About 23,435 results

Myocarditis Risk in Young People Following COVID-19 Infection
Clinical Advisor

Sep 26th, 2022 - Risk of myocarditis is higher following a SARS-CoV-2 infection than it is following a COVID-19 vaccination and increases significantly in men younger than 40 years, particularly following a second dose of mRNA-1273 vaccine. The risk is still modest following sequential doses or a booster of BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine, according to study findings published in Circulation. Researchers sought to evalua...

A Mysterious Case of Heart Palpitations in Young Woman
Clinical Advisor

Sep 26th, 2022 - A 31-year-old woman with no significant medical history presents to her primary care provider with complaints of intermittent heart palpitations along with dizziness, shortness of breath, and fatigue provoked by exercise. She describes her palpitations as sporadic increases in heart rate and skipped beats that only last for a few seconds at a time. She denies any pain, nausea and/or vomiting, f...

Effects of Breast Cancer Treatments on Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors
Clinical Advisor

Sep 21st, 2022 - The survival rate of women with breast cancer has been steadily increasing each year since 2007. The 5-year survival rate for women with nonmetastatic invasive breast cancer is currently 90%.1 As survival rates have increased, studies have demonstrated that rates of cardiovascular disease in the same population have been increasing as well. This is an important observation, as cardiovascular di...

Unraveling the Causes of Dementia
Clinical Advisor

Sep 19th, 2022 - In this installment, the leadership team at the Gerontological Advanced Practice Nurses Association (GAPNA) highlights the most important published literature that affects geriatric practice. This month, GAPNA Past-President and Director of GAPNA Leadership Institute Deborah Dunn, EdD, MSN, GNP-BC, ACNS-BC, GS-C, reviews 3 studies on the risk for dementia: the first looks at cardiometabolic mul...

Access to Primary Care Linked to Awareness, Control of Hypertension
Clinical Advisor

Sep 6th, 2022 - HealthDay News — Better accessibility of primary care is associated with improved awareness and control of hypertension, according to a study published online in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes. Jiajun Luo, PhD, from the University of Chicago, and colleagues examined participant data from the Chicago Multiethnic Prevention and Surveillance Study between 2013 and 2019 to examine...

Physical Function in Older Adults Linked to CV Event Risk
Clinical Advisor

Aug 31st, 2022 - HealthDay News — For older adults, reduced physical function is associated with the risk for composite and individual cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes, according to a study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association. Xiao Hu, from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, and colleagues studied 5570 participants (mean age, 75 years) at visit 5 (2011 ...

USPSTF Issues Final Recommendations on Statin Use for Primary Prevention of CVD
Clinical Advisor

Aug 29th, 2022 - The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has issued final recommendations on the use of statins for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in adults. The following recommendations apply only to individuals without a history of CVD and who are not already taking statins: For adults 40 to 75 years of age who have 1 or more cardiovascular risk factors (eg, dyslipidemia, diabetes,...

Exploring Cardiovascular Risk in Transgender Patients
Clinical Advisor

Aug 4th, 2022 - Transgender individuals face numerous health disparities compared to the general population, including elevated rates of HIV, mental illness, and substance use disorder.1 Additionally, various research findings have demonstrated an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) among transgender patients, although results have been mixed across studies. In a retrospective single-center study p...

Rates of Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Disease Projected to Rise by 2060
Clinical Advisor

Aug 3rd, 2022 - HealthDay News — The projected rates of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors and disease are expected to increase considerably by 2060, especially among racial and ethnic minorities, according to a study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Reza Mohebi, MD, from Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, and colleagues estimated the prevalence of risk factors and CV diseas...

Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: Sodium Serum Levels Tied to Neurological Outcomes
Neurology Advisor

Jul 25th, 2022 - Among patients who survived out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), relatively high levels of serum sodium 24 hours after the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) were associated with adverse long-term neurological outcomes, according to study findings published in The American Journal of Emergency Medicine. Swelling of the brain following cardiac arrest often leads to poor neurological outc...

