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Fresh questions about oxytocin as the ‘love hormone’ behind pair bonding

Jan 27th, 2023 - Removing the Oxytocin Receptor Does Not Interfere with Monogamy or Giving Birth Turning a decades-old dogma on its head, new research from scientists at UC San Francisco and Stanford Medicine shows that the receptor for oxytocin, a hormone considered essential to forming social bonds, may not play the critical role that scientists have assigned to it for the past 30 years. In the study, appeari...

Incorrectly recorded anesthesia start times cost medical centers and anesthesia practices significant revenue

Jan 27th, 2023 - ORLANDO, Fla. — Inaccurately recording the start of anesthesia care during a procedure is common and results in significant lost billing time for anesthesia practices and medical centers, suggests a study being presented at the American Society of Anesthesiologists’ ADVANCE 2023, the Anesthesiology Business Event. The anesthesia start time (AST) must be documented from a computer logged into th...

Researchers map the effects of dietary nutrients on disease

Jan 27th, 2023 - Francis Crick Institute press release For immediate release Peer reviewed Experimental study / Modelling Animals Researchers at the Francis Crick Institute and King’s College London have created a tool to predict the effects of different diets on both cancerous cells and healthy cells. Their work could help disentangle the subtle metabolic changes associated with different types of nutrients, a...

Additional anesthesiology residency positions may help hospitals save costs, address projected workforce shortages of anesthesia care professionals

Jan 27th, 2023 - ORLANDO, Fla. — Expanding anesthesiology residency programs — even in the absence of federal funding — may help medical institutions save staffing costs and address projected shortages of anesthesia care professionals, suggests a first-of-its-kind study being presented at the American Society of Anesthesiologists’ ADVANCE 2023, the Anesthesiology Business Event. In the wake of the COVID-19 pand...

Carlos del Rio to serve as interim dean for Emory University School of Medicine

Jan 27th, 2023 - Emory University has appointed Carlos del Rio, MD, an internationally known clinician and epidemiologist, as interim dean for the Emory University School of Medicine. He will also serve as interim chief academic officer for Emory Healthcare. He will begin his role on March 1, when Vikas Sukhatme, MD, ScD, steps down as dean to return to the Emory faculty. “Dr. Carlos Del Rio is an eminent globa...

$2 million grant will help rural Missouri schools detect possible threats to school safety

Jan 27th, 2023 - COLUMBIA, Mo. -- As school safety remains a critical issue for students, teachers and families, researchers at the University of Missouri are using a $2 million grant from the Department of Justice to help identify and avert threats students or others may make on school grounds involving potential harm to themselves or others. The project, which will partner with up to 26 rural school districts...

Day in the Life of a Doctor: Shadowing a Flight Paramedic

Jan 27th, 2023 - Join internal medicine and rheumatology specialist Siobhan Deshauer, MD, as she spends a second day on call with helicopter flight paramedics. Following is a partial transcript (note that errors are possible): Deshauer: Hey, guys. I'm Siobhan an internal medicine and rheumatology specialist. The last time I spent the day with the flight paramedics up in the helicopter I had such a good time. Ba...

Pediatricians, specialists largely agree on ASD diagnoses
Marcia Frellick

Jan 26th, 2023 - General pediatricians and a multidisciplinary team of specialists agreed most of the time on which children should be diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), data from a new study suggest. But when it came to ruling out ASD, the agreement rate was much lower.

Emergency Department Screening Detects Prediabetes, Type 2 Diabetes
Clinical Advisor

Jan 26th, 2023 - HealthDay News — An emergency department type 2 diabetes screening program can identify patients with undiagnosed prediabetes and diabetes, according to a research letter published online in JAMA Network Open. Kirstie K. Danielson, PhD, from the University of Illinois Chicago, and colleagues developed and piloted an type 2 diabetes screening program. Patients at risk for type 2 diabetes were fl...

Suicides Among American Indian/Alaska Natives - National Violent Death Reporting System, 18 states, 2003-2014

Suicide disproportionately affects American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/AN). The suicide rate among AI/AN has been increasing since 2003 (1), and in 2015, AI/AN suicide rates in the 18 states participating in the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) were 21.5 per 100,000, more than 3.5 times higher than those among racial/ethnic groups with the lowest rates.* To study completed suicid...

