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About 15,824 results

Vaping Linked to Visual Impairment
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950633

May 5th, 2021 - People who use e-cigarettes have a high rate of visual impairment, researchers say, and that association is independent of and in addition to traditional cigarette use. The statistical correlation doesn't prove that vaping causes visual impairment. But it parallels earlier studies that link tobacco smoking to visual impairment, and vaping to lung damage. And it raises new questions about whethe...

AGA Clinical Practice Update: Management of Bleeding Gastric Varices
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950632

May 5th, 2021 - When classifying gastric varices during endoscopy, experts suggest not only describing their location but also their size and whether any high-risk stigmata, such as discolorations and platelet plugs, are present. In a clinical practice update from the American Gastroenterological Association, Zachary Henry, MD, of the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, and associates also proposed an alt...

Female Physicians More Likely Than Other Women to Delay Childbearing
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950436

May 4th, 2021 - (Reuters Health) - Compared to women in the general public, female physicians in Canada are less likely to have children overall, less likely to have babies when they are in their twenties, and far more likely to delay childbearing until they are in their late thirties, a new study finds. An analysis of data from 5,328 female doctors and 26,640 non-physician women revealed that the physicians w...

COVID-19 Severity Starts in Normal BMI Range, Especially in Young
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950568

May 4th, 2021 - Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. The risk of severe outcomes with COVID-19 increases with excess weight in a linear manner beginning in normal body mass index ranges, with the effect apparently independent of obesity-related diseases such as diabetes and stronger among younger people and Black persons, new research shows. Risk ...

Could Cardiovascular Changes Predict Later Dementia in T2D?
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950431

May 3rd, 2021 - Factors such as blood pressure, blood glucose levels, and cholesterol levels could predict the onset of dementia in individuals with type 2 diabetes up to 20 years beforehand, say UK researchers who hope the findings could help prevent or delay the condition. "While this study cannot confirm causal associations," said lead researcher Dr Eszter Vamos, Imperial College London, in a news release, ...

Coffee Intake May Be Driven by Cardiovascular Symptoms
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950416

May 2nd, 2021 - An examination of coffee consumption habits of almost 400,000 people suggests that those habits are largely driven by a person's cardiovascular health. Data from a large population database showed that people with essential hypertension, angina, or cardiac arrhythmias drank less coffee than people who had none of these conditions. When they did drink coffee, it tended to be decaffeinated. The i...

Success in LGBTQ+ Medicine Requires Awareness of Risk
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950369

May 2nd, 2021 - Primary care for LGBTQ+ patients should focus on early identification and management of unique health risks, according to a leading expert. Patients who are transgender, for instance, are nine times more likely to commit suicide than the general population (2015 U.S. Transgender Survey (USTS). Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. 2019 May 22. doi: 10.3886/ICPSR37229.v1...

BP Lowering Useful in CV Risk Management Even at Normal Levels
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950302

Apr 29th, 2021 - Lowering blood pressure with antihypertensive medication protects against future cardiovascular (CV) events even in people with normal or only mildly elevated blood pressure, a large meta-analysis concludes. Results showed that each 5 mm Hg reduction in systolic blood pressure lowered the relative risk for CV events by about 10% across the full spectrum of baseline blood pressures, regardless o...

AHA Issues New Advice on Managing Stage 1 Hypertension
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950205

Apr 28th, 2021 - Clinicians should consider the use of medication for adults with untreated stage 1 hypertension (130–139/80–89 mm Hg) whose 10-year risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is <10% and who fail to meet the blood pressure goal of <130/80 mm Hg after 6 months of guideline-based lifestyle therapy, the American Heart Association (AHA) advises in new scientific statement. The statement was pu...

USPSTF Reaffirms Advice to Screen Adults for Hypertension
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/950039

Apr 26th, 2021 - The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) continues to recommend that clinicians screen all adults aged 18 years and older for high blood pressure and that they confirm a diagnosis of hypertension with blood pressure measurements taken outside the office before starting treatment. This grade A recommendation is consistent with the 2015 recommendation from the task force. Hypertension affec...