Left Atrial Appendage Closure With WATCHMAN FLX Device vs Oral Anticoagulation in Postablation AF
Neurology Advisor

Jul 12th, 2022 - The WATCHMAN FLX left atrial appendage (LAA) closure device has been shown to be a reasonable alternative to oral anticoagulation (OAC) in patients with postablation atrial fibrillation (AF). These findings were published in the American Heart Journal. The multinational, multicenter, prospective, randomized Comparison of Anticoagulation with Left Atrial Appendage Closure after AF Ablation (OPTI...

Extracardiac Vascular Disease and Clinical Outcomes in Patients With DM Hospitalized for AMI
Neurology Advisor

Jul 12th, 2022 - Among patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), those with concomitant extracardiac vascular disease are more likely to develop clinical outcomes, according to a study in the American Journal of Cardiology. Researchers evaluated the management and outcomes of patients with AMI and diabetes, stratified by the number of extracardiac vascular comorbid...

Risk for Cardiovascular Disease Increased for Adult Cancer Survivors
Clinical Advisor

Jul 6th, 2022 - HealthDay News — Adult cancer survivors have an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared with those without cancer, independent of traditional CVD risk factors, according to a study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Roberta Florido, MD, from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, and colleagues examined the risk for CVD in can...

Aprocitentan Significantly Reduces BP in Patients With Resistant Hypertension
Clinical Advisor

May 31st, 2022 - Positive topline results were announced from a phase 3 study evaluating aprocitentan in patients with resistant hypertension. Aprocitentan is an investigational, oral, dual endothelin receptor antagonist designed to potently inhibit the binding of endothelin-1 (ET-1) to ETA and ETB receptors. The international, multicenter, blinded, randomized PRECISION study (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: ) i...

Metformin, Lifestyle Changes Cut Risk for T2DM, But Not CVD
Clinical Advisor

May 27th, 2022 - HealthDay News — Neither lifestyle intervention nor metformin reduced major cardiovascular events in adults with prediabetes during the 21-year Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study (DPPOS), according to research published online in Circulation. Ronald B. Goldberg, MD, from the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, and colleagues randomly assigned 3234 participants with impaired g...

Risk for Hospitalization for Heart Failure Down With SGLT-2i Treatment for T2D
Clinical Advisor

May 24th, 2022 - HealthDay News — For patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) receiving first-line sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT-2i), the risk for stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), and all-cause mortality is similar to those receiving metformin, and the risk for hospitalization for heart failure (HHF) is lower, according to a study published online in the Annals of Internal Medicine. HoJin Shin,...

AHA: Scientific Statement on SARS-CoV-2 and Cardiovascular Manifestations Among Children
Cardiology Advisor

May 17th, 2022 - The American Heart Association (AHA) released a Scientific Statement, published in Circulation, about SARS-CoV-2-related cardiovascular manifestations and complications among children and young adults. COVID-19 presents acutely as cough, fever, shortness of breath, and hypoxia. Among adults, associated cardiovascular complications include myocardial injury, arrhythmias, acute coronary syndrome,...

Parasympathetic Cardiac Control Among Patients With Major Depressive Disorder
Psychiatry Advisor

May 17th, 2022 - For patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), impaired cognitive control may exacerbate worry which negatively relates to aversive emotional states and maintenance of MDD. These findings were published in the International Journal of Psychophysiology. Patients (n=36) with MDD were recruited from the County Hospital of Hall in Tirol in Austria, local psychotherapists, psychosocial counselin...

Risk for Type 1 MI Hospitalization Increased With Prediabetes
Clinical Advisor

May 16th, 2022 - HealthDay News — Younger adults with prediabetes mellitus (pDM) have an increased risk for type 1 myocardial infarction (T1MI) hospitalization, according to a study presented at the American Heart Association Quality of Care and Outcomes Research 2022 Scientific Sessions, held from May 13 to 14 in Reston, Virginia. Rupak Desai, MBBS, from the Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center, and colleag...

Young Adult CAC Scans May Be More Fruitful for These Groups

May 9th, 2022 - Clinicians can gain a fuller picture of subclinical atherosclerosis in young people thanks to a new tool that calculates coronary artery calcium (CAC) percentile scores by age, sex, and race. For people ages 30-45 years without known atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), the prevalence of any CAC (CAC >0) was 21%, according to an analysis of nearly 20,000 people who had CAC scanning a...