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Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pulmonary-edema/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20377014?p=1

sis Because pulmonary edema requires prompt treatment, you'll initially be diagnosed on the basis of your symptoms and a physical exam, electrocardiogram and chest X-ray. Once your condition is more stable, your doctor will ask about your medical history, especially whether you have ever had cardiovascular or lung disease. Tests that may be done to diagnose pulmonary edema or to determine why y...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/esophageal-spasms/symptoms-causes/syc-20372250?p=1

ew Esophageal spasms are painful contractions within the muscular tube connecting your mouth and stomach (esophagus). Esophageal spasms can feel like sudden, severe chest pain that lasts from a few minutes to hours. Esophageal spasms typically occur only occasionally and might not need treatment. But sometimes the spasms are frequent and can prevent food and liquids from traveling through the e...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bile-reflux/symptoms-causes/syc-20370115?p=1

ew Bile reflux occurs when bile — a digestive liquid produced in your liver — backs up (refluxes) into your stomach and, in some cases, into the tube that connects your mouth and stomach (esophagus). Bile reflux may accompany the reflux (backwash) of stomach acid (gastric acid) into your esophagus. Gastric reflux may lead to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a potentially serious problem ...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/aortic-stenosis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353145?p=1

sis To diagnose aortic valve stenosis, your doctor may review your signs and symptoms, discuss your medical history, and conduct a physical examination. Your doctor may listen to your heart with a stethoscope to determine if you have a heart murmur that may indicate an aortic valve condition. A doctor trained in heart disease (cardiologist) may evaluate you. Your doctor may order several tests ...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/achalasia/symptoms-causes/syc-20352850?p=1

ew Achalasia is a rare disorder that makes it difficult for food and liquid to pass into your stomach. Achalasia occurs when nerves in the tube connecting your mouth and stomach (esophagus) become damaged. As a result, the esophagus loses the ability to squeeze food down, and the muscular valve between the esophagus and stomach (lower esophageal sphincter) doesn't fully relax — making it diffic...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/barretts-esophagus/symptoms-causes/syc-20352841?p=1

ew In Barrett's esophagus, tissue in the tube connecting your mouth and stomach (esophagus) is replaced by tissue similar to the intestinal lining. Barrett's esophagus is often diagnosed in people who have long-term gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) — a chronic regurgitation of acid from the stomach into the lower esophagus. Only a small percentage of people with GERD will develop Barrett'...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-murmurs/symptoms-causes/syc-20373171?p=1

ew Heart murmurs are sounds during your heartbeat cycle — such as whooshing or swishing — made by turbulent blood in or near your heart. These sounds can be heard with a stethoscope. A normal heartbeat makes two sounds like "lubb-dupp" (sometimes described as "lub-DUP"), which are the sounds of your heart valves closing. Heart murmurs can be present at birth (congenital) or develop later in lif...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gerd/symptoms-causes/syc-20361940?p=1

ew Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs when stomach acid frequently flows back into the tube connecting your mouth and stomach (esophagus). This backwash (acid reflux) can irritate the lining of your esophagus. Many people experience acid reflux from time to time. GERD is mild acid reflux that occurs at least twice a week, or moderate to severe acid reflux that occurs at least once a ...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tricuspid-valve-regurgitation/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350173?p=1

sis Tricuspid valve regurgitation often has no symptoms, and you may be diagnosed incidentally when having tests for other conditions. If you are having symptoms that suggest a heart condition, your doctor may review your medical history and conduct a physical examination. Tests Your doctor may order several tests to diagnose tricuspid valve regurgitation, determine the severity and cause of yo...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tricuspid-atresia/symptoms-causes/syc-20368392?p=1

ew Tricuspid atresia is a heart defect present at birth (congenital) in which a valve (tricuspid valve) between two of the heart's chambers isn't formed. Instead, there's solid tissue between the chambers, which restricts blood flow and causes the right lower heart chamber (ventricle) to be underdeveloped. A baby, child or adult with tricuspid atresia can't get enough oxygen through its body. P...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/mitral-valve-stenosis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353165?p=1

