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Water & Nutrition | Drinking Water | Healthy Water | CDC
https://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/drinking/nutrition/index.html

Oct 4th, 2016 - Education and information about camping water, hiking water, travel water, backcountry water treatment, safe drinking water, safe recreational water, drinking water treatment, emergency disinfection, sanitation, bottled water, travel diseases, travel illness, travel injury, nutrition, water and nutrition, and daily fluids.

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rebound-headaches/symptoms-causes/syc-20377083?p=1

ew Rebound headaches (medication-overuse headaches) are caused by regular, long-term use of medication to treat headaches, such as migraine. Pain relievers offer relief for occasional headaches. But if you take them more than a couple of days a week, they may trigger rebound headaches. It appears that any medication taken for pain relief can cause rebound headaches, but only if you already have...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/broken-ankle-broken-foot/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355498?p=1

sis During the physical exam, your doctor will check for points of tenderness in your foot and ankle. The precise location of your pain can help determine its cause. He or she may move your foot into different positions, to check your range of motion. You may be asked to walk for a short distance so that your doctor can examine your gait. Imaging tests If your signs and symptoms suggest a break...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dresslers-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20371815?p=1

sis Your doctor will conduct a thorough physical examination, including listening to your heart with a stethoscope. Certain characteristic sounds can indicate that your pericardium is inflamed or that fluid has accumulated around your heart. Your doctor might then recommend tests, such as: Echocardiogram. Sound waves produce an image of your heart, helping your doctor to see if fluid is collect...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hamstring-injury/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372990?p=1

sis During the physical exam, your doctor will check for swelling and points of tenderness along the back of your thigh. The location and intensity of your pain can help determine the extent and nature of the damage. Your doctor might also move your injured leg into a variety of positions to help pinpoint which muscle has been injured and if you also have any ligament or tendon damage. Imaging ...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dislocated-elbow/symptoms-causes/syc-20371688?p=1

ew A dislocated elbow occurs when the bones that make up the joint are forced out of alignment — typically when you land on an outstretched hand during a fall. The elbow is the second most commonly dislocated joint after the shoulder in adults, and the most commonly dislocated joint in children. Toddlers may experience a dislocated elbow, sometimes known as nursemaid's elbow, if they are lifted...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ewing-sarcoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351072?p=1

sis Typically, signs and symptoms lead parents to seek medical help for their child. Sometimes Ewing sarcoma is ultimately found when a child is brought in for treatment for what's thought to be a sprain or some other type of sports injury. Usually an X-ray shows a suspicious area. Then the doctor recommends one or more additional imaging tests to evaluate the area, such as: Computerized tomogr...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ards/symptoms-causes/syc-20355576?p=1

ew Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) occurs when fluid builds up in the tiny, elastic air sacs (alveoli) in your lungs. The fluid keeps your lungs from filling with enough air, which means less oxygen reaches your bloodstream. This deprives your organs of the oxygen they need to function. ARDS typically occurs in people who are already critically ill or who have significant injuries. S...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/primary-biliary-cholangitis-pbc/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20376880?p=1

sis Your doctor will ask you about your health history and your family's health history, and perform a physical exam. The following tests and procedures may be used to diagnose primary biliary cholangitis. Blood tests: Cholesterol test. More than half the people with primary biliary cholangitis have extreme increases in blood fats (lipids), including total cholesterol level. Liver tests. These ...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hemophilia/symptoms-causes/syc-20373327?p=1

ew Hemophilia is a rare disorder in which your blood doesn't clot normally because it lacks sufficient blood-clotting proteins (clotting factors). If you have hemophilia, you may bleed for a longer time after an injury than you would if your blood clotted normally. Small cuts usually aren't much of a problem. The greater health concern is deep bleeding inside your body, especially in your knees...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bed-sores/symptoms-causes/syc-20355893?p=1

ew Bedsores — also called pressure ulcers and decubitus ulcers — are injuries to skin and underlying tissue resulting from prolonged pressure on the skin. Bedsores most often develop on skin that covers bony areas of the body, such as the heels, ankles, hips and tailbone. People most at risk of bedsores are those with a medical condition that limits their ability to change positions or those wh...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ingrown-toenails/symptoms-causes/syc-20355903?p=1

ew Ingrown toenails are a common condition in which the corner or side of a toenail grows into the soft flesh. The result is pain, redness, swelling and, sometimes, an infection. Ingrown toenails usually affect your big toe. Often you can take care of ingrown toenails on your own. If the pain is severe or spreading, your doctor can take steps to relieve your discomfort and help you avoid compli...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hammertoe-and-mallet-toe/symptoms-causes/syc-20350839?p=1

ew Hammertoe and mallet toe are foot deformities that occur due to an imbalance in the muscles, tendons or ligaments that normally hold the toe straight. The type of shoes you wear, foot structure, trauma and certain disease processes can contribute to the development of these deformities. A hammertoe has an abnormal bend in the middle joint of a toe. Mallet toe affects the joint nearest the to...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteosarcoma/symptoms-causes/syc-20351052?p=1

ew Though rare, osteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer, which begins in cells that form bones. In very rare instances, it occurs in soft tissue outside the bone. Osteosarcoma is most often found in the long bones — more often the legs, but sometimes the arms — but it can start in any bone. Osteosarcoma tends to occur in teenagers and young adults, but it can also occur in younger c...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/achilles-tendon-rupture/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353239?p=1

sis During the physical exam, your doctor will inspect your lower leg for tenderness and swelling. Your doctor might be able to feel a gap in your tendon if it has ruptured completely. The doctor might ask you to kneel on a chair or lie on your stomach with your feet hanging over the end of the exam table. He or she might then squeeze your calf muscle to see if your foot will automatically flex...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bursitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20353242?p=1

ew Bursitis (bur-SY-tis) is a painful condition that affects the small, fluid-filled sacs — called bursae (bur-SEE) — that cushion the bones, tendons and muscles near your joints. Bursitis occurs when bursae become inflamed. The most common locations for bursitis are in the shoulder, elbow and hip. But you can also have bursitis by your knee, heel and the base of your big toe. Bursitis often oc...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dislocation/symptoms-causes/syc-20354113?p=1

ew A dislocation is an injury to a joint — a place where two or more bones come together — in which the ends of your bones are forced from their normal positions. This painful injury temporarily deforms and immobilizes your joint. Dislocation is most common in shoulders and fingers. Other sites include elbows, knees and hips. If you suspect a dislocation, seek prompt medical attention to return...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/concussion/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355600?p=1

sis Your doctor will evaluate your signs and symptoms, review your medical history, and conduct a neurological examination. Signs and symptoms of a concussion may not appear until hours or days after the injury. Tests your doctor may perform or recommend include: Neurological examination After your doctor asks detailed questions about your injury, he or she may perform a neurological examinatio...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/wrist-pain/symptoms-causes/syc-20366213?p=1

ew Wrist pain is often caused by sprains or fractures from sudden injuries. But wrist pain can also result from long-term problems, such as repetitive stress, arthritis and carpal tunnel syndrome. Because so many factors can lead to wrist pain, diagnosing the exact cause can be difficult, but an accurate diagnosis is essential for proper treatment and healing. Symptoms Wrist pain may vary, depe...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/shaken-baby-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20366641?p=1

sis A child who's been forcefully shaken may need to be examined by many different medical specialists, as well as an expert in child abuse. The doctor will examine the child and ask questions about his or her medical history. Various tests may be needed to detect injuries, including: Skeletal survey. Several X-rays of the bones — possibly including the arms, hands, legs, feet, spine, ribs and ...