About 39,318 results

Movement Symptoms: Dyskinesia

Dyskinesias are involuntary, erratic, writhing movements of the face, arms, legs or trunk. They are often fluid and dance-like, but they may also cause rapid jerking or slow and extended muscle spasms. They are not a symptom of Parkinson's itself. Rather, they are a complication from some Parkinson's medications.

CDC Symptoms of Coronavirus (COVID-19)
Centers for Disease Control & Prevention;

People with COVID-19 have had a wide range of symptoms reported – ranging from mild symptoms to severe illness.

Johns Hopkins Patient Information & Resources During COVID-19

At Johns Hopkins Medicine, your health and safety are our very highest priorities. During the COVID-19 pandemic and as our communities begin to reopen, we are here and ready to care for you in our hospitals, surgery centers and through in-person clinic and online video visits. Learn how we are keeping you safe and protected so that you can get the care you need.

Patient Education on COVID & Agoraphobia

The COVID-19 pandemic can trigger anxious feelings in anyone. However, people with an anxiety disorder such as agoraphobia may find that the pandemic has heightened their anxiety even further.

Preparing for Coronavirus
Cleveland Clinic

While the coronavirus is still in our communities and is still contagious, Cleveland Clinic is among the safest places in healthcare today. Concerns about COVID-19 and want to speak to a provider? Coming in for your first visit in a few months? You should feel confident we're keeping your family — and our caregivers — safe.

Tips For Social Distancing, Quarantine, And Isolation During An Infectious Disease Outbreak

In the event of an infectious disease outbreak, local officals may require the public to take measures to limit and control the spread of the disease. This tip sheet provides information about social distancing, quarantine, and isolation. The government has the right to enforce federal and state laws related to public health if people within the country get sick with highly contagious di...

What is COVID-19? Patient Health Information Series

The number of cases has been increasing quickly and is considered a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). This means that the virus is being spread simultaneously in more than three different geographical regions in the world. For up to date information on this outbreak, go to https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019- ncov/about/index.html

COVID-19 Resources: Care Recommendations for Home‑Based Ventilation Patients

As COVID-19 continues to affect our daily lives, it’s critical that we try to limit the spread of the virus as much as possible. This is especially applicable for patients who use noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV), mechanical airway clearance devices, or are supported by home ventilation for other chronic respiratory failure syndromes.

Nasopharyngeal culture

Nasopharyngeal culture is a test that examines a sample of secretions from the uppermost part of the throat, behind the nose, to detect organisms that can cause disease.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) and Women’s Health Care: A Message for Patients

Experts are learning more every day about the new coronavirus that causes COVID-19. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) is following the situation closely. This page will be updated as ACOG learns more about how the spread of COVID-19 affects health care for women. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, you can find more information at Coronavirus (COVID-19), Pregnancy...

2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)

COVID-19, discovered in December 2019, has now spread throughout the world. While there is currently no vaccine to prevent COVID-19, doctors and researchers are learning more about it every day. Here’s what we know now and how you can protect your family and others.

Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Health and safety are always among our top priorities at Weill Cornell Medicine. We are closely watching updates from trusted healthcare organizations and governmental recommendations about the new coronavirus (COVID-19), and will continue to keep you informed.

Low Libido (Low Sex Drive): Causes, Sy

Jan 26th, 2023 - Overview What is low libido (low sex drive)? Low libido (low sex drive) is a decrease in the frequency and/or intensity of sexual desire that you once had. It can be temporary or long-term. Libido is your overall sexual drive or desire for sexual activity, which includes sex with a partner and masturbation. Libido is complex and is influenced by biological, psychological and social factors. Bio...

Gingivitis: Symptoms a

Jan 23rd, 2023 - Overview What is gingivitis? Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease (periodontal disease). It develops when plaque, tartar and bacteria build up on your teeth, causing red, swollen, bleeding gums. You can successfully manage gingivitis, especially with the help of a dentist. But left untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis (a more severe type of gum disease involving bone loss ...

Sepsis in Newborns (Neonatal Sepsis): Symptoms,

Jan 21st, 2023 - Overview What is sepsis in newborns? Sepsis in newborns (neonatal sepsis) is a serious medical condition that affects babies younger than 28 days old. Sepsis occurs when your body has an extreme response to an infection. A newborn who has an infection and develops sepsis can have inflammation throughout their body. This inflammation and blood clotting causes reduced blood flow to your baby’s li...

Bedwetting (Nocturnal Enuresis)

Jan 20th, 2023 - Overview What is bedwetting (nocturnal enuresis)? Bedwetting, or nocturnal enuresis, is the accidental or involuntary release of pee while sleeping. Bedwetting is common among children, even after toilet training. Most children gradually stop wetting the bed on their own as they grow older. This usually happens between 4 and 6 years of age. A healthcare provider will see bedwetting as an issue ...

