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COVID-19: At-Home Testing
https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/testing/at-home-testing.html
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Feb 15th, 2021 - You and your healthcare provider might consider either an at-home collection kit or an at-home test if you have signs and symptoms of COVID-19 and if you can’t get tested by a healthcare provider. At-home collection kits and tests are available either by prescription or over the counter in a pharmacy or retail store without a prescription. Currently available at-home tests look for current i...

Hydrocephalus | Cleveland Clin
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17111-hydrocephalus

The Mission of the Cleveland Clinic Aging Brain Clinic Aging patients… to provide comprehensive integrated diagnostic and therapeutic care for the mental function of aging and elderly individuals. Basic brain research… to perform basic and transitional research on the aging brain. Clinical advances… to develop and perform clinical research trials to benefit the maturing brain. Patient’s Guide t...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bed-wetting/symptoms-causes/syc-20366685?p=1

ew Bed-wetting — also called nighttime incontinence or nocturnal enuresis — is involuntary urination while asleep after the age at which staying dry at night can be reasonably expected. Soggy sheets and pajamas — and an embarrassed child — are a familiar scene in many homes. But don't despair. Bed-wetting isn't a sign of toilet training gone bad. It's often just a normal part of a child's devel...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ear-infections/symptoms-causes/syc-20351616?p=1

ew An ear infection (acute otitis media) is most often a bacterial or viral infection that affects the middle ear, the air-filled space behind the eardrum that contains the tiny vibrating bones of the ear. Children are more likely than adults to get ear infections. Ear infections frequently are painful because of inflammation and buildup of fluids in the middle ear. Because ear infections often...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/reactive-arthritis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354838?p=1

ew Reactive arthritis is joint pain and swelling triggered by an infection in another part of your body — most often your intestines, genitals or urinary tract. Reactive arthritis usually targets your knees and the joints of your ankles and feet. Inflammation also can affect your eyes, skin and urethra. Previously, reactive arthritis was sometimes called Reiter's syndrome, which was characteriz...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/typhoid-fever/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20378665?p=1

sis Medical and travel history Your doctor is likely to suspect typhoid fever based on your symptoms and your medical and travel history. But the diagnosis is usually confirmed by identifying Salmonella typhi in a culture of your blood or other body fluid or tissue. Body fluid or tissue culture For the culture, a small sample of your blood, stool, urine or bone marrow is placed on a special med...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sty/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20378022?p=1

sis Your doctor will usually diagnose a sty just by looking at your eyelid. Your doctor may use a light and a magnifying device to examine your eyelid. Treatment In most cases, a sty doesn't require specific treatment. A sty typically goes away on its own. Recurrences are common. For a sty that persists, your doctor may recommend treatments, such as: Antibiotics. Your doctor may prescribe antib...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/plague/symptoms-causes/syc-20351291?p=1

ew Plague is a serious bacterial infection that's transmitted by fleas. Known as the Black Death during medieval times, today plague occurs in fewer than 5,000 people a year worldwide. It can be deadly if not treated promptly with antibiotics. The organism that causes plague, Yersinia pestis, lives in small rodents found most commonly in rural and semirural areas of Africa, Asia and the United ...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ringworm-scalp/symptoms-causes/syc-20354918?p=1

ew Ringworm of the scalp (tinea capitis) is a fungal infection of the scalp and hair shafts. The signs and symptoms of ringworm of the scalp may vary, but it usually appears as itchy, scaly, bald patches on the head. Ringworm of the scalp, a highly contagious infection, is most common in toddlers and school-age children. Treatment for ringworm of the scalp includes medications taken by mouth to...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/crohns-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353309?p=1

sis Your doctor will likely diagnose Crohn's disease only after ruling out other possible causes for your signs and symptoms. There is no one test to diagnose Crohn's disease. Your doctor will likely use a combination of tests to help confirm a diagnosis of Crohn's disease, including: Blood tests Tests for anemia or infection. Your doctor may suggest blood tests to check for anemia — a conditio...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rotavirus/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351306?p=1

sis Rotavirus is often diagnosed based on symptoms and a physical exam. A stool sample may be analyzed in a lab to confirm the diagnosis. Treatment There's no specific treatment for a rotavirus infection. Antibiotics and antivirals won't help a rotavirus infection. Usually, the infection resolves within three to seven days. Preventing dehydration is the biggest concern. To prevent dehydration w...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tetanus/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351631?p=1

sis Doctors diagnose tetanus based on a physical exam, medical and immunization history, and the signs and symptoms of muscle spasms, stiffness and pain. Laboratory tests generally aren't helpful for diagnosing tetanus. Treatment Since there's no cure for tetanus, treatment consists of wound care, medications to ease symptoms and supportive care. Wound care Cleaning the wound is essential to pr...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chickenpox/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351287?p=1

sis Doctors generally diagnose chickenpox based on the telltale rash. If there's any doubt about the diagnosis, chickenpox can be confirmed with laboratory tests, including blood tests or a culture of lesion samples. Treatment In otherwise healthy children, chickenpox typically requires no medical treatment. Your doctor may prescribe an antihistamine to relieve itching. But for the most part, t...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/endocarditis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352582?p=1

sis Your doctor may suspect endocarditis based on your medical history, signs and symptoms you're experiencing, and your test results. A diagnosis of endocarditis is usually based on several factors instead of a single positive test result or symptom. Your doctor may order several tests to help make a positive diagnosis, including: Blood tests. A blood culture test is used to identify any bacte...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/addisons-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350296?p=1

sis Your doctor will talk to you first about your medical history and your signs and symptoms. If your doctor thinks that you may have Addison's disease, you may undergo some of the following tests: Blood test. Measuring your blood levels of sodium, potassium, cortisol and ACTH gives your doctor an initial indication of whether adrenal insufficiency may be causing your signs and symptoms. A blo...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ards/symptoms-causes/syc-20355576?p=1

ew Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) occurs when fluid builds up in the tiny, elastic air sacs (alveoli) in your lungs. The fluid keeps your lungs from filling with enough air, which means less oxygen reaches your bloodstream. This deprives your organs of the oxygen they need to function. ARDS typically occurs in people who are already critically ill or who have significant injuries. S...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cholecystitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20364867?p=1

ew Cholecystitis (ko-luh-sis-TIE-tis) is inflammation of the gallbladder. Your gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ on the right side of your abdomen, beneath your liver. The gallbladder holds a digestive fluid that's released into your small intestine (bile). In most cases, gallstones blocking the tube leading out of your gallbladder cause cholecystitis. This results in a bile buildup tha...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/measles/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20374862?p=1

sis Your doctor can usually diagnose measles based on the disease's characteristic rash as well as a small, bluish-white spot on a bright red background — Koplik's spot — on the inside lining of the cheek. However, many doctors have never seen measles, and the rash can be confused with a number of other illnesses. If necessary, a blood test can confirm whether the rash is truly measles. Treatme...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/enlarged-spleen/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354331?p=1

sis An enlarged spleen is usually detected during a physical exam. Your doctor can often feel it by gently examining your left upper abdomen. However, in some people — especially those who are slender — a healthy, normal-sized spleen can sometimes be felt during an exam. Your doctor may confirm the diagnosis of an enlarged spleen with one or more of these tests: Blood tests, such as a complete ...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chronic-granulomatous-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355818?p=1

sis To diagnose chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), your doctor will review your family and medical history and conduct a physical examination. Your doctor may order several tests to diagnose CGD, including: Neutrophil function tests. Your doctor may conduct a dihydrorhodamine 123 (DHR) test or other tests to see how well a type of white blood cell (neutrophil) in your blood is functioning. Do...