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About 4,418 results

Down Syndrome:
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17818-down-syndrome

Jan 31st, 2023 - Overview Down syndrome can affect how your child develops. Physical signs become more apparent as your child grows. What is Down syndrome? Down syndrome is a genetic condition where people are born with an extra chromosome. Most people have 23 pairs of chromosomes within each cell in their body, for a total of 46. A person diagnosed with Down syndrome has an extra copy of chromosome 21, which m...

Noonan Syndrome (Leopard Syndrome)
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17926-noonan-syndrome

Jan 27th, 2023 - Overview What is Noonan syndrome? Noonan syndrome is a genetic condition that can affect your child in many ways. While some children born with this condition have mild symptoms, others can have more issues. Symptoms typically include unusual facial features such as a tall forehead and wide-set eyes, lower-set ears and a shorter neck. Many children born with Noonan syndrome also have short stat...

Prader-Willi Syndrome:
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/21016-prader-willi-syndrome

Jan 27th, 2023 - Overview What is Prader-Willi syndrome? Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare genetic condition that affects your child’s metabolism and causes changes to their body and behavior. They have severe low muscle tone and poor feeding during early infancy, followed by a tremendous appetite that develops between 2 and 6 years of age. This can lead to severe obesity if excessive eating isn’t managed. ...

Depression: Causes, Symptoms,
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/9290-depression

Jan 13th, 2023 - Overview What is depression? Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest in things and activities you once enjoyed. It can also cause difficulty with thinking, memory, eating and sleeping. It’s normal to feel sad about or grieve over difficult life situations, such as losing your job or a divorce. But depression is different in that it persists...

Post-Polio Syndrome: What It Is, Sy
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/24584-post-polio-syndrome

Jan 8th, 2023 - Overview What is post-polio syndrome? Post-polio syndrome (PPS) is a condition that causes gradual muscle weakness and muscle atrophy (loss) that can affect people who’ve had polio. PPS usually happens 10 to 40 years after you’ve recovered from the initial polio infection. Polio (poliomyelitis) is a disease caused by the poliovirus. It causes mild or no symptoms in most people. But it can somet...

Stevens-Johnson syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stevens-johnson-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20355936

Jan 7th, 2023 - Overview Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a rare, serious disorder of the skin and mucous membranes. It's usually a reaction to medication that starts with flu-like symptoms, followed by a painful rash that spreads and blisters. Then the top layer of affected skin dies, sheds and begins to heal after several days. Stevens-Johnson syndrome is a medical emergency that usually requires hospitaliz...

Polio - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/polio/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20376517

Jan 5th, 2023 - Diagnosis Health care providers often recognize polio by symptoms, such as neck and back stiffness or abnormal reflexes or muscle weakness. To confirm the diagnosis, a lab test of a stool sample can detect the poliovirus. The virus can be found in a throat sample only during the first week of illness. So a throat sample is a less reliable source for testing. A test of the fluid surrounding the ...

Erythema Nodosum: Symptoms,
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/24565-erythema-nodosum

Dec 30th, 2022 - Overview What is erythema nodosum? Erythema nodosum is a condition in which the fat within your skin becomes inflamed. It’s characterized by bumps (nodules) on your shins. This can be a reactive process to an underlying cause. Who does erythema nodosum affect? Studies show that the condition can affect anyone at any age, but it most often affects women and people assigned female at birth betwee...

Vulvodynia: Causes, Symptoms, Mana
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17878-vulvodynia

Dec 27th, 2022 - Overview What is vulvodynia? Vulvodynia (pronounced vul-vo-DIN-ee-a) is chronic pain in your vulva, and or vagina or genitals, with no apparent cause. Vulvar and vaginal pain are common symptoms of various conditions, including infections and skin disorders. Vulvodynia is different. Vulvodynia is pain lasting three or more months that isn’t an obvious symptom of a specific condition. The pain c...

Cushing Syndrome: Causes, Sy
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/5497-cushing-syndrome

Dec 27th, 2022 - Overview What is Cushing syndrome? Cushing syndrome is an uncommon condition that happens when your body has too much of a hormone called cortisol. Another word for Cushing syndrome is hypercortisolism. A syndrome is a medical term that refers to a group of signs and symptoms that happen together. You may see some people call this condition Cushing’s syndrome. Cortisol is a steroid hormone comm...