Agoraphobia: What It Is, Causes, Sy

Jan 20th, 2023 - Overview What is agoraphobia? Agoraphobia is an anxiety disorder that causes an intense fear of becoming overwhelmed or unable to escape or get help. Because of fear and anxiety, people with agoraphobia often avoid new places and unfamiliar situations, like: Large, open areas or enclosed spaces. Crowds. Places outside of their home. Public transportation. How common is agoraphobia? Researchers ...

Heartburn: What It Feels Like,

Jan 19th, 2023 - Overview Heartburn feels like it's in your heart, but it actually occurs in your esophagus. What is heartburn? Heartburn is a painful, burning feeling in the middle of your chest. It’s not really in your heart, though. It’s caused by stomach acid rising into your esophagus (reflux), which runs through your chest, close to your heart. Heartburn is an occasional symptom for many people, and a chr...

Vestibular Neuritis: Symptoms,

Jan 19th, 2023 - Overview Vestibular neuritis develops when the vestibular nerve in your inner ear becomes inflamed or swollen. What is vestibular neuritis? Vestibular neuritis is a disorder that affects the vestibulocochlear nerve of your inner ear. This nerve sends information about your balance and head position from your inner ear to your brain. When this nerve becomes inflamed or swollen, it interrupts the...

Sepsis: Symptoms, Causes, Trea

Jan 19th, 2023 - Overview What is sepsis? Sepsis is a life-threatening medical emergency caused by your body’s overwhelming response to an infection. Without urgent treatment, it can lead to tissue damage, organ failure and death. Sepsis definition Sepsis is your body’s extreme reaction to an infection. When you have an infection, your immune system works to try to fight it. But sometimes your immune system sto...

Proctitis: What it is, Symptoms,

Jan 19th, 2023 - Overview What is proctitis? Proctitis is inflammation inside your rectum, which is the lower end of your large intestine just before your anus. “Procto” means “rectum,” and “itis” means “inflammation”. Your rectum can become inflamed if bacteria or chemicals irritate the inner lining, or if it’s affected by inflammatory bowel disease. It can cause uncomfortable symptoms, such as pain, rectal bl...

Enterocolitis: Symptoms,

Jan 19th, 2023 - Overview What is enterocolitis? Enterocolitis is inflammation that occurs throughout your intestines. It combines “enteritis,” inflammation of the small intestine, with “colitis,” inflammation of the large intestine. Inflammation in either of your intestines is common, but when it occurs in both, it tends to be more severe. It also tends to affect those with more vulnerable immune systems, espe...

Lymphocytic Colitis: Symptoms &

Jan 19th, 2023 - Overview Certain foods can trigger diarrhea with lymphocytic colitis. What is lymphocytic colitis? Lymphocytic colitis is a type of microscopic colitis, which is a type of inflammatory bowel disease. Inflammatory bowel diseases are chronic diseases that cause ongoing inflammation in your intestines. Colitis means inflammation of the large intestine (colon). Microscopic colitis is colitis that c...

Cyclic Neutropenia: Symptoms,

Jan 18th, 2023 - Overview What is cyclic neutropenia? Cyclic neutropenia involves having lower-than-normal levels of neutrophils (a type of white blood cell) in your blood. But the low levels occur periodically, not all the time. Neutrophils are important because they help fight infection. A shortage of neutrophils, or neutropenia, makes it harder for your immune system to fight harmful bacteria or viruses that...

Ectopic Pregnancy: Causes, Sym

Jan 18th, 2023 - Overview What is Ectopic Pregnancy? What is an ectopic pregnancy? An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that happens outside of your uterus. This occurs when a fertilized egg implants in a location that can’t support its growth. An ectopic pregnancy most often happens in your fallopian tube (a structure that connects your ovaries and uterus). Ectopic pregnancies more rarely can occur in your ovar...

Irregular Periods (Abnormal Menstruation):

Jan 18th, 2023 - Overview What are irregular periods? Most women and people assigned female at birth (AFAB) have menstrual periods that last four to seven days. Your period usually occurs every 28 days, but normal menstrual cycles can range from 21 days to 35 days. In fact, the average cycle length is 29 days. Many things cause irregular periods (or irregular menstruation) such as changes in hormone levels, str...

Asthma in Children: Symptoms,

Jan 18th, 2023 - Overview What is childhood asthma? Asthma is a long-term (chronic) lung disease that affects your airways. Your airways are the tubes that carry air in and out of your lungs. When you have asthma, you can’t get air into your lungs because your airways swell and get too narrow. Like a pinched straw, this makes it hard for you to breathe, which can cause wheezing, coughing and chest tightness. Ce...

