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About 113,684 results

Look Beyond Liver Biopsy for NAFLD Diagnosis
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950690

May 5th, 2021 - Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was present in approximately two-thirds of patients who did not undergo a liver biopsy. These patients were more likely to be non-White and older, as well as have normal ALT levels, which shows potential gaps in knowledge about this population. Data from studies of patients diagnosed with NAFLD that require biopsy among their inclusion criteria may be su...

Prioritize Goals of Older Patients With Multimorbidities
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950670

May 5th, 2021 - When caring for older adults with multiple chronic conditions, prioritizing patient goals is more effective and efficient than trying to address each condition in isolation, said Mary Tinetti, MD, Gladys Phillips Crofoot Professor of Medicine and Public Health and chief of geriatrics at Yale University, New Haven, Conn. During a virtual presentation at the American College of Physicians annual ...

Reduced Kidney Function Tied to Increased Dementia Risk
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950612

May 5th, 2021 - NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Older adults with reduced kidney function may be an increased risk of developing dementia, according to a large population-based study from Sweden. "Even a mild reduction in kidney function has been linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and infections, and there is growing evidence of a relationship between the kidneys and the brain," Dr. Hong Xu of t...

Pediatric Cancer Survivors at Risk for Opioid Misuse
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950642

May 5th, 2021 - Survivors of childhood cancers are at increased risk for prescription opioid misuse compared with their peers, a review of a claims database revealed. Among more than 8,000 patients age 21 or younger who had completed treatment for hematologic, central nervous system, bone, or gonadal cancers, survivors were significantly more likely than were their peers to have an opioid prescription, longer ...

 Sleep Disorders Linked to an Increased Risk of Osteoarthritis
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950625

May 5th, 2021 - Takeaway Sleep disorders were significantly associated with an increased risk of osteoarthritis (OA). The association was significant across all sex, age and OA type subgroups, with the exception of patients aged >80 years and those with knee OA. Why this matters Findings highlight the importance of improving the diagnosis and management of sleep disorders to mitigate their potentially deleteri...

Pediatric Topics Cross Continuum of COVID-19
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950674

May 5th, 2021 - Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. A year into the COVID-19 pandemic, it is fair to say that children do transmit the virus, but at lower rates, Philip Zachariah, MD, of Columbia University, New York City, said in a presentation at SHM Converge, the annual conference of the Society of Hospital Medicine. Supportive care remains a ...

Endoscopic Device Could Expand Treatment for GERD, Reduce PPI Use
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950689

May 5th, 2021 - In patients with proton pump inhibitor (PPI)–dependent gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a procedure known as endoscopic full-thickness plication (EFTP) — performed with the novel GERD-X device — improved both symptoms and quality of life, compared with a sham procedure. It also had few side effects and a short procedure time, according to a new randomized, controlled trial. "It seems lik...

FDA OKs Upfront Pembro for Advanced HER2+ Gastric Cancer
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950679

May 5th, 2021 - This week, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in combination with other agents for the first-line treatment of patients with locally advanced unresectable or metastatic HER2-positive gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma. The checkpoint inhibitor is to be used in conjunction with trastuzumab (Herceptin) and fluo...

DHHS: Fully Vaccinated Nebraska Woman Dies of COVID-19
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950651

May 5th, 2021 - Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. KEARNEY, Neb. (AP) — A south-central Nebraska woman who had been fully vaccinated against COVID-19 recently died of the disease, state health officials said Wednesday. The Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services said in a news release that the woman was in her 80s and had underlying hea...

COVID-19 Confinement May Have Caused Myopia in Kids
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950711

May 5th, 2021 - The COVID-19 pandemic may have increased the prevalence of myopia by confining young children indoors, researchers say. Spending more time inside focused on computer screens appears to have most affected the eyesight of the youngest school children, said Xuehan Qian, MD, PhD, of Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital in Tianjin, China. "We should be worried about the eye problems of COVID-19, ...

