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Movement Symptoms: Dyskinesia

Dyskinesias are involuntary, erratic, writhing movements of the face, arms, legs or trunk. They are often fluid and dance-like, but they may also cause rapid jerking or slow and extended muscle spasms. They are not a symptom of Parkinson's itself. Rather, they are a complication from some Parkinson's medications.

CDC Symptoms of Coronavirus (COVID-19)
Centers for Disease Control & Prevention;

People with COVID-19 have had a wide range of symptoms reported – ranging from mild symptoms to severe illness.

Johns Hopkins Patient Information & Resources During COVID-19

At Johns Hopkins Medicine, your health and safety are our very highest priorities. During the COVID-19 pandemic and as our communities begin to reopen, we are here and ready to care for you in our hospitals, surgery centers and through in-person clinic and online video visits. Learn how we are keeping you safe and protected so that you can get the care you need.

Patient Education on COVID & Agoraphobia

The COVID-19 pandemic can trigger anxious feelings in anyone. However, people with an anxiety disorder such as agoraphobia may find that the pandemic has heightened their anxiety even further.

Preparing for Coronavirus
Cleveland Clinic

While the coronavirus is still in our communities and is still contagious, Cleveland Clinic is among the safest places in healthcare today. Concerns about COVID-19 and want to speak to a provider? Coming in for your first visit in a few months? You should feel confident we're keeping your family — and our caregivers — safe.

Tips For Social Distancing, Quarantine, And Isolation During An Infectious Disease Outbreak

In the event of an infectious disease outbreak, local officals may require the public to take measures to limit and control the spread of the disease. This tip sheet provides information about social distancing, quarantine, and isolation. The government has the right to enforce federal and state laws related to public health if people within the country get sick with highly contagious di...

What is COVID-19? Patient Health Information Series

The number of cases has been increasing quickly and is considered a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). This means that the virus is being spread simultaneously in more than three different geographical regions in the world. For up to date information on this outbreak, go to https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019- ncov/about/index.html

COVID-19 Resources: Care Recommendations for Home‑Based Ventilation Patients

As COVID-19 continues to affect our daily lives, it’s critical that we try to limit the spread of the virus as much as possible. This is especially applicable for patients who use noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV), mechanical airway clearance devices, or are supported by home ventilation for other chronic respiratory failure syndromes.

Nasopharyngeal culture

Nasopharyngeal culture is a test that examines a sample of secretions from the uppermost part of the throat, behind the nose, to detect organisms that can cause disease.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) and Women’s Health Care: A Message for Patients

Experts are learning more every day about the new coronavirus that causes COVID-19. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) is following the situation closely. This page will be updated as ACOG learns more about how the spread of COVID-19 affects health care for women. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, you can find more information at Coronavirus (COVID-19), Pregnancy...

2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)

COVID-19, discovered in December 2019, has now spread throughout the world. While there is currently no vaccine to prevent COVID-19, doctors and researchers are learning more about it every day. Here’s what we know now and how you can protect your family and others.

Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Health and safety are always among our top priorities at Weill Cornell Medicine. We are closely watching updates from trusted healthcare organizations and governmental recommendations about the new coronavirus (COVID-19), and will continue to keep you informed.

Low Libido (Low Sex Drive): Causes, Sy

Jan 26th, 2023 - Overview What is low libido (low sex drive)? Low libido (low sex drive) is a decrease in the frequency and/or intensity of sexual desire that you once had. It can be temporary or long-term. Libido is your overall sexual drive or desire for sexual activity, which includes sex with a partner and masturbation. Libido is complex and is influenced by biological, psychological and social factors. Bio...

Gingivitis: Symptoms a

Jan 23rd, 2023 - Overview What is gingivitis? Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease (periodontal disease). It develops when plaque, tartar and bacteria build up on your teeth, causing red, swollen, bleeding gums. You can successfully manage gingivitis, especially with the help of a dentist. But left untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis (a more severe type of gum disease involving bone loss ...

Sepsis in Newborns (Neonatal Sepsis): Symptoms,

Jan 21st, 2023 - Overview What is sepsis in newborns? Sepsis in newborns (neonatal sepsis) is a serious medical condition that affects babies younger than 28 days old. Sepsis occurs when your body has an extreme response to an infection. A newborn who has an infection and develops sepsis can have inflammation throughout their body. This inflammation and blood clotting causes reduced blood flow to your baby’s li...

Bedwetting (Nocturnal Enuresis)

Jan 20th, 2023 - Overview What is bedwetting (nocturnal enuresis)? Bedwetting, or nocturnal enuresis, is the accidental or involuntary release of pee while sleeping. Bedwetting is common among children, even after toilet training. Most children gradually stop wetting the bed on their own as they grow older. This usually happens between 4 and 6 years of age. A healthcare provider will see bedwetting as an issue ...