Cold Urticaria: What It Is, Symptoms,

Jan 18th, 2023 - Overview Cold urticaria is a rash or hives you can develop as a reaction to cold temperatures. What is cold urticaria? Cold urticaria is a condition that causes an allergic reaction to cold temperatures. A person with cold urticaria may develop a rash or hives after: Eating or drinking something cold. Putting ice on their skin. Swimming or bathing in cold water. Walking outdoors in cold weather...

Prostate Cancer: Symptoms,

Jan 17th, 2023 - Overview 10 Warning Signs of Prostate Cancer What is prostate cancer? Prostate cancer develops in the prostate, a small walnut-shaped gland located below the bladder and in front of the rectum in men and people assigned male at birth (AMAB). This tiny gland secretes fluid that mixes with semen, keeping sperm healthy for conception and pregnancy. Prostate cancer is a serious disease. Fortunately...

Foot Drop: What It Is, Causes, Sy

Jan 16th, 2023 - Overview Foot drop happens when you can’t raise the front part of your foot due to weakness or paralysis of the muscles that lift it. Peroneal nerve injury is a common cause of the symptom. What is foot drop? Foot drop (also called drop foot) happens when you can’t raise the front part of your foot due to weakness or paralysis of the muscles that lift it. It’s a symptom of several possible unde...

Aspergillosis: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Dia

Jan 16th, 2023 - Overview What is aspergillosis? Aspergillosis is a term for an infection caused by several types of Aspergillus fungi (plural of fungus). Aspergillus is usually found outdoors, in dead leaves, plants, soil or compost. It’s occasionally found in moist environments indoors. Most people breathe in Aspergillus spores every day without getting sick. But in certain people, Aspergillus can cause aller...

Self-Harm: What It Is, Causes,

Jan 16th, 2023 - Overview What is self-harm? Self-harm is when you intentionally injure yourself for a psychologically motivated reason. This includes a wide range of actions and injuries. The most common and best-known form of self-harm is “cutting.” But self-harm can refer to several other forms of harm, too. There are two main categories of self-harm, and while their intents are different, both are still dan...

Eczema on Face: Symptoms, Causes,

Jan 16th, 2023 - Overview Eczema on your face causes dry, flaky and itchy skin that’s common on your cheeks and forehead. What is eczema on your face? Eczema on your face, or facial eczema, is a condition that can make the skin on your face dry, flaky and itchy. Eczema prevents your skin’s natural barrier from outside elements to function properly. This makes your skin sensitive, so it can easily react to irrit...

Earwax Blockage: Symptoms

Jan 13th, 2023 - Overview Earwax blockage happens when earwax (cerumen) builds up inside your ear canal. What is cerumen impaction? “Cerumen impaction” is the medical term for earwax blockage. Earwax (cerumen) plays an important role in ear health. It cleans your ears and protects them from dust, dirt and infection. Despite its many benefits, earwax can cause issues if too much of it builds up. Cerumen impactio...

Depression: Causes, Symptoms,

Jan 13th, 2023 - Overview What is depression? Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest in things and activities you once enjoyed. It can also cause difficulty with thinking, memory, eating and sleeping. It’s normal to feel sad about or grieve over difficult life situations, such as losing your job or a divorce. But depression is different in that it persists...

Fibroglandular Density: Scattered, Concer

Jan 12th, 2023 - What is fibroglandular density? Fibroglandular density describes the type of tissue in your breast as seen on a mammogram. Your breasts consist of three types of tissue: Fibrous connective tissue: Fibrous connective tissue is dense. It appears white on a mammogram. The tissue’s appearance makes it harder to detect cancerous tumors that also appear white. Having lots of this type of tissue is as...

Pancreatitis: Symptoms,

Jan 12th, 2023 - Overview Gallstones that block the pancreatic duct are one of the most common causes of pancreatitis. What is pancreatitis? Pancreatitis is inflammation in your pancreas. Inflammation causes swelling and pain. If you have pancreatitis, it might feel like stomach pain that spreads to your back. Your pancreas is an organ in your abdomen. It sits between your stomach and your spine. If you lay you...

Sarcoidosis: Causes, Symptoms, Dia

Jan 11th, 2023 - Overview Sarcoidosis symptoms differ depending on what part of your body has granulomas. What is sarcoidosis? Sarcoidosis is a condition that causes your immune system to overreact and make lumps or nodules called granulomas. Depending on location and size, granulomas can cause mild to severe symptoms or no symptoms at all. In some cases, they can turn into fibrosis, causing permanent lung scar...

Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD): Sy

Jan 11th, 2023 - Overview What is body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)? Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a mental health condition that causes you to view your own physical appearance unfairly. The thoughts and feelings related to your appearance can consume you and affect your thoughts and actions. Eventually, BDD can negatively impact your quality of life and how you feel about yourself. While everyone’s body has ...

