About 335,125 results

Medical trauma an under-recognized trigger for PTSD
Randy Dotinga

May 27th, 2022 - NEW ORLEANS – Recent studies have confirmed that posttraumatic stress disorder can be triggered by health-related stress such as stints in the ICU and life-threatening medical emergencies, but most psychiatrists may not be aware of the latest research, according to an expert in mental trauma. “This is true among children as well as adults, but it is not generally appreciated by psychiatrists an.

Race-, ethnicity-based clinical guidelines miss the mark: Study
Jim Kling

May 27th, 2022 - SAN DIEGO – Race-based recommendations and clinical algorithms may be doing more harm than good, according to a systematic review of databases and guidelines. The study found examples of screening recommendations based on race or ethnicity that were likely misleading since these are social constructs that don’t reflect a patient’s individual risk, said Shazia Siddique, MD, who presented the stu.

Sugar-sweetened beverage and sugar consumption tied with incidence of and mortality from proximal colon cancer

May 27th, 2022 - Key clinical point: High sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) and total fructose intake was associated with increased incidence of and mortality from proximal colon cancer, especially during the later stages of colorectal tumorigenesis. Major finding: SSB and total fructose consumption was associated with a significant increase in the incidence of (hazard ratio [HR] per 1-serving/d increment 1.

KRAS p.G12C mutations may have prognostic implications in mCRC

May 27th, 2022 - Key clinical point: Patients with KRAS p. G12C-mutant metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) show poor treatment outcomes, which are numerically worse than those in patients without this mutation or with KRAS non-p.

Rapid Review Quiz: Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)

May 27th, 2022 - Approximately 25% of the global population has nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a broad term that covers a range of conditions. NAFLD is defined by the presence of macrovesicular steatosis without secondary causes, such as chronic use of medications, significant alcohol consumption, or hereditary disorders. Several phases of progression are noted, including simple steatosis, fibrosis, ...

MRI Technique May Yield Clues to Long COVID Breathlessness

May 27th, 2022 - (Reuters) - In people with lasting breathlessness after COVID-19, a special type of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reveals lung abnormalities that traditional imaging techniques do not detect, a small study shows. In 23 patients with shortness of breath lasting for months after COVID-19, including 11 who had not required hospitalization, the researchers performed hyperpolarized xenon 129MRI, ...

Overlooked: Black Woman Doctor's Key Role in Oncology History 

May 27th, 2022 - When Jane Cooke Wright, MD, entered the medical profession in 1945, the notion that toxic drugs could target tumors struck many physicians and patients as outlandish. How could one poison be weaponized against another poison — a cancerous tumor — without creating more havoc? Let alone a combination of two or more chemicals? Yet by the time Wright retired in 1987, chemotherapy treatments that sh...

Artificial Insemination Births Ebb in Women With Underweight

May 27th, 2022 - Researchers published the study covered in this summary on researchsquare.com as a preprint that has not yet been peer reviewed. Key Takeaways In a large cohort of women with a body mass index (BMI) below 30 kg/m2 receiving up to four intrauterine insemination (IUI) infertility treatments in China, those with underweight were significantly less likely to become pregnant or have a live birth, wh...

Increased Social Services Spending Ups Cancer Survival of Blacks

May 27th, 2022 - Increasing social services spending by 10% led to improved survival for non-Hispanic Black adults with cancer, according to new research. Five-year overall survival increased among non-Hispanic Black patients by 2.02% in conjunction with a 10% increase in spending. In addition, there was a decrease in racial disparities in survival between non-Hispanic Black patients and White patients for many...

Double the Pleasure: Stim Patch Delays Early Ejaculation: Study

May 27th, 2022 - A wearable patch that delivers electrical stimulation to the perineum may postpone premature ejaculation, according to research presented at the 2022 annual meeting of the American Urological Association. The disposable device appears to work by helping men contract the muscles in the pelvic floor, allowing them to postpone climax. Among 34 men with a lifelong history of premature ejaculation, ...