Docs Mobilize Help For Indian Colleagues Overwhelmed With COVID-19 Surge
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950603

May 4th, 2021 - Clinicians from across the world are banding together to mobilize help for their colleagues in India, where more than 300,000 new cases of COVID-19 have been reported daily for the past 2 weeks. Some are working hotlines and disseminating critical public health information; others are crowdfunding for equipment, training young doctors, or supporting vaccine registration.  In the last 2 weeks, a...

When to Refer Patients With New Memory Loss
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950534

May 4th, 2021 - Asking a patient who has concerns about memory loss particular questions can guide referral decisions, according to new research. Initial questions should zero in on what the patient is forgetting, said Megan Richie, MD, a neurohospitalist at the University of California, San Francisco, who spoke to a virtual audience at the American College of Physicians (ACP) Internal Medicine Meeting. Is the...

UK COVID-19 Update: 'Significant' Pandemic Burden on Female Staff, Porton Down Investment
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950537

May 4th, 2021 - These are the UK coronavirus stories you need to know about today. Vaccines minister Nadhim Zahawi again confirmed today that plans are being formed for autumn booster jabs for some people, possibly over-50s. "We want them [CMOs] to be able, if they need to, from September onwards to boost those that are most vulnerable," he told Sky News. Deaths The number of deaths registered in England and W...

N Carolina GOP Advances Bill to Ban Down Syndrome Abortions
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950573

May 4th, 2021 - RALEIGH, NC (AP) — North Carolina lawmakers on Tuesday advanced a bill to make it illegal for physicians to perform abortions because of the fetus' race or a prenatal diagnosis of Down syndrome. A physician would be subject to monetary damages if he or she performed an abortion despite being aware that the pregnant woman's decision to get the procedure was influenced by either of those two conc...

Peloton, Feds Agree to Treadmill Recall
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950587

May 4th, 2021 - Exercise giant Peloton has agreed to recall its popular and pricey treadmill after at least one child was killed after becoming caught underneath the machine's belt. Peloton has also agreed to recall its limited-edition Tread, after 18 reports of the touchscreen loosening and six reports of the screen detaching and falling off. No injuries have been reported for the Tread Among the 72 reports o...

What's New in Updated BSG Guidelines on Managing Irritable Bowel Syndrome?
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950427

May 3rd, 2021 - The British Society of Gastroenterology has published new guidelines on the management of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Here's a summary of the key recommendations: Diagnosis The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guideline definition of IBS (abdominal pain or discomfort association with altered bowel habit for six months or more, in the absence of alarm symptoms or sign...

COVID 'Doesn't Discriminate by Age': Serious Cases on the Rise in Younger Adults
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950494

May 3rd, 2021 - After spending much of the past year tending to elderly patients, doctors are seeing a clear demographic shift: young and middle-aged adults make up a growing share of the patients in covid-19 hospital wards. It's both a sign of the country's success in protecting the elderly through vaccination and an urgent reminder that younger generations will pay a heavy price if the outbreak is allowed to...

Vitamins to Prevent Cancer and CVD: No, Says USPSTF
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950432

May 3rd, 2021 - For most vitamin and mineral supplements, there is not enough evidence to recommend for or against taking them to prevent cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to new draft recommendations from the US Preventive Services Task Force. While the evidence is still unclear for most vitamin and mineral supplements, there is evidence that two products do not reduce the risk of these disea...

The Use of Autoantibody Testing in a Postpartum Patient at Risk for Malignancy-Associated Dermatomyositis
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950202

May 3rd, 2021 - This article originally appeared on the Hospital for Special Surgery website. Case Report In May 2019, a 32-year-old woman developed a rash on her face, chest, and knuckles, initially thought to be contact dermatitis. She saw a second dermatologist to evaluate persistent symptoms, who found positive results on antinuclear antibody (ANA) testing Malignancy screening was performed. CT scanning of...

Weight Cycling Linked to Cartilage Degeneration in Knee OA
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950490

May 3rd, 2021 - Repetitive weight loss and gain in overweight or obese patients with knee osteoarthritis is associated with significantly greater cartilage and bone marrow edema degeneration than stable weight or steady weight loss, research suggests. A presentation at the OARSI 2021 World Congress outlined the results of a study using Osteoarthritis Initiative data from 2,271 individuals with knee osteoarthri...