Erythroplakia: Causes, S

Jan 11th, 2023 - Overview There are several factors that can result in the development of erythroplakia. What is erythroplakia? Erythroplakia (pronounced “eh-RITH-roh-PLAY-kee-uh”) is a condition that affects the soft tissue lining of your mouth and throat. It causes red lesions (patches) to appear on your oral mucous membranes, including your tongue, inner cheeks or floor of your mouth. While most erythroplaki...


Jan 10th, 2023 - Overview What is anal dysplasia? Anal dysplasia is a term healthcare providers use to describe changes in your body that could become cancer in your anus. Anal dysplasia isn’t cancer. It’s a sign you could develop anal cancer. In anal dysplasia, cells in your anus — the last section of your intestine — become abnormal. Over time, these abnormal cells could start multiplying, creating tumors. Th...

Post-Polio Syndrome: What It Is, Sy

Jan 8th, 2023 - Overview What is post-polio syndrome? Post-polio syndrome (PPS) is a condition that causes gradual muscle weakness and muscle atrophy (loss) that can affect people who’ve had polio. PPS usually happens 10 to 40 years after you’ve recovered from the initial polio infection. Polio (poliomyelitis) is a disease caused by the poliovirus. It causes mild or no symptoms in most people. But it can somet...

Agoraphobia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Jan 7th, 2023 - Overview Agoraphobia (ag-uh-ruh-FOE-be-uh) is a type of anxiety disorder. Agoraphobia involves fearing and avoiding places or situations that might cause panic and feelings of being trapped, helpless or embarrassed. You may fear an actual or upcoming situation. For example, you may fear using public transportation, being in open or enclosed spaces, standing in line, or being in a crowd. The anx...

Agoraphobia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Jan 7th, 2023 - Diagnosis Agoraphobia is diagnosed based on: Symptoms. In-depth interview with your health care provider or a mental health provider. Physical exam to rule out other conditions that could be causing your symptoms. Treatment Agoraphobia treatment usually includes both psychotherapy — also called talk therapy — and medicine. It may take some time, but treatment can help you get better. Talk thera...

Stevens-Johnson syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Jan 7th, 2023 - Overview Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a rare, serious disorder of the skin and mucous membranes. It's usually a reaction to medication that starts with flu-like symptoms, followed by a painful rash that spreads and blisters. Then the top layer of affected skin dies, sheds and begins to heal after several days. Stevens-Johnson syndrome is a medical emergency that usually requires hospitaliz...

Blood in urine (hematuria) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Jan 7th, 2023 - Overview It can be scary to see blood in urine, also called hematuria. In many cases, the cause is harmless. But blood in urine also can be a sign of a serious illness. If you can see the blood, it's called gross hematuria. Blood that can't be seen with the naked eye is called microscopic hematuria. It's such a small amount that it can be seen only under a microscope when a lab tests the urine....

Agoraphobia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Jan 7th, 2023 - Overview Agoraphobia (ag-uh-ruh-FOE-be-uh) is a type of anxiety disorder. Agoraphobia involves fearing and avoiding places or situations that might cause panic and feelings of being trapped, helpless or embarrassed. You may fear an actual or upcoming situation. For example, you may fear using public transportation, being in open or enclosed spaces, standing in line, or being in a crowd. The anx...

Blood in urine (hematuria) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Jan 7th, 2023 - Diagnosis Female cystoscopy Open pop-up dialog box Close Female cystoscopy Female cystoscopy Cystoscopy allows a health care provider to view the lower urinary tract to look for problems, such as a bladder stone. Surgical tools can be passed through the cystoscope to treat certain urinary tract conditions. Male cystoscopy Open pop-up dialog box Close Male cystoscopy Male cystoscopy Cystoscopy a...

Crow’s Feet: What It Is, Botox, Trea

Jan 7th, 2023 - Overview Crow’s feet (also known as laugh lines) are small lines and wrinkles at the outer corner of your eye. What are crow’s feet? As you age, you may notice fine lines forming in your skin on the outer corners of your eyes. These are lateral canthal lines, also known as crow’s feet or laugh lines. These small lines and wrinkles form from tiny muscles contracting in the outer corner of your e...

Postherpetic neuralgia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Jan 6th, 2023 - Diagnosis Your health care provider will check your skin. They might touch the skin in different places to find the borders of the affected area. In most cases, no tests are needed. Treatment No single treatment relieves postherpetic neuralgia for everyone. It often takes a mix of treatments to ease the pain. Lidocaine skin patches These are small, bandage-like patches. They contain the pain-re...

Pubic lice (crabs) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Jan 6th, 2023 - Overview Pubic lice, commonly called crabs, are tiny insects found in your genital area. They are a different type of louse from head lice and body lice. Measuring 1/16 inch (1.6 millimeters) or less, pubic lice received their nickname because their bodies resemble tiny crabs. The most common way to get pubic lice is through sexual activity. In children, pubic lice may be found in the eyebrows ...

