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About 5,228 results

Stroke | Cleveland Clin
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17518-stroke

What is a stroke? A stroke, sometimes called a "brain attack," occurs when blood flow to an area in the brain is cut off. The brain cells, deprived of the oxygen and glucose needed to survive, die. If not caught early, permanent brain damage can result. How does a stroke occur? There are two types of stroke. Ischemic stroke is similar to a heart attack, except it occurs in the blood vessels of ...

Hydrocephalus | Cleveland Clin
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17111-hydrocephalus

The Mission of the Cleveland Clinic Aging Brain Clinic Aging patients… to provide comprehensive integrated diagnostic and therapeutic care for the mental function of aging and elderly individuals. Basic brain research… to perform basic and transitional research on the aging brain. Clinical advances… to develop and perform clinical research trials to benefit the maturing brain. Patient’s Guide t...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/uterine-fibroids/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354294?p=1

sis Uterine fibroids are frequently found incidentally during a routine pelvic exam. Your doctor may feel irregularities in the shape of your uterus, suggesting the presence of fibroids. If you have symptoms of uterine fibroids, you doctor may order these tests: Ultrasound. If confirmation is needed, your doctor may order an ultrasound. It uses sound waves to get a picture of your uterus to con...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/undescended-testicle/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352000?p=1

sis If your son has an undescended testicle, his doctor might recommend surgery for diagnosis and potential treatment: Laparoscopy. A small tube containing a camera is inserted through a small incision in your son's abdomen. Laparoscopy is done to locate an intra-abdominal testicle. The doctor might be able to fix the undescended testicle during the same procedure, but an additional surgery mig...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/farsightedness/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372499?p=1

sis Farsightedness is diagnosed by a basic eye exam, which includes a refraction assessment and an eye health exam. A refraction assessment determines if you have vision problems such as nearsightedness or farsightedness, astigmatism, or presbyopia. Your doctor may use various instruments and ask you to look through several lenses to test your distance and close-up vision. Your eye doctor likel...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hantavirus-pulmonary-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351844?p=1

sis Blood tests can reveal if your body has made antibodies to a hantavirus. Your doctor may order other laboratory tests to rule out other conditions with similar symptoms. Treatment Specific treatment options for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome are limited. But the prognosis improves with early recognition, immediate hospitalization and adequate support for breathing. Supportive therapy People ...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ear-infections/symptoms-causes/syc-20351616?p=1

ew An ear infection (acute otitis media) is most often a bacterial or viral infection that affects the middle ear, the air-filled space behind the eardrum that contains the tiny vibrating bones of the ear. Children are more likely than adults to get ear infections. Ear infections frequently are painful because of inflammation and buildup of fluids in the middle ear. Because ear infections often...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/trichotillomania/symptoms-causes/syc-20355188?p=1

ew Trichotillomania (trik-o-til-o-MAY-nee-uh), also called hair-pulling disorder, is a mental disorder that involves recurrent, irresistible urges to pull out hair from your scalp, eyebrows or other areas of your body, despite trying to stop. Hair pulling from the scalp often leaves patchy bald spots, which causes significant distress and can interfere with social or work functioning. People wi...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/reactive-arthritis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354838?p=1

ew Reactive arthritis is joint pain and swelling triggered by an infection in another part of your body — most often your intestines, genitals or urinary tract. Reactive arthritis usually targets your knees and the joints of your ankles and feet. Inflammation also can affect your eyes, skin and urethra. Previously, reactive arthritis was sometimes called Reiter's syndrome, which was characteriz...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/typhoid-fever/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20378665?p=1

sis Medical and travel history Your doctor is likely to suspect typhoid fever based on your symptoms and your medical and travel history. But the diagnosis is usually confirmed by identifying Salmonella typhi in a culture of your blood or other body fluid or tissue. Body fluid or tissue culture For the culture, a small sample of your blood, stool, urine or bone marrow is placed on a special med...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/klinefelter-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353954?p=1

sis Your doctor will likely do a thorough physical exam and ask detailed questions about symptoms and health. This may include examining the genital area and chest, performing tests to check reflexes, and assessing development and functioning. The main tests used to diagnose Klinefelter syndrome are: Hormone testing. Blood or urine samples can reveal abnormal hormone levels that are a sign of K...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dry-skin/symptoms-causes/syc-20353885?p=1

ew Dry skin isn't usually serious, but it can be uncomfortable and unsightly. Serious dry skin conditions — an inherited group of disorders called ichthyosis — can sometimes be disfiguring and upsetting. Fortunately, most dry skin is caused by environmental factors that can be at least partially controlled. These factors include hot or cold weather, low humidity, and soaking in hot water. You c...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pseudocholinesterase-deficiency/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354545?p=1

ent If you have a family history of PD or a family member who has problems with anesthesia, tell your doctor prior to any surgery. You can prevent problems by being tested before using the drug. If you have PD, you may want to wear a medical bracelet identifying your condition. Tell family members to be tested prior to surgery as well. While there is no cure for PD, treatments are available. If...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rebound-headaches/symptoms-causes/syc-20377083?p=1

ew Rebound headaches (medication-overuse headaches) are caused by regular, long-term use of medication to treat headaches, such as migraine. Pain relievers offer relief for occasional headaches. But if you take them more than a couple of days a week, they may trigger rebound headaches. It appears that any medication taken for pain relief can cause rebound headaches, but only if you already have...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/jet-lag/symptoms-causes/syc-20374027?p=1

ew Jet lag, also called jet lag disorder, is a temporary sleep problem that can affect anyone who quickly travels across multiple time zones. Your body has its own internal clock, or circadian rhythms, that signals your body when to stay awake and when to sleep. Jet lag occurs because your body's clock is still synced to your original time zone, instead of to the time zone where you've traveled...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cerebral-palsy/symptoms-causes/syc-20353999?p=1

ew Cerebral palsy is a disorder of movement, muscle tone or posture that is caused by damage that occurs to the immature, developing brain, most often before birth. Signs and symptoms appear during infancy or preschool years. In general, cerebral palsy causes impaired movement associated with abnormal reflexes, floppiness or rigidity of the limbs and trunk, abnormal posture, involuntary movemen...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hamstring-injury/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372990?p=1

sis During the physical exam, your doctor will check for swelling and points of tenderness along the back of your thigh. The location and intensity of your pain can help determine the extent and nature of the damage. Your doctor might also move your injured leg into a variety of positions to help pinpoint which muscle has been injured and if you also have any ligament or tendon damage. Imaging ...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pulmonary-edema/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20377014?p=1

sis Because pulmonary edema requires prompt treatment, you'll initially be diagnosed on the basis of your symptoms and a physical exam, electrocardiogram and chest X-ray. Once your condition is more stable, your doctor will ask about your medical history, especially whether you have ever had cardiovascular or lung disease. Tests that may be done to diagnose pulmonary edema or to determine why y...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/adult-adhd/symptoms-causes/syc-20350878?p=1

ew Adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental health disorder that includes a combination of persistent problems, such as difficulty paying attention, hyperactivity and impulsive behavior. Adult ADHD can lead to unstable relationships, poor work or school performance, low self-esteem, and other problems. Though it's called adult ADHD, symptoms start in early childhood and...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cholecystitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20364867?p=1

ew Cholecystitis (ko-luh-sis-TIE-tis) is inflammation of the gallbladder. Your gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ on the right side of your abdomen, beneath your liver. The gallbladder holds a digestive fluid that's released into your small intestine (bile). In most cases, gallstones blocking the tube leading out of your gallbladder cause cholecystitis. This results in a bile buildup tha...