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Movement Symptoms: Dyskinesia
https://www.parkinson.org/Understanding-Parkinsons/Symptoms/Movement-Symptoms/Dyskinesia

Dyskinesias are involuntary, erratic, writhing movements of the face, arms, legs or trunk. They are often fluid and dance-like, but they may also cause rapid jerking or slow and extended muscle spasms. They are not a symptom of Parkinson's itself. Rather, they are a complication from some Parkinson's medications.

Johns Hopkins Patient Information & Resources During COVID-19
https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/coronavirus/for-johns-hopkins-patients.html

At Johns Hopkins Medicine, your health and safety are our very highest priorities. During the COVID-19 pandemic and as our communities begin to reopen, we are here and ready to care for you in our hospitals, surgery centers and through in-person clinic and online video visits. Learn how we are keeping you safe and protected so that you can get the care you need.

Patient Education on COVID & Agoraphobia
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/agoraphobia-and-covid-19

The COVID-19 pandemic can trigger anxious feelings in anyone. However, people with an anxiety disorder such as agoraphobia may find that the pandemic has heightened their anxiety even further.

Preparing for Coronavirus
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/landing/preparing-for-coronavirus
Cleveland Clinic

While the coronavirus is still in our communities and is still contagious, Cleveland Clinic is among the safest places in healthcare today. Concerns about COVID-19 and want to speak to a provider? Coming in for your first visit in a few months? You should feel confident we're keeping your family — and our caregivers — safe.

CDC Symptoms of Coronavirus (COVID-19)
https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/symptoms-testing/symptoms.html
Centers for Disease Control & Prevention;

People with COVID-19 have had a wide range of symptoms reported – ranging from mild symptoms to severe illness.

What is COVID-19? Patient Health Information Series
https://www.thoracic.org/patients/patient-resources/resources/coronavirus-patient.pdf

The number of cases has been increasing quickly and is considered a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). This means that the virus is being spread simultaneously in more than three different geographical regions in the world. For up to date information on this outbreak, go to https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019- ncov/about/index.html

Tips For Social Distancing, Quarantine, And Isolation During An Infectious Disease Outbreak
https://www.samhsa.gov/sites/default/files/tips-social-distancing-quarantine-isolation-031620.pdf

In the event of an infectious disease outbreak, local officals may require the public to take measures to limit and control the spread of the disease. This tip sheet provides information about social distancing, quarantine, and isolation. The government has the right to enforce federal and state laws related to public health if people within the country get sick with highly contagious di...

Nasopharyngeal culture
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003747.htm

Nasopharyngeal culture is a test that examines a sample of secretions from the uppermost part of the throat, behind the nose, to detect organisms that can cause disease.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) and Women’s Health Care: A Message for Patients
https://www.acog.org/patient-resources/faqs/womens-health/coronavirus-and-womens-health-care

Experts are learning more every day about the new coronavirus that causes COVID-19. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) is following the situation closely. This page will be updated as ACOG learns more about how the spread of COVID-19 affects health care for women. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, you can find more information at Coronavirus (COVID-19), Pregnancy...

2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)
https://patiented.solutions.aap.org/handout.aspx?gbosid=535624

COVID-19, discovered in December 2019, has now spread throughout the world. While there is currently no vaccine to prevent COVID-19, doctors and researchers are learning more about it every day. Here’s what we know now and how you can protect your family and others.

Coronavirus (COVID-19)
https://weillcornell.org/coronavirus

Health and safety are always among our top priorities at Weill Cornell Medicine. We are closely watching updates from trusted healthcare organizations and governmental recommendations about the new coronavirus (COVID-19), and will continue to keep you informed.

COVID-19 Resources: Care Recommendations for Home‑Based Ventilation Patients
https://foundation.chestnet.org/patient-education-resources/covid-19-resources-care-recommendations-home-based-ventilation-patients/

As COVID-19 continues to affect our daily lives, it’s critical that we try to limit the spread of the virus as much as possible. This is especially applicable for patients who use noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV), mechanical airway clearance devices, or are supported by home ventilation for other chronic respiratory failure syndromes.

COVID-19: At-Home Testing
https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/testing/at-home-testing.html
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Feb 16th, 2021 - You and your healthcare provider might consider either an at-home collection kit or an at-home test if you have signs and symptoms of COVID-19 and if you can’t get tested by a healthcare provider. At-home collection kits and tests are available either by prescription or over the counter in a pharmacy or retail store without a prescription. Currently available at-home tests look for current i...

Chest pain - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chest-pain/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20370842

Oct 20th, 2021 - Diagnosis Chest pain doesn't always signal a heart attack. But that's what health care providers in the emergency room usually test for first because it's potentially the most immediate threat to your life. They may also check for life-threatening lung conditions — such as a collapsed lung or a blood clot in the lung. Immediate tests Some of the first tests a health care provider may order when...

Dysphagia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dysphagia/symptoms-causes/syc-20372028

Oct 20th, 2021 - Overview Esophagus Open pop-up dialog box Close Esophagus Esophagus The esophagus is a muscular tube that connects your mouth and your stomach. Rings of muscle (sphincters) in the upper and lower portions contract and relax to allow food and liquid to pass. Dysphagia is difficulty swallowing — taking more time and effort to move food or liquid from your mouth to your stomach. Dysphagia can be p...

