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Movement Symptoms: Dyskinesia

Dyskinesias are involuntary, erratic, writhing movements of the face, arms, legs or trunk. They are often fluid and dance-like, but they may also cause rapid jerking or slow and extended muscle spasms. They are not a symptom of Parkinson's itself. Rather, they are a complication from some Parkinson's medications.

CDC Symptoms of Coronavirus (COVID-19)
Centers for Disease Control & Prevention;

People with COVID-19 have had a wide range of symptoms reported – ranging from mild symptoms to severe illness.

Johns Hopkins Patient Information & Resources During COVID-19

At Johns Hopkins Medicine, your health and safety are our very highest priorities. During the COVID-19 pandemic and as our communities begin to reopen, we are here and ready to care for you in our hospitals, surgery centers and through in-person clinic and online video visits. Learn how we are keeping you safe and protected so that you can get the care you need.

Patient Education on COVID & Agoraphobia

The COVID-19 pandemic can trigger anxious feelings in anyone. However, people with an anxiety disorder such as agoraphobia may find that the pandemic has heightened their anxiety even further.

Preparing for Coronavirus
Cleveland Clinic

While the coronavirus is still in our communities and is still contagious, Cleveland Clinic is among the safest places in healthcare today. Concerns about COVID-19 and want to speak to a provider? Coming in for your first visit in a few months? You should feel confident we're keeping your family — and our caregivers — safe.

Tips For Social Distancing, Quarantine, And Isolation During An Infectious Disease Outbreak

In the event of an infectious disease outbreak, local officals may require the public to take measures to limit and control the spread of the disease. This tip sheet provides information about social distancing, quarantine, and isolation. The government has the right to enforce federal and state laws related to public health if people within the country get sick with highly contagious di...

What is COVID-19? Patient Health Information Series

The number of cases has been increasing quickly and is considered a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). This means that the virus is being spread simultaneously in more than three different geographical regions in the world. For up to date information on this outbreak, go to https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019- ncov/about/index.html

COVID-19 Resources: Care Recommendations for Home‑Based Ventilation Patients

As COVID-19 continues to affect our daily lives, it’s critical that we try to limit the spread of the virus as much as possible. This is especially applicable for patients who use noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV), mechanical airway clearance devices, or are supported by home ventilation for other chronic respiratory failure syndromes.

Nasopharyngeal culture

Nasopharyngeal culture is a test that examines a sample of secretions from the uppermost part of the throat, behind the nose, to detect organisms that can cause disease.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) and Women’s Health Care: A Message for Patients

Experts are learning more every day about the new coronavirus that causes COVID-19. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) is following the situation closely. This page will be updated as ACOG learns more about how the spread of COVID-19 affects health care for women. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, you can find more information at Coronavirus (COVID-19), Pregnancy...

2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)

COVID-19, discovered in December 2019, has now spread throughout the world. While there is currently no vaccine to prevent COVID-19, doctors and researchers are learning more about it every day. Here’s what we know now and how you can protect your family and others.

Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Health and safety are always among our top priorities at Weill Cornell Medicine. We are closely watching updates from trusted healthcare organizations and governmental recommendations about the new coronavirus (COVID-19), and will continue to keep you informed.

COVID-19: At-Home Testing
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Feb 16th, 2021 - You and your healthcare provider might consider either an at-home collection kit or an at-home test if you have signs and symptoms of COVID-19 and if you can’t get tested by a healthcare provider. At-home collection kits and tests are available either by prescription or over the counter in a pharmacy or retail store without a prescription. Currently available at-home tests look for current i...

Shin splints - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Oct 16th, 2021 - Diagnosis Shin splints are usually diagnosed based on your medical history and a physical exam. In some cases, an X-ray or other imaging studies can help identify other possible causes for your pain, such as a stress fracture. More Information X-ray Treatment In most cases, you can treat shin splints with simple self-care steps: Rest. Avoid activities that cause pain, swelling or discomfort — b...

Dislocation - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Oct 16th, 2021 - Overview A dislocation is an injury to a joint — a place where two or more bones come together — in which the ends of your bones are forced from their normal positions. This painful injury temporarily deforms and immobilizes your joint. Dislocation is most common in shoulders and fingers. Other sites include elbows, knees and hips. If you suspect a dislocation, seek prompt medical attention to ...

Breast cancer - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic

Oct 16th, 2021 - Breast cancer care at Mayo Mayo Clinic specialists provide compassionate care for people with breast cancer. Note: Items within this content were created prior to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and do not demonstrate proper pandemic protocols. Please follow all recommended Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines for masking and social distancing. People with brea...