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/coronavirus/symptoms-causes/syc-20479963

Dec 17th, 2022 - Overview Coronavirus Open pop-up dialog box Close Coronavirus Coronavirus Coronavirus is a family of viruses that can cause respiratory illnesses such as the common cold, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that can cause illnesses such as the common cold, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle ...

Sweet syndrome - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sweets-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351122

Dec 16th, 2022 - Diagnosis A doctor who specializes in skin conditions (dermatologist) might be able to diagnose Sweet syndrome simply by looking at your skin. But you may need testing before your doctor can make a definite diagnosis. Tests that are useful in assessing people for Sweet syndrome include: Blood tests. A sample of your blood may be sent to a laboratory where it's checked for too many white blood c...

Sweet syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sweets-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20351117

Dec 16th, 2022 - Overview Sweet syndrome Open pop-up dialog box Close Sweet syndrome Sweet syndrome Sweet syndrome is an uncommon skin condition marked by a distinctive eruption of tiny bumps that enlarge and are often tender to the touch. They can appear on the back, neck, arms or face. Sweet syndrome, also called acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis, is an uncommon skin condition. It causes fever and a painf...

PTEN Hamartoma Tum
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/24548-pten-hamartoma-tumor-syndrome

Dec 16th, 2022 - Overview What is PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome (PHTS)? PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome (PHTS) refers to a group of syndromes that involve a mutation, or change, in your PTEN gene. PTEN is a tumor suppressor gene. It makes an enzyme that prevents uncontrolled cell growth that causes tumors. Cells can grow out of control when there’s a mutation, causing hamartomas. A hamartoma (pronounced “HA-mar-T...

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy/symptoms-causes/syc-20370921

Dec 14th, 2022 - Overview Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is the term used to describe brain degeneration likely caused by repeated head traumas. CTE is a diagnosis made only at autopsy by studying sections of the brain. CTE is a rare disorder that is not yet well understood. CTE is not related to the immediate consequences of a late-life episode of head trauma. CTE has a complex relationship with head t...

Adrenal cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/adrenal-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20351026

Dec 7th, 2022 - Overview Adrenal glands Open pop-up dialog box Close Adrenal glands Adrenal glands Located on top of each kidney, the adrenal glands make hormones that help regulate metabolism, the immune system, blood pressure and other important functions. Although small, these glands control much of what happens in the body. Adrenal cancer is a rare cancer that begins in one or both of the small, triangular...

Chondrosarcoma - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chondrosarcoma/symptoms-causes/syc-20354196

Dec 7th, 2022 - Overview Chondrosarcoma is a rare type of cancer that usually begins in the bones, but can sometimes occur in the soft tissue near bones. Chondrosarcoma happens most often in the pelvis, hip and shoulder. More rarely, it can happen in the bones of the spine. Most chondrosarcomas grow slowly and may not cause many signs and symptoms at first. Some rare types grow rapidly and have a high risk of ...

Progeria (Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome — HGPS):
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17850-progeria

Dec 7th, 2022 - Overview What is progeria? Progeria is an extremely rare genetic disease that causes rapid aging in children. Newborns with the disorder appear to be healthy at birth but usually start to show signs of premature aging during their first one to two years of life. Their growth rate slows and they don’t gain weight as expected. Children with the condition have typical intelligence. However, their ...

Blood Disorders: Types, Sym
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/21545-blood-disorders

Dec 7th, 2022 - Overview What are blood disorders? Blood disorders are conditions that keep parts of your blood from doing their jobs: Your red blood cells carry oxygen throughout your body. Your white blood cells help protect your body from infection. Your platelets help your blood to clot so you don’t bleed more than normal. Blood disorders may be cancerous or noncancerous. This article focuses on noncancero...

What Is Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcab
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/24547-bannayan-riley-ruvalcaba-syndrome-brrs

Dec 6th, 2022 - Overview What is Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome? Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome (BRRS) is a genetic disorder that increases your risk of getting tumors. It’s part of a group of conditions called PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome (PHTS). PHTS includes both Cowden syndrome and BRRS. BRRS usually happens when there’s a mutation (change) in your PTEN gene. Your PTEN gene produces proteins that sl...