sis Your doctor will ask about your medical history and give you a physical examination that includes listening to your heart through a stethoscope. Mitral valve stenosis causes an abnormal heart sound, called a heart murmur. Your doctor also will listen to your lungs to check lung congestion — a buildup of fluid in your lungs — that can occur with mitral valve stenosis. Your doctor will then d...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tricuspid-valve-regurgitation/symptoms-causes/syc-20350168?p=1

ew Tricuspid valve regurgitation is a condition in which the valve between the two right heart chambers (right ventricle and right atrium) doesn't close properly. The malfunctioning valve allows blood to flow back into your heart's upper right chamber (right atrium). Tricuspid valve regurgitation can be the result of a condition you're born with (congenital heart disease), or it can occur due t...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tricuspid-valve-regurgitation/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20350177?p=1

pid valve regurgitation care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic doctors have experience evaluating and treating people with tricuspid valve regurgitation. Mayo Clinic doctors care for more than 500 people with tricuspid valve regurgitation annually. Mayo Clinic has been providing surgical treatment, including tricuspid valve repair and tricuspid valve replacement, for people with this and other heart v...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tetralogy-of-fallot/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353482?p=1

sis Your or your baby's doctor might suspect tetralogy of Fallot if he or she notices you or your baby has blue-tinged skin or a heart murmur — an abnormal whooshing sound caused by turbulent blood flow. Your or your baby's cardiologist will conduct a physical examination and use several tests to confirm the diagnosis. Tests may include: Echocardiography. Echocardiograms use high-pitched sound ...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pulmonary-atresia/symptoms-causes/syc-20350727?p=1

ew Pulmonary atresia (uh-TREE-zhuh) is a heart defect present at birth (congenital) that's normally diagnosed within the first few hours or days of life. In pulmonary atresia, the valve that lets blood out of the heart to go to your baby's lungs (pulmonary valve) doesn't form correctly. Instead of opening and closing to allow blood to travel from the heart to the lungs, a solid sheet of tissue ...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pulmonary-valve-stenosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20377034?p=1

ew Pulmonary valve stenosis is a condition in which a deformity on or near your pulmonary valve narrows the pulmonary valve opening and slows the blood flow. The pulmonary valve is located between the lower right heart chamber (right ventricle) and the pulmonary arteries. Adults occasionally have pulmonary valve stenosis as a complication of another illness, but mostly, pulmonary valve stenosis...

Overview - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/double-outlet-right-ventricle/cdc-20389537?p=1

-outlet right ventricle In double-outlet right ventricle (DORV) — a heart condition present at birth (congenital) — the main artery that carries blood from the heart to the body (aorta) and the artery that directs blood from the heart to the lungs (pulmonary artery) are partially or completely connected to the lower right heart chamber (right ventricle). Sometimes these blood vessels are also r...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vasovagal-syncope/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350531?p=1

sis Diagnosing vasovagal syncope often involves ruling out other possible causes of your fainting — particularly heart-related problems. These tests may include: Electrocardiogram. This test records the electrical signals your heart produces. It can detect irregular heart rhythms and other cardiac problems. You may need to wear a portable monitor for at least a day or as long as a month. Echoca...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vesicoureteral-reflux/symptoms-causes/syc-20378819?p=1

ew Vesicoureteral (ves-ih-koe-yoo-REE-tur-ul) reflux is the abnormal flow of urine from your bladder back up the tubes (ureters) that connect your kidneys to your bladder. Normally, urine flows only down from your kidneys to your bladder. Vesicoureteral reflux is usually diagnosed in infants and children. The disorder increases the risk of urinary tract infections, which, if left untreated, can...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pulmonary-valve-disease/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20350657?p=1

ary valve disease care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic doctors trained in heart conditions (cardiologists), doctors trained in treating children with heart conditions (pediatric cardiologists), heart surgeons (cardiovascular surgeons) and other doctors in a wide array of specialties work as a multidisciplinary team to provide coordinated, comprehensive care. This collabora...