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About 642 results

Stroke | Cleveland Clin
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17518-stroke

What is a stroke? A stroke, sometimes called a "brain attack," occurs when blood flow to an area in the brain is cut off. The brain cells, deprived of the oxygen and glucose needed to survive, die. If not caught early, permanent brain damage can result. How does a stroke occur? There are two types of stroke. Ischemic stroke is similar to a heart attack, except it occurs in the blood vessels of ...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/klinefelter-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353954?p=1

sis Your doctor will likely do a thorough physical exam and ask detailed questions about symptoms and health. This may include examining the genital area and chest, performing tests to check reflexes, and assessing development and functioning. The main tests used to diagnose Klinefelter syndrome are: Hormone testing. Blood or urine samples can reveal abnormal hormone levels that are a sign of K...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cerebral-palsy/symptoms-causes/syc-20353999?p=1

ew Cerebral palsy is a disorder of movement, muscle tone or posture that is caused by damage that occurs to the immature, developing brain, most often before birth. Signs and symptoms appear during infancy or preschool years. In general, cerebral palsy causes impaired movement associated with abnormal reflexes, floppiness or rigidity of the limbs and trunk, abnormal posture, involuntary movemen...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/transient-ischemic-attack/symptoms-causes/syc-20355679?p=1

ew A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is like a stroke, producing similar symptoms, but usually lasting only a few minutes and causing no permanent damage. Often called a ministroke, a transient ischemic attack may be a warning. About 1 in 3 people who have a transient ischemic attack will eventually have a stroke, with about half occurring within a year after the transient ischemic attack. A tr...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/botulism/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20370266?p=1

sis To diagnose botulism, your doctor will check you for signs of muscle weakness or paralysis, such as drooping eyelids and a weak voice. Your doctor will also ask about the foods you've eaten in the past few days, and ask if you may have been exposed to the bacteria through a wound. In cases of possible infant botulism, the doctor may ask if the child has eaten honey recently and has had cons...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vocal-cord-paralysis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20378878?p=1

sis Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and lifestyle, listen to your voice, and ask you how long you've had voice problems. To further evaluate your voice problems, the following tests may be performed: Laryngoscopy. Your doctor will look at your vocal cords using a mirror or a thin, flexible tube (known as a laryngoscope or endoscope) or both. You may also have a test called videostrobol...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/parkinsons-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20376062?p=1

sis No specific test exists to diagnose Parkinson's disease. Your doctor trained in nervous system conditions (neurologist) will diagnose Parkinson's disease based on your medical history, a review of your signs and symptoms, and a neurological and physical examination. Your doctor may suggest a specific single-photon emission computerized tomography SPECT scan called a dopamine transporter (DA...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/wilsons-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20353251?p=1

ew Wilson's disease is a rare inherited disorder that causes copper to accumulate in your liver, brain and other vital organs. Most people with Wilson's disease are diagnosed between the ages of 5 and 35, but it can affect younger and older people, as well. Copper plays a key role in the development of healthy nerves, bones, collagen and the skin pigment melanin. Normally, copper is absorbed fr...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dysphagia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372033?p=1

sis Your doctor will likely perform a physical examination and may use a variety of tests to determine the cause of your swallowing problem. Tests may include: X-ray with a contrast material (barium X-ray). You drink a barium solution that coats your esophagus, allowing it to show up better on X-rays. Your doctor can then see changes in the shape of your esophagus and can assess the muscular ac...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/triple-x-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20350977?p=1

ew Triple X syndrome, also called trisomy X, is a genetic disorder that affects about 1 in 1,000 females. Females normally have two X chromosomes in all cells — one X chromosome from each parent. In triple X syndrome, a female has three X chromosomes. Many girls and women with triple X syndrome have no symptoms or only mild symptoms. In other cases, symptoms may be more pronounced — possibly in...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/frontotemporal-dementia/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20354745?p=1

temporal dementia care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Teamwork At Mayo Clinic, an integrated team of doctors trained in nervous system conditions (neurologists), nervous system and mental health conditions (neuropsychologists), nervous system conditions and radiology (neuroradiologists), speech and language (speech-language pathologists), sleep medicine, and physical medicine and reh...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cirrhosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20351487?p=1

ew Cirrhosis is a late stage of scarring (fibrosis) of the liver caused by many forms of liver diseases and conditions, such as hepatitis and chronic alcoholism. The liver carries out several necessary functions, including detoxifying harmful substances in your body, cleaning your blood and making vital nutrients. Cirrhosis occurs in response to damage to your liver. Each time your liver is inj...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cavernous-malformations/symptoms-causes/syc-20360941?p=1

ew Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are abnormally formed blood vessels. As opposed to other kinds of hemangiomas, CCM vessels, which have the appearance of a small mulberry, develop and create problems in the brain or spinal cord. These malformations, which can vary in size from 2 millimeters to several centimeters in diameter, may be hereditary but most often occur on their own. CCMs m...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cerebral-palsy/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354005?p=1

sis If your family doctor or pediatrician suspects your child has cerebral palsy, he or she will evaluate your child's signs and symptoms, review your child's medical history, and conduct a physical evaluation. Your doctor may refer you to a specialist trained in treating children with brain and nervous system conditions (pediatric neurologist). Your doctor will also order a series of tests to ...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/aphasia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20369523?p=1

sis Your doctor will likely give you a physical and a neurological exam, test your strength, feeling and reflexes, and listen to your heart and the vessels in your neck. He or she will likely request an imaging test, usually an MRI, to quickly identify what's causing the aphasia. You'll also likely undergo tests and informal observations to assess your language skills, such as the ability to: N...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/childhood-schizophrenia/symptoms-causes/syc-20354483?p=1

ew Childhood schizophrenia is an uncommon but severe mental disorder in which children interpret reality abnormally. Schizophrenia involves a range of problems with thinking (cognitive), behavior or emotions. It may result in some combination of hallucinations, delusions, and extremely disordered thinking and behavior that impairs your child's ability to function. Childhood schizophrenia is ess...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/intracranial-hematoma/symptoms-causes/syc-20356145?p=1

ew An intracranial hematoma is a collection of blood within the skull, most commonly caused by rupture of a blood vessel within the brain or from trauma such as a car accident or fall. The blood collection can be within the brain tissue or underneath the skull, pressing on the brain. Although some head injuries — such as one that causes only a brief lapse of consciousness (concussion) — can be ...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hypothermia/symptoms-causes/syc-20352682?p=1

ew Hypothermia is a medical emergency that occurs when your body loses heat faster than it can produce heat, causing a dangerously low body temperature. Normal body temperature is around 98.6 F (37 C). Hypothermia (hi-poe-THUR-me-uh) occurs as your body temperature falls below 95 F (35 C). When your body temperature drops, your heart, nervous system and other organs can't work normally. Left un...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/multiple-sclerosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20350269?p=1

ew Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a potentially disabling disease of the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system). In MS, the immune system attacks the protective sheath (myelin) that covers nerve fibers and causes communication problems between your brain and the rest of your body. Eventually, the disease can cause the nerves themselves to deteriorate or become permanently damaged. Signs and...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/noonan-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354428?p=1

sis A diagnosis of Noonan syndrome is usually made after a doctor observes some key signs, but this can be difficult because some features are subtle and hard to identify. Sometimes, Noonan syndrome isn't diagnosed until adulthood, only after a person has a child who is more obviously affected by the condition. Molecular genetic testing can help confirm a diagnosis. If there's evidence of heart...