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About 10,973 results

Endemic Mycoses: Better Diagnosis and Reporting Needed
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/984574

Nov 23rd, 2022 - Blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis (Valley fever), and histoplasmosis are the most prevalent endemic fungal diseases (mycoses) in North America. Authors of an opinion piece in Annals of Internal Medicine argue that we need to improve the diagnosis and reporting of these infections to better serve patients and understand the scope of the problem. Traditionally, these infections have had known reg...

Leveraging Incidental CAC on Chest CT Boosts Statin Therapy
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/984358

Nov 18th, 2022 - A novel quality improvement project that notified physicians and patients about incidental coronary artery calcium (CAC) on prior nongated chest CT scans led to significantly more statin prescriptions than usual care. Six months after randomization, statins were prescribed to 51.2% of patients who received messages that contained a personalized image of their chest CT with coronary calcium circ...

Mortality After Acute Stroke Worsened by Accompanying Acute AF
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/984359

Nov 18th, 2022 - The study covered in this summary was published on ResearchSquare.com as a preprint and has not yet been peer-reviewed. Key Takeaway Acute atrial fibrillation (AF) is an independent predictor of severity of neurological deficits from early acute ischemic stroke and a high-probability predictor of death within 30 days after such strokes. Why This Matters A comprehensive understanding of the rela...

Exercise Rx in Breast Cancer Care Gets a Boost From BREXIT
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/984197

Nov 16th, 2022 - Further support for the recommendation that exercise should be included as part of treatment for women with breast cancer comes from the randomized BREXIT trial. Results from 104 women with stage 1 to stage 3 breast cancer show that the odds of functional disability were reduced by 68% at 4 months with exercise training alongside anthracycline chemotherapy compared with usual care (odds ratio [...

Be Aware, Mindfulness Training Can Lower Systolic BP: MB-BP
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/984108

Nov 15th, 2022 - It's been said that one can observe a lot just by watching. Turning such observation inward, new evidence suggests, might lead to blood pressure (BP) reductions that approach what's possible from an antihypertensive agent. Systolic BP fell over 6 months by almost 6 mm Hg, on average, in people with elevated BP who participated in an 8-week mindful awareness program as part of a randomized trial...

US Dementia Rate Drops as Education, Women's Employment Rises
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/983963

Nov 11th, 2022 - Dementia prevalence is dropping in the United States, new research shows. New data from the Health and Retirement Study, a nationally representative survey, show that the prevalence of dementia among individuals aged 65 and older dropped from 12.2% in 2000 to 8.5% in 2016 — a 30.1% decrease. In men, the prevalence of dementia fell from 10.2% to 7.0%, while for women, it declined from 13.6% to 9...

Many Mothers Don't Remember Well-Child Nutrition Advice
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/983962

Nov 11th, 2022 - Recent findings from a study examining mothers' recall of doctors' advice on early-child nutrition suggest that key feeding messages may not be heard, remembered, or even delivered. During a typical child wellness visit, pediatricians provide parents with anticipatory guidance on all aspects of child development and safety, up to the age of 5 years. The analysis of data from a subset of 1,302 m...

Higher Metal Contact Allergy Rates Found in Metalworkers
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/983816

Nov 9th, 2022 - Contact allergy to cobalt, chromium, and especially nickel, may be higher in European metalworkers than in all European male patients with allergic contact dermatitis, a systematic review and meta-analysis reports. "Metal allergy to all three metals was significantly more common in European metalworkers with dermatitis attending patch test clinics as compared to ESSCA [European Surveillance Sys...

Treating Deadly Disease in Utero Called 'Revolutionary' Advance
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/983819

Nov 9th, 2022 - The successful treatment of Pompe disease in utero for the first time may be the start of a new chapter for fetal therapy, researchers said. A report published online November 9 in the New England Journal of Medicine describes in utero enzyme-replacement therapy (ERT) for infantile-onset Pompe disease. The patient, now a toddler, is thriving, according to the researchers. Her parents previously...

Surgical Site Dressing Turns Blue When It Needs Changing
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/983603

Nov 4th, 2022 - Surgical site infections are one of the top causes of postoperative morbidity and death worldwide, but there is little agreement and much debate over the most effective wound dressing to improve outcomes and reduce the healthcare burden. Recent clinical trials have indicated that transparent, semiocclusive films have advantages over gauze held by adhesive tape. But current transparent film band...

