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Cyberattack, Overworked Doctors, Travel Restrictions: COVID-19 Global Weekly Highlights

May 6th, 2021 - These are the global coronavirus stories you need to know about this week. India reported 3780 deaths on May 5, the highest daily death toll since the beginning of the pandemic. In the past week, India accounted for 46% of total COVID-19 cases and 1 in 4 COVID-19 deaths worldwide. On May 1, India widened its COVID-19 vaccination programme to include all adults aged 18 and over. However, several...

 COVID-19 Vaccine Coverage and Effectiveness among Healthcare Workers in England

May 6th, 2021 - Takeaway In a cohort of healthcare workers in England, vaccine coverage was very high 2 months after the roll-out of approved COVID-19 vaccines in the UK.

FDA In Brief: FDA Issues Procedural Notice on Potential Plans to Conduct Research About Use of ‘Healthy’ Symbols on Food Products | FDA

May 6th, 2021 - For Immediate Release: May 06, 2021 The following quote is attributed to Conrad Choiniere, Ph.D., director of the Office of Analytics and Outreach, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition "The FDA understands that consumers want healthy choices when it comes to food and nutrition. Today, we are issuing a procedural notice on preliminary consumer research we are planning on the use of symbo...

Pipette Tip Shortage Hinders Scientific Work Worldwide

May 5th, 2021 - An ongoing pipette tip shortage caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, blackouts in Texas, and a manufacturing plant fire is hindering scientific work around the world, from newborn screening to drug development to basic research. While COVID-19 diagnostic tests’ reliance on pipette tips has contributed to the shortage, several other issues further up the supply chain have also played a role. Winter ...

Will the FDA Crack Down on Clinical Trial Reporting Noncompliance?

May 5th, 2021 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued its first notice of noncompliance to Acceleron Pharma for failing to submit clinical trial results to ClinicalTrials.gov, the federal government’s database of privately and publicly funded clinical studies. If the pharmaceutical company does not submit the required data within 30 days, the agency is authorized to seek civil monetary penalti...

UK COVID-19 Update: Strong Protection from Pfizer Jab and Vaccine Confidence Remains High

May 5th, 2021 - These are the UK coronavirus stories you need to know about today. A supplementary analysis showed that a single dose of the vaccine was associated with moderate protection against infection, hospitalisation, and death, emphasising the importance of fully vaccinating adults, the researchers said. They acknowledged remaining uncertainties about the duration of immunity, and the possible emergenc...

Web-Based Patient Education Cuts Down Upper GI Endoscopy for Dyspepsia

May 5th, 2021 - (Reuters Health) - Patients with uninvestigated dyspepsia may be less likely to require an upper gastrointestinal tract endoscopy if they participate in web-based patient education, a small clinical trial suggests. Researchers followed 119 patients with uninvestigated symptoms of dyspepsia who had been referred by general practitioners for an upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract endoscopy without ...

Should COVID Shots for Teens Go to Developing Countries?

May 5th, 2021 - Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. U. S The administration announced plans in late April to send 60 million doses of the AstraZeneca vaccine to countries in need. But that won't be enough to help resolve the humanitarian crisis, he says. Spencer is just one of many voices in the public health realm pushing for more international ...

School-Based Asthma Program Improves Care for Kids

May 5th, 2021 - Asthma care coordination for children can be improved through a school-based asthma program involving the child's school, their family, and clinicians, according to a recent presentation at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology, held virtually this year. "Partnerships among schools, families, and clinicians can be powerful agents to improve the recognitio...

Look Beyond Liver Biopsy for NAFLD Diagnosis

May 5th, 2021 - Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was present in approximately two-thirds of patients who did not undergo a liver biopsy. These patients were more likely to be non-White and older, as well as have normal ALT levels, which shows potential gaps in knowledge about this population. Data from studies of patients diagnosed with NAFLD that require biopsy among their inclusion criteria may be su...