Chest pain - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chest-pain/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20370848

Oct 20th, 2021 - Chest pain care at Mayo Clinic Team approach. You'll be cared for by a team of Mayo Clinic doctors trained in heart conditions (cardiologists), heart surgery (cardiovascular surgeons), lung conditions (pulmonologists), and imaging (radiologists). Other care providers will evaluate and treat your chest pain as needed. Your team will work together to promptly and accurately diagnose and treat the...

Bradycardia - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bradycardia/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20355482

Oct 20th, 2021 - Bradycardia care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic cardiologists treat people with all types of heart conditions, including those with arrhythmias such as bradycardia. Mayo doctors trained in cardiovascular medicine, cardiovascular surgery and other areas collaborate as a multidisciplinary team to provide coordinated, comprehensive care. This collaborative approach means hea...

Chest pain - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chest-pain/symptoms-causes/syc-20370838

Oct 20th, 2021 - Overview Chest pain appears in many forms, ranging from a sharp stab to a dull ache. Sometimes chest pain feels crushing or burning. In certain cases, the pain travels up the neck, into the jaw, and then spreads to the back or down one or both arms. Many different problems can cause chest pain. The most life-threatening causes involve the heart or lungs. Because chest pain can indicate a seriou...

Bradycardia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bradycardia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355480

Oct 20th, 2021 - Diagnosis To diagnose bradycardia, a health care provider will usually perform a physical exam and listen to your heart with a stethoscope. He or she may ask you questions about your symptoms and medical history. Your health care provider may recommend tests to check your heart rate and see if you have a heart problem that can cause bradycardia. Blood tests may be done to check for other condit...

Bradycardia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bradycardia/symptoms-causes/syc-20355474

Oct 20th, 2021 - Overview Bradycardia (brad-e-KAHR-dee-uh) is a slower than normal heart rate. The hearts of adults at rest usually beat between 60 and 100 times a minute. If you have bradycardia, your heart beats fewer than 60 times a minute. Bradycardia can be a serious problem if the heart rate is very slow and the heart can't pump enough oxygen-rich blood to the body. If this happens, you may feel dizzy, ve...

Dysphagia - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dysphagia/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20372039

Oct 20th, 2021 - Dysphagia care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Specialists at Mayo Clinic work together to identify the appropriate treatment approach for each person. The team includes doctors who specialize in gastroenterology and hepatology, otolaryngology, neurology, physical medicine and rehabilitation, and speech pathology. If you have esophageal cancer, specialists in thoracic surgery, oncolog...

Dysphagia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dysphagia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372033

Oct 20th, 2021 - Diagnosis Your health care provider will likely ask you for a description and history of your swallowing difficulties, perform a physical examination, and use various tests to find the cause of your swallowing problem. Tests can include: X-ray with a contrast material (barium X-ray). You drink a barium solution that coats your esophagus, making it easier to see on X-rays. Your health care provi...

Influenza (flu) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/flu/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351725

Oct 19th, 2021 - Diagnosis Flu vaccines at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic offers flu shots in Arizona, Florida and Minnesota. Learn more about how to get your flu shot at Mayo Clinic Your doctor will conduct a physical exam, look for signs and symptoms of influenza, and possibly order a test that detects influenza viruses. During times when influenza is widespread, you may not need to be tested for influenza. Your doc...

Atrial fibrillation - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/atrial-fibrillation/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20350633

Oct 19th, 2021 - Atrial fibrillation care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic doctors trained in evaluating and treating cardiovascular medicine (cardiologists), cardiovascular surgery (cardiovascular surgeons) and other specialists work together to evaluate and treat people with atrial fibrillation and other heart rhythm conditions. Your Mayo Clinic care team. Mayo doctors get to know you and your concerns completely, ...

Diabetic nephropathy (kidney disease) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetic-nephropathy/symptoms-causes/syc-20354556

Oct 19th, 2021 - Overview Diabetic nephropathy is a serious complication of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. It's also called diabetic kidney disease. In the United States, about 1 in 3 people living with diabetes have diabetic nephropathy. Diabetic nephropathy affects the kidneys' ability to do their usual work of removing waste products and extra fluid from your body. The best way to prevent or delay diab...

Atrial fibrillation - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/atrial-fibrillation/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350630

Oct 19th, 2021 - Diagnosis Some people are unaware that they have atrial fibrillation (A-fib). A-fib may be detected when a doctor is listening to the heart with a stethoscope during a physical exam for other reasons. A doctor may order several tests to diagnose A-fib or exclude other conditions that can cause similar symptoms. Tests may include: Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG). This quick and painless test meas...

Influenza (flu) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/flu/symptoms-causes/syc-20351719

Oct 19th, 2021 - Overview Influenza is a viral infection that attacks your respiratory system — your nose, throat and lungs. Influenza is commonly called the flu, but it's not the same as stomach "flu" viruses that cause diarrhea and vomiting. For most people, the flu resolves on its own. But sometimes, influenza and its complications can be deadly. People at higher risk of developing flu complications include:...