Edoxaban Safe, Effective in Kids With Heart Disease: ENNOBLE-ATE
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/983442

Nov 2nd, 2022 - Treatment with the direct factor Xa inhibitor edoxaban (Lixiana) resulted in low rates of clinically relevant bleeding and thromboembolism (TE) compared with standard-of-care (SOC) anticoagulants in children with cardiac diseases requiring thromboprophylaxis, in the phase 3 ENNOBLE-ATE trial. Among 167 children in the modified intention-to-treat cohort, there was one adjudicated clinically rele...

Pediatric Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma Clinical Practice Guidelines (ETA, 2022)
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/983107

Nov 1st, 2022 - Clinical practice guidelines on the management of pediatric thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid carcinoma from the European Thyroid Association were published in October 2022 in the  European Thyroid Journal. [1] Ultrasonography of the neck is recommended to evaluate thyroid nodules. For pediatric patients with nodules suspected of being malignant, fine needle biopsy is recommended. For ...

'Unappreciated' Ties Between COVID and Gut Dysbiosis
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/983389

Nov 1st, 2022 - Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. The SARS-CoV-2 infection disrupts the normal mix of gut bacteria, allowing harmful bacteria to enter the bloodstream and raising the risk for potentially life-threatening secondary bloodstream infections (BSIs), new research suggests. "Collectively, these results reveal an unappreciated link bet...

Children and COVID: Weekly Cases Can't Sustain Downward Trend
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/983388

Nov 1st, 2022 - Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. New COVID-19 cases in children inched up in late October, just 1 week after dipping to their lowest level in more than a year, and some measures of pediatric emergency visits and hospital admissions rose as well. There was an 8% increase in the number of cases for the week of Oct. 21-27, compare...

Global Tuberculosis Cases, Deaths Rise During COVID Pandemic
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/983233

Oct 28th, 2022 - The number of tuberculosis cases and deaths in 2021 increased from the previous year as the COVID pandemic disrupted medical services globally, the World Health Organization says. About 10.6 million people fell ill with TB in 2021, a 4.5% increase from 2020, according to the WHO's Global TB Report 2022. The number of people dying from TB rose to 1.6 million in 2021, compared to 1.5 million in 2...

How Long Will Allergy Patients Take Sublingual Immunotherapy?
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/983234

Oct 28th, 2022 - How long patients with allergic rhinitis adhere to sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) appears to vary, but further, more rigorous research is needed, results of a systematic literature review suggest. Dr Scott P. Commins "This systematic review found that SLIT was well tolerated," Scott P. Commins, MD, PhD, associate professor of medicine and pediatrics in the Division of Rheumatology, Allergy, an...

Younger Doctors Call for More Attention to Disabled Patients
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/983122

Oct 27th, 2022 - As an undergraduate student at Northeastern University in Boston, Meghan Chin spent her summers working for a day program in Rhode Island. Her charges were adults with various forms of intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). "I was very much a caretaker," Chin, now 29, said. "It was everything from helping them get dressed in the morning to getting them to medical appointments." Duri...

When Bad Actors Hijack Good Research; The Art of Breaking Bad News to Patients; and Why Doctors Murder People
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/982939

Oct 26th, 2022 - When Bad Actors Hijack Good Research Extremists and others distort and misrepresent scientific research for their own purposes, and the problem is getting worse. Research topics include genetics, race, sexuality, privacy, civil rights, climate change, and other matters that might be considered sensitive. The problem is compounded in a social climate in which pseudoscience and conspiracy theorie...

Guselkumab and Golimumab: Better Together for Ulcerative Colitis
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/983077

Oct 26th, 2022 - CHARLOTTE, NC — People with moderate-to-severe ulcerative colitis benefit from stronger treatment from the start — a combination of monoclonal antibodies — compared with induction with either agent alone, a new phase 2a study demonstrates. Researchers compared the combination therapy of guselkumab and golimumab (both from Janssen) for 12 weeks, followed by guselkumab monotherapy up to week 38, ...

As the Data Show, Medical Abortion Is Safe
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/983065

Oct 26th, 2022 - In 2020, medical abortion accounted for only 31.9% of voluntary termination of pregnancy (VTP) procedures in Italy. This finding comes from the most recent Ministry of Health report on the implementation of Law 194 of 1978. Data show that Italy's percentage of medical abortion is significantly lower in comparison with other countries in Europe. For example, in France and England, medical aborti...