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Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bladder-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20356109?p=1

sis Diagnosing bladder cancer Tests and procedures used to diagnose bladder cancer may include: Cystoscopy. To perform cystoscopy, your doctor inserts a small, narrow tube (cystoscope) through the urethra. The cystoscope has a lens that allows your doctor to see the inside of your urethra and bladder, to examine these structures for signs of disease. Biopsy. During cystoscopy, your doctor may p...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sheehans-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351852?p=1

sis Diagnosing Sheehan's syndrome can be difficult. Many of the symptoms overlap with those of other conditions. To diagnose Sheehan's, your doctor likely will: Collect a thorough medical history. It's important to mention any childbirth complications you've had, no matter how long ago you gave birth. Also, be sure to tell your doctor if you didn't produce breast milk or you failed to start men...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cluster-headache/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352084?p=1

sis Cluster headache has a characteristic type of pain and pattern of attacks. A diagnosis depends on your description of the attacks, including your pain, the location and severity of your headaches, and associated symptoms. How often your headaches occur and how long they last also are important factors. Your doctor will likely try to pinpoint the type and cause of your headache using certain...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/carcinoid-tumors/symptoms-causes/syc-20351039?p=1

ew Carcinoid tumors are a type of slow-growing cancer that can arise in several places throughout your body. Carcinoid tumors, which are one subset of tumors called neuroendocrine tumors, usually begin in the digestive tract (stomach, appendix, small intestine, colon, rectum) or in the lungs. Carcinoid tumors often don't cause signs and symptoms until late in the disease. Carcinoid tumors can p...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ewing-sarcoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351072?p=1

sis Typically, signs and symptoms lead parents to seek medical help for their child. Sometimes Ewing sarcoma is ultimately found when a child is brought in for treatment for what's thought to be a sprain or some other type of sports injury. Usually an X-ray shows a suspicious area. Then the doctor recommends one or more additional imaging tests to evaluate the area, such as: Computerized tomogr...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cholecystitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20364867?p=1

ew Cholecystitis (ko-luh-sis-TIE-tis) is inflammation of the gallbladder. Your gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ on the right side of your abdomen, beneath your liver. The gallbladder holds a digestive fluid that's released into your small intestine (bile). In most cases, gallstones blocking the tube leading out of your gallbladder cause cholecystitis. This results in a bile buildup tha...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteosarcoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351053?p=1

sis The first steps in seeking a diagnosis typically include a physical exam, discussion of medical history and lab tests. The doctor may recommend one or more of these imaging tests to locate the cancer and find out if it has spread: X-ray Computerized tomography (CT) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Positron emission tomography (PET) Bone scan Biopsy The doctor may recommend a procedure to re...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lynch-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20374719?p=1

sis If it's suspected that you have Lynch syndrome, your doctor may ask you questions about your family history of colon cancer, endometrial cancer and other cancers. This may lead to other tests and procedures to diagnose Lynch syndrome. Family history Your doctor may refer you for further Lynch syndrome evaluation if you have: Multiple relatives with any Lynch-associated tumors, including col...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chondrosarcoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354197?p=1

sis Because most chondrosarcoma tumors grow so slowly, they may not be diagnosed for years. In some cases, tumors are discovered during imaging tests for unrelated problems. A biopsy may be needed to confirm the diagnosis. Imaging tests An X-ray may identify a suspicious area of bone for further examination. Other imaging tests, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computerized tomograp...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hodgkins-lymphoma/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352654?p=1

n's lymphoma care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic specialists provide expert, personalized care to those with Hodgkin's lymphoma, including very rare types of the disease. Your care team might include: Hematologists Pathologists Radiation oncologists Radiologists Bone marrow transplant specialists Surgeons Dermatologists If you have other health conditions that could be af...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteosarcoma/symptoms-causes/syc-20351052?p=1

ew Though rare, osteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer, which begins in cells that form bones. In very rare instances, it occurs in soft tissue outside the bone. Osteosarcoma is most often found in the long bones — more often the legs, but sometimes the arms — but it can start in any bone. Osteosarcoma tends to occur in teenagers and young adults, but it can also occur in younger c...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dysphagia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372033?p=1

sis Your doctor will likely perform a physical examination and may use a variety of tests to determine the cause of your swallowing problem. Tests may include: X-ray with a contrast material (barium X-ray). You drink a barium solution that coats your esophagus, allowing it to show up better on X-rays. Your doctor can then see changes in the shape of your esophagus and can assess the muscular ac...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/brain-metastases/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20350143?p=1

metastases care at Mayo Clinic Team approach People who come to Mayo Clinic for brain metastases diagnosis and treatment will be cared for by a multidisciplinary team. Your treatment team may include neurologists, neuroradiologists, neuropathologists, neurosurgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, rehabilitation specialists and other professionals as needed. Your doctors work togeth...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rectal-cancer/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352891?p=1

linic's approach to rectal cancer care Your Mayo Clinic care team Specialists in medical oncology, colon and rectal surgery, and radiation oncology collaborate in planning and delivering your care. These experts work closely with other patient-care specialists, including pharmacists, nurses, educators and dietitians, to deliver high-quality care in a supportive environment. Your doctors will di...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/salivary-gland-cancer/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20354160?p=1

ry gland tumor care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic specialists provide expert, personalized care to people with salivary gland tumors. Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, ear, nose and throat specialists (otorhinolaryngologists) form a multidisciplinary team with radiation oncologists, medical oncologists, pathologists, radiologists, oral and maxillofacial surgeons, plastic and reconstructiv...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/acoustic-neuroma/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20356135?p=1

ic neuroma care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic ear, nose and throat and hearing surgeons (neuro-otologists), neurologists, and neurosurgeons work with doctors trained in brain and nervous system tumor treatment (neuro-oncologists), radiation therapy (radiation oncologists), imaging (radiologists), and other areas to evaluate and treat your condition. Hearing specialists (...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/acoustic-neuroma/symptoms-causes/syc-20356127?p=1

ew Acoustic neuroma, also known as vestibular schwannoma, is a noncancerous and usually slow-growing tumor that develops on the main (vestibular) nerve leading from your inner ear to your brain. Branches of this nerve directly influence your balance and hearing, and pressure from an acoustic neuroma can cause hearing loss, ringing in your ear and unsteadiness. Acoustic neuroma usually arises fr...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/liposarcoma/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352637?p=1

rcoma care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic specialists provide personalized, whole-person care to those with liposarcoma. Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, oncologists, radiation oncologists, general surgeons, orthopedic surgeons, pathologists and radiologists work as a multidisciplinary team to care for people with liposarcoma. Other professionals are included as needed. Advanced diagnosis...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/amnesia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353366?p=1

sis To diagnose amnesia, a doctor will do a comprehensive evaluation to rule out other possible causes of memory loss, such as Alzheimer's disease, other forms of dementia, depression or a brain tumor. Medical history The evaluation starts with a detailed medical history. Because the person with memory loss may not be able to provide thorough information, a family member, friend or another care...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pancreatic-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355427?p=1

sis If your doctor suspects pancreatic cancer, he or she may have you undergo one or more of the following tests: Imaging tests that create pictures of your internal organs. These tests help your doctors visualize your internal organs, including the pancreas. Techniques used to diagnose pancreatic cancer include ultrasound, computerized tomography (CT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) an...