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Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) Patient Version
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK65917/
NIH PDQ Cancer Information Summaries; PDQ Adult Treatment Editorial Board.

Oct 15th, 2019 - This PDQ cancer information summary has current information about the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer. It is meant to inform and help patients, families, and caregivers. It does not give formal guidelines or recommendations for making decisions about health care. NSCLC

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version
https://www.cancer.gov/types/lung/patient/non-small-cell-lung-treatment-pdq
Cancer.gov National Cancer Institute

Oct 15th, 2019 - General Information About Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer NSCLC

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bladder-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20356109?p=1

sis Diagnosing bladder cancer Tests and procedures used to diagnose bladder cancer may include: Cystoscopy. To perform cystoscopy, your doctor inserts a small, narrow tube (cystoscope) through the urethra. The cystoscope has a lens that allows your doctor to see the inside of your urethra and bladder, to examine these structures for signs of disease. Biopsy. During cystoscopy, your doctor may p...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/carcinoid-tumors/symptoms-causes/syc-20351039?p=1

ew Carcinoid tumors are a type of slow-growing cancer that can arise in several places throughout your body. Carcinoid tumors, which are one subset of tumors called neuroendocrine tumors, usually begin in the digestive tract (stomach, appendix, small intestine, colon, rectum) or in the lungs. Carcinoid tumors often don't cause signs and symptoms until late in the disease. Carcinoid tumors can p...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/crohns-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353309?p=1

sis Your doctor will likely diagnose Crohn's disease only after ruling out other possible causes for your signs and symptoms. There is no one test to diagnose Crohn's disease. Your doctor will likely use a combination of tests to help confirm a diagnosis of Crohn's disease, including: Blood tests Tests for anemia or infection. Your doctor may suggest blood tests to check for anemia — a conditio...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ewing-sarcoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351072?p=1

sis Typically, signs and symptoms lead parents to seek medical help for their child. Sometimes Ewing sarcoma is ultimately found when a child is brought in for treatment for what's thought to be a sprain or some other type of sports injury. Usually an X-ray shows a suspicious area. Then the doctor recommends one or more additional imaging tests to evaluate the area, such as: Computerized tomogr...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ards/symptoms-causes/syc-20355576?p=1

ew Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) occurs when fluid builds up in the tiny, elastic air sacs (alveoli) in your lungs. The fluid keeps your lungs from filling with enough air, which means less oxygen reaches your bloodstream. This deprives your organs of the oxygen they need to function. ARDS typically occurs in people who are already critically ill or who have significant injuries. S...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/enlarged-spleen/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354331?p=1

sis An enlarged spleen is usually detected during a physical exam. Your doctor can often feel it by gently examining your left upper abdomen. However, in some people — especially those who are slender — a healthy, normal-sized spleen can sometimes be felt during an exam. Your doctor may confirm the diagnosis of an enlarged spleen with one or more of these tests: Blood tests, such as a complete ...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chronic-granulomatous-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355818?p=1

sis To diagnose chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), your doctor will review your family and medical history and conduct a physical examination. Your doctor may order several tests to diagnose CGD, including: Neutrophil function tests. Your doctor may conduct a dihydrorhodamine 123 (DHR) test or other tests to see how well a type of white blood cell (neutrophil) in your blood is functioning. Do...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hairy-cell-leukemia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372962?p=1

sis To diagnose hairy cell leukemia, your doctor may recommend: Physical exam. By feeling your spleen — an oval-shaped organ on the left side of your upper abdomen — your doctor can determine if it's enlarged. An enlarged spleen may cause a sensation of fullness in your abdomen that makes it uncomfortable to eat. Your doctor may also check for enlarged lymph nodes that may contain leukemia cell...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/polymyalgia-rheumatica/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20376545?p=1

sis A physical exam, including joint and neurological exams, and test results can help your doctor determine the cause of your pain and stiffness. During the exam, he or she might gently move your head and limbs to assess your range of motion. Your doctor might reassess your diagnosis as your treatment progresses. Some people initially given a diagnosis of polymyalgia rheumatica are later recla...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/adrenoleukodystrophy/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20369160?p=1

sis To diagnose ALD, your doctor will review your symptoms and your medical and family history. Your doctor will conduct a physical examination and order several tests, including: Blood testing. These tests check for high levels of very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) in your blood, which are a key indicator of adrenoleukodystrophy. Doctors use blood samples for genetic testing to identify defe...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vasculitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20363435?p=1

ew Vasculitis is inflammation of your blood vessels. It causes changes in the blood vessel walls, including thickening, weakening, narrowing or scarring. These changes can restrict blood flow, resulting in organ and tissue damage. There are many types of vasculitis, and most of them are rare. Vasculitis might affect just one organ, or several. The condition can be short term (acute) or long las...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dandruff/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353854?p=1

sis Often your doctor can diagnose the problem simply by looking at your hair and scalp. Treatment Dandruff can almost always be controlled, but dandruff treatment may take some trial and error. In general, daily cleansing with a gentle shampoo to reduce oiliness and skin cell buildup can often help mild dandruff. When regular shampoos fail, dandruff shampoos you can buy at a drugstore may succ...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dcis/symptoms-causes/syc-20371889?p=1

ew Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is the presence of abnormal cells inside a milk duct in the breast. DCIS is considered the earliest form of breast cancer. DCIS is noninvasive, meaning it hasn't spread out of the milk duct and has a low risk of becoming invasive. DCIS is usually found during a mammogram done as part of breast cancer screening or to investigate a breast lump. While DCIS isn't ...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vitiligo/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355916?p=1

sis Medical history and exam If your doctor suspects you have vitiligo, he or she will ask about your medical history, examine you and try to rule out other medical problems, such as dermatitis or psoriasis. He or she may use a special lamp to shine ultraviolet light onto the skin to determine whether you have vitiligo. Skin biopsy and blood draw In addition to gathering your personal and famil...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/phantom-pain/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20376278?p=1

sis Although there's no medical test to diagnose phantom pain, doctors identify the condition based on your symptoms and the circumstances, such as trauma or surgery, which occurred before the pain started. Describing your pain precisely can help your doctor pinpoint your problem. Even though it's common to have phantom pain and residual limb pain at the same time, treatments for these two prob...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chondrosarcoma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354197?p=1

sis Because most chondrosarcoma tumors grow so slowly, they may not be diagnosed for years. In some cases, tumors are discovered during imaging tests for unrelated problems. A biopsy may be needed to confirm the diagnosis. Imaging tests An X-ray may identify a suspicious area of bone for further examination. Other imaging tests, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computerized tomograp...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hodgkins-lymphoma/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352654?p=1

n's lymphoma care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic specialists provide expert, personalized care to those with Hodgkin's lymphoma, including very rare types of the disease. Your care team might include: Hematologists Pathologists Radiation oncologists Radiologists Bone marrow transplant specialists Surgeons Dermatologists If you have other health conditions that could be af...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/wilsons-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20353251?p=1

ew Wilson's disease is a rare inherited disorder that causes copper to accumulate in your liver, brain and other vital organs. Most people with Wilson's disease are diagnosed between the ages of 5 and 35, but it can affect younger and older people, as well. Copper plays a key role in the development of healthy nerves, bones, collagen and the skin pigment melanin. Normally, copper is absorbed fr...