Being Overweight Ups Risk for Severe COVID-19 in Hospital
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/949996

Apr 26th, 2021 - Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. In a global meta-analysis of more than 7000 patients who were hospitalized with COVID-19, individuals with overweight or obesity were more likely to need respiratory support but were not more likely to die in the hospital than individuals of normal weight. Compared to patients without diabetes, ...

Increasing Salt Intake Proves Beneficial in POTS
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/949982

Apr 25th, 2021 - For patients with postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS), dietary sodium intake can be increased more confidently, suggests the first study to yield solid evidence to support this treatment strategy. The results showed that high dietary sodium intake can lower plasma norepinephrine levels and ameliorate standing and orthostatic tachycardia for patients with POTS. Dr Satish Raj "These results sugg...

Pregnant Women With COVID-19 Face Increased Serious Risks, Study Says
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/949962

Apr 25th, 2021 - Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. Pregnant women who contracted COVID-19 last year were 20 times more likely to die than those who didn't contract the virus, according to a new study published Thursday in the medical journal JAMA Pediatrics. In addition, among the mothers who tested positive, about 11.5% of their babies also con...

Hispanic Diabetes Patients Receive Less Guideline-Based Care
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/949824

Apr 22nd, 2021 - Hispanic diabetes patients are significantly less likely than Black or White patients to receive preventive guideline-based care soon after diagnosis, based on data from more than 7,000 individuals. Racial and ethnic disparities in diabetes care remain a pervasive health problem, and minorities including non-Hispanic Blacks and Hispanics experience higher rates of complications, including retin...

Young Adults Likely Need Five Hours of Moderate Exercise Weekly to Curb Hypertension Risk in Midlife
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/949807

Apr 22nd, 2021 - NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Five hours of moderate exercise weekly - double the U.S. minimum physical activity recommendations - are likely needed at age 18 to help reduce the risk of high blood pressure by age 60, especially among Black people, researchers suggest. "We found that meeting twice the minimum physical activity guideline at age 18 was protective of hypertension regardless of physic...

Slight Sleep Restriction Tied to Increased Systolic Blood Pressure in Women
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/949705

Apr 21st, 2021 - (Reuters Health) - Losing just 1.5 hours of sleep a night leads to elevated systolic blood pressure in women, a small clinical trial suggests. The randomized crossover trial included metabolically healthy premenopausal (n=26) and postmenopausal women (n=10) who were not obese based ON BMI, and had at least one first-degree family member with a cardiovascular disease or CVD risk factors such as ...

Fast Five Quiz: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Management
https://reference.medscape.com/viewarticle/948766

Apr 21st, 2021 - Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined as a persistent abnormality in kidney structure or function (ie, glomerular filtration rate [GFR] < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 or albuminuria ≥ 30 mg per 24 hours) for more than 3 months. It is ranked as the 12th leading cause of death among the global population. In 2017, approximately 700 million individuals were living with CKD, which exceeded the prevalence of...

Arterial Thromboembolism Risk Varies Across Cancer Types, Ages
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/949662

Apr 20th, 2021 - Patients with cancer face an increased risk of arterial thromboembolic events, including myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke, and for some that risk appears substantial, according to a new population-based study. For example, the 6-month incidence of arterial thromboembolism (ATE) was 4.09% among men older than age 75 with diabetes and a diagnosis of bladder cancer but only 0.12% among women ...

Cubans Turn to Herbal Remedies, Barter Amid Medicine Scarcity
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/949612

Apr 20th, 2021 - HAVANA (Reuters) - Dayana Rodriguez says her son is overwhelmed with scabies but she has not been able to find any of the treatments prescribed by their doctor at the poorly-stocked pharmacies in Havana so she is now turning to a herbal remedy instead. Even as Cuba is leading the race to become the first country in Latin America to develop its own COVID-19 vaccine, the country is suffering acut...

Severe Obesity Persists, Takes High Cardiovascular Toll
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/949645

Apr 20th, 2021 - In a UK cohort of more than 260,000 mostly middle-aged adults in primary care with overweight or obesity, body mass index (BMI) remained relatively stable over a decade. However, compared to overweight individuals, those with severe (class 3) obesity were more socioeconomically disadvantaged and had triple the risk for incident heart failure or all-cause or cardiovascular disease (CVD)–related ...