Diabetic nephropathy (kidney disease) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetic-nephropathy/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354562

Oct 19th, 2021 - Diagnosis Kidney biopsy Open pop-up dialog box Close Kidney biopsy Kidney biopsy During a kidney biopsy, your doctor uses a needle to remove a small sample of kidney tissue for lab testing. The biopsy needle is inserted through your skin and is often directed using the guidance of an imaging device, such as an ultrasound transducer. Diabetic nephropathy is usually diagnosed during routine testi...

Diabetic nephropathy (kidney disease) - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetic-nephropathy/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20354566

Oct 19th, 2021 - Diabetic nephropathy care at Mayo Clinic Note: Items within this content were created prior to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and do not demonstrate proper pandemic protocols. Please follow all recommended Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines for masking and social distancing. Your Mayo Clinic care team Your multispecialty team may include experts in nephrolog...

Atrial fibrillation - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/atrial-fibrillation/symptoms-causes/syc-20350624

Oct 19th, 2021 - Overview Atrial fibrillation Open pop-up dialog box Close Atrial fibrillation Atrial fibrillation In a typical heart rhythm, a tiny cluster of cells at the sinus node sends out an electrical signal (sinus node impulse). The signal follows a specific path through the upper chambers (atria) and into the lower chambers (ventricles), causing them to squeeze and pump out blood. In atrial fibrillatio...

Breast cancer - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/breast-cancer/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352475

Oct 16th, 2021 - Diagnosis Diagnosing breast cancer Core needle biopsy Open pop-up dialog box Close Core needle biopsy Core needle biopsy A core needle biopsy uses a long, hollow tube to obtain a sample of tissue. Here, a biopsy of a suspicious breast lump is being done. The sample is sent to a laboratory for testing and evaluation by doctors who specialize in analyzing blood and body tissue (pathologists). Bre...

Enlarged breasts in men (gynecomastia) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gynecomastia/symptoms-causes/syc-20351793

Oct 16th, 2021 - Overview Enlarged breasts in men (gynecomastia) Open pop-up dialog box Close Enlarged breasts in men (gynecomastia) Enlarged breasts in men (gynecomastia) With gynecomastia, tissue inside the breast glands grows. This can cause female-appearing breasts. Gynecomastia (guy-nuh-koh-MAS-tee-uh) is an increase in the amount of breast gland tissue in boys or men, caused by an imbalance of the hormone...

Dislocation - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dislocation/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354119

Oct 16th, 2021 - Diagnosis Besides examining your injury, your doctor might order the following X-ray. An X-ray of your joint is used to confirm the dislocation and may reveal broken bones or other damage to your joint. MRI. This can help your doctor assess damage to the soft tissue structures around a dislocated joint. More Information MRI X-ray Treatment Treatment of the dislocation depends on the site and se...

Miscarriage - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pregnancy-loss-miscarriage/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354304

Oct 16th, 2021 - Diagnosis Your health care provider might do a variety of tests: Pelvic exam. Your health care provider might check to see if your cervix has begun to dilate. Ultrasound. During an ultrasound, your health care provider will check for a fetal heartbeat and determine if the embryo is developing as it should be. If a diagnosis can't be made, you might need to have another ultrasound in about a wee...

Shin splints - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/shin-splints/symptoms-causes/syc-20354105

Oct 16th, 2021 - Overview The term "shin splints" refers to pain along the shin bone (tibia) — the large bone in the front of your lower leg. Shin splints are common in runners, dancers and military recruits. Medically known as medial tibial stress syndrome, shin splints often occur in athletes who have recently intensified or changed their training routines. The increased activity overworks the muscles, tendon...

Miscarriage - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pregnancy-loss-miscarriage/symptoms-causes/syc-20354298

Oct 16th, 2021 - Overview Miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a pregnancy before the 20th week. About 10 to 20 percent of known pregnancies end in miscarriage. But the actual number is likely higher because many miscarriages occur very early in pregnancy — before you might even know about a pregnancy. The term "miscarriage" might suggest that something went wrong in the carrying of the pregnancy. But this is...

Shin splints - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/shin-splints/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354110

Oct 16th, 2021 - Diagnosis Shin splints are usually diagnosed based on your medical history and a physical exam. In some cases, an X-ray or other imaging studies can help identify other possible causes for your pain, such as a stress fracture. More Information X-ray Treatment In most cases, you can treat shin splints with simple self-care steps: Rest. Avoid activities that cause pain, swelling or discomfort — b...

Breast cancer - Outcomes & ratings - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/breast-cancer/outcomes/gnc-20515027

Oct 16th, 2021 - Hill: My name is Paula Hill. I have lived here in the valley for over 30 years. I'm the mother of four grown children and the wife of a retired firefighter. I had been for a routine mammogram and the results came back normal. Shortly following that I had my annual exam with my regular GYN, who did a breast exam, and found a lump. I then got a phone call a few days later saying that it was, in f...

Breast cancer - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/breast-cancer/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20352479

Oct 16th, 2021 - Breast cancer care at Mayo Mayo Clinic specialists provide compassionate care for people with breast cancer. Note: Items within this content were created prior to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and do not demonstrate proper pandemic protocols. Please follow all recommended Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines for masking and social distancing. People with brea...