Hemochromatosis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Jan 6th, 2023 - Overview The liver Open pop-up dialog box Close The liver The liver The liver is your largest internal organ. About the size of a football, it's located mainly in the upper right portion of your abdomen, beneath the diaphragm and above your stomach. Hemochromatosis (he-moe-kroe-muh-TOE-sis) causes your body to absorb too much iron from the food you eat. Excess iron is stored in your organs, esp...

Hemochromatosis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Jan 6th, 2023 - Diagnosis Hemochromatosis can be difficult to diagnose. Early symptoms such as stiff joints and fatigue may be due to conditions other than hemochromatosis. Many people with the disease don't have any symptoms other than high levels of iron in their blood. Hemochromatosis may be identified because of irregular blood test results after testing is done for other reasons. It also may be revealed w...

Pubic lice (crabs) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Jan 6th, 2023 - Diagnosis You or your doctor can usually confirm a pubic lice infestation through a visual examination of your pubic area. The presence of moving lice confirms infestation. Lice eggs (nits) also may indicate an infestation. However, nits can cling to hairs and be present, although no longer alive, even after successful treatment. Treatment If over-the-counter lotions or shampoos that have 1% pe...

Postherpetic neuralgia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Jan 6th, 2023 - Overview Postherpetic neuralgia (post-hur-PET-ik noo-RAL-juh) is the most common complication of shingles. It causes a burning pain in nerves and skin. The pain lasts long after the rash and blisters of shingles go away. The risk of postherpetic neuralgia rises with age. It mainly affects people older than 60. There's no cure, but treatments can ease symptoms. For most people, postherpetic neur...

Whooping Cough (Pertussis): Causes, Sym

Jan 6th, 2023 - Overview What is whooping cough? Whooping cough, also called pertussis, is a very contagious upper respiratory infection. It usually gives you lengthy and repeated bouts of coughing. These coughing episodes can continue for weeks or even months after you first develop symptoms of the illness. Instead of coughing spells, babies with pertussis may have breathing difficulties. This includes condit...

Foot drop - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Jan 5th, 2023 - Diagnosis Foot drop is usually diagnosed during a physical exam. Your health care provider will watch you walk and check your leg muscles for weakness. Your provider also may check for numbness on your shin and on the top of your foot and toes. Imaging tests Foot drop is sometimes caused by a mass pushing on a nerve. This can be an overgrowth of bone in the spinal canal or a tumor or cyst press...

Pink eye (conjunctivitis) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Jan 5th, 2023 - Diagnosis In most cases, your health care provider can diagnose pink eye by asking about your recent health history and symptoms and examining your eyes. Rarely, your provider may take a sample of the liquid that drains from your eye for laboratory analysis, called a culture. A culture may be needed if your symptoms are severe or if your provider suspects a high-risk cause, such as: A foreign b...

Polio - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Jan 5th, 2023 - Diagnosis Health care providers often recognize polio by symptoms, such as neck and back stiffness or abnormal reflexes or muscle weakness. To confirm the diagnosis, a lab test of a stool sample can detect the poliovirus. The virus can be found in a throat sample only during the first week of illness. So a throat sample is a less reliable source for testing. A test of the fluid surrounding the ...

Pink eye (conjunctivitis) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Jan 5th, 2023 - Overview Pink eye (conjunctivitis) Open pop-up dialog box Close Pink eye (conjunctivitis) Pink eye (conjunctivitis) Pink eye is the inflammation or infection of the transparent membrane that lines your eyelid and eyeball. Typical symptoms include redness and a gritty sensation in your eye, along with itching. Often a discharge forms a crust on your eyelashes during the night. Pink eye is an inf...

Polio - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Jan 5th, 2023 - Overview Polio is an illness caused by a virus that mainly affects nerves in the spinal cord or brain stem. In its most severe form, polio can lead to a person being unable to move certain limbs, also called paralysis. It can also lead to trouble breathing and sometimes death. The disease also is called poliomyelitis. A vaccination effort throughout the world has led to only a small number of c...

Tapeworm infection - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Jan 5th, 2023 - Overview A tapeworm is a parasite that can live and feed in human intestines. This is called a tapeworm infection. A young and inactive form of the tapeworm is called a larval cyst. It can stay alive in other parts of the body. This is called a larval cyst infection. A tapeworm in the intestines often causes mild symptoms. Moderate to severe symptoms may include stomach pain and diarrhea. Larva...

Intussusception - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Jan 5th, 2023 - Overview Intussusception Open pop-up dialog box Close Intussusception Intussusception Intussusception is a rare, serious disorder in which one part of the intestine slides inside an adjacent part. Intussusception (in-tuh-suh-SEP-shun) is a serious condition in which part of the intestine slides into an adjacent part of the intestine. This telescoping action often blocks food or fluid from passi...

