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About 17,285 results

Many Americans Missing an Opportunity to Prevent Dementia
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/974341

May 20th, 2022 - Nearly half of all US adults aged 45 and older have modifiable risk factors for Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD), including hypertension, low levels of physical activity, and obesity, new research shows. Data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reveals that among nearly 162,000 adults aged 45 and older who were surveyed in 2019 as part of the Behavioral Ris...

Erectile Dysfunction in Diabetes May Be Underestimated
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/974357

May 20th, 2022 - The chance of men developing erectile function disorders increases as they get older. Diabetes mellitus can increase the risk of erectile dysfunction further. In a study of 351 men who had recently received a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, scientists from the German Diabetes Center (DDZ) in Düsseldorf found that erectile dysfunction also occurs in men who have just developed diabetes and that ...

Genomic Risk Score Predicts Intracerebral Hemorrhage Risk
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/974319

May 19th, 2022 - The study covered in this summary was published in medRxiv.org as a preprint and has not yet been peer reviewed. Key Takeaway When added to clinical risk factors, a validated genomic risk score can predict the lifetime risk of intracerebral hemorrhage in individuals of European ancestry. Why This Matters Prediction for intracerebral hemorrhage could be improved by adding genomic information to ...

Shared Decision-Making 'Only Sometimes Useful' in Surgery
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/974181

May 18th, 2022 - When there are several treatment options, the trend for doctors to discuss all options with their patients and for the patient to share in the decision-making can improve patient satisfaction and result in value care. But such an approach is "only sometimes useful" when it comes to surgery, say two general surgeons from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. "There are some scenarios that are s...

'That's Just Part of Aging': Long COVID Symptoms Are Often Overlooked in Seniors
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/974197

May 18th, 2022 - Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. Nearly 18 months after getting covid-19 and spending weeks in the hospital, Terry Bell struggles with hanging up his shirts and pants after doing the laundry. Lifting his clothes, raising his arms, arranging items in his closet leave Bell short of breath and often trigger severe fatigue. He walk...

Hypertension + Advanced Age Linked to More Cesarean Deliveries
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/974230

May 18th, 2022 - Advanced maternal age and maternal hypertension are a one-two punch that boosts the risk of cesarean births, a new study reports. While the findings presented at the 2022 annual clinical and scientific meeting of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists aren’t surprising, the insight they provide can be helpful in counseling women at risk about delivery options, lead author and L...

Better Ways to Sustain Weight Loss in Type 2 Diabetes
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/963276

May 18th, 2022 - This transcript has been edited for clarity. Silvio Inzucchi, MD: Welcome to Medscape InDiscussion. I'm Dr Silvio Inzucchi, and today we're talking about obesity and type 2 diabetes. It's a long-standing concern, but one with a great deal of potential for success on the horizon, which we'll talk about very shortly. First, let me introduce my guest, who is an obesity expert and a colleague of mi...

Poisoned at Work: A Detective Story for Nephrologists
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/974122

May 17th, 2022 - A young man with a mysterious case of kidney disease of unknown origin had physicians from Bielefeld, Germany, scratching their heads for months. Only when the patient reported occasionally seeing a white powder coating his lunch, which he brought from home, could they come closer to a diagnosis. The following article is based on a presentation by Mariam Abu-Tair, MD, a nephrologist at the Evan...

Fast Five Quiz: Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Presentation and Diagnosis
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/969948

May 17th, 2022 - Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a chronic and progressive disorder, defined as a mean pulmonary arterial pressure > 20 mmHg and a pulmonary vascular resistance > 3.0 WU, with a normal capillary wedge pressure of < 15 mmHg. Stenosis of the pulmonary vasculature results in increased pulmonary vascular resistance, right heart failure, and if untreated, death. The World Health Organization...

Fast Five Quiz: Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/969947

May 17th, 2022 - Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a rare and late complication of acute pulmonary embolism (PE) that has not resolved despite adequate anticoagulation. In most patients with PE, resolution of the embolus and restoration of blood flow occur. However, for unknown reasons, in a small subset of patients, undissolved blood clots in the pulmonary arteries result in the formatio...

