About 91,938 results

Contraceptive use boosted by enhanced counseling
Heidi Splete

May 23rd, 2022 - Contraceptive counseling and interventions beyond usual care significantly increased the use of contraceptives with no accompanying increase in sexually transmitted infections or reduction in condom use, based on data from a new meta-analysis. “Although effective contraception is available in the United States and guidelines support contraceptive care in clinical practice, providing contracepti.

FAQs on Philips Respironics Ventilator, BiPAP Machine, and CPAP Machine Recalls
MedWatch; FDA

May 20th, 2022 - UPDATE: On May 19, 2022, the FDA updated this web page to help ensure patients and providers have important information about the recall of these critical devices. See What the FDA is Doing for more information. Philips Respironics (Philips) voluntarily recalled certain ventilators, bi-level positive airway pressure (also known as Bilevel PAP, BiPAP, or BPAP) machines, and continuous positive a...

SCAI issues guidelines for PFO management, makes case for expansion
Richard Mark Kirkner

May 20th, 2022 - The first-ever guidelines for interventional cardiologists using percutaneous patent foramen ovale closure recommend expanding the use of the procedure beyond the Food and Drug Administration–approved indication following PFO-associated ischemic stroke, adding clarification about the use of PFO with anticoagulation and hedging against abuse and overuse of the procedure, said the chair of the gu.

Venous thromboembolism: Less recurrencies with low-dose apixaban compared to discontinuation of the anticoagulant after negative D-dimer

May 20th, 2022 - Bologna 8 April 2022 - Patients who have suffered from a first episode of unprovoked venous thromboembolism (VTE) have an eight times higher risk of recurrence if they stop treatment after repeated negative D-dimer tests, instead of continuing with low-dose anticoagulant (apixaban). These are the results of the APIDULCIS study presented at the 6th Conference of the Arianna Anticoagulation Found...

No-implant interatrial shunt device to treat heart failure patients reveals promising multi-center clinical data

May 20th, 2022 - ATLANTA, GA (May 20, 2022) – Results from early clinical evaluation of the Alleviant System to treat heart failure patients with preserved and reduced ejection fraction (HFpEF and HFrEF) was presented today as late-breaking clinical research at the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography & Interventions (SCAI) 2022 Scientific Sessions. This multi-center evaluation across three trial programs (AL...

New guidance released for preventing hospital-acquired pneumonia

May 20th, 2022 - ARLINGTON, VA (May 20, 2022) – In the second in series of updates on guidance for infection control in acute-care hospitals, five medical organizations are recommending best practices for preventing hospital-associated pneumonia. Pneumonia is the most common and deadly healthcare-associated infection. Strategies to Prevent Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated Events, and Nonve...

Allergen-Specific Immunotherapy During Pregnancy Appears Safe for Babies

May 20th, 2022 - NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Maintaining allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) during pregnancy shows no evidence of raising the risk of congenital malformations or other adverse pregnancy outcomes, according to a nationwide study from Sweden. Although a few earlier studies evaluating AIT in pregnant women have come to similar conclusions, they were small "and guidelines continue to recommend ag...

New ASA Decision Tree Tool Helps Treat Difficult Airways

May 20th, 2022 - A new decision tree tool guides anesthesiologists through managing patients with difficult airways by improving communication and identifying factors of concern, according to a report in Anesthesia & Analgesia.    "The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Task Force on Management of the Difficult Airway has developed a decision tree tool that uses inductive assessments to guide the anest...

SCAI Issues Guidelines for PFO Management, Makes Case for Expansion

May 20th, 2022 - The first-ever guidelines for interventional cardiologists using percutaneous patent foramen ovale closure recommend expanding the use of the procedure beyond the Food and Drug Administration-approved indication following PFO-associated ischemic stroke, adding clarification about the use of PFO with anticoagulation and hedging against abuse and overuse of the procedure, said the chair of the gu...

How to Manage Drug Interactions With Paxlovid for COVID

May 20th, 2022 - Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. Misinformation about nirmatrelvir/ritonavir (Paxlovid, Pfizer) for treating mild-to-moderate COVID-19 in patients at high risk for severe disease is feeding misunderstanding among prescribers and patients, two experts from the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) said on Friday. They br...