Breast cancer - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Oct 16th, 2021 - Diagnosis Diagnosing breast cancer Core needle biopsy Open pop-up dialog box Close Core needle biopsy Core needle biopsy A core needle biopsy uses a long, hollow tube to obtain a sample of tissue. Here, a biopsy of a suspicious breast lump is being done. The sample is sent to a laboratory for testing and evaluation by doctors who specialize in analyzing blood and body tissue (pathologists). Bre...

Enlarged breasts in men (gynecomastia) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Oct 16th, 2021 - Overview Enlarged breasts in men (gynecomastia) Open pop-up dialog box Close Enlarged breasts in men (gynecomastia) Enlarged breasts in men (gynecomastia) With gynecomastia, tissue inside the breast glands grows. This can cause female-appearing breasts. Gynecomastia (guy-nuh-koh-MAS-tee-uh) is an increase in the amount of breast gland tissue in boys or men, caused by an imbalance of the hormone...

Enlarged breasts in men (gynecomastia) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Oct 16th, 2021 - Diagnosis A diagnosis of gynecomastia is based on a review of your symptoms and a medical exam that includes a careful evaluation of your breast tissue, abdomen and genitals. Tests Your doctor will likely order tests to identify a possible cause of gynecomastia, to screen for possible breast cancer and to rule out other conditions. These may include: Blood tests Mammograms Computerized tomograp...

Breast cancer - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Oct 16th, 2021 - Overview Breast anatomy Open pop-up dialog box Close Breast anatomy Breast anatomy Each breast contains 15 to 20 lobes of glandular tissue, arranged like the petals of a daisy. The lobes are further divided into smaller lobules that produce milk for breastfeeding. Small tubes (ducts) conduct the milk to a reservoir that lies just beneath your nipple. Breast cancer is cancer that forms in the ce...

Miscarriage - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Oct 16th, 2021 - Overview Miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a pregnancy before the 20th week. About 10 to 20 percent of known pregnancies end in miscarriage. But the actual number is likely higher because many miscarriages occur very early in pregnancy — before you might even know about a pregnancy. The term "miscarriage" might suggest that something went wrong in the carrying of the pregnancy. But this is...

Miscarriage - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Oct 16th, 2021 - Diagnosis Your health care provider might do a variety of tests: Pelvic exam. Your health care provider might check to see if your cervix has begun to dilate. Ultrasound. During an ultrasound, your health care provider will check for a fetal heartbeat and determine if the embryo is developing as it should be. If a diagnosis can't be made, you might need to have another ultrasound in about a wee...

Shin splints - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Oct 16th, 2021 - Overview The term "shin splints" refers to pain along the shin bone (tibia) — the large bone in the front of your lower leg. Shin splints are common in runners, dancers and military recruits. Medically known as medial tibial stress syndrome, shin splints often occur in athletes who have recently intensified or changed their training routines. The increased activity overworks the muscles, tendon...

Dislocation - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Oct 16th, 2021 - Diagnosis Besides examining your injury, your doctor might order the following X-ray. An X-ray of your joint is used to confirm the dislocation and may reveal broken bones or other damage to your joint. MRI. This can help your doctor assess damage to the soft tissue structures around a dislocated joint. More Information MRI X-ray Treatment Treatment of the dislocation depends on the site and se...

Breast cancer - Outcomes & ratings - Mayo Clinic

Oct 16th, 2021 - Hill: My name is Paula Hill. I have lived here in the valley for over 30 years. I'm the mother of four grown children and the wife of a retired firefighter. I had been for a routine mammogram and the results came back normal. Shortly following that I had my annual exam with my regular GYN, who did a breast exam, and found a lump. I then got a phone call a few days later saying that it was, in f...

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Oct 15th, 2021 - Diagnosis Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is difficult to diagnose early because it can mimic other neurological diseases. Tests to rule out other conditions might include: Electromyogram (EMG). Your doctor inserts a needle electrode through your skin into various muscles. The test evaluates the electrical activity of your muscles when they contract and when they're at rest. Abnormalities in musc...

Small vessel disease - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Oct 15th, 2021 - Overview Small vessel disease Open pop-up dialog box Close Small vessel disease Small vessel disease Clogging or narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the heart can occur not only in the heart's largest arteries (the coronary arteries) but also in the heart's smaller blood vessels. Small vessel disease is a condition in which the walls of the small arteries in the heart aren't working ...