Interatrial Shunt in HF Hints at Heart Structural, Functional Benefits

May 27th, 2022 - Transcatheter implants designed to alleviate high left atrial (LA) pressures — which, as a possible way to treat heart failure (HF) once seemed like a long shot — are emerging as new stars of heart failure research. Clinical trial results have been mixed but also seem to have dispelled most doubts about whether interatrial shunt devices may eventually prove an effective treatment for HF. That w...

Race-, Ethnicity-Based Clinical Guidelines Miss the Mark: Study

May 27th, 2022 - SAN DIEGO, California — Race-based recommendations and clinical algorithms may be doing more harm than good, according to a systematic review of databases and guidelines. The study found examples of screening recommendations based on race or ethnicity that were likely misleading since these are social constructs that don't reflect a patient's individual risk, said Shazia Siddique, MD, who prese...

The Next US Abortion Battle Is Over Pills, and It's Already Begun

May 27th, 2022 - WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The U.S. Supreme Court has not yet released its decision that looks set to dramatically scale back abortion rights, but one of the next legal battles has already begun in a Mississippi court. That is where the manufacturer of a pill used to carry out medication abortions, Las Vegas-based GenBioPro Inc, has filed a federal lawsuit challenging the conservative state's restr...

Telemedicine in Cancer Care: Not All Patients Can Access

May 27th, 2022 - The COVID pandemic pushed telemedicine forward as a safe, accessible, and more widely reimbursed approach to care delivery for patients with cancer, but uptake of telemedicine was plagued by inequities, a retrospective study suggests. Before March 2020, only a very small percentage of patients with cancer used telemedicine services. By November 2021, nearly 16% of patients initiating cancer tre...

Index Cholecystectomy Cuts Readmissions After Acute Cholangitis

May 27th, 2022 - Patients with acute cholangitis are twice as likely to be readmitted within 30 days if they don't get a cholecystectomy in the same hospital admission for which they get biliary decompression, researchers say. The readmissions result mostly from sepsis and recurrence of the acute cholangitis, said Ahmad Khan, MD, MS, a gastroenterology fellow at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, at ...

New Test Might Transform Male Infertility

May 27th, 2022 - A new study suggests that, at least for certain male patients, the answer to infertility might lie with epigenetics. According to the study, a commercially-available test of epigenetic anomalies — factors that affect how genes express themselves — can grade the likelihood that sperm are viable for conception. "The uniqueness of epigenetics is that some of the abnormalities detected have the pot...

New gels could help the medicine go down

May 27th, 2022 - CAMBRIDGE, MA -- For most children and even some adults, swallowing pills or tablets is difficult. To make it easier to give those medicines, researchers at MIT and Brigham and Women’s Hospital have created a drug-delivering gel that is much easier to swallow and could be used to administer a variety of different kinds of drugs. The gels, made from plant-based oils such as sesame oil, can be pr...

Biomedical engineers design drug-delivery solution for low-resource settings

May 27th, 2022 - Administering medications to children poses unique challenges, especially in resource-limited countries with high infant and child mortality rates. Many drugs are solids or tablets, which are not easily swallowed by children and difficult to dose according to a child’s weight. While liquid and semi-solid alternatives exist for some drugs, many medications lack this option, or become unstable wi...

New method allows easy, versatile synthesis of lactone molecules

May 27th, 2022 - LA JOLLA, CA—Chemists at Scripps Research have unveiled a method for turning cheap and widely available chemicals known as dicarboxylic acids into potentially very valuable molecules called lactones. Lactone structures are common in biologically active natural molecules; they can be found, for example, in vitamin C and in the bacterial-derived antibiotic erythromycin. Chemists have long had tec...

Hennepin Healthcare investigators study game to help people quit smoking

May 27th, 2022 - Minneapolis, Minn. - Hennepin Healthcare Research Institute is testing an innovative way to help people quit smoking – by letting them bet on themselves and win real money. It’s part of a new game called QuitBet and it’s being funded by a National Institutes of Health (NIH) research grant administered by researchers at Hennepin Healthcare. Players commit to quit smoking over four weeks and bet ...