Agoraphobia: What It Is, Causes, Sy

Jan 20th, 2023 - Overview What is agoraphobia? Agoraphobia is an anxiety disorder that causes an intense fear of becoming overwhelmed or unable to escape or get help. Because of fear and anxiety, people with agoraphobia often avoid new places and unfamiliar situations, like: Large, open areas or enclosed spaces. Crowds. Places outside of their home. Public transportation. How common is agoraphobia? Researchers ...

Heartburn: What It Feels Like,

Jan 19th, 2023 - Overview Heartburn feels like it's in your heart, but it actually occurs in your esophagus. What is heartburn? Heartburn is a painful, burning feeling in the middle of your chest. It’s not really in your heart, though. It’s caused by stomach acid rising into your esophagus (reflux), which runs through your chest, close to your heart. Heartburn is an occasional symptom for many people, and a chr...

Vestibular Neuritis: Symptoms,

Jan 19th, 2023 - Overview Vestibular neuritis develops when the vestibular nerve in your inner ear becomes inflamed or swollen. What is vestibular neuritis? Vestibular neuritis is a disorder that affects the vestibulocochlear nerve of your inner ear. This nerve sends information about your balance and head position from your inner ear to your brain. When this nerve becomes inflamed or swollen, it interrupts the...

Sepsis: Symptoms, Causes, Trea

Jan 19th, 2023 - Overview What is sepsis? Sepsis is a life-threatening medical emergency caused by your body’s overwhelming response to an infection. Without urgent treatment, it can lead to tissue damage, organ failure and death. Sepsis definition Sepsis is your body’s extreme reaction to an infection. When you have an infection, your immune system works to try to fight it. But sometimes your immune system sto...

Proctitis: What it is, Symptoms,

Jan 19th, 2023 - Overview What is proctitis? Proctitis is inflammation inside your rectum, which is the lower end of your large intestine just before your anus. “Procto” means “rectum,” and “itis” means “inflammation”. Your rectum can become inflamed if bacteria or chemicals irritate the inner lining, or if it’s affected by inflammatory bowel disease. It can cause uncomfortable symptoms, such as pain, rectal bl...

Enterocolitis: Symptoms,

Jan 19th, 2023 - Overview What is enterocolitis? Enterocolitis is inflammation that occurs throughout your intestines. It combines “enteritis,” inflammation of the small intestine, with “colitis,” inflammation of the large intestine. Inflammation in either of your intestines is common, but when it occurs in both, it tends to be more severe. It also tends to affect those with more vulnerable immune systems, espe...

Lymphocytic Colitis: Symptoms &

Jan 19th, 2023 - Overview Certain foods can trigger diarrhea with lymphocytic colitis. What is lymphocytic colitis? Lymphocytic colitis is a type of microscopic colitis, which is a type of inflammatory bowel disease. Inflammatory bowel diseases are chronic diseases that cause ongoing inflammation in your intestines. Colitis means inflammation of the large intestine (colon). Microscopic colitis is colitis that c...

Cyclic Neutropenia: Symptoms,

Jan 18th, 2023 - Overview What is cyclic neutropenia? Cyclic neutropenia involves having lower-than-normal levels of neutrophils (a type of white blood cell) in your blood. But the low levels occur periodically, not all the time. Neutrophils are important because they help fight infection. A shortage of neutrophils, or neutropenia, makes it harder for your immune system to fight harmful bacteria or viruses that...

Ectopic Pregnancy: Causes, Sym

Jan 18th, 2023 - Overview What is Ectopic Pregnancy? What is an ectopic pregnancy? An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that happens outside of your uterus. This occurs when a fertilized egg implants in a location that can’t support its growth. An ectopic pregnancy most often happens in your fallopian tube (a structure that connects your ovaries and uterus). Ectopic pregnancies more rarely can occur in your ovar...

Irregular Periods (Abnormal Menstruation):

Jan 18th, 2023 - Overview What are irregular periods? Most women and people assigned female at birth (AFAB) have menstrual periods that last four to seven days. Your period usually occurs every 28 days, but normal menstrual cycles can range from 21 days to 35 days. In fact, the average cycle length is 29 days. Many things cause irregular periods (or irregular menstruation) such as changes in hormone levels, str...

Asthma in Children: Symptoms,

Jan 18th, 2023 - Overview What is childhood asthma? Asthma is a long-term (chronic) lung disease that affects your airways. Your airways are the tubes that carry air in and out of your lungs. When you have asthma, you can’t get air into your lungs because your airways swell and get too narrow. Like a pinched straw, this makes it hard for you to breathe, which can cause wheezing, coughing and chest tightness. Ce...