Foot drop - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Jan 5th, 2023 - Overview Foot drop, sometimes called drop foot, is a general term for difficulty lifting the front part of the foot. If you have foot drop, the front of your foot might drag on the ground when you walk. Foot drop isn't a disease. Rather, it is a sign of an underlying neurological, muscular or anatomical problem. Sometimes foot drop is temporary, but it can be permanent. If you have foot drop, y...

Intussusception - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Jan 5th, 2023 - Diagnosis Your or your child's health care provider will start by getting a history of the symptoms of the problem. The provider may be able to feel a sausage-shaped lump in the belly. To confirm the diagnosis, your provider may order: Ultrasound or other abdominal imaging. An ultrasound, X-ray or computerized tomography (CT) scan may reveal intestinal obstruction caused by intussusception. Ima...

Tapeworm infection - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Jan 5th, 2023 - Diagnosis Diagnosis of tapeworm infection A health care provider tests for a tapeworm infection in the intestines using a test of a stool sample. A lab test may find pieces of tapeworms or eggs. You may give a sample on more than one day. Diagnosis of larval cyst infection Imaging exam. Providers use imaging tests to find larval cysts. These may include CT scans, MRI scans or ultrasound. Larval...

Thrush: Symptoms,

Jan 5th, 2023 - Overview A thrush infection in your mouth looks like cottage cheese — raised, white lesions that may bleed when you scrape them. What is thrush? Thrush is a fungal (yeast) infection that can grow in your mouth, throat and other parts of your body. With oral thrush (oral candidiasis), you may develop white, raised, cottage cheese-like lesions (spots) on your tongue and cheeks. Thrush can quickly...

Tuberous Sclerosis: What It Is, Sy

Jan 5th, 2023 - Overview What is tuberous sclerosis? Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a rare genetic disease that causes noncancerous tumors to grow throughout your body. This condition, sometimes known simply as tuberous sclerosis, can affect people in many ways. People with less severe cases may see very few effects and have a normal lifespan. Severe cases can lead to serious complications. TSC is a disea...

Periodontal Abscess: Symptoms,

Jan 5th, 2023 - Overview What is a periodontal abscess? A periodontal abscess is a pocket of infection (pus) that starts in your gums. Other names for the condition include gum abscess and lateral periodontal abscess. Periodontal abscess vs. periapical abscess: What’s the difference? A periodontal abscess forms in your gums, while a periapical abscess forms in your tooth pulp (the innermost layer of your tooth...

Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Jan 4th, 2023 - Overview Even the best-behaved children can be difficult and challenging at times. But oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) includes a frequent and ongoing pattern of anger, irritability, arguing and defiance toward parents and other authority figures. ODD also includes being spiteful and seeking revenge, a behavior called vindictiveness. These emotional and behavioral issues cause serious probl...

Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Jan 4th, 2023 - Overview Even the best-behaved children can be difficult and challenging at times. But oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) includes a frequent and ongoing pattern of anger, irritability, arguing and defiance toward parents and other authority figures. ODD also includes being spiteful and seeking revenge, a behavior called vindictiveness. These emotional and behavioral issues cause serious probl...

Edema - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Jan 4th, 2023 - Diagnosis To understand the cause of your edema, a health care provider will do a physical exam and ask about your medical history. This might be enough to figure out the cause. Sometimes, diagnosis might require blood tests, ultrasound exams, vein studies or others. Treatment Mild edema usually goes away on its own. Wearing compression garments and raising the affected arm or leg higher than t...

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Jan 4th, 2023 - Diagnosis Endoscopy Open pop-up dialog box Close Endoscopy Endoscopy An endoscopy procedure involves inserting a long, flexible tube called an endoscope down your throat and into your esophagus. A tiny camera on the end of the endoscope lets your health care provider examine the esophagus, stomach and the beginning of your small intestine, called the duodenum. Your health care provider might be...

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Jan 4th, 2023 - Overview How heartburn and GERD occur Open pop-up dialog box Close How heartburn and GERD occur How heartburn and GERD occur Acid reflux occurs when the sphincter muscle at the lower end of your esophagus relaxes at the wrong time, allowing stomach acid to back up into your esophagus. This can cause heartburn and other signs and symptoms. Frequent or constant reflux can lead to GERD. Gastroesop...

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic

Jan 4th, 2023 - GERD care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic's GERD care team includes doctors trained in digestive diseases (gastroenterologists), nurses, advanced practitioners and chest (thoracic) surgeons who work together to provide exactly the care you need. Having all of this subspecialized expertise in a single place, focused on you, means that you're not just getting one opinion — c...

Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Jan 4th, 2023 - Diagnosis To determine whether your child has oppositional defiant disorder, a mental health provider does a thorough psychological exam. ODD often occurs along with other behavioral or mental health problems. So it may be difficult to tell which symptoms are from ODD and which ones are linked to other problems. Your child's exam will likely include an assessment of: Overall health. How often t...

