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Heartburn Medication Update
https://www.health.harvard.edu/diseases-and-conditions/heartburn-medication-update?utm_source=delivra&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=WR20200612-Heartburn&utm_id=2238983&dlv-emuid=22ccc528-35ec-421e-8d26-c66574e6d9d8&dlv-mlid=2238983
Harvard Health Publishing;

May 31st, 2020 - Millions of people turn to prescription and over-the-counter medications to cope with heartburn from gastroesophageal reflux disease or other stomach conditions. But navigating the risks of heartburn remedies can leave a sour taste in your mouth, since some have been tied to health concerns. Here's what you need to know about two mainstays of treatment, and how the latest developments may affec...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gerd/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20361959?p=1

sis Your doctor might be able to diagnose GERD based on a physical examination and history of your signs and symptoms. To confirm a diagnosis of GERD, or to check for complications, your doctor might recommend: Upper endoscopy. Your doctor inserts a thin, flexible tube equipped with a light and camera (endoscope) down your throat, to examine the inside of your esophagus and stomach. Test result...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/esophageal-spasms/symptoms-causes/syc-20372250?p=1

ew Esophageal spasms are painful contractions within the muscular tube connecting your mouth and stomach (esophagus). Esophageal spasms can feel like sudden, severe chest pain that lasts from a few minutes to hours. Esophageal spasms typically occur only occasionally and might not need treatment. But sometimes the spasms are frequent and can prevent food and liquids from traveling through the e...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bile-reflux/symptoms-causes/syc-20370115?p=1

ew Bile reflux occurs when bile — a digestive liquid produced in your liver — backs up (refluxes) into your stomach and, in some cases, into the tube that connects your mouth and stomach (esophagus). Bile reflux may accompany the reflux (backwash) of stomach acid (gastric acid) into your esophagus. Gastric reflux may lead to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a potentially serious problem ...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gastrointestinal-bleeding/symptoms-causes/syc-20372729?p=1

ew Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is a symptom of a disorder in your digestive tract. The blood often appears in stool or vomit but isn't always visible, though it may cause the stool to look black or tarry. The level of bleeding can range from mild to severe and can be life-threatening. Sophisticated imaging technology, when needed, can usually locate the cause of the bleeding. Treatment depen...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/barretts-esophagus/symptoms-causes/syc-20352841?p=1

ew In Barrett's esophagus, tissue in the tube connecting your mouth and stomach (esophagus) is replaced by tissue similar to the intestinal lining. Barrett's esophagus is often diagnosed in people who have long-term gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) — a chronic regurgitation of acid from the stomach into the lower esophagus. Only a small percentage of people with GERD will develop Barrett'...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gerd/symptoms-causes/syc-20361940?p=1

ew Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs when stomach acid frequently flows back into the tube connecting your mouth and stomach (esophagus). This backwash (acid reflux) can irritate the lining of your esophagus. Many people experience acid reflux from time to time. GERD is mild acid reflux that occurs at least twice a week, or moderate to severe acid reflux that occurs at least once a ...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gastroparesis/symptoms-causes/syc-20355787?p=1

ew Gastroparesis is a condition that affects the normal spontaneous movement of the muscles (motility) in your stomach. Ordinarily, strong muscular contractions propel food through your digestive tract. But if you have gastroparesis, your stomach's motility is slowed down or doesn't work at all, preventing your stomach from emptying properly. Certain medications, such as opioid pain relievers, ...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chronic-cough/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351580?p=1

sis Your doctor will ask about your medical history and perform a physical exam. Your doctor may also order tests to look for the cause of your chronic cough. However, many doctors opt to start treatment for one of the common causes of chronic cough rather than ordering expensive tests. If the treatment doesn't work, however, you may undergo testing for less common causes. Imaging tests X-rays....

