects of Childhood Cancer Guideline Harmonization Group has developed recommendations for the surveilla...
Sep 9th, 2021 - This technical report accompanies the recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics for the routine use of the influenza vaccine and antiviral medications in the prevention and treatment of influenza in children during the 2021-2022 season. Influenza vaccination is an important intervention to protect vulnerable populations and reduce the burden of respiratory illnesses during circulati...
World Journal of Emergency Surgery : WJES; Coccolini F, Improta M et. al.
Aug 11th, 2021 - Immunocompromised patients are a heterogeneous and diffuse category frequently presenting to the emergency department with acute surgical diseases. Diagnosis and treatment in immunocompromised patients are often complex and must be multidisciplinary. Misdiagnosis of an acute surgical disease may be followed by increased morbidity and mortality. Delayed diagnosis and treatment of surgical diseas...
Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases; Al Rifai M, Blumenthal RS et. al.
Aug 10th, 2021 - Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States (U.S.) and incurs significant cost to the healthcare system. Management of cholesterol remains central for ASCVD prevention and has been the focus of multiple national guidelines. In this review, we compare the American Heart Association (AHA)/American College of Cardiology (...
Gastroenterology Keswani RN, Crockett SD et. al.
Aug 3rd, 2021 - The purpose of this American Gastroenterological Association Institute Clinical Practice Update was to review the available evidence and provide best practice advice regarding strategies to improve the quality of screening and surveillance colonoscopy. This review is framed around 15 best practice advice statements regarding colonoscopy quality that were agreed upon by the authors, based on a r...
Gastroenterology Jones JL, Tse F et. al.
Aug 3rd, 2021 - The effectiveness and safety of vaccinations can be altered by immunosuppressive therapies, and perhaps by inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) itself. These recommendations developed by the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology and endorsed by the American Gastroenterological Association, aim to provide guidance on immunizations in adult and pediatric patients with IBD. This publication focused...
The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery; Malaisrie SC, Szeto WY et. al.
Jun 12th, 2021 - 2021 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery expert consensus document: Surgical treatment of acute type A aortic dissection.|2021|Malaisrie SC,Szeto WY,Halas M,Girardi LN,Coselli JS,|therapeutic use,diagnostic imaging,mortality,surgery,diagnostic imaging,mortality,surgery,therapeutic use,etiology,standards,adverse effects,mortality,standards,
Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD; Chiodini I, Gaudio A et. al.
Jun 2nd, 2021 - Bone fragility is increasingly recognized as a relevant complication of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and diabetic patients with fragility fractures have higher mortality rates than non diabetic individuals or diabetic patients without fractures. However, current diagnostic approaches for fracture risk stratification, such as bone mineral density measurement or the use of risk assessment algorithms, la...
Journal of Vascular Surgery; Rokosh RS, Wu WW et. al.
May 23rd, 2021 - Society for Vascular Surgery implementation of clinical practice guidelines for patients with an abdominal aortic aneurysm: Postoperative surveillance after abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.|2021|Rokosh RS,Wu WW,Schermerhorn M,Chaikof EL,|diagnostic imaging,mortality,surgery,diagnostic imaging,etiology,mortality,standards,adverse effects,instrumentation,mortality,standards,diagnostic imaging,et...
Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology; Chun JY, Bharadwaz A et. al.
May 22nd, 2021 - This CIRSE Standards of Practice document is developed by an expert writing group under the guidance of the CIRSE Standards of Practice Committee. It aims to assist Interventional Radiologists in their daily practice by providing best practices for conducting meetings on morbidity and mortality.
The Lancet. Oncology; Biganzoli L, Battisti NML et. al.
May 18th, 2021 - Breast cancer is increasingly prevalent in older adults and is a substantial part of routine oncology practice. However, management of breast cancer in this population is challenging because the disease is highly heterogeneous and there is insufficient evidence specific to older adults. Decision making should not be driven by age alone but should involve geriatric assessments plus careful consi...
Journal of the American College of Cardiology; , Généreux P et. al.
Apr 24th, 2021 - The Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC), founded in 2010, was intended to (i) identify appropriate clinical endpoints and (ii) standardize definitions of these endpoints for transcatheter and surgical aortic valve clinical trials. Rapid evolution of the field, including the emergence of new complications, expanding clinical indications, and novel therapy strategies have mandated further r...
Clinical & Translational Oncology : Official Publication ... Escobar Álvarez Y, de Las Peñas Bataller R et. al.
Mar 27th, 2021 - Anaemia is defined by the presence of haemoglobin (Hb) levels < 13 g/dL in men and 12 g/dL in women. Up to 39% of cancer patients present it at the time of diagnosis and up to 40% have iron deficiency. Anaemia causes fatigue, functional deterioration and a reduction in the quality of life; it has also been associated with a poorer response to anti-tumour treatment and lower survival. Basic diag...
Gastroenterology Benchimol EI, Tse F et. al.
Feb 23rd, 2021 - Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may be at increased risk of some vaccine-preventable diseases. The effectiveness and safety of vaccinations may be altered by immunosuppressive therapies or IBD itself. These recommendations developed by the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology and endorsed by the American Gastroenterological Association, aim to provide guidance on immunization...
Journal of Vascular Surgery; Rokosh RS, Starnes BW et. al.
Feb 7th, 2021 - Society for Vascular Surgery implementation of clinical practice guidelines for patients with an abdominal aortic aneurysm: Repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm.|2021|Rokosh RS,Starnes BW,Chaikof EL,|diagnostic imaging,mortality,surgery,diagnostic imaging,mortality,surgery,adverse effects,mortality,standards,adverse effects,mortality,standards,standards,