Enlarged breasts in men (gynecomastia) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gynecomastia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351799

Oct 16th, 2021 - Diagnosis A diagnosis of gynecomastia is based on a review of your symptoms and a medical exam that includes a careful evaluation of your breast tissue, abdomen and genitals. Tests Your doctor will likely order tests to identify a possible cause of gynecomastia, to screen for possible breast cancer and to rule out other conditions. These may include: Blood tests Mammograms Computerized tomograp...

Dislocation - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dislocation/symptoms-causes/syc-20354113

Oct 16th, 2021 - Overview A dislocation is an injury to a joint — a place where two or more bones come together — in which the ends of your bones are forced from their normal positions. This painful injury temporarily deforms and immobilizes your joint. Dislocation is most common in shoulders and fingers. Other sites include elbows, knees and hips. If you suspect a dislocation, seek prompt medical attention to ...

Breast cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/breast-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20352470

Oct 16th, 2021 - Overview Breast anatomy Open pop-up dialog box Close Breast anatomy Breast anatomy Each breast contains 15 to 20 lobes of glandular tissue, arranged like the petals of a daisy. The lobes are further divided into smaller lobules that produce milk for breastfeeding. Small tubes (ducts) conduct the milk to a reservoir that lies just beneath your nipple. Breast cancer is cancer that forms in the ce...

Small vessel disease - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/small-vessel-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20352117

Oct 15th, 2021 - Overview Small vessel disease Open pop-up dialog box Close Small vessel disease Small vessel disease Clogging or narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the heart can occur not only in the heart's largest arteries (the coronary arteries) but also in the heart's smaller blood vessels. Small vessel disease is a condition in which the walls of the small arteries in the heart aren't working ...

Head and neck cancers - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/head-and-neck-cancers/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20354174

Oct 15th, 2021 - Head and neck cancer care at Mayo Clinic Why choose Mayo Clinic for head and neck cancers Mayo Clinic experts offer compassionate, comprehensive care to those with head and neck cancers, including those with: Skull base tumors Pituitary tumors Esthesioneuroblastoma Nasopharyngeal cancer Nasal cavity cancer Paranasal sinus cancer Floor of mouth cancer Lip cancer Mouth cancer Salivary gland cance...

Head and neck cancers - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/head-and-neck-cancers/symptoms-causes/syc-20354171

Oct 15th, 2021 - Overview Head and neck cancers are a broad category of cancers that occur in the head and neck region. Head and neck cancer treatment depends on the type, location and size of your cancer. Treatment for head and neck cancers often involves surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Treatments may be combined. After treatment, recovery from head and neck cancers may involve working with rehabi...

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354027

Oct 15th, 2021 - Diagnosis Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is difficult to diagnose early because it can mimic other neurological diseases. Tests to rule out other conditions might include: Electromyogram (EMG). Your doctor inserts a needle electrode through your skin into various muscles. The test evaluates the electrical activity of your muscles when they contract and when they're at rest. Abnormalities in musc...

Small vessel disease - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/small-vessel-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352123

Oct 15th, 2021 - Diagnosis To diagnose small vessel disease, your health care provider will usually do a physical exam and ask questions about your medical history and family history of heart disease. He or she will likely listen to your heart with a stethoscope. The tests used to diagnose small vessel disease are similar to those used to diagnosis other types of heart disease and include: Stress test with imag...

Athlete's foot - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/athletes-foot/symptoms-causes/syc-20353841

Oct 15th, 2021 - Overview Athlete's foot between the toes Open pop-up dialog box Close Athlete's foot between the toes Athlete's foot between the toes Athlete's foot can cause cracked peeling skin between the toes. Athlete's foot (tinea pedis) is a fungal skin infection that usually begins between the toes. It commonly occurs in people whose feet have become very sweaty while confined within tight-fitting shoes...

Athlete's foot - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/athletes-foot/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353847

Oct 15th, 2021 - Diagnosis Your doctor may be able to diagnose athlete's foot simply by looking at it. Some types of athletes foot look like dry skin or dermatitis. To help confirm the diagnosis and rule out other conditions, your doctor might take a skin scraping from the affected area for testing in a lab. Treatment If your athlete's foot doesn't respond to nonprescription products and self-care, you may need...

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20354030

Oct 15th, 2021 - ALS care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic doctors trained in neuromuscular conditions (neurologists) work closely with doctors trained in physical medicine and rehabilitation (physiatrists), physical and occupational therapists, nutrition specialists (dietitians), nurses, social workers, and others to care for people with ALS. Mayo Clinic doctors diagnose and treat more tha...

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354022

Oct 15th, 2021 - Overview Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (a-my-o-TROE-fik LAT-ur-ul skluh-ROE-sis), or ALS, is a progressive nervous system disease that affects nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, causing loss of muscle control. ALS is often called Lou Gehrig's disease, after the baseball player who was diagnosed with it. Doctors usually don't know why ALS occurs. Some cases are inherited. ALS often begins...

Athlete's foot - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/athletes-foot/symptoms-causes/syc-20353841?utm_campaign=Knowledge-panel&utm_content=Tinea-pedis&utm_medium=abstract&utm_source=Google

Oct 15th, 2021 - Overview Athlete's foot between the toes Open pop-up dialog box Close Athlete's foot between the toes Athlete's foot between the toes Athlete's foot can cause cracked peeling skin between the toes. Athlete's foot (tinea pedis) is a fungal skin infection that usually begins between the toes. It commonly occurs in people whose feet have become very sweaty while confined within tight-fitting shoes...

