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About 14,268 results

Suicide Risk Prediction Tools Fail Racialized Patients
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950631

May 5th, 2021 - Current models used to predict suicide risk fall short for racialized populations including Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPOC), new research shows. Investigators developed two suicide prediction models to examine whether these types of tools are accurate in their predictive abilities, or whether they are flawed. Table 2. Area Under the Curve (AUC) Sensitivity for Predication Models ...

COVID Coaching Program Provides 'Psychological PPE' for HCPs
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950465

May 3rd, 2021 - Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. A novel program that coaches healthcare workers effectively bolsters wellness and resilience in the face of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Investigators found the program they developed successfully reduced the severity of mental health threats in healthcare workers. The pandemic has been "an en...

Loneliness in Middle-Aged Men Linked to Increased Cancer Risk
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950449

May 3rd, 2021 - Loneliness among middle-aged men ups their risk of cancer, and being single at the time of diagnosis confers a worse prognosis, suggest results from a longitudinal Finnish study with a mean follow-up of 20 years. The study also found that although loneliness was associated with an increased risk of cancer, social isolation was not. It's not clear why loneliness had a stronger association with c...

More Evidence Burnout Ups Risk for Errors: Critical Care Nurses
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950479

May 3rd, 2021 - Critical care nurses (CCNs) across the country reported high levels of stress, depression, and anxiety even before the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, and these factors correlated with an increase in self-reported medical errors, a cross-sectional study of American CCNs found. The national survey-based study, conducted by the Ohio State University College of Nursing in Columbus, was published o...

Parental Attitudes to Kids' Sexual Orientation: Unexpected Findings
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950344

May 2nd, 2021 - For gay and lesbian individuals, consistency in parents' attitudes toward their child's sexual orientation, even when they are negative, is an important factor in positive mental health outcomes, new research shows. Matthew Verdun Study investigator Matthew Verdun, MS, a licensed marriage and family therapist and doctoral student at the Chicago School of Professional Psychology at Los Angeles, ...

Success in LGBTQ+ Medicine Requires Awareness of Risk
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950369

May 2nd, 2021 - Primary care for LGBTQ+ patients should focus on early identification and management of unique health risks, according to a leading expert. Patients who are transgender, for instance, are nine times more likely to commit suicide than the general population (2015 U.S. Transgender Survey (USTS). Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. 2019 May 22. doi: 10.3886/ICPSR37229.v1...

COVID Outcomes Similar With ECMO or Mechanical Ventilation
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950424

May 2nd, 2021 - Severely ill COVID-19 patients treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) had similar survival to hospital discharge and long-term outcomes as survivors treated with mechanical ventilation alone, results of a new, multicenter study suggest. Importantly, the study also showed that survivors, regardless of the treatment they received, experienced significant deficits following their ...

Some NP Thyroid Lots Recalled Due to Reduced Potency
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950425

May 2nd, 2021 - In its third voluntary recall in the past year, Acella Pharmaceuticals has announced a nationwide recall of specific lots of its popular hypothyroid treatment NP Thyroid tablets USP, this time after routine testing found the pills to be subpotent. Specifically, the affected lots were found to contain less than 90% of the drug's two labeled ingredients to treat hypothyroidism: liothyronine (LT3)...

New-Onset Anxiety, Depression an Ongoing Risk for ICD Patients
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950295

Apr 29th, 2021 - Testing for anxiety or depression should be offered periodically — perhaps for months to years — to patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD), not just in the early period after implantation, suggests a prospective cohort study. Results showed a 2% to 4% rate of new-onset anxiety and depression at each of four scheduled follow-up assessments over 2 years in a cohort of more th...

An Effective Alternative to Opioids for Acute Pain?
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950168

Apr 28th, 2021 - Intranasal (IN) ketamine may be a safe and effective alternative to intravenous opioids for acute pain in adult patients, new research suggests. In a systematic literature review of 15 studies that included 2218 adult patients, IN ketamine was associated with improved pain scores. Dr Anne Hermon "While covering the acute pain service, myself and my co-author, Dr Nadkarni [Anisha Nadkarni, MD] n...

