×
About 13,083 results

The State of the Art in NAFLD/NASH Identification and Management
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/978316

Oct 3rd, 2022 - This transcript has been edited for clarity. Seth J. Baum, MD, FACC, FAHA, FNLA, FASPC: Hi. My name is Seth Baum. I'm a preventive cardiologist and clinical lipidologist, the chief scientific officer for Flourish Research, and a past president of the American Society for Preventive Cardiology. I'm joined today by Dr Jay Shubrook, who is an expert in diabetes, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)...

Balanced Fat Intake Links With Less Type 2 Diabetes
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/981756

Oct 3rd, 2022 - Researchers published the study covered in this summary on Preprints with The Lancet as a preprint that has not yet been peer reviewed. Key Takeaways Adults in China who consumed a "balanced," moderate-ratio (middle three quintiles) of animal-to-vegetable cooking oil had a lower rate of developing type 2 diabetes during a median follow-up of 8.6 years compared with those who consumed the lowest...

Improve Diagnosis of Type of Heart Failure Common in Diabetes
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/981717

Sep 30th, 2022 - STOCKHOLM — Recent study results confirm that two agents from the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor class can significantly cut the incidence of adverse cardiovascular events in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFpEF), a disease especially common in people with type 2 diabetes, obesity, or both. And findings from secondary analyses of the studies ― incl...

Will Insulin Treatment Disappear in Type 2 Diabetes?
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/981561

Sep 28th, 2022 - STOCKHOLM, Sweden — Whether "insulin-free type 2 diabetes" is either "coming" or "nonsense" was the topic of a debate at the recent European Association for the Study of Diabetes 2022 Annual Meeting. Bruce H.R. Wolffenbuttel, MD, PhD, argued the "nonsense" view, given the heterogeneity and progressive nature of type 2 diabetes, while Apostolos Tsapas, MD, PhD, expressed confidence that newer ap...

Natural Fertility: When Less Can Be More
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/981247

Sep 27th, 2022 - Mark P. Trolice, MD As reproductive specialists, part of our obligation is to improve a woman’s or couple’s ability to conceive in the most cost-effective manner, ideally through natural attempts at conception. While assisted reproductive technologies (ART) have provided impressive pregnancy rates across many diagnoses, including unexplained infertility, this advanced procedure comes with a sig...

Sugar-Free Paradox: Do Artificial Sweeteners Help or Hurt?
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/980686

Sep 26th, 2022 - This transcript has been edited for clarity. Hello. I'm Dr David Johnson, professor of medicine and chief of gastroenterology at Eastern Virginia Medical School in Norfolk, Virginia. The use of sugary additives has been an insidious, "sickeningly sweet" component of the Western diet over the past several decades. As an alternative, we often turn to artificial, noncaloric sweeteners. But does th...

Emphasis on Weight Loss in New Type 2 Diabetes Guidance
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/981409

Sep 26th, 2022 - STOCKHOLM, Sweden — Weight loss should be a co-primary management goal for type 2 diabetes in adults, according to a new comprehensive joint consensus report from the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) and the American Diabetes Association (ADA). And while metformin is still recommended as first-line therapy for patients with type 2 diabetes with no other comorbidities, the s...

Is Early-Onset Cancer an Emerging Global Epidemic?
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/981421

Sep 26th, 2022 - Early-onset cancer — often defined as cancers diagnosed in adults younger than age 50 years — is an emerging global epidemic, according to a recent review. While the rising incidence of early-onset colorectal cancer (CRC) is a well-documented problem, the trend appears to extend far beyond CRC. The authors traced patterns of early-onset cancer diagnoses across 14 different cancer types, includi...

Weight Gain Linked to Cancer Survival in Men and Women
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/981434

Sep 26th, 2022 - Cancer cachexia is a syndrome of weight loss that frequently occurs during cancer treatment. Consequences can include skeletal muscle loss, fatigue, functional impairment, worse quality of life, and worse survival. On the other hand, weight gain during cancer treatment has been tied to better survival. A new study shows that, among patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), weight gain o...

Bariatric Surgery While Young Yields Enduring Health Benefits
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/981306

Sep 23rd, 2022 - Bariatric surgery among adolescents or young adults with severe obesity leads to durable reductions in body weight along with dramatic reductions in rates of diabetes, hypertension, and depression, according to new research in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons. Approximately 12% of non-Hispanic Blacks, 9% of Hispanics, and 7% of Whites ages 12-19 have severe obesity, the authors n...