Head and neck cancers - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic

Oct 15th, 2021 - Head and neck cancer care at Mayo Clinic Why choose Mayo Clinic for head and neck cancers Mayo Clinic experts offer compassionate, comprehensive care to those with head and neck cancers, including those with: Skull base tumors Pituitary tumors Esthesioneuroblastoma Nasopharyngeal cancer Nasal cavity cancer Paranasal sinus cancer Floor of mouth cancer Lip cancer Mouth cancer Salivary gland cance...

Head and neck cancers - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Oct 15th, 2021 - Overview Head and neck cancers are a broad category of cancers that occur in the head and neck region. Head and neck cancer treatment depends on the type, location and size of your cancer. Treatment for head and neck cancers often involves surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Treatments may be combined. After treatment, recovery from head and neck cancers may involve working with rehabi...

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Oct 15th, 2021 - Overview Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (a-my-o-TROE-fik LAT-ur-ul skluh-ROE-sis), or ALS, is a progressive nervous system disease that affects nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, causing loss of muscle control. ALS is often called Lou Gehrig's disease, after the baseball player who was diagnosed with it. Doctors usually don't know why ALS occurs. Some cases are inherited. ALS often begins...

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic

Oct 15th, 2021 - ALS care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic doctors trained in neuromuscular conditions (neurologists) work closely with doctors trained in physical medicine and rehabilitation (physiatrists), physical and occupational therapists, nutrition specialists (dietitians), nurses, social workers, and others to care for people with ALS. Mayo Clinic doctors diagnose and treat more tha...

Small vessel disease - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Oct 15th, 2021 - Diagnosis To diagnose small vessel disease, your health care provider will usually do a physical exam and ask questions about your medical history and family history of heart disease. He or she will likely listen to your heart with a stethoscope. The tests used to diagnose small vessel disease are similar to those used to diagnosis other types of heart disease and include: Stress test with imag...

Athlete's foot - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Oct 15th, 2021 - Overview Athlete's foot between the toes Open pop-up dialog box Close Athlete's foot between the toes Athlete's foot between the toes Athlete's foot can cause cracked peeling skin between the toes. Athlete's foot (tinea pedis) is a fungal skin infection that usually begins between the toes. It commonly occurs in people whose feet have become very sweaty while confined within tight-fitting shoes...

Athlete's foot - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Oct 15th, 2021 - Diagnosis Your doctor may be able to diagnose athlete's foot simply by looking at it. Some types of athletes foot look like dry skin or dermatitis. To help confirm the diagnosis and rule out other conditions, your doctor might take a skin scraping from the affected area for testing in a lab. Treatment If your athlete's foot doesn't respond to nonprescription products and self-care, you may need...

Athlete's foot - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Oct 15th, 2021 - Overview Athlete's foot between the toes Open pop-up dialog box Close Athlete's foot between the toes Athlete's foot between the toes Athlete's foot can cause cracked peeling skin between the toes. Athlete's foot (tinea pedis) is a fungal skin infection that usually begins between the toes. It commonly occurs in people whose feet have become very sweaty while confined within tight-fitting shoes...

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Oct 14th, 2021 - Overview Adrenal glands Open pop-up dialog box Close Adrenal glands Adrenal glands Perched atop each of your kidneys, your adrenal glands produce hormones that help regulate your metabolism, immune system, blood pressure and other essential functions. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) refers to a group of genetic disorders that affect the adrenal glands, a pair of walnut-sized organs above t...

Dehydration - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Oct 14th, 2021 - Diagnosis Your doctor can often diagnose dehydration on the basis of physical signs and symptoms. If you're dehydrated, you're also likely to have low blood pressure, especially when moving from a lying to a standing position, a faster than normal heart rate and reduced blood flow to your extremities. To help confirm the diagnosis and pinpoint the degree of dehydration, you may have other tests...

Swollen lymph nodes - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Oct 14th, 2021 - Overview Lymph node locations Open pop-up dialog box Close Lymph node locations Lymph node locations Your lymph nodes play a vital role in your body's ability to fight off infections. Common areas where you might notice swollen lymph nodes include your neck, under your chin, in your armpits and in your groin. Swollen lymph nodes Open pop-up dialog box Close Swollen lymph nodes Swollen lymph nod...

