The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery; , Otto CM et. al.
May 11th, 2021 - 2020 ACC/AHA guideline for the management of patients with valvular heart disease: A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Joint Committee on Clinical Practice Guidelines.|2021| ,Otto CM,Nishimura RA,Bonow RO,Carabello BA,|
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; Lockhart ME
May 7th, 2021 - Introduction to the JACR Appropriateness Criteria May 2021 Supplement.|2021|Lockhart ME,|
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Gunn AJ et. al.
May 7th, 2021 - Nontraumatic aortic disease can be caused by a wide variety of disorders including congenital, inflammatory, infectious, metabolic, neoplastic, and degenerative processes. Imaging examinations such as radiography, ultrasound, echocardiography, catheter-based angiography, CT, MRI, and nuclear medicine examinations are essential for diagnosis, treatment planning, and assessment of therapeutic res...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Henrichsen TL et. al.
May 7th, 2021 - Acute pelvic pain is a common presenting complaint in both the emergency room and outpatient settings. Pelvic pain of gynecologic origin in postmenopausal women occurs less frequently than in premenopausal women; however, it has important differences in etiology. The most common causes of postmenopausal pelvic pain from gynecologic origin are ovarian cysts, uterine fibroids, pelvic inflammatory...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Allen BC et. al.
May 7th, 2021 - Urothelial cancer is the second most common cancer, and cause of cancer death, related to the genitourinary tract. The goals of surveillance imaging after the treatment of urothelial cancer of the urinary bladder are to detect new or previously undetected urothelial tumors, to identify metastatic disease, and to evaluate for complications of therapy. For surveillance, patients can be stratified...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Shih RY et. al.
May 7th, 2021 - Head trauma (ie, head injury) is a significant public health concern and is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children and young adults. Neuroimaging plays an important role in the management of head and brain injury, which can be separated into acute (0-7 days), subacute (<3 months), then chronic (>3 months) phases. Over 75% of acute head trauma is classified as mild, of which over...3>
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Karuppasamy K et. al.
May 7th, 2021 - Diverticulosis remains the commonest cause for acute lower gastrointestinal tract bleeding (GIB). Conservative management is initially sufficient for most patients, followed by elective diagnostic tests. However, if acute lower GIB persists, it can be investigated with colonoscopy, CT angiography (CTA), or red blood cell (RBC) scan. Colonoscopy can identify the site and cause of bleeding and pr...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Pinchot JW et. al.
May 7th, 2021 - Cirrhosis is a heterogeneous disease that cannot be studied as a single entity and is classified in two main prognostic stages: compensated and decompensated cirrhosis. Portal hypertension, characterized by a pathological increase of the portal pressure and by the formation of portal-systemic collaterals that bypass the liver, is the initial and main consequence of cirrhosis and is responsible ...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Wong-You-Cheong JJ et. al.
May 7th, 2021 - Renal failure can be divided into acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease. Both are common and result in increased patient morbidity and mortality. The etiology is multifactorial and differentiation of acute kidney injury from chronic kidney disease includes clinical evaluation, laboratory tests, and imaging. The main role of imaging is to detect treatable causes of renal failure such as...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Sussman BL et. al.
May 7th, 2021 - The Appropriateness Criteria for the imaging screening of second and third trimester fetuses for anomalies are presented for fetuses that are low risk, high risk, have had soft markers detected on ultrasound, and have had major anomalies detected on ultrasound. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are revi...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Trofimova A et. al.
May 7th, 2021 - In children, seizures represent an extremely heterogeneous group of medical conditions ranging from benign cases, such as a simple febrile seizure, to life-threatening situations, such as status epilepticus. Underlying causes of seizures also represent a wide range of pathologies from idiopathic cases, usually genetic, to a variety of acute and chronic intracranial or systemic abnormalities. Th...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Ghoshhajra BB et. al.
May 7th, 2021 - Coronary atherosclerotic disease is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity due to major cardiovascular events in the United States and abroad. Risk stratification and early preventive measures can reduce major cardiovascular events given the long latent asymptomatic period. Imaging tests can detect subclinical coronary atherosclerosis and aid initiation of targeted preventative efforts base...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Lakhman Y et. al.
May 7th, 2021 - Vulvar cancer is an uncommon gynecologic tumor and one of several human papillomavirus-associated malignancies. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most prevalent histologic subtype of vulvar cancer, accounting for the majority of cases. Imaging plays an important role in managing vulvar cancer. At initial diagnosis, imaging is useful to assess the size and extent of primary tumor and to evaluate th...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Kligerman SJ et. al.
May 7th, 2021 - Syncope and presyncope lead to well over one million emergency room visits in the United States each year. Elucidating the cause of syncope or presyncope, which are grouped together given similar etiologies and outcomes, can be exceedingly difficult given the diverse etiologies. This becomes more challenging as some causes, such as vasovagal syncope, are relatively innocuous while others, such ...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Ackman JB et. al.
May 7th, 2021 - Mediastinal masses can present with symptoms, signs, and syndromes or incidentally. Selecting the appropriate diagnostic imaging study for mediastinal mass evaluation requires awareness of the strengths and weaknesses of the various imaging modalities with regard to tissue characterization, soft tissue contrast, and surveillance. This publication expounds on the differences between chest radiog...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Malik SB et. al.
May 7th, 2021 - Infective endocarditis can involve a normal, abnormal, or prosthetic cardiac valve. The diagnosis is typically made clinically with persistently positive blood cultures, characteristic signs and symptoms, and echocardiographic evidence of valvular vegetations or valvular complications such as abscess, dehiscence, or new regurgitation. Imaging plays an important role in the initial diagnosis of ...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Laroia AT et. al.
May 7th, 2021 - Chest radiography is the most frequent and primary imaging modality in the intensive care unit (ICU), given its portability, rapid image acquisition, and availability of immediate information on the bedside preview. Due to the severity of underlying disease and frequent need of placement of monitoring devices, ICU patients are very likely to develop complications related to underlying disease p...
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR; , Agarwal V et. al.
May 7th, 2021 - Myelopathy is a clinical diagnosis with localization of the neurological findings to the spinal cord, rather than the brain or the peripheral nervous system, and then to a particular segment of the spinal cord. Myelopathy can be the result of primary intrinsic disorders of the spinal cord or from secondary conditions, which result in extrinsic compression of the spinal cord. While the causes of...
Kidney International; Johansen KL, Garimella PS et. al.
May 7th, 2021 - Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects about 10% of all populations worldwide, with about 2 million people requiring dialysis. Although patients with CKD are at high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and events, they are often underrepresented or excluded in clinical trials, leading to important knowledge gaps about how to treat these patients. KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes)...
Kidney International; Hu A, Stewart C et. al.
May 7th, 2021 - Jurisdictional inequalities in deceased donor kidney allocation in Australia.|2021|Hu A,Stewart C,Craig JC,Wyburn K,Pleass H,|