Swollen lymph nodes - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/swollen-lymph-nodes/symptoms-causes/syc-20353902

Oct 14th, 2021 - Overview Lymph node locations Open pop-up dialog box Close Lymph node locations Lymph node locations Your lymph nodes play a vital role in your body's ability to fight off infections. Common areas where you might notice swollen lymph nodes include your neck, under your chin, in your armpits and in your groin. Swollen lymph nodes Open pop-up dialog box Close Swollen lymph nodes Swollen lymph nod...

Dehydration - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dehydration/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354092

Oct 14th, 2021 - Diagnosis Your doctor can often diagnose dehydration on the basis of physical signs and symptoms. If you're dehydrated, you're also likely to have low blood pressure, especially when moving from a lying to a standing position, a faster than normal heart rate and reduced blood flow to your extremities. To help confirm the diagnosis and pinpoint the degree of dehydration, you may have other tests...

Swollen lymph nodes - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/swollen-lymph-nodes/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353906

Oct 14th, 2021 - Diagnosis To diagnose what might be causing your swollen lymph nodes, your doctor may need: Your medical history. Your doctor will want to know when and how your swollen lymph nodes developed and if you have any other signs or symptoms. A physical exam. Your doctor will also want to check lymph nodes near the surface of your skin for size, tenderness, warmth and texture. The site of your swolle...

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355211

Oct 14th, 2021 - Diagnosis CAH may be diagnosed before a baby is born, during childhood or later in life. Prenatal testing Tests used to diagnose CAH in fetuses include: Amniocentesis. This procedure involves using a needle to withdraw a sample of amniotic fluid from the womb and then examining the cells. Chorionic villus sampling. This test involves withdrawing cells from the placenta for examination. Newborns...

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia/symptoms-causes/syc-20355205

Oct 14th, 2021 - Overview Adrenal glands Open pop-up dialog box Close Adrenal glands Adrenal glands Perched atop each of your kidneys, your adrenal glands produce hormones that help regulate your metabolism, immune system, blood pressure and other essential functions. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) refers to a group of genetic disorders that affect the adrenal glands, a pair of walnut-sized organs above t...

Dehydration - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dehydration/symptoms-causes/syc-20354086

Oct 14th, 2021 - Overview Dehydration occurs when you use or lose more fluid than you take in, and your body doesn't have enough water and other fluids to carry out its normal functions. If you don't replace lost fluids, you will get dehydrated. Anyone may become dehydrated, but the condition is especially dangerous for young children and older adults. The most common cause of dehydration in young children is s...

Ramsay Hunt syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ramsay-hunt-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20351783

Oct 12th, 2021 - Overview Facial nerve Open pop-up dialog box Close Facial nerve Facial nerve The nerve that controls your facial muscles passes through a narrow corridor of bone on its way to your face. Ramsay Hunt syndrome (herpes zoster oticus) occurs when a shingles outbreak affects the facial nerve near one of your ears. In addition to the painful shingles rash, Ramsay Hunt syndrome can cause facial paraly...

End-stage renal disease - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/end-stage-renal-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354538

Oct 12th, 2021 - Diagnosis Kidney biopsy Open pop-up dialog box Close Kidney biopsy Kidney biopsy During a kidney biopsy, your doctor uses a needle to remove a small sample of kidney tissue for lab testing. The biopsy needle is inserted through your skin and is often directed using the guidance of an imaging device, such as ultrasound. To diagnose end-stage renal disease, your health care provider may ask you a...

HPV infection - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hpv-infection/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351602

Oct 12th, 2021 - Diagnosis Your doctor might be able to diagnose HPV infection by looking at your warts. If genital warts aren't visible, you'll need one or more of the following tests: Vinegar (acetic acid) solution test. A vinegar solution applied to HPV-infected genital areas turns them white. This may help in identifying difficult-to-see flat lesions. Pap test. Your doctor collects a sample of cells from yo...

HPV infection - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hpv-infection/symptoms-causes/syc-20351596

Oct 12th, 2021 - Overview HPV infection is a viral infection that commonly causes skin or mucous membrane growths (warts). There are more than 100 varieties of human papillomavirus (HPV). Some types of HPV infection cause warts, and some can cause different types of cancer. Most HPV infections don't lead to cancer. But some types of genital HPV can cause cancer of the lower part of the uterus that connects to t...

Ramsay Hunt syndrome - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ramsay-hunt-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351789

Oct 12th, 2021 - Diagnosis Doctors often can identify Ramsay Hunt syndrome based on medical history, a physical exam, and the disorder's distinctive signs and symptoms. To confirm the diagnosis, your doctor might take a sample of fluid from one of the rash blisters in your ear for testing. Treatment Prompt treatment of Ramsay Hunt syndrome can ease pain and decrease the risk of long-term complications. Medicati...

End-stage renal disease - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/end-stage-renal-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20354532

Oct 12th, 2021 - Overview End-stage renal disease, also called end-stage kidney disease or kidney failure, occurs when chronic kidney disease — the gradual loss of kidney function — reaches an advanced state. In end-stage renal disease, your kidneys no longer work as they should to meet your body's needs. Your kidneys filter wastes and excess fluids from your blood, which are then excreted in your urine. When y...