Combating Stress and Tackling Cortisol
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/973820

May 17th, 2022 - Katie Guttenberg, MD With rising costs for gas and food, 2 years of the COVID-19 pandemic, global uncertainty, and the ongoing war in Ukraine, it is hardly a surprise that more than 70% of American adults report feeling stressed. The Stress in America survey, which was conducted by the American Psychological Association in partnership with The Harris Poll, also found that a growing number of Am...

Risk Factors for COVID Death Studied in U.K. Arthritis Patients
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/974101

May 17th, 2022 - Being identified as someone that was advised to stay at home and shield, or keep away from face-to-face interactions with others, during the COVID-19 pandemic was indicative of an increased risk for dying from COVID-19 within 28 days of infection, a U.K. study of inflammatory arthritis patients versus the general population suggests. In fact, shielding status was the highest ranked of all the r...

Keeping Thyroid Hormone Treatment On Target Is Key for the Heart
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/974130

May 17th, 2022 - A new study highlights the importance of avoiding both exogenous hyperthyroidism and exogenous hypothyroidism to decrease cardiovascular risk and death among patients receiving thyroid hormone treatment. "Our findings suggest that clinicians should make every effort to maintain euthyroidism in patients on thyroid hormone treatment, regardless of underlying cardiovascular risk, particularly in v...

Fast Five Quiz: Type 2 Diabetes and Dyslipidemia
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/970507

May 16th, 2022 - Type 2 diabetes is a complex metabolic disorder, leading to increased morbidity, mortality, and cost. Dyslipidemia is a common condition coexisting with type 2 diabetes and a clear risk factor for the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular events is essential to the management of type 2 diabetes. Despite the progress in ...

Spell It Out: Writing Out Common Medical Terms Boosts Patient Understanding, Says Study
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/974030

May 16th, 2022 - MI. HTN. hx. Although these abbreviations might make it easier for physicians and other healthcare professionals to create and consume clinical documentation, the shorthand confuses patients, according to a study published May 13 in JAMA Network Open. Researchers, who conducted clinical trials at three hospitals, found that expansion of 10 common medical abbreviations and acronyms in patient he...

A Surprise and a Mystery: NAFLD in Lean Patients Linked to CVD Risk
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/973925

May 13th, 2022 - People with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and a lean or healthy body mass index (BMI) are at increased risk for peripheral vascular disease, stroke, and cardiovascular disease, a surprise finding from a new study reveals. "Our team had expected to see that those with a normal BMI would have a lower prevalence of any metabolic or cardiovascular conditions," lead researcher Karn Wijarn...

Life Expectancy Important When Deciding on Intensive BP Lowering
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/973710

May 12th, 2022 - NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Starting intensive antihypertensive therapy may be most appropriate for adults expected to live at least three more years. For those with a life expectancy of less than one year, the harms of intensive BP control may outweigh the benefits. These are the chief findings from a "time to clinical benefit" analysis of individual patient data from six randomized controlled...

Mixing BP Meds With NSAID May Be 'Triple Whammy' for Kidneys
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/973885

May 12th, 2022 - Patients who mix a diuretic and renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitor with a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) could face a higher risk of developing acute kidney injury (AKI), a new analysis confirms. The study also looked at risk factors associated with the effect of triple therapy with these agents, which has been called "triple whammy" AKI. "It's not that everyone who happens t...

'Agony of Choice' for Clinicians Treating Leukemia
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/973800

May 11th, 2022 - With an abundance of targeted therapies transforming the treatment landscape for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), picking the optimal drug or drug sequence for the right situation can be a challenge, but emerging data is helping guide clinicians facing the "agony of choice," a new review reports. "Targeted therapies have outnumbered chemoimmunotherapy-based treatment approaches, demonstratin...

How Successful Hospitals Reduce Maternal Morbidity
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/973750

May 10th, 2022 - A new study of hospitals in New York City suggests ways to reduce severe maternal morbidity (SMM). The researchers interviewed health care professionals in four institutions with low performance and four with high performance, and identified various themes associated with good performance. "Our results raise the hypothesis that hospital learning collaboratives focused on optimizing organization...