Notes from the Field: Brucella abortus Vaccine Strain RB51 Exposures Associated with Raw Milk Consumption - Wise County, Texas, 2017

In July 2017, the Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) Region 2/3 office reported a human case of brucellosis associated with the consumption of raw (unpasteurized) cow's milk purchased from a dairy in Paradise, Texas. CDC's Bacterial Special Pathogens Branch (BSPB) confirmed the isolate as Brucella abortus vaccine strain RB51 (RB51).

Vital Signs: Trends in Emergency Department Visits for Suspected Opioid Overdoses - United States, July 2016-September 2017

From 2015 to 2016, opioid overdose deaths increased 27.7%, indicating a worsening of the opioid overdose epidemic and highlighting the importance of rapid data collection, analysis, and dissemination.

Update: Dura Mater Graft-Associated Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease - Japan, 1975-2017

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder that, according to the most well accepted hypothesis (1), is caused by replicating, transmissible, abnormal forms of a host-encoded prion protein (prions). Most CJD cases occur spontaneously (sporadic CJD) or are inherited (genetic CJD). Iatrogenic CJD can occur after exposure to prion-contaminated instruments or products in ...

Dental Personnel Treated for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis at a Tertiary Care Center - Virginia, 2000-2015

In April 2016, a Virginia dentist who had recently received a diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and was undergoing treatment at a specialty clinic at a Virginia tertiary care center contacted CDC to report concerns that IPF had been diagnosed in multiple Virginia dentists who had sought treatment at the same specialty clinic. IPF is a chronic, progressive lung disease of unknown ...

Update: Noncongenital Zika Virus Disease Cases - 50 States and the District of Columbia, 2016

Zika virus is a flavivirus primarily transmitted to humans by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes (1). Zika virus infections also have been documented through intrauterine transmission resulting in congenital infection; intrapartum transmission from a viremic mother to her newborn; sexual transmission; blood transfusion; and laboratory exposure (1-3). Most Zika virus infections are asymptomatic or result ...

Notes from the Field: Assessing Rabies Risk After a Mass Bat Exposure at a Research Facility in a National Park - Wyoming, 2017

On August 2, 2017, the Wyoming Department of Health (WDH) was notified by local public health nursing of a group of 20 persons who had slept in a national park research facility and reported contact with bats and bat excrement. Four of the 20 persons had already received rabies postexposure prophylaxis (PEP)* when WDH notified the National Park Service (NPS) and requested assistance from CDC fo...

Notes from the Field: False Negative Hepatitis B Surface Antigen Test Result in a Hemodialysis Patient - Nebraska, 2017

In March 2017, the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services (NDHHS) was contacted by a hemodialysis clinic regarding a patient who had tested negative for hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen (HBsAg) after vaccination in 2010 and who later tested positive for HBsAg. A public health investigation subsequently determined that the false-negative results were caused by a surface antigen ...

Emergence of Monkeypox - West and Central Africa, 1970-2017

The recent apparent increase in human monkeypox cases across a wide geographic area, the potential for further spread, and the lack of reliable surveillance have raised the level of concern for this emerging zoonosis. In November 2017, the World Health Organization (WHO), in collaboration with CDC, hosted an informal consultation on monkeypox with researchers, global health partners, ministries...

Vaccine-Derived Polioviruses - Three Provinces, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2017

The last confirmed wild poliovirus (WPV) case in Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) had paralysis onset in December 2011 (1). DRC has had cases of vaccine-derived polioviruses (VDPVs) documented since 2004 (Table 1) (1-6). After an outbreak of 30 circulating VDPV type 2 (cVDPV2) cases during 2011-2012, only five VDPV2 cases were reported during 2013-2016 (Table 1) (1-6). VDPVs can emerge fr...

Exposure to Electronic Cigarette Advertising Among Middle and High School Students - United States, 2014-2016

Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are the most commonly used tobacco product among U.S. middle and high school students (1). Exposure to e-cigarette advertisements is associated with higher odds of current e-cigarette use among middle and high school students (2-4). To assess patterns of self-reported exposure to four e-cigarette advertising sources (retail stores, the Internet, television, ...