Hirsutism - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hirsutism/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354941

Oct 12th, 2021 - Diagnosis Tests that measure the amount of certain hormones in your blood, including testosterone or testosterone-like hormones, might help determine whether elevated androgen levels are causing your hirsutism. Your doctor might also examine your abdomen and do a pelvic exam to look for masses that could indicate a tumor. More Information CT scan Ultrasound Treatment Treatment of hirsutism with...

Hirsutism - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hirsutism/symptoms-causes/syc-20354935

Oct 12th, 2021 - Overview Hirsutism Open pop-up dialog box Close Hirsutism Hirsutism Hirsutism is excess hair most often noticeable around the mouth and chin. Hirsutism (HUR-soot-iz-um) is a condition in women that results in excessive growth of dark or coarse hair in a male-like pattern — face, chest and back. With hirsutism, extra hair growth often arises from excess male hormones (androgens), primarily testo...

Malaria - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/malaria/symptoms-causes/syc-20351184

Oct 12th, 2021 - Overview Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite. The parasite is spread to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes. People who have malaria usually feel very sick with a high fever and shaking chills. While the disease is uncommon in temperate climates, malaria is still common in tropical and subtropical countries. Each year nearly 290 million people are infected with malaria, and mo...

End-stage renal disease - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/end-stage-renal-disease/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20354542

Oct 12th, 2021 - End-stage renal disease care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, nephrologists and hypertension specialists work closely with other specialists —including cardiologists, endocrinologists, pharmacists, nurses, educators and dietitians — to deliver high-quality, cost-effective care to people who have end-stage renal disease. This means you benefit from the knowledge and expe...

Malaria - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/malaria/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351190

Oct 12th, 2021 - Diagnosis To diagnose malaria, your doctor will likely review your medical history and recent travel, conduct a physical exam, and order blood tests. Blood tests can indicate: The presence of the parasite in the blood, to confirm that you have malaria Which type of malaria parasite is causing your symptoms If your infection is caused by a parasite resistant to certain drugs Whether the disease ...

HPV infection - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hpv-infection/symptoms-causes/syc-20351596?utm_campaign=Knowledge-panel&utm_content=Human-papillomavirus-infection&utm_medium=abstract&utm_source=Google

Oct 12th, 2021 - Overview HPV infection is a viral infection that commonly causes skin or mucous membrane growths (warts). There are more than 100 varieties of human papillomavirus (HPV). Some types of HPV infection cause warts, and some can cause different types of cancer. Most HPV infections don't lead to cancer. But some types of genital HPV can cause cancer of the lower part of the uterus that connects to t...

Frostbite - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/frostbite/symptoms-causes/syc-20372656

Oct 9th, 2021 - Overview Frostbite and dry skin Open pop-up dialog box Close Frostbite and dry skin Frostbite and dry skin Frostbite can cause cracked, dry, peeling skin as it heals. Frostbite on fingertip Open pop-up dialog box Close Frostbite on fingertip Frostbite on fingertip Superficial frostbite, as seen here on the tip of a finger, is most common on the fingers, toes, nose, ears, cheeks and chin. Frostb...

Wrinkles - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/wrinkles/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20354934

Oct 9th, 2021 - Wrinkle treatment at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team. At Mayo Clinic, wrinkle treatments are done only by board-certified doctors and physician assistants or nurses with special training in cosmetic procedures. This multidisciplinary team of experts collaborates on your care, taking all your needs into account. Experience. Each year Mayo Clinic cosmetic surgery specialists perform thousa...

Wrinkles - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/wrinkles/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354931

Oct 9th, 2021 - Treatment Several wrinkle treatment options are available to help smooth wrinkles or make them less noticeable. Medications Topical retinoids. Prescription medicine that contains retinoids, which is derived from vitamin A, may reduce fine wrinkles, splotches and roughness when applied to the skin. You may need to use the product for a few weeks or months before you notice improvement. Products ...

Wrinkles - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/wrinkles/symptoms-causes/syc-20354927

Oct 9th, 2021 - Overview Wrinkles Open pop-up dialog box Close Wrinkles Wrinkles Wrinkles, especially around the eyes, mouth and neck, are common with aging as the skin in these areas gets thinner, drier and less elastic. Wrinkles, a natural part of aging, are most prominent on sun-exposed skin, such as the face, neck, hands and forearms. Although genetics mainly determine skin structure and texture, sun expos...

Frostbite - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/frostbite/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20372661

Oct 9th, 2021 - Diagnosis Diagnosing frostbite is based on your signs and symptoms, skin appearance, and a review of recent activities in which you were exposed to cold. Your doctor may order X-rays, a bone scan or an MRI to help determine the severity of the frostbite and check for bone or muscle damage. Mayo Clinic Minute: Why the risk of frostbite is greater than you think Show transcript for video Mayo Cli...

