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About 2,808 results

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bladder-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20356109?p=1

sis Diagnosing bladder cancer Tests and procedures used to diagnose bladder cancer may include: Cystoscopy. To perform cystoscopy, your doctor inserts a small, narrow tube (cystoscope) through the urethra. The cystoscope has a lens that allows your doctor to see the inside of your urethra and bladder, to examine these structures for signs of disease. Biopsy. During cystoscopy, your doctor may p...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sheehans-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351852?p=1

sis Diagnosing Sheehan's syndrome can be difficult. Many of the symptoms overlap with those of other conditions. To diagnose Sheehan's, your doctor likely will: Collect a thorough medical history. It's important to mention any childbirth complications you've had, no matter how long ago you gave birth. Also, be sure to tell your doctor if you didn't produce breast milk or you failed to start men...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cluster-headache/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352084?p=1

sis Cluster headache has a characteristic type of pain and pattern of attacks. A diagnosis depends on your description of the attacks, including your pain, the location and severity of your headaches, and associated symptoms. How often your headaches occur and how long they last also are important factors. Your doctor will likely try to pinpoint the type and cause of your headache using certain...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/carcinoid-tumors/symptoms-causes/syc-20351039?p=1

ew Carcinoid tumors are a type of slow-growing cancer that can arise in several places throughout your body. Carcinoid tumors, which are one subset of tumors called neuroendocrine tumors, usually begin in the digestive tract (stomach, appendix, small intestine, colon, rectum) or in the lungs. Carcinoid tumors often don't cause signs and symptoms until late in the disease. Carcinoid tumors can p...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tetanus/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351631?p=1

sis Doctors diagnose tetanus based on a physical exam, medical and immunization history, and the signs and symptoms of muscle spasms, stiffness and pain. Laboratory tests generally aren't helpful for diagnosing tetanus. Treatment Since there's no cure for tetanus, treatment consists of wound care, medications to ease symptoms and supportive care. Wound care Cleaning the wound is essential to pr...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ewing-sarcoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351072?p=1

sis Typically, signs and symptoms lead parents to seek medical help for their child. Sometimes Ewing sarcoma is ultimately found when a child is brought in for treatment for what's thought to be a sprain or some other type of sports injury. Usually an X-ray shows a suspicious area. Then the doctor recommends one or more additional imaging tests to evaluate the area, such as: Computerized tomogr...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cholecystitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20364867?p=1

ew Cholecystitis (ko-luh-sis-TIE-tis) is inflammation of the gallbladder. Your gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ on the right side of your abdomen, beneath your liver. The gallbladder holds a digestive fluid that's released into your small intestine (bile). In most cases, gallstones blocking the tube leading out of your gallbladder cause cholecystitis. This results in a bile buildup tha...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteosarcoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351053?p=1

sis The first steps in seeking a diagnosis typically include a physical exam, discussion of medical history and lab tests. The doctor may recommend one or more of these imaging tests to locate the cancer and find out if it has spread: X-ray Computerized tomography (CT) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Positron emission tomography (PET) Bone scan Biopsy The doctor may recommend a procedure to re...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hairy-cell-leukemia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372962?p=1

sis To diagnose hairy cell leukemia, your doctor may recommend: Physical exam. By feeling your spleen — an oval-shaped organ on the left side of your upper abdomen — your doctor can determine if it's enlarged. An enlarged spleen may cause a sensation of fullness in your abdomen that makes it uncomfortable to eat. Your doctor may also check for enlarged lymph nodes that may contain leukemia cell...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vocal-cord-paralysis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20378878?p=1

sis Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and lifestyle, listen to your voice, and ask you how long you've had voice problems. To further evaluate your voice problems, the following tests may be performed: Laryngoscopy. Your doctor will look at your vocal cords using a mirror or a thin, flexible tube (known as a laryngoscope or endoscope) or both. You may also have a test called videostrobol...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lynch-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20374719?p=1

sis If it's suspected that you have Lynch syndrome, your doctor may ask you questions about your family history of colon cancer, endometrial cancer and other cancers. This may lead to other tests and procedures to diagnose Lynch syndrome. Family history Your doctor may refer you for further Lynch syndrome evaluation if you have: Multiple relatives with any Lynch-associated tumors, including col...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/adrenoleukodystrophy/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20369160?p=1

sis To diagnose ALD, your doctor will review your symptoms and your medical and family history. Your doctor will conduct a physical examination and order several tests, including: Blood testing. These tests check for high levels of very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) in your blood, which are a key indicator of adrenoleukodystrophy. Doctors use blood samples for genetic testing to identify defe...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/retinal-detachment/symptoms-causes/syc-20351344?p=1

ew Retinal detachment describes an emergency situation in which a thin layer of tissue (the retina) at the back of the eye pulls away from its normal position. Retinal detachment separates the retinal cells from the layer of blood vessels that provides oxygen and nourishment. The longer retinal detachment goes untreated, the greater your risk of permanent vision loss in the affected eye. Warnin...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vasculitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20363435?p=1

ew Vasculitis is inflammation of your blood vessels. It causes changes in the blood vessel walls, including thickening, weakening, narrowing or scarring. These changes can restrict blood flow, resulting in organ and tissue damage. There are many types of vasculitis, and most of them are rare. Vasculitis might affect just one organ, or several. The condition can be short term (acute) or long las...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/metachromatic-leukodystrophy/symptoms-causes/syc-20354733?p=1

ew Metachromatic leukodystrophy is a rare hereditary (genetic) disorder that causes fatty substances (lipids) to build up in your brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves. This buildup is caused by a deficiency of an enzyme that helps break down lipids. Your brain and nervous system progressively lose function. Rarely, a deficiency in another kind of protein (activator protein) causes metachrom...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/thoracic-aortic-aneurysm/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350193?p=1

sis Thoracic aortic aneurysms are often found during routine medical tests, such as a chest X-ray, CT scan, or ultrasound of the heart or abdomen, sometimes ordered for a different reason. If your doctor suspects that you have an aortic aneurysm, specialized tests can confirm it. These tests might include: Chest X-ray Your doctor may first suspect you have a thoracic aortic aneurysm by looking ...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/nonallergic-rhinitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20351229?p=1

ew Nonallergic rhinitis involves chronic sneezing or a congested, drippy nose with no apparent cause. The symptoms of nonallergic rhinitis are similar to those of hay fever (allergic rhinitis), but none of the usual evidence of an allergic reaction is present. Nonallergic rhinitis can affect children and adults, but is more common after age 20. Triggers of nonallergic rhinitis symptoms vary and...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/phantom-pain/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20376278?p=1

sis Although there's no medical test to diagnose phantom pain, doctors identify the condition based on your symptoms and the circumstances, such as trauma or surgery, which occurred before the pain started. Describing your pain precisely can help your doctor pinpoint your problem. Even though it's common to have phantom pain and residual limb pain at the same time, treatments for these two prob...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chondrosarcoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354197?p=1

sis Because most chondrosarcoma tumors grow so slowly, they may not be diagnosed for years. In some cases, tumors are discovered during imaging tests for unrelated problems. A biopsy may be needed to confirm the diagnosis. Imaging tests An X-ray may identify a suspicious area of bone for further examination. Other imaging tests, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computerized tomograp...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hodgkins-lymphoma/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352654?p=1

n's lymphoma care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic specialists provide expert, personalized care to those with Hodgkin's lymphoma, including very rare types of the disease. Your care team might include: Hematologists Pathologists Radiation oncologists Radiologists Bone marrow transplant specialists Surgeons Dermatologists If you have other health conditions that could be af...