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Stroke | Cleveland Clin
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17518-stroke

What is a stroke? A stroke, sometimes called a "brain attack," occurs when blood flow to an area in the brain is cut off. The brain cells, deprived of the oxygen and glucose needed to survive, die. If not caught early, permanent brain damage can result. How does a stroke occur? There are two types of stroke. Ischemic stroke is similar to a heart attack, except it occurs in the blood vessels of ...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pulmonary-edema/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20377014?p=1

sis Because pulmonary edema requires prompt treatment, you'll initially be diagnosed on the basis of your symptoms and a physical exam, electrocardiogram and chest X-ray. Once your condition is more stable, your doctor will ask about your medical history, especially whether you have ever had cardiovascular or lung disease. Tests that may be done to diagnose pulmonary edema or to determine why y...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/transient-ischemic-attack/symptoms-causes/syc-20355679?p=1

ew A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is like a stroke, producing similar symptoms, but usually lasting only a few minutes and causing no permanent damage. Often called a ministroke, a transient ischemic attack may be a warning. About 1 in 3 people who have a transient ischemic attack will eventually have a stroke, with about half occurring within a year after the transient ischemic attack. A tr...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/buergers-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350664?p=1

sis While no tests can confirm whether you have Buerger's disease, your doctor will likely order tests to rule out other more common conditions or confirm suspicion of Buerger's disease brought on by your signs and symptoms. Tests may include: Blood tests Blood tests to look for certain substances can rule out other conditions that may cause similar signs and symptoms. For instance, blood tests...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/polymyalgia-rheumatica/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20376545?p=1

sis A physical exam, including joint and neurological exams, and test results can help your doctor determine the cause of your pain and stiffness. During the exam, he or she might gently move your head and limbs to assess your range of motion. Your doctor might reassess your diagnosis as your treatment progresses. Some people initially given a diagnosis of polymyalgia rheumatica are later recla...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353716?p=1

sis To diagnose spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD), your doctor may review your signs and symptoms, and order several tests. The tests are similar to those used to evaluate other heart attacks, such as electrocardiograms and blood tests to detect blood damage. If a heart attack is suspected or diagnosed, it is typically confirmed by taking images of your arteries to look for signs of...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/carotid-artery-disease/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20360532?p=1

d artery disease care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic carotid artery disease care brings together neurologists and neurosurgeons as well as cardiologists, vascular and endovascular surgeons, and neuroradiologists, working together to provide comprehensive, individualized diagnosis and treatment. Collaboration within a single setting of such diverse, specialized expertise —...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/renal-artery-stenosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20352777?p=1

ew Renal artery stenosis is the narrowing of one or more arteries that carry blood to your kidneys (renal arteries). Narrowing of the arteries prevents normal amounts of oxygen-rich blood from reaching your kidneys. Your kidneys need adequate blood flow to help filter waste products and remove excess fluids. Reduced blood flow may increase blood pressure in your whole body (systemic blood press...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pericarditis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352514?p=1

sis Your doctor likely will start by taking your medical history and asking questions about your chest pain and other symptoms. As part of your initial evaluation, your doctor will also perform a physical exam and check your heart sounds. While listening to your heart, your doctor will place a stethoscope on your chest to check for the sounds characteristic of pericarditis, which are made when ...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chronic-kidney-disease/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20354531?p=1

c kidney disease care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, nephrologists and hypertension specialists work closely with other specialists, including cardiologists, endocrinologists, pharmacists, nurses, educators and dietitians to deliver high-quality, cost-effective care to people who have chronic kidney disease. This means that you're not getting just one opinion — you be...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/end-stage-renal-disease/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20354542?p=1

age renal disease care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, nephrologists and hypertension specialists work closely with other specialists, including cardiologists, endocrinologists, pharmacists, nurses, educators and dietitians to deliver high-quality, cost-effective care to people who have end-stage renal disease. This means that you're not getting just one opinion — you ...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sex-headaches/symptoms-causes/syc-20377477?p=1

ew Sex headaches are brought on by sexual activity — especially an orgasm. You may notice a dull ache in your head and neck that builds up as sexual excitement increases. Or, more commonly, you may experience a sudden, severe headache just before or during orgasm. Most sex headaches are nothing to worry about. But some can be a sign of something serious, such as problems with the blood vessels ...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/mitral-valve-stenosis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353165?p=1

sis Your doctor will ask about your medical history and give you a physical examination that includes listening to your heart through a stethoscope. Mitral valve stenosis causes an abnormal heart sound, called a heart murmur. Your doctor also will listen to your lungs to check lung congestion — a buildup of fluid in your lungs — that can occur with mitral valve stenosis. Your doctor will then d...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/carotid-artery-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20360527?p=1

sis Your doctor is likely to start with a thorough medical history and physical examination. The exam generally includes listening for a swooshing sound (bruit) over the carotid artery in your neck, a sound that's characteristic of a narrowed artery. Your doctor may then test your physical and mental capabilities such as strength, memory and speech. After that, your doctor may recommend: Ultras...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tetralogy-of-fallot/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353482?p=1

sis Your or your baby's doctor might suspect tetralogy of Fallot if he or she notices you or your baby has blue-tinged skin or a heart murmur — an abnormal whooshing sound caused by turbulent blood flow. Your or your baby's cardiologist will conduct a physical examination and use several tests to confirm the diagnosis. Tests may include: Echocardiography. Echocardiograms use high-pitched sound ...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pulmonary-valve-stenosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20377034?p=1

ew Pulmonary valve stenosis is a condition in which a deformity on or near your pulmonary valve narrows the pulmonary valve opening and slows the blood flow. The pulmonary valve is located between the lower right heart chamber (right ventricle) and the pulmonary arteries. Adults occasionally have pulmonary valve stenosis as a complication of another illness, but mostly, pulmonary valve stenosis...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/fibromuscular-dysplasia/symptoms-causes/syc-20352144?p=1

ew Fibromuscular dysplasia is a condition that causes narrowing (stenosis) and enlargement (aneurysm) of the medium-sized arteries in your body. Reduced blood flow from narrowed arteries to the organs can affect the function of the organs. Fibromuscular dysplasia appears most commonly in the arteries leading to the kidneys. Fibromuscular dysplasia can also affect the arteries leading to your br...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/renal-artery-stenosis/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352785?p=1

artery stenosis care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic doctors trained in kidney diseases and high blood pressure (nephrology and hypertension), vascular and endovascular surgery, diagnostic and therapeutic (interventional) radiology, heart and blood vessel diseases (cardiovascular diseases), and vascular medicine work together to evaluate and treat people with renal artery ...

Overview - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/double-outlet-right-ventricle/cdc-20389537?p=1

-outlet right ventricle In double-outlet right ventricle (DORV) — a heart condition present at birth (congenital) — the main artery that carries blood from the heart to the body (aorta) and the artery that directs blood from the heart to the lungs (pulmonary artery) are partially or completely connected to the lower right heart chamber (right ventricle). Sometimes these blood vessels are also r...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ventricular-fibrillation/diagnosis-treatment/syc-20364524?p=1

sis Ventricular fibrillation is always diagnosed in an emergency situation. Your doctors will know if you're in ventricular fibrillation based on results from: Heart monitoring. A heart monitor that will read the electrical impulses that make your heart beat will show that your heart is beating erratically or not at all. Pulse check. In ventricular fibrillation, there will be no pulse. Tests to...