Frostbite - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/frostbite/symptoms-causes/syc-20372656?utm_campaign=Knowledge-panel&utm_content=Frostbite&utm_medium=abstract&utm_source=Google

Oct 9th, 2021 - Overview Frostbite and dry skin Open pop-up dialog box Close Frostbite and dry skin Frostbite and dry skin Frostbite can cause cracked, dry, peeling skin as it heals. Frostbite on fingertip Open pop-up dialog box Close Frostbite on fingertip Frostbite on fingertip Superficial frostbite, as seen here on the tip of a finger, is most common on the fingers, toes, nose, ears, cheeks and chin. Frostb...

Alpha-gal syndrome - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/alpha-gal-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20428705

Oct 8th, 2021 - Diagnosis Doctors can diagnose alpha-gal syndrome using a combination of your personal history and certain medical tests. Your doctor will likely start by asking about your exposure to ticks, your signs and symptoms, and how long it took for symptoms to develop after you ate red meat or other mammal products. He or she might also perform a physical exam. Additional tests used in the evaluation ...

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sars/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351771

Oct 8th, 2021 - Diagnosis When SARS first surfaced, no specific tests were available. Now several laboratory tests can help detect the virus. But no known transmission of SARS has occurred anywhere in the world since 2004. Treatment Despite a concerted global effort, scientists have yet to find an effective treatment for SARS. Antibiotic drugs don't work against viruses, and antiviral drugs haven't shown much ...

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sars/symptoms-causes/syc-20351765?utm_campaign=Knowledge-panel&utm_content=Severe-acute-respiratory-syndrome-%28SARS%29&utm_medium=abstract&utm_source=Google

Oct 8th, 2021 - Overview Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a contagious and sometimes fatal respiratory illness. SARS first appeared in China in November 2002. Within a few months, SARS spread worldwide, carried by unsuspecting travelers. SARS showed how quickly infection can spread in a highly mobile and interconnected world. On the other hand, a collaborative international effort allowed health exp...

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sars/symptoms-causes/syc-20351765

Oct 8th, 2021 - Overview Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a contagious and sometimes fatal respiratory illness. SARS first appeared in China in November 2002. Within a few months, SARS spread worldwide, carried by unsuspecting travelers. SARS showed how quickly infection can spread in a highly mobile and interconnected world. On the other hand, a collaborative international effort allowed health exp...

Alpha-gal syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/alpha-gal-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20428608

Oct 8th, 2021 - Overview Alpha-gal syndrome is a recently identified type of food allergy to red meat and other products made from mammals. In the United States, the condition is most often caused by a Lone Star tick bite. The bite transmits a sugar molecule called alpha-gal into the person's body. In some people, this triggers an immune system reaction that later produces mild to severe allergic reactions to ...

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/coronavirus/symptoms-causes/syc-20479963

Oct 7th, 2021 - Overview Coronavirus Open pop-up dialog box Close Coronavirus Coronavirus Coronavirus is a family of viruses that can cause respiratory illnesses such as the common cold, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that can cause illnesses such as the common cold, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle ...

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/coronavirus/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20479976

Oct 7th, 2021 - Diagnosis If you develop symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) or you've been exposed to the COVID-19 virus, contact your doctor. Also let your doctor know if you've had close contact with anyone who has been diagnosed with COVID-19. Factors used to decide whether to test you for the virus that causes COVID-19 may differ depending on where you live. Depending on your location, you may...

Hemophilia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hemophilia/symptoms-causes/syc-20373327

Oct 7th, 2021 - Overview Hemophilia is a rare disorder in which the blood doesn't clot in the typical way because it doesn't have enough blood-clotting proteins (clotting factors). If you have hemophilia, you might bleed for a longer time after an injury than you would if your blood clotted properly. Small cuts usually aren't much of a problem. If you have a severe form of the condition, the main concern is bl...

Epilepsy - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/epilepsy/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350098

Oct 7th, 2021 - Diagnosis Diagnosing your condition EEG brain activity Open pop-up dialog box Close EEG brain activity EEG brain activity An EEG records the electrical activity of your brain via electrodes affixed to your scalp. EEG results show changes in brain activity that may be useful in diagnosing brain conditions, especially epilepsy and other seizure disorders. CT scan Open pop-up dialog box Close CT s...

Epilepsy - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/epilepsy/symptoms-causes/syc-20350093

Oct 7th, 2021 - Overview Epilepsy is a central nervous system (neurological) disorder in which brain activity becomes abnormal, causing seizures or periods of unusual behavior, sensations and sometimes loss of awareness. Anyone can develop epilepsy. Epilepsy affects both males and females of all races, ethnic backgrounds and ages. Seizure symptoms can vary widely. Some people with epilepsy simply stare blankly...

Hemophilia - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hemophilia/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20373339

Oct 7th, 2021 - Hemophilia care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic’s Hemophilia Treatment Center Mayo Clinic experts offer compassionate, comprehensive care to those with hemophilia. Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, pediatric hematologists lead teams of doctors who may specialize in orthopedics, family medicine, physical medicine and rehabilitation, and other areas, with pediatric hemophilia nurses. This mea...

Epilepsy - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/epilepsy/care-at-mayo-clinic/mac-20350102

Oct 7th, 2021 - Epilepsy care at Mayo Clinic Teamwork Mayo Clinic experts in epilepsy care work together to provide individualized care to each patient. Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic's world-renowned epilepsy teams include neurologists, neurosurgeons, imaging specialists (radiologists), mental health specialists (neuropsychologists) and other professionals who work together to provide exactly the care...