Dehydration - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Oct 14th, 2021 - Overview Dehydration occurs when you use or lose more fluid than you take in, and your body doesn't have enough water and other fluids to carry out its normal functions. If you don't replace lost fluids, you will get dehydrated. Anyone may become dehydrated, but the condition is especially dangerous for young children and older adults. The most common cause of dehydration in young children is s...

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Oct 14th, 2021 - Diagnosis CAH may be diagnosed before a baby is born, during childhood or later in life. Prenatal testing Tests used to diagnose CAH in fetuses include: Amniocentesis. This procedure involves using a needle to withdraw a sample of amniotic fluid from the womb and then examining the cells. Chorionic villus sampling. This test involves withdrawing cells from the placenta for examination. Newborns...

Swollen lymph nodes - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Oct 14th, 2021 - Diagnosis To diagnose what might be causing your swollen lymph nodes, your doctor may need: Your medical history. Your doctor will want to know when and how your swollen lymph nodes developed and if you have any other signs or symptoms. A physical exam. Your doctor will also want to check lymph nodes near the surface of your skin for size, tenderness, warmth and texture. The site of your swolle...

End-stage renal disease - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Oct 12th, 2021 - Overview End-stage renal disease, also called end-stage kidney disease or kidney failure, occurs when chronic kidney disease — the gradual loss of kidney function — reaches an advanced state. In end-stage renal disease, your kidneys no longer work as they should to meet your body's needs. Your kidneys filter wastes and excess fluids from your blood, which are then excreted in your urine. When y...

HPV infection - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Oct 12th, 2021 - Diagnosis Your doctor might be able to diagnose HPV infection by looking at your warts. If genital warts aren't visible, you'll need one or more of the following tests: Vinegar (acetic acid) solution test. A vinegar solution applied to HPV-infected genital areas turns them white. This may help in identifying difficult-to-see flat lesions. Pap test. Your doctor collects a sample of cells from yo...

Malaria - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Oct 12th, 2021 - Overview Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite. The parasite is spread to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes. People who have malaria usually feel very sick with a high fever and shaking chills. While the disease is uncommon in temperate climates, malaria is still common in tropical and subtropical countries. Each year nearly 290 million people are infected with malaria, and mo...

HPV infection - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Oct 12th, 2021 - Overview HPV infection is a viral infection that commonly causes skin or mucous membrane growths (warts). There are more than 100 varieties of human papillomavirus (HPV). Some types of HPV infection cause warts, and some can cause different types of cancer. Most HPV infections don't lead to cancer. But some types of genital HPV can cause cancer of the lower part of the uterus that connects to t...

Malaria - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Oct 12th, 2021 - Diagnosis To diagnose malaria, your doctor will likely review your medical history and recent travel, conduct a physical exam, and order blood tests. Blood tests can indicate: The presence of the parasite in the blood, to confirm that you have malaria Which type of malaria parasite is causing your symptoms If your infection is caused by a parasite resistant to certain drugs Whether the disease ...

End-stage renal disease - Care at Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic

Oct 12th, 2021 - End-stage renal disease care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team At Mayo Clinic, nephrologists and hypertension specialists work closely with other specialists —including cardiologists, endocrinologists, pharmacists, nurses, educators and dietitians — to deliver high-quality, cost-effective care to people who have end-stage renal disease. This means you benefit from the knowledge and expe...

End-stage renal disease - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Oct 12th, 2021 - Diagnosis Kidney biopsy Open pop-up dialog box Close Kidney biopsy Kidney biopsy During a kidney biopsy, your doctor uses a needle to remove a small sample of kidney tissue for lab testing. The biopsy needle is inserted through your skin and is often directed using the guidance of an imaging device, such as ultrasound. To diagnose end-stage renal disease, your health care provider may ask you a...

Hirsutism - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Oct 12th, 2021 - Overview Hirsutism Open pop-up dialog box Close Hirsutism Hirsutism Hirsutism is excess hair most often noticeable around the mouth and chin. Hirsutism (HUR-soot-iz-um) is a condition in women that results in excessive growth of dark or coarse hair in a male-like pattern — face, chest and back. With hirsutism, extra hair growth often arises from excess male hormones (androgens), primarily testo...

Ramsay Hunt syndrome - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Oct 12th, 2021 - Diagnosis Doctors often can identify Ramsay Hunt syndrome based on medical history, a physical exam, and the disorder's distinctive signs and symptoms. To confirm the diagnosis, your doctor might take a sample of fluid from one of the rash blisters in your ear for testing. Treatment Prompt treatment of Ramsay Hunt syndrome can ease pain and decrease the risk of long-term complications. Medicati...