Edema - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Jan 4th, 2023 - Overview Edema is swelling caused by too much fluid trapped in the body's tissues. Edema can affect any part of the body. But it's more likely to show up in the legs and feet. Medicines and pregnancy can cause edema. It also can be the result of a disease, such as congestive heart failure, kidney disease, venous insufficiency or cirrhosis of the liver. Wearing compression garments and reducing ...

Acne: Types, Causes, Trea

Jan 4th, 2023 - Overview Acne is common among teenagers and causes pimples on your skin. What is acne? Acne is a common skin condition where the pores of your skin clog. Pore blockages produce blackheads, whiteheads and other types of pimples. Pimples are pus-filled, sometimes painful, bumps on your skin. The medical term for acne is acne vulgaris. What are the types of acne? There are several types of acne, i...

Sebaceous Filaments: Difference From Blac

Jan 4th, 2023 - Overview Sebaceous filaments look like blackheads when your sebaceous glands make too much sebum. What are sebaceous filaments? Sebaceous filaments are thin, threadlike appendages that line your sebaceous (oil) glands. They help move an oily lubricant called sebum from the glands to the surface of your skin. When your sebaceous glands overproduce sebum, your sebaceous filaments become more noti...

Anal fissure - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Dec 31st, 2022 - Overview An anal fissure is a small tear in the thin, moist tissue that lines the anus. The anus is the muscular opening at the end of the digestive tract where stool exits the body. Common causes of an anal fissure include constipation and straining or passing hard or large stools during a bowel movement. Anal fissures typically cause pain and bleeding with bowel movements. You also may experi...

Anal fissure - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Dec 31st, 2022 - Diagnosis Your health care provider will likely ask about your medical history and perform a physical exam, including a gentle inspection of the anal region. Often the tear is visible. Usually this exam is all that's needed to diagnose an anal fissure. A more recent, acute anal fissure looks like a fresh tear, somewhat like a paper cut. A long-lasting, also called chronic, anal fissure likely h...

Anal fissure - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic

Dec 31st, 2022 - Anal fissure care at Mayo Clinic At Mayo Clinic, your personal health care provider takes all of your issues into account so that you'll get exactly the care you need. The collaborative model of care at Mayo Clinic means specialists from a wide range of areas participate in your care. Your care team brings: Experience. Mayo Clinic specialists treat more than 1,300 people each year for anal fiss...

Food poisoning - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Dec 30th, 2022 - Overview Food poisoning, a type of foodborne illness, is a sickness people get from something they ate or drank. The causes are germs or other harmful things in the food or beverage. Symptoms of food poisoning often include upset stomach, diarrhea and vomiting. Symptoms usually start within hours or several days of eating the food. Most people have mild illness and get better without treatment....

Meniere's disease - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Dec 30th, 2022 - Overview Meniere's disease is an inner ear problem that can cause dizzy spells, also called vertigo, and hearing loss. Most of the time, Meniere's disease affects only one ear. Meniere's disease can happen at any age. But it usually starts between the ages of 40 to 60. It's thought to be a lifelong condition. But some treatments can help ease symptoms and lessen how it affects your life long-te...

Meniere's disease - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Dec 30th, 2022 - Diagnosis Your health care provider does an exam and asks about your health history. A Meniere's disease diagnosis needs to include: Two or more vertigo attacks, each lasting 20 minutes to 12 hours, or up to 24 hours. Hearing loss proved by a hearing test. Tinnitus or a feeling of fullness or pressure in the ear. Meniere's disease can have similar symptoms as other illnesses. Because of this, y...

Thrombocytosis - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic

Dec 30th, 2022 - Thrombocytosis care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic has experts in hematology experienced in diagnosing thrombocytosis. Mayo Clinic doctors are highly skilled at differentiating between essential thrombocythemia and reactive thrombocytosis. Locations, travel and lodging Mayo Clinic has major campuses in Phoenix and Scottsdale, Arizona; Jacksonville, Florida; and Rochester, Minnesota. The Mayo Clinic...

Food poisoning - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Dec 30th, 2022 - Overview Food poisoning, a type of foodborne illness, is a sickness people get from something they ate or drank. The causes are germs or other harmful things in the food or beverage. Symptoms of food poisoning often include upset stomach, diarrhea and vomiting. Symptoms usually start within hours or several days of eating the food. Most people have mild illness and get better without treatment....

Food poisoning - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Dec 30th, 2022 - Diagnosis A diagnosis is based on a physical exam and a review of things that may be causing vomiting, diarrhea or other symptoms. Questions from your health care provider will cover: Your symptoms. Food or drinks you've had recently. Symptoms in people who ate with you. Recent changes in the drugs you take. Recent travel. Your health care provider will examine you to rule out other causes of i...