Hemophilia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hemophilia/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20373333

Oct 7th, 2021 - Diagnosis Severe cases of hemophilia usually are diagnosed within the first year of life. Mild forms might not be apparent until adulthood. Some people learn they have hemophilia after they bleed excessively during a surgical procedure. Clotting-factor tests can reveal a clotting-factor deficiency and determine how severe the hemophilia is. For people with a family history of hemophilia, geneti...

Astigmatism - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/astigmatism/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353838

Oct 5th, 2021 - Diagnosis Astigmatism is diagnosed with an eye exam. A complete eye exam involves both a series of tests to check eye health and a refraction, which determines how the eyes bend light. Your eye doctor may use various instruments, aim bright lights directly at your eyes and ask you to look through several lenses. Your doctor uses these tests to examine different aspects of your eyes and vision a...

Gonorrhea - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gonorrhea/symptoms-causes/syc-20351774

Oct 5th, 2021 - Overview Gonorrhea is an infection caused by a sexually transmitted bacterium that infects both males and females. Gonorrhea most often affects the urethra, rectum or throat. In females, gonorrhea can also infect the cervix. Gonorrhea is most commonly spread during vaginal, oral or anal sex. But babies of infected mothers can be infected during childbirth. In babies, gonorrhea most commonly aff...

Gonorrhea - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gonorrhea/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351780

Oct 5th, 2021 - Diagnosis To determine whether you have gonorrhea, your doctor will analyze a sample of cells. Samples can be collected by: Urine test. This can help identify bacteria in your urethra. Swab of affected area. A swab of your throat, urethra, vagina or rectum can collect bacteria that can be identified in a lab. For women, home test kits are available for gonorrhea. They include vaginal swabs for ...

Astigmatism - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/astigmatism/symptoms-causes/syc-20353835

Oct 5th, 2021 - Overview Astigmatism (uh-STIG-muh-tiz-um) is a common and generally treatable imperfection in the curvature of the eye that causes blurred distance and near vision. Astigmatism occurs when either the front surface of the eye (cornea) or the lens inside the eye has mismatched curves. Instead of having one curve like a round ball, the surface is egg-shaped. This causes blurred vision at all dista...

Spinal cord injury - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/spinal-cord-injury/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20377895

Oct 2nd, 2021 - Diagnosis In the emergency room, a doctor may be able to rule out a spinal cord injury by examination, testing for sensory function and movement, and by asking some questions about the accident. But if the injured person complains of neck pain, isn't fully awake, or has obvious signs of weakness or neurological injury, emergency diagnostic tests may be needed. These tests can include: X-rays. X...

Anaphylaxis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/anaphylaxis/symptoms-causes/syc-20351468

Oct 2nd, 2021 - Overview Anaphylaxis is a severe, potentially life-threatening allergic reaction. It can occur within seconds or minutes of exposure to something you're allergic to, such as peanuts or bee stings. Anaphylaxis causes the immune system to release a flood of chemicals that can cause you to go into shock — blood pressure drops suddenly and the airways narrow, blocking breathing. Signs and symptoms ...

Psoriatic arthritis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/psoriatic-arthritis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354081

Oct 2nd, 2021 - Diagnosis During the exam, your doctor might: Examine your joints for signs of swelling or tenderness Check your fingernails for pitting, flaking and other abnormalities Press on the soles of your feet and around your heels for to check for tender areas No single test can confirm a diagnosis of psoriatic arthritis. But some types of tests can rule out other causes of joint pain, such as rheumat...

Croup - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/croup/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350354

Oct 2nd, 2021 - Diagnosis Croup is typically diagnosed by a doctor. He or she will: Observe your child's breathing Listen to your child's chest with a stethoscope Examine your child's throat Sometimes X-rays or other tests are used to rule out other possible illnesses. More Information X-ray Treatment The majority of children with croup can be treated at home. Still croup can be scary, especially if it lands y...

Anaphylaxis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/anaphylaxis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351474

Oct 2nd, 2021 - Diagnosis Your provider might ask you questions about previous allergic reactions, including whether you've reacted to: Particular foods Medications Latex Insect stings To help confirm the diagnosis: You might be given a blood test to measure the amount of a certain enzyme (tryptase) that can be elevated up to three hours after anaphylaxis You might be tested for allergies with skin tests or bl...

Spinal cord injury - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/spinal-cord-injury/symptoms-causes/syc-20377890

Oct 2nd, 2021 - Overview A spinal cord injury — damage to any part of the spinal cord or nerves at the end of the spinal canal (cauda equina) — often causes permanent changes in strength, sensation and other body functions below the site of the injury. If you've recently injured your spinal cord, it might seem like every aspect of your life has been affected. You might feel the effects of your injury mentally,...

Psoriatic arthritis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/psoriatic-arthritis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354076

Oct 2nd, 2021 - Overview Psoriasis Open pop-up dialog box Close Psoriasis Psoriasis Psoriasis causes cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin, forming thick, silvery scales and itchy, dry, red patches that are sometimes painful. Psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritis that affects some people who have psoriasis — a disease that causes red patches of skin topped with silvery scales. Most people d...