Prioritize Goals of Older Patients With Multimorbidities

May 5th, 2021 - When caring for older adults with multiple chronic conditions, prioritizing patient goals is more effective and efficient than trying to address each condition in isolation, said Mary Tinetti, MD, Gladys Phillips Crofoot Professor of Medicine and Public Health and chief of geriatrics at Yale University, New Haven, Conn. During a virtual presentation at the American College of Physicians annual ...

Reduced Kidney Function Tied to Increased Dementia Risk

May 5th, 2021 - NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Older adults with reduced kidney function may be an increased risk of developing dementia, according to a large population-based study from Sweden. "Even a mild reduction in kidney function has been linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and infections, and there is growing evidence of a relationship between the kidneys and the brain," Dr. Hong Xu of t...

Preventing Endoscopist Injuries Starts With Ergonomics

May 5th, 2021 - Endoscopists are at high risk of musculoskeletal issues, and a multifaceted strategy is needed to reduce rates of injury, including better body posture and endoscopic suite layout, according to leading experts. Latha Alaparthi, MD, director of committee operations at Gastroenterology Center of Connecticut, Hamden, and assistant clinical professor at Yale University, New Haven, Conn. , noted tha...

COVID Restrictions Tough for Individuals With Autism and Their Caregivers

May 5th, 2021 - NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - COVID-19 restrictions greatly impacted young people with neurodevelopmental disorders and their caregivers, according to results of a large survey released at the International Society for Autism Research (INSAR) annual meeting. Overall, the survey results highlight the fact that COVID-19 restrictions "disrupted access to medical and therapeutic services and created ...

Jimmy Kimmel Urges People to Get COVID-19 Vaccine

May 5th, 2021 - Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. On Tuesday's episode of Jimmy Kimmel Live, host Jimmy Kimmel encouraged people to get a COVID-19 vaccine and featured a video of doctors and nurses across the country who talked about their experiences.

Is Potentially Inappropriate Prescribing Common in Chronic Kidney Disease?

May 5th, 2021 - Potentially inappropriate prescribing is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in primary care, according to a new retrospective Scottish population-based analysis. High-risk prescribing in CKD contributes to adverse drug reactions and drug-related acute kidney injury (AKI)—people with CKD have the poorest health outcomes after drug-related AKI, specifically being most likely to ...

In Interactions With Law Enforcement, Black Males More Likely to Suffer Severe Injury

May 5th, 2021 - (Reuters Health) - Black males are more likely than whites to be hospitalized with gunshot wounds and other severe injuries suffered during law enforcement interactions, a new study suggests. The analysis of data from the American College of Surgeons Trauma Quality Improvement Program (TQIP) found that the number of white individuals who sustained firearm injuries was about twice that of Black ...

Dexamethasone for Nausea Does Not Raise Risk of Surgical-Site Infections

May 5th, 2021 - NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Fears that dexamethasone may increase the risk of surgical-site infection when given to prevent nausea and vomiting after an operation appear to be unfounded. A new noninferiority study of 8,725 volunteers who received the drug or placebo for their nonurgent, noncardiac surgery found an infection rate of 8. 1% over 30 days with intravenous dexamethasone and 9 More im...

Going Viral: Social Media May Be Increasing Cases of New-Onset Tics

May 5th, 2021 - This transcript has been edited for clarity. Kathrin LaFaver, MD: Hello. I'm Dr Kathrin LaFaver, a movement disorders specialist at Northwestern University here in Chicago. It is my great pleasure today to interview Dr Tamara Pringsheim on the topic of acute-onset explosive tic-like behaviors. Dr Pringsheim is an associate professor in the Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Psychiatry, Pedia...

Suicide Risk Prediction Tools Fail Racialized Patients

May 5th, 2021 - Current models used to predict suicide risk fall short for racialized populations including Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPOC), new research shows. Investigators developed two suicide prediction models to examine whether these types of tools are accurate in their predictive abilities, or whether they are flawed. Table 2. Area Under the Curve (AUC) Sensitivity for Predication Models ...