The Cloudy Role of Cannabis as a Neuropsychiatric Treatment
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950195

Apr 28th, 2021 - Although the healing properties of cannabis have been touted for millennia, research into its potential neuropsychiatric applications truly began to take off in the 1990s following the discovery of the cannabinoid system in the brain. This led to speculation that cannabis could play a therapeutic role in regulating dopamine, serotonin, and other neurotransmitters and offer a new means of treati...

COVID Lockdowns Linked to PTSD in Patients With Eating Disorders
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950068

Apr 27th, 2021 - Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. COVID-19 and its resulting lockdowns are linked to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and other adverse outcomes among patients with eating disorders (EDs), two new studies show. Results of the first study show that patients with EDs had more stress, anxiety, depression, and PTSD-rela...

Doctors More Likely to Prescribe Opioids to COVID 'Long Haulers,' Raising Addiction Fears
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950119

Apr 27th, 2021 - Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. Covid survivors are at risk from a separate epidemic of opioid addiction, given the high rate of painkillers being prescribed to these patients, health experts say. A new study in Nature found alarmingly high rates of opioid use among covid survivors with lingering symptoms at Veterans Health Ad...

Anxiety and Anticipation: Rejoining a Post-COVID World
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950125

Apr 27th, 2021 - When the True Talking Toastmasters moved to making speeches on Zoom at the pandemic's start, the group's savvy members — residents of Silicon Valley — aced the technology. But they missed the human touch. Some members felt remote meetings slowed their progress in polishing public speaking skills, club president Bhavesh Shah says. "The feel of the audience, when they're sitting right in front of...

Ban Hormones for Transgender Kids? Point-Counterpoint
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950019

Apr 27th, 2021 - Point: Bans on Pediatric Transgender/Gender-Nonconforming Care Are Anti-science, Anti-family, Anti-American Elyse D. Pine, MD Seven years ago, in my pediatric endocrine practice, I met a smart, kind, but anxious child who was assigned female at birth. "Charlie" had been insisting that he was a boy since he was a toddler. At age 8, he was in despair as puberty emerged. His mother told me Charlie...

Fast Five Quiz: HIV in Older Adults
https://reference.medscape.com/viewarticle/936690

Apr 26th, 2021 - With current treatments, the life expectancy of people living with HIV is no different from that of the general population. As a result, the proportion of older patients with the disease is growing. In 2016, 5.7 million of all people living with HIV globally were older than 50 years, representing 16% of the overall population of people living with HIV. That percentage was expected to rise to 21...

Heart Rate Variability a Biomarker of Bipolar Disorder Severity?
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/949989

Apr 25th, 2021 - Reduced heart rate variability (HRV) is associated with severity in patients with bipolar disorder (BD), in terms of both individual and overall measures of disease severity, new research suggests. In a study that included 53 adult patients with BD I or II, investigators used the Illness Burden Index (IBI) a novel measure developed by the research team to assess patients. Results showed that th...

Regular Coffee Drinking Tied to Functional Brain Changes
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/949983

Apr 25th, 2021 - Drinking coffee on a regular basis appears to enhance concentration and improve motor control and alertness by inducing functional and connectivity changes in the brain, a new imaging study suggests. Using fMRI, researchers found that connectivity in the somatosensory and limbic resting states was reduced in regular coffee drinkers (CDs) in comparison with non–coffee drinkers (NCDs), suggesting...

Suicide in the Early Months of the Pandemic: Unexpected Trends
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/949725

Apr 22nd, 2021 - Every psychiatrist knows that this past year has been a challenge. The COVID-19 pandemic altered our lives, practically overnight, in ways that most of us had never anticipated. Dinah Miller, MD There were months of lockdown. A new work-from-home transition. Recommendations to distance and mask. The destruction and re-creation of our social lives. And the end of some industries as we have known...

Gardening May Weed Out Dementia-Related Apathy
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/949778

Apr 21st, 2021 - Horticulture therapy (HT), a novel intervention that uses plants, horticultural activities, and the natural environment, reduces apathy and improves cognitive function for patients with dementia, new research suggests. Results of a small, randomized, 10-week trial showed that apathy among patients in the HT group was significantly lower compared to those in the control group. In addition, inves...