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About 130 results

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cerebral-palsy/symptoms-causes/syc-20353999?p=1

ew Cerebral palsy is a disorder of movement, muscle tone or posture that is caused by damage that occurs to the immature, developing brain, most often before birth. Signs and symptoms appear during infancy or preschool years. In general, cerebral palsy causes impaired movement associated with abnormal reflexes, floppiness or rigidity of the limbs and trunk, abnormal posture, involuntary movemen...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cerebral-palsy/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354005?p=1

sis If your family doctor or pediatrician suspects your child has cerebral palsy, he or she will evaluate your child's signs and symptoms, review your child's medical history, and conduct a physical evaluation. Your doctor may refer you to a specialist trained in treating children with brain and nervous system conditions (pediatric neurologist). Your doctor will also order a series of tests to ...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ataxia/symptoms-causes/syc-20355652?p=1

ew Ataxia describes a lack of muscle control or coordination of voluntary movements, such as walking or picking up objects. A sign of an underlying condition, ataxia can affect various movements, creating difficulties with speech, eye movement and swallowing. Persistent ataxia usually results from damage to the part of your brain that controls muscle coordination (cerebellum). Many conditions c...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/horner-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20373547?p=1

ew Horner syndrome is a combination of signs and symptoms caused by the disruption of a nerve pathway from the brain to the face and eye on one side of the body. Typically, Horner syndrome results in a decreased pupil size, a drooping eyelid and decreased sweating on the affected side of your face. Horner syndrome is the result of another medical problem, such as a stroke, tumor or spinal cord ...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cerebral-palsy/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20354009?p=1

al palsy care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic neurologists, pediatric neurologists, neurosurgeons, orthopedic surgeons, physical medicine and rehabilitation specialists as well as other health care professionals work together to diagnose and treat children and adults with cerebral palsy. Doctors collaborate with therapists, nurses, dietitians, physical and occupational the...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/toe-walking/symptoms-causes/syc-20378410?p=1

ew Walking on the toes or the balls of the feet, also known as toe walking, is fairly common in children who are just beginning to walk. Most children outgrow it. Kids who continue toe walking beyond the toddler years often do so out of habit. As long as your child is growing and developing normally, toe walking is unlikely to be a cause for concern. Toe walking sometimes can result from certai...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rett-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20377233?p=1

sis Diagnosing Rett syndrome involves careful observation of your child's growth and development and answering questions about medical and family history. The diagnosis is usually considered when slowing of head growth is noticed or loss of skills or developmental milestones occur. For a diagnosis of Rett syndrome, other conditions with similar symptoms must be ruled out. Evaluating other cause...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/toe-walking/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20378414?p=1

sis Toe walking can be observed during a physical exam. In some cases, the doctor may do a gait analysis or an exam known as electromyography (EMG). During an EMG, a thin needle with an electrode is inserted into a muscle in the leg. The electrode measures the electrical activity in the affected nerve or muscle. If the doctor suspects a condition such as cerebral palsy or autism, he or she may ...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/progressive-supranuclear-palsy/symptoms-causes/syc-20355659?p=1

ew Progressive supranuclear palsy, also called Steele-Richardson-Olszewski syndrome, is an uncommon brain disorder that causes serious problems with walking, balance and eye movements. The disorder results from deterioration of cells in areas of your brain that control body movement and thinking. Progressive supranuclear palsy worsens over time and can lead to life-threatening complications, su...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/progressive-supranuclear-palsy/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355664?p=1

sis Progressive supranuclear palsy can be difficult to diagnose because signs and symptoms are similar to those of Parkinson's disease. Indications that you have progressive supranuclear palsy rather than Parkinson's disease include: A lack of shaking (tremors) A poor response to Parkinson's medications Difficulty moving your eyes, particularly downward Your doctor may recommend MRI to determin...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bells-palsy/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20370034?p=1

sis There's no specific test for Bell's palsy. Your doctor will look at your face and ask you to move your facial muscles by closing your eyes, lifting your brow, showing your teeth and frowning, among other movements. Other conditions — such as a stroke, infections, Lyme disease and tumors — can also cause facial muscle weakness, mimicking Bell's palsy. If the cause of your symptoms isn't clea...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/movement-disorders/symptoms-causes/syc-20363893?p=1

ew The term "movement disorders" refers to a group of nervous system (neurological) conditions that cause abnormal increased movements, which may be voluntary or involuntary. Movement disorders can also cause reduced or slow movements. Common types of movement disorders include: Ataxia. This movement disorder affects the part of the brain that controls coordinated movement (cerebellum). Ataxia ...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/movement-disorders/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20363925?p=1

nt disorders care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic neurologists, neurosurgeons and other doctors trained in movement disorders work together to determine the most appropriate treatment for your condition. You can trust Mayo specialists to collaborate and offer you the best possible outcomes, safety and service. Mayo Clinic doctors treat a wide range of movement disorders, i...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lyme-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20374651?p=1

ew Lyme disease is caused by four main species of bacteria. Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii cause Lyme disease in the United States, while Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii are the leading causes in Europe and Asia. The most common tick-borne illness in these regions, Lyme disease is transmitted by the bite of an infected black-legged tick, commonly known as a deer tick. You're mo...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pediatric-sleep-apnea/symptoms-causes/syc-20376196?p=1

ew Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea is a sleep disorder in which your child's breathing is partially or completely blocked repeatedly during sleep. The condition is due to narrowing or blockage of the upper airway during sleep. There are differences between pediatric obstructive sleep apnea and adult sleep apnea. While adults usually have daytime sleepiness, children are more likely to have be...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dysarthria/symptoms-causes/syc-20371994?p=1

ew Dysarthria is a condition in which the muscles you use for speech are weak or you have difficulty controlling them. Dysarthria often is characterized by slurred or slow speech that can be difficult to understand. Common causes of dysarthria include nervous system (neurological) disorders such as stroke, brain injury, brain tumors, and conditions that cause facial paralysis or tongue or throa...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ataxia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355655?p=1

sis If you have ataxia, your doctor will look for a treatable cause. Besides conducting a physical exam and a neurological exam, including checking your memory and concentration, vision, hearing, balance, coordination, and reflexes, your doctor might request laboratory tests, including: Imaging studies. A CT scan or MRI of your brain might help determine potential causes. An MRI can sometimes s...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/progressive-supranuclear-palsy/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20355668?p=1

ssive supranuclear palsy care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team. Specialists trained in neurology, speech pathology and movement disorders work together to diagnose and treat people with progressive supranuclear palsy at Mayo Clinic. Clinical experience. Progressive supranuclear palsy is very rare, affecting only three to six people in every 100,000 worldwide. Mayo Clinic doctors treat ...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pediatric-sleep-apnea/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20376206?p=1

ric obstructive sleep apnea care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic doctors who treat children for pediatric obstructive sleep apnea are pediatricians and pediatric subspecialists with extensive expertise in sleep medicine. Pediatric sleep services are offered through the Center for Sleep Medicine at Mayo Clinic's campus in Minnesota. The center is fully accredited by the Ame...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ectropion/symptoms-causes/syc-20351164?p=1

ew Ectropion (ek-TROH-pee-on) is a condition in which your eyelid turns outward. This leaves the inner eyelid surface exposed and prone to irritation. Ectropion is more common in older adults, and it generally affects only the lower eyelid. In severe ectropion, the entire length of the eyelid is turned out. In less severe ectropion, only one segment of the eyelid sags away from the eye. Artific...