Debate Continues on Combination Therapy for Hypothyroidism

May 20th, 2022 - It's "critically important" for clinicians to recognize that not all patients with hypothyroidism are fully treated with levothyroxine (LT4) and some may need combination treatment with triiodothyronine (LT3) despite normal levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), according to thyroid expert Antonio C. Bianco, MD, PhD. Speaking to a crowded room at the recent American Association of Clinica...

Steroid use associated with higher relapse risk in some UC
Jim Kling

May 19th, 2022 - Patients who have histologically active ulcerative colitis (UC) with a Mayo endoscopic subscore (MES) of 1 and a history of steroid use may be at increased risk for clinical relapse, according to a new single-center, retrospective analysis. In recent years, treat-to-target approaches in UC have incorporated clinician and patient-reported outcomes, along with endoscopic remission, defined as MES.

When burnout is moral injury
Tanya Thomas, MD

May 19th, 2022 - Several years have passed since I stood among a cohort of eager medical students wearing regalia that signaled a new beginning. Four years of grueling study culminated in a cacophony of unified voices, each reciting a pledge that I had longed to take since early adolescence.

Dietary cholesterol worsens inflammation, sickness in mice with influenza

May 19th, 2022 - URBANA, Ill. – New research from the University of Illinois suggests high levels of dietary cholesterol make mice sicker when infected with influenza. The study is the first to link cholesterol in the diet with exacerbation of a viral infection. Previously, scientists linked high-fat diets and elevated blood cholesterol with increased susceptibility to infection and lowered immune response. For...

SCAI issues official guidelines for the management of patent foramen ovale

May 19th, 2022 - ATLANTA (May 19, 2022) – The Society for Cardiovascular Angiography & Interventions (SCAI) today released official guidelines for the management of patent foramen ovale (PFO). A multidisciplinary guideline panel formulated 13 recommendations to address five PFO clinical scenarios. The document was published in the Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography & Interventions (JSCAI). Th...

Pediatric Anesthesia

May 19th, 2022 - Pediatric Anesthesia: A Guide for the Non-Pediatric Anesthesia is a complete, modern reference that addresses all features of pediatric anesthesia. Both students and medical practitioners - novice and experienced - will find precious educational and practical information in this book. The book covers the subject in two parts. Part I covers basic information about pediatric and neonatal anatomy ...

Everyone eats the equivalent of an extra three McDonald’s a day than they admit, study shows

May 19th, 2022 - Everyone eats the equivalent of three extra McDonald’s cheeseburgers a day than they admit - regardless of their waistline, University of Essex researchers have revealed. The study shows obese and thin people all fib about food to the same amount regardless of the number on the bathroom scale and this could be undermining national health advice. Researchers innovatively took into account the am...

Novel distal radial access for cardiac catheterization shown as a safe strategy compared to conventional radial access

May 19th, 2022 - ATLANTA, GA (May 19, 2022) – Initial findings from the Distal versus Proximal Radial Artery Access for Cardiac Catheterization and Intervention (DIPRA) study were presented today as late-breaking clinical research at the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography & Interventions (SCAI) 2022 Scientific Sessions. The single center, randomized-controlled trial evaluated outcomes of hand function and e...

Post-Pulmonary Embolism Impairment Frequent, Follow-Up Urged After Acute PE

May 19th, 2022 - NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - In a large study of patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE), chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) was rare, but post-pulmonary embolism impairment (PPEI) was not. Researchers suggest systematic follow-up after acute PE to reduce PPEI risk and optimize outcomes. "Since PE is a frequent disease and CTEPH is rare, it is neither feasible nor reasonab...

Could New Therapy for Food 'Cues' Improve Weight Loss?

May 19th, 2022 - An intensive 1-year behavior therapy program aimed at changing a person's response to food "cues" might help people with obesity lose a modest amount of weight, a randomized clinical trial suggests. "Patients who are food-cue sensitive often feel out of control with their eating; they cannot resist food and/or cannot stop thinking about food," said lead author Kerri N. Boutelle, PhD. "Behaviora...