Could Cold Exposure, Especially Shivering, Combat Type 2 Diabetes?
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/981221

Sep 22nd, 2022 - STOCKHOLM, Sweden — Shivering upon repeated short exposures to cold improves glucose tolerance, decreases fasting blood glucose and lipid levels, and markedly reduces blood pressure, show new study results in adults with obesity and overweight. Presenting the preliminary findings at this year's European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) Annual Meeting, Adam Sellers, a PhD student fro...

Community-Level Actions Could Mitigate Maternal Mortality
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/981251

Sep 22nd, 2022 - Maternal mortality in the United States has been rising for several decades, but actions taken at the community level, as well as larger public health initiatives, have the potential to slow this trend, according to experts at a webinar sponsored by the National Institute for Health Care Management. Maternal mortality in the United States increased by 14% from 2018 to 2020, according to data fr...

'Alarming' CRC Screening Preferences Among Younger Patients Should Be Wake-up Call for Us
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/980683

Sep 21st, 2022 - This transcript has been edited for clarity. Hello. I'm Dr David Johnson, professor of medicine and chief of gastroenterology at Eastern Virginia Medical School in Norfolk, Virginia. The ultimate goal of screening for colon cancer is to prevent it. Over the past several decades, we've certainly seen an increasing emphasis on colon cancer screening. That's led to related benefits when it comes t...

Sugary Drinks Linked to Obesity-Related Cancer Deaths
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/981149

Sep 21st, 2022 - Drinking two or more sugar-sweetened beverages daily may raise the risk of dying from obesity-related cancers, new research shows. The study, which included more than 900,000 participants, contributes to previous research suggesting that sugary beverages increase the risk of cancer and cancer-related mortality. A more surprising finding is that consuming artificially sweetened beverages was lin...

'Not a Dangerous Device': EndoBarrier Helps Weight Loss
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/981173

Sep 21st, 2022 - STOCKHOLM, Sweden — The beneficial effects of the duodenal jejunal bypass liner (EndoBarrier, GI Dynamics) may outweigh the risks for some patients with type 2 diabetes, new data suggest.   The EndoBarrier, a 60-cm implantable sleeve, is endoscopically placed into the first part of the small intestine, creating a physical barrier between receptors in the intestinal wall and food. The mechanism ...

Maternal Diabetes a Risk Factor for Cancer in Children?
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/981177

Sep 21st, 2022 - Maternal diabetes appears to raise the risk for certain types of cancers in children, according to an analysis of two large population-based registries. Most notably, researchers found an elevated risk of glioma among children who had been prenatally exposed to type 1 diabetes in one registry and to gestational diabetes in the other. "Our study supports the potential role for maternal diabetes ...

Cardiovascular Risk in Patients With Psoriatic Arthritis
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/970784

Sep 20th, 2022 - This transcript has been edited for clarity. Stanley Cohen, MD: I am Dr Stanley Cohen and welcome to Medscape's InDiscussion series on psoriatic arthritis. This is episode four of the second season. Today, we'll be discussing cardiovascular risk in psoriatic arthritis and the impact of effective treatment. And I have one of my good friends here today — Dr Atul Deodhar who is professor of medici...

Lowering BMI Linked With Better Knee Osteoarthritis Outcomes
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/981112

Sep 20th, 2022 - Losing weight and lowering body mass index may help people slow, delay, or even prevent the structural defects of knee osteoarthritis, especially on the medial side of the knee, results of a prospective multicohort study from Australia suggest. "We showed that the more weight that is lost, the greater the apparent benefit for delaying or preventing knee joint degradation in osteoarthritis," sen...

Waist-Hip Ratio Beats BMI for Predicting Obesity's Mortality Risk
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/981119

Sep 20th, 2022 - STOCKHOLM – New evidence continues to show that alternative measures of adiposity than body mass index, such as waist-to-hip ratio, work better for predicting the risk a person with overweight or obesity faces from their excess weight. A direct comparison of waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), body mass index (BMI), and fat mass index (FMI) in a total of more than 380,000 United Kingdom residents include...

Eat More Dairy, Less Red Meat to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/981087

Sep 20th, 2022 - Stockholm, Sweden — Among animal protein foods, low-fat dairy consumption may minimize the risk of developing type 2 diabetes while red meat raises that risk, a new analysis finds. "A plant-based dietary pattern with limited intake of meat, moderate intake of fish, eggs, and full-fat dairy, and habitual consumption of yogurt, milk, or low-fat dairy, might represent the most feasible, sustainabl...