Thrombocytosis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Dec 30th, 2022 - Overview Platelets are parts of the blood that help form blood clots. Thrombocytosis (throm-boe-sie-TOE-sis) is a disorder in which your body produces too many platelets. It's called reactive thrombocytosis or secondary thrombocytosis when the cause is an underlying condition, such as an infection. Less commonly, when the high platelet count has no apparent underlying condition as a cause, the ...

Thrombocytosis - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Dec 30th, 2022 - Diagnosis A blood test called a complete blood count (CBC) can show if your platelet count is too high. You may also need blood tests to check for: High or low iron levels. Markers of inflammation. Undiagnosed cancer. Gene mutations. You might also need a procedure that uses a needle to remove a small sample of your bone marrow for testing. Care at Mayo Clinic Our caring team of Mayo Clinic exp...

Erythema Nodosum: Symptoms,

Dec 30th, 2022 - Overview What is erythema nodosum? Erythema nodosum is a condition in which the fat within your skin becomes inflamed. It’s characterized by bumps (nodules) on your shins. This can be a reactive process to an underlying cause. Who does erythema nodosum affect? Studies show that the condition can affect anyone at any age, but it most often affects women and people assigned female at birth betwee...

Functional dyspepsia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Dec 29th, 2022 - Diagnosis Endoscopy Open pop-up dialog box Close Endoscopy Endoscopy An endoscopy procedure involves inserting a long, flexible tube called an endoscope down your throat and into your esophagus. A tiny camera on the end of the endoscope lets your health care provider examine the esophagus, stomach and the beginning of your small intestine, called the duodenum. Your health care provider most lik...

Functional dyspepsia - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic

Dec 29th, 2022 - Functional dyspepsia care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team More than 100 digestive disease specialists (gastroenterologists) at Mayo Clinic's campuses in Arizona, Florida and Rochester, Minnesota, devote their careers to improving people's quality of life. These specialists work with your primary care provider to diagnose and manage your problem. Advanced diagnosis and treatment Mayo C...

Functional dyspepsia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Dec 29th, 2022 - Overview Functional dyspepsia (dis-PEP-see-uh) is a term for recurring symptoms of an upset stomach that have no obvious cause. Functional dyspepsia also is called nonulcer dyspepsia. Functional dyspepsia is common. It is a constant condition but symptoms don't happen all the time. Symptoms resemble those of an ulcer. They include pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen, bloating, belching and ...

Vocal Cord Nodules: Causes, Sy

Dec 29th, 2022 - Overview Vocal cord lesions, including nodules, polyps and cysts, form in the part of your throat called the larynx. What are vocal cord lesions (nodules, polyps and cysts)? Vocal cord lesions, also known as vocal fold lesions, can be benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous) growths that can form on your vocal cords. This article focuses on benign vocal cord lesions. Your vocal cords are ...

Sarcoma - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Dec 28th, 2022 - Overview Sarcoma is a type of cancer that can occur in various locations in your body. Sarcoma is the general term for a broad group of cancers that begin in the bones and in the soft (also called connective) tissues (soft tissue sarcoma). Soft tissue sarcoma forms in the tissues that connect, support and surround other body structures. This includes muscle, fat, blood vessels, nerves, tendons ...

Sarcoma - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic

Dec 28th, 2022 - Sarcoma care at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic doctors are respected for their expertise in diagnosing and treating sarcoma. At Mayo Clinic, you can expect compassionate, comprehensive care that's focused on your individual needs. Your Mayo Clinic Care team At Mayo Clinic, adult and pediatric medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, orthopedic surgeons that specialize in sarcoma treatment, patholog...

Sarcoma - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Dec 28th, 2022 - Diagnosis Tests and procedures used to diagnose sarcoma and determine its extent (stage) include: A physical exam. Your doctor will likely do a physical exam to better understand your symptoms and look for other clues that will help with your diagnosis. Imaging tests. Which imaging tests are right for you will depend on your situation. Some tests, such as X-rays, are better for seeing bone prob...

Sarcoma - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Dec 28th, 2022 - Overview Sarcoma is a type of cancer that can occur in various locations in your body. Sarcoma is the general term for a broad group of cancers that begin in the bones and in the soft (also called connective) tissues (soft tissue sarcoma). Soft tissue sarcoma forms in the tissues that connect, support and surround other body structures. This includes muscle, fat, blood vessels, nerves, tendons ...

Male infertility - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Dec 28th, 2022 - Overview Nearly 1 in 7 couples is infertile, which means they haven't been able to conceive a child even though they've had frequent, unprotected sexual intercourse for a year or longer. In up to half of these couples, male infertility plays at least a partial role. Male infertility can be caused by low sperm production, abnormal sperm function or blockages that prevent the delivery of sperm. I...