About 108,705 results

Cervical Cancer Screening in the Post-Vaccine Era – Confronting a New Clinical Reality

Apr 1st, 2023 - In this supplement to OBG Management Phillip D. Stephenson, D.

Conjunctivitis Treatment Protocols Lack Uniformity Across the US
Clinical Advisor

Mar 31st, 2023 - Diagnosing and treating infectious conjunctivitis is relatively routine, but the costs to the family and society can be significant. Currently, no uniform conjunctivitis treatment protocols for managing acute infectious conjunctivitis in children exist, and according to the American Academy of Pediatrics, the role of antibiotics is unclear.1-3 Acute conjunctivitis — an eye condition most common...

A Drink or Two a Day Won't Help Prolong Life

Mar 31st, 2023 - That glass of red wine with dinner probably won't protect you from an early grave, according to an updated meta-analysis on the longevity impact of alcohol. Compared with never-drinkers, "low-volume" drinkers who kept daily alcohol intake under two drinks (1.3 to 24 g ethanol) each day didn't see any reduction in the risk for death from any cause (relative risk 0.93, 95% CI 0.85-1.01), found re...

Prescriptions for Stimulants Jumped During the Pandemic

Mar 30th, 2023 - Prescriptions for stimulants have risen in recent years, with the sharpest increases seen during the pandemic, according to the CDC. In an analysis of claims from employer-sponsored insurance, the percentage of enrollees with one or more prescription stimulant fills rose from 3.6% in 2016 to 4.1% in 2021, Melissa Danielson, MSPH, of the CDC, and colleagues reported in Morbidity & Mortality Week...

Antidepressants benefit some patients with osteoarthritis pain
Tara Haelle

Mar 29th, 2023 - DENVER – Using antidepressants to treat osteoarthritis pain can benefit some individuals but appears to have a clinically unimportant reduction in pain when looking at all patients who have tried them, according to a study presented at the OARSI 2023 World Congress. The review was also published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews in October 2022.

Advances in the treatment of fetal demise in the second and third trimester
Robert L. Barbieri, MD

Mar 29th, 2023 - Clinical care for fetal demise is complex and multidimensional, including empathic emotional support for the patient and family members who are experiencing a tragedy, investigation of the cause of the demise, and a plan for emptying the uterus. This editorial narrowly focuses on the options for treatment of fetal demise with the goal of emptying the uterus while minimizing complications.

AI shows the need for healthier diets in long-term care homes

Mar 29th, 2023 - A detailed analysis of consumed food showed there is a need to improve diets in long-term care (LTC) homes to make them healthier for residents. The analysis found that eating more whole grains, plant-based proteins, and plain fruits and vegetables would help residents meet government guidelines and reduce their risk of inflammation. Researchers at the University of Waterloo developed new artif...

Study Renews Debate on Timing of Surgery After COVID Infection

Mar 28th, 2023 - COVID-19 infection in the 60 days prior to surgery was not associated with risk of adverse postoperative outcomes, a cohort study among veterans showed. Of more than 29,000 veterans who underwent surgery, adverse postoperative outcomes occurred among 4.7% of those in the group without a recent COVID infection, 7.6% of those with a recent infection (1 to 30 day prior), and 3.2% of those with a s...

Molecular imaging offers insight into chemo-brain

Mar 28th, 2023 - Reston, VA—A newly published literature review sheds light on how nuclear medicine brain imaging can help evaluate the biological changes that cause chemotherapy-related cognitive impairment (CRCI), commonly known as chemo-brain. Armed with this information, patients can understand better the changes in their cognitive status during and after treatment. This summary of findings was published ah...

Naloxone prescriptions increased at US hospitals between 2012 and 2019

Mar 28th, 2023 - Rates of prescriptions for naloxone to people at high risk for opioid overdose, as well as co-prescribing with opioids, has increased in emergency departments throughout the United States over the past decade, providing insight on the positive impact of federal policies and regulations, according to a Rutgers study. Federal opioid prescribing guidelines in 2016 made it easier for doctors to pr...