Cold Urticaria: What It Is, Symptoms,

Jan 18th, 2023 - Overview Cold urticaria is a rash or hives you can develop as a reaction to cold temperatures. What is cold urticaria? Cold urticaria is a condition that causes an allergic reaction to cold temperatures. A person with cold urticaria may develop a rash or hives after: Eating or drinking something cold. Putting ice on their skin. Swimming or bathing in cold water. Walking outdoors in cold weather...

Prostate Cancer: Symptoms,

Jan 17th, 2023 - Overview 10 Warning Signs of Prostate Cancer What is prostate cancer? Prostate cancer develops in the prostate, a small walnut-shaped gland located below the bladder and in front of the rectum in men and people assigned male at birth (AMAB). This tiny gland secretes fluid that mixes with semen, keeping sperm healthy for conception and pregnancy. Prostate cancer is a serious disease. Fortunately...

Foot Drop: What It Is, Causes, Sy

Jan 16th, 2023 - Overview Foot drop happens when you can’t raise the front part of your foot due to weakness or paralysis of the muscles that lift it. Peroneal nerve injury is a common cause of the symptom. What is foot drop? Foot drop (also called drop foot) happens when you can’t raise the front part of your foot due to weakness or paralysis of the muscles that lift it. It’s a symptom of several possible unde...

Aspergillosis: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Dia

Jan 16th, 2023 - Overview What is aspergillosis? Aspergillosis is a term for an infection caused by several types of Aspergillus fungi (plural of fungus). Aspergillus is usually found outdoors, in dead leaves, plants, soil or compost. It’s occasionally found in moist environments indoors. Most people breathe in Aspergillus spores every day without getting sick. But in certain people, Aspergillus can cause aller...

Self-Harm: What It Is, Causes,

Jan 16th, 2023 - Overview What is self-harm? Self-harm is when you intentionally injure yourself for a psychologically motivated reason. This includes a wide range of actions and injuries. The most common and best-known form of self-harm is “cutting.” But self-harm can refer to several other forms of harm, too. There are two main categories of self-harm, and while their intents are different, both are still dan...

Eczema on Face: Symptoms, Causes,

Jan 16th, 2023 - Overview Eczema on your face causes dry, flaky and itchy skin that’s common on your cheeks and forehead. What is eczema on your face? Eczema on your face, or facial eczema, is a condition that can make the skin on your face dry, flaky and itchy. Eczema prevents your skin’s natural barrier from outside elements to function properly. This makes your skin sensitive, so it can easily react to irrit...

Earwax Blockage: Symptoms

Jan 13th, 2023 - Overview Earwax blockage happens when earwax (cerumen) builds up inside your ear canal. What is cerumen impaction? “Cerumen impaction” is the medical term for earwax blockage. Earwax (cerumen) plays an important role in ear health. It cleans your ears and protects them from dust, dirt and infection. Despite its many benefits, earwax can cause issues if too much of it builds up. Cerumen impactio...

Depression: Causes, Symptoms,

Jan 13th, 2023 - Overview What is depression? Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest in things and activities you once enjoyed. It can also cause difficulty with thinking, memory, eating and sleeping. It’s normal to feel sad about or grieve over difficult life situations, such as losing your job or a divorce. But depression is different in that it persists...

Fibroglandular Density: Scattered, Concer

Jan 12th, 2023 - What is fibroglandular density? Fibroglandular density describes the type of tissue in your breast as seen on a mammogram. Your breasts consist of three types of tissue: Fibrous connective tissue: Fibrous connective tissue is dense. It appears white on a mammogram. The tissue’s appearance makes it harder to detect cancerous tumors that also appear white. Having lots of this type of tissue is as...

Pancreatitis: Symptoms,

Jan 12th, 2023 - Overview Gallstones that block the pancreatic duct are one of the most common causes of pancreatitis. What is pancreatitis? Pancreatitis is inflammation in your pancreas. Inflammation causes swelling and pain. If you have pancreatitis, it might feel like stomach pain that spreads to your back. Your pancreas is an organ in your abdomen. It sits between your stomach and your spine. If you lay you...

Sarcoidosis: Causes, Symptoms, Dia

Jan 11th, 2023 - Overview Sarcoidosis symptoms differ depending on what part of your body has granulomas. What is sarcoidosis? Sarcoidosis is a condition that causes your immune system to overreact and make lumps or nodules called granulomas. Depending on location and size, granulomas can cause mild to severe symptoms or no symptoms at all. In some cases, they can turn into fibrosis, causing permanent lung scar...

Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD): Sy

Jan 11th, 2023 - Overview What is body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)? Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a mental health condition that causes you to view your own physical appearance unfairly. The thoughts and feelings related to your appearance can consume you and affect your thoughts and actions. Eventually, BDD can negatively impact your quality of life and how you feel about yourself. While everyone’s body has ...

Erythroplakia: Causes, S

Jan 11th, 2023 - Overview There are several factors that can result in the development of erythroplakia. What is erythroplakia? Erythroplakia (pronounced “eh-RITH-roh-PLAY-kee-uh”) is a condition that affects the soft tissue lining of your mouth and throat. It causes red lesions (patches) to appear on your oral mucous membranes, including your tongue, inner cheeks or floor of your mouth. While most erythroplaki...


Jan 10th, 2023 - Overview What is anal dysplasia? Anal dysplasia is a term healthcare providers use to describe changes in your body that could become cancer in your anus. Anal dysplasia isn’t cancer. It’s a sign you could develop anal cancer. In anal dysplasia, cells in your anus — the last section of your intestine — become abnormal. Over time, these abnormal cells could start multiplying, creating tumors. Th...

Post-Polio Syndrome: What It Is, Sy

Jan 8th, 2023 - Overview What is post-polio syndrome? Post-polio syndrome (PPS) is a condition that causes gradual muscle weakness and muscle atrophy (loss) that can affect people who’ve had polio. PPS usually happens 10 to 40 years after you’ve recovered from the initial polio infection. Polio (poliomyelitis) is a disease caused by the poliovirus. It causes mild or no symptoms in most people. But it can somet...

Agoraphobia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Jan 7th, 2023 - Overview Agoraphobia (ag-uh-ruh-FOE-be-uh) is a type of anxiety disorder. Agoraphobia involves fearing and avoiding places or situations that might cause panic and feelings of being trapped, helpless or embarrassed. You may fear an actual or upcoming situation. For example, you may fear using public transportation, being in open or enclosed spaces, standing in line, or being in a crowd. The anx...

Agoraphobia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Jan 7th, 2023 - Diagnosis Agoraphobia is diagnosed based on: Symptoms. In-depth interview with your health care provider or a mental health provider. Physical exam to rule out other conditions that could be causing your symptoms. Treatment Agoraphobia treatment usually includes both psychotherapy — also called talk therapy — and medicine. It may take some time, but treatment can help you get better. Talk thera...

Stevens-Johnson syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Jan 7th, 2023 - Overview Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a rare, serious disorder of the skin and mucous membranes. It's usually a reaction to medication that starts with flu-like symptoms, followed by a painful rash that spreads and blisters. Then the top layer of affected skin dies, sheds and begins to heal after several days. Stevens-Johnson syndrome is a medical emergency that usually requires hospitaliz...

Blood in urine (hematuria) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Jan 7th, 2023 - Overview It can be scary to see blood in urine, also called hematuria. In many cases, the cause is harmless. But blood in urine also can be a sign of a serious illness. If you can see the blood, it's called gross hematuria. Blood that can't be seen with the naked eye is called microscopic hematuria. It's such a small amount that it can be seen only under a microscope when a lab tests the urine....

Agoraphobia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Jan 7th, 2023 - Overview Agoraphobia (ag-uh-ruh-FOE-be-uh) is a type of anxiety disorder. Agoraphobia involves fearing and avoiding places or situations that might cause panic and feelings of being trapped, helpless or embarrassed. You may fear an actual or upcoming situation. For example, you may fear using public transportation, being in open or enclosed spaces, standing in line, or being in a crowd. The anx...

Blood in urine (hematuria) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Jan 7th, 2023 - Diagnosis Female cystoscopy Open pop-up dialog box Close Female cystoscopy Female cystoscopy Cystoscopy allows a health care provider to view the lower urinary tract to look for problems, such as a bladder stone. Surgical tools can be passed through the cystoscope to treat certain urinary tract conditions. Male cystoscopy Open pop-up dialog box Close Male cystoscopy Male cystoscopy Cystoscopy a...

Crow’s Feet: What It Is, Botox, Trea

Jan 7th, 2023 - Overview Crow’s feet (also known as laugh lines) are small lines and wrinkles at the outer corner of your eye. What are crow’s feet? As you age, you may notice fine lines forming in your skin on the outer corners of your eyes. These are lateral canthal lines, also known as crow’s feet or laugh lines. These small lines and wrinkles form from tiny muscles contracting in the outer corner of your e...

Postherpetic neuralgia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Jan 6th, 2023 - Diagnosis Your health care provider will check your skin. They might touch the skin in different places to find the borders of the affected area. In most cases, no tests are needed. Treatment No single treatment relieves postherpetic neuralgia for everyone. It often takes a mix of treatments to ease the pain. Lidocaine skin patches These are small, bandage-like patches. They contain the pain-re...