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/eosinophilic-esophagitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372203?p=1

sis Your doctor will consider both your symptoms and test results to diagnose eosinophilic esophagitis. This will include determining whether you have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Tests to diagnose eosinophilic esophagitis include: Upper endoscopy. Your doctor will use a long narrow tube (endoscope) containing a light and tiny camera and insert it through your mouth down the esophagu...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vesicoureteral-reflux/symptoms-causes/syc-20378819?p=1

ew Vesicoureteral (ves-ih-koe-yoo-REE-tur-ul) reflux is the abnormal flow of urine from your bladder back up the tubes (ureters) that connect your kidneys to your bladder. Normally, urine flows only down from your kidneys to your bladder. Vesicoureteral reflux is usually diagnosed in infants and children. The disorder increases the risk of urinary tract infections, which, if left untreated, can...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ards/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355581?p=1

sis There's no specific test to identify ARDS. The diagnosis is based on the physical exam, chest X-ray and oxygen levels. It's also important to rule out other diseases and conditions — for example, certain heart problems — that can produce similar symptoms. Imaging Chest X-ray. A chest X-ray can reveal which parts of your lungs and how much of the lungs have fluid in them and whether your hea...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hiccups/symptoms-causes/syc-20352613?p=1

ew Hiccups are involuntary contractions of the diaphragm — the muscle that separates your chest from your abdomen and plays an important role in breathing. Each contraction is followed by a sudden closure of your vocal cords, which produces the characteristic "hic" sound. Hiccups may result from a large meal, alcoholic or carbonated beverages or sudden excitement. In some cases, hiccups may be ...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/barretts-esophagus/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352846?p=1

sis Endoscopy is generally used to determine if you have Barrett's esophagus. A lighted tube with a camera at the end (endoscope) is passed down your throat to check for signs of changing esophagus tissue. Normal esophagus tissue appears pale and glossy. In Barrett's esophagus, the tissue appears red and velvety. Your doctor will remove tissue (biopsy) from your esophagus. The biopsied tissue c...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hiatal-hernia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20373385?p=1

sis A hiatal hernia is often discovered during a test or procedure to determine the cause of heartburn or chest or upper abdominal pain. These tests or procedures include: X-ray of your upper digestive system. X-rays are taken after you drink a chalky liquid that coats and fills the inside lining of your digestive tract. The coating allows your doctor to see a silhouette of your esophagus, stom...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rumination-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20377330?p=1

ew Rumination syndrome is a condition in which people repeatedly and unintentionally spit up (regurgitate) undigested or partially digested food from the stomach, rechew it, and then either reswallow it or spit it out. Because the food hasn't yet been digested, it reportedly tastes normal and isn't acidic, as vomit is. Rumination typically happens at every meal, soon after eating. It's not clea...

Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/esophagitis/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20361414?p=1

gitis care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic doctors from a number of specialties diagnose and treat esophagitis. Doctors trained in digestive diseases, allergies, and heart surgery work together as a team to provide coordinated, comprehensive care for people who have esophagitis. Virtually every test and treatment for esophagitis is available in one convenient location. Tre...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/scleroderma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351957?p=1

sis Because scleroderma can take so many forms and affect so many different areas of the body, it can be difficult to diagnose. After a thorough physical exam, your doctor may suggest blood tests to check for elevated blood levels of certain antibodies produced by the immune system. He or she may remove a small tissue sample (biopsy) of your affected skin so that it can be examined in the labor...

Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/esophagitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20361264?p=1

sis Your doctor or specialist will likely make a diagnosis based on your answers to questions, a physical exam, and one or more tests. These tests may include: Barium X-ray For this test, you drink a solution containing a compound called barium or take a pill coated with barium. Barium coats the lining of the esophagus and stomach and makes the organs visible. These images can help identify nar...

Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/esophageal-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20356084?p=1

ew Esophageal cancer is cancer that occurs in the esophagus — a long, hollow tube that runs from your throat to your stomach. Your esophagus helps move the food you swallow from the back of your throat to your stomach to be digested. Esophageal cancer usually begins in the cells that line the inside of the esophagus. Esophageal cancer can occur anywhere along the esophagus. More men than women ...