Researchers identify markers of PTSD in the blood

Mar 27th, 2023 - A new study found that people who are currently suffering or face a high risk of post-traumatic stress disorder show particular patterns in four biomarkers measurable with a simple blood test. The findings suggest these biomarkers could be used to predict a person’s likelihood of developing PTSD, diagnose the disorder or monitor the response to treatment. PTSD can occur after experiencing or w...

Can cannabis use disorder be accurately diagnosed?

Mar 27th, 2023 - Cannabis use disorder is defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as a problematic pattern leading to clinically significant impairment or distress, with symptoms that may include increased tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, strong desire to use marijuana and spending large amounts of time using cannabis. Tammy Chung, director of the Center for Population Behavioral He...

Study of dietary and nutrition recommendations from worldwide clinical practice guidelines finds close alignment on benefits of plant food groups for treatment and prevention of chronic disease

Mar 27th, 2023 - The results of a study published in “Advances in Nutrition” that compared dietary and nutrition recommendations from dozens of clinical practice guidelines around the world for treating, managing and preventing major chronic diseases should increase clinician confidence on recommending consumption of fruits, vegetables, legumes and whole grains. The meta-epidemiological study from the American ...

Genetic tests unexpectedly find genes linked to heart disease — now what?

Mar 27th, 2023 - Statement Highlights: Embargoed until 4 a.m. CT / 5 a.m. ET Monday, March 27, 2023 DALLAS, March 27, 2023 — Increasing use of genetic testing means people may discover they have a gene variant associated with some types of cardiovascular disease (CVD). A new scientific statement, published today in the American Heart Association journal Circulation: Genomic and Precision Medicine, aims to help ...

Vehicle exhaust filters do not remove ‘ultrafine’ pollution – new study

Mar 27th, 2023 - Filters fitted to vehicle exhaust systems to remove particulate matter pollution have limited impact on ultrafine particles, new research shows. Airborne particles from vehicle emissions are a major contributor to air pollution levels. Exhaust filters designed to mitigate this pollution have been a legal requirement in new cars since 2011, and in heavy duty vehicles since 2013. The filters are ...

The Shifting Landscape of Thrombolytic Therapy for Acute Ischemic Stroke
Carol Heunisch, PharmD, BCPS, BCCP

Mar 24th, 2023 - Study 1 Overview (Menon et al) Objective: To determine whether a 0. 25 mg/kg dose of intravenous tenecteplase is noninferior to intravenous alteplase 0.

Hydroxyurea underused in youth with sickle cell anemia
Marcia Frellick

Mar 24th, 2023 - Even after endorsement in updated guidelines, hydroxyurea is substantially underused in youth with sickle cell anemia (SCA), new research indicates. SCA can lead to pain crises, stroke, and early death.

New research project aims to set standardized approach to lipoprotein(a) management

Mar 24th, 2023 - DALLAS, March 24, 2023 — High levels of lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] are an independent, predominantly inherited and causal risk factor for cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death and disability worldwide, according to a recent American Heart Association scientific statement. It is estimated that 1 in 5 Americans have high Lp(a) levels. Studies have shown that elevated Lp(a) — a low-densit...

PSMA PET improves decision making for prostate cancer treatment

Mar 24th, 2023 - Reston, VA—Detailed PSMA PET mapping of cancer recurrence in the prostate bed shows that current radiotherapy contouring guidelines—which determine the target areas for treatment—miss a significant number of lesions and may irradiate healthy tissues unnecessarily. In a new study published online by The Journal of Nuclear Medicine, researchers are calling for the redefinition of prostate bed con...

Beyond ‘good vs. bad’ – A new, more comprehensive approach to evaluate carbohydrate quality and improve health equity

Mar 23rd, 2023 - March 23, 2023 – Despite the broad diversity of the U.S. population, dietary recommendations often overlook the positive contributions of cultural foods to build healthy dietary patterns. This is especially true when it comes to carbohydrate food guidance, where prevailing approaches have historically focused on only three components— carbohydrates, sugar, and dietary fiber—ignoring other impor...