About 88 results

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

ew Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) occurs when fluid builds up in the tiny, elastic air sacs (alveoli) in your lungs. The fluid keeps your lungs from filling with enough air, which means less oxygen reaches your bloodstream. This deprives your organs of the oxygen they need to function. ARDS typically occurs in people who are already critically ill or who have significant injuries. S...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

sis To diagnose cystic fibrosis, doctors may conduct several tests. Newborn screening and diagnosis Every state in the U.S. now routinely screens newborns for cystic fibrosis. Early diagnosis means treatment can begin immediately. In one screening test, a blood sample is checked for higher than normal levels of a chemical (immunoreactive trypsinogen, or IRT) released by the pancreas. A newborn'...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic

atic cancer care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic experts provide comprehensive care for people with pancreatic cancer. Your team may include specialists in surgery, gastroenterology, radiology, medical oncology, radiation oncology, pathology, nutrition and other areas if needed. Doctors from these specialties work together to provide exactly the care you need. This multidi...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

ew Seborrheic (seb-o-REE-ik) dermatitis is a common skin condition that mainly affects your scalp. It causes scaly patches, red skin and stubborn dandruff. Seborrheic dermatitis can also affect oily areas of the body, such as the face, sides of the nose, eyebrows, ears, eyelids and chest. Seborrheic dermatitis may go away without treatment. Or you may need many repeated treatments before the sy...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

ew Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disorder that causes severe damage to the lungs, digestive system and other organs in the body. Cystic fibrosis affects the cells that produce mucus, sweat and digestive juices. These secreted fluids are normally thin and slippery. But in people with cystic fibrosis, a defective gene causes the secretions to become sticky and thick. Instead of acting as a lubr...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

sis The first step in diagnosing blind loop syndrome is usually an imaging test, such as: Abdominal X-ray Abdominal CT scan You may have additional tests to check for bacterial overgrowth in your small intestine, poor fat absorption, or other problems that may be causing or contributing to your symptoms: Barium X-ray of the small intestine. This test uses a contrast solution (barium) to coat th...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

ew Pancreatitis is inflammation in the pancreas. The pancreas is a long, flat gland that sits tucked behind the stomach in the upper abdomen. The pancreas produces enzymes that help digestion and hormones that help regulate the way your body processes sugar (glucose). Pancreatitis can occur as acute pancreatitis — meaning it appears suddenly and lasts for days. Or pancreatitis can occur as chro...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

sis Tests and procedures used to diagnose gallstones include: Tests to create pictures of your gallbladder. Your doctor may recommend an abdominal ultrasound and a computerized tomography (CT) scan to create pictures of your gallbladder. These images can be analyzed to look for signs of gallstones. Tests to check your bile ducts for gallstones. A test that uses a special dye to highlight your b...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

sis Tests and procedures used to diagnose pancreatitis include: Blood tests to look for elevated levels of pancreatic enzymes Stool tests in chronic pancreatitis to measure levels of fat that could suggest your digestive system isn't absorbing nutrients adequately Computerized tomography (CT) scan to look for gallstones and assess the extent of pancreas inflammation Abdominal ultrasound to look...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic

mune pancreatitis care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic specialists offer personalized treatment for people with autoimmune pancreatitis. Your care team works together to deliver exactly the care you need. Your Mayo Clinic care team An experienced team of gastroenterologists, endoscopists, pathologists, radiologists and surgeons works together to provide multidisciplinary care for those with autoimmu...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

sis Pancreatic cysts are diagnosed more often than in the past because improved imaging technology finds them more readily. Many pancreatic cysts are found during abdominal scans for other problems. The main challenge in diagnosis is to determine whether the cyst might become cancerous. These procedures are often used to help with diagnosis and treatment planning: Medical history. Previous abdo...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

ew Autoimmune pancreatitis, also called AIP, is a chronic inflammation that is thought to be caused by the body's immune system attacking the pancreas and that responds to steroid therapy. Two subtypes of AIP are now recognized, type 1 and type 2. Type 1 AIP is also called IgG4-related pancreatitis and is part of a disease called IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) that often affects multiple organs...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

ew Pancreatic cysts are saclike pockets of fluid on or in your pancreas, a large organ behind the stomach that produces hormones and enzymes that help digest food. Most pancreatic cysts aren't cancerous, and many don't cause symptoms. They're typically found during imaging testing for another problem. Some are actually noncancerous (benign) pockets of fluids lined with scar or inflammatory tiss...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic

atitis care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team. At Mayo Clinic, a multidisciplinary team of experts, including digestive disease specialists (gastroenterologists), radiologists, surgeons and other professionals, works together to care for people with pancreatitis. This means that you're not getting just one opinion — you benefit from the knowledge and experience of each specialist. Advan...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

sis Autoimmune pancreatitis is difficult to diagnose, because its signs and symptoms are very similar to those of pancreatic cancer. However, an accurate diagnosis is extremely important. Undiagnosed cancer may result in delaying or not receiving necessary surgery. People with AIP tend to have a general enlargement of the pancreas, but they may also have a mass in the pancreas. To pinpoint the ...

Patient education: Type 2 diabetes: Treatment (Beyond the Basics)
Deborah J Wexler

TYPE 2 DIABETES OVERVIEW Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a disorder that is known for disrupting the way your body uses glucose (sugar); it also causes other problems with the way your body stores and processes other forms of energy, including fat. All the cells in your body need sugar to work normally. Sugar gets into the cells with the help of a hormone called insulin. In type 2 diabetes, the bod...

Patient education: Acute pancreatitis (Beyond the Basics)
Santhi Swaroop Vege

PANCREATITIS OVERVIEW Acute pancreatitis refers to inflammation of the pancreas, causing sudden and severe abdominal pain. The pancreas is an organ that lies in the back of the mid-abdomen (figure 1). It produces digestive juices and certain hormones, including insulin. Pancreatitis usually develops as a result of gallstones or moderate to heavy alcohol consumption over a period of years. Most ...

Patient education: Primary hyperparathyroidism (Beyond the Basics)
Ghada El-Hajj Fuleihan

HYPERPARATHYROIDISM OVERVIEW Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is a disorder of one or more of the parathyroid glands (figure 1). The parathyroid gland(s) becomes overactive and secretes excess amounts of parathyroid hormone (PTH). As a result, the blood calcium rises to a level that is higher than normal (called hypercalcemia). An elevated calcium level can cause many short-term and long-term...

Patient education: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) (Beyond the Basics)
Daniel J Wallace

SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS OVERVIEW Systemic lupus erythematosus (also known as lupus or SLE) is a chronic inflammatory disease that can affect various parts of the body. Lupus is an autoimmune condition, meaning that your body's immune system attacks your own tissues, thinking that they are foreign. This can lead to pain, swelling, and damage to organs such as the kidneys. The cause of lupus...

Patient education: Chronic pancreatitis (Beyond the Basics)
Steven D Freedman

PANCREATITIS OVERVIEW The pancreas is an organ in the abdomen (figure 1). It is responsible for producing digestive juices and certain hormones, including insulin, which is responsible for regulating your blood sugar. Chronic pancreatitis occurs when the pancreas becomes damaged by long-standing inflammation. Inflammation changes the pancreas' ability to function normally. People with chronic p...