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About 36,210 results

Risk of cerebral arteriovenous malformation rupture during pregnancy and puerperium.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4035708
Neurology Liu XJ, Wang S et. al.

Apr 24th, 2014 - To determine whether the risk of arteriovenous malformation (AVM) rupture is increased during pregnancy and puerperium. Participants included 979 female patients with intracranial AVM admitted to Beijing Tiantan Hospital between 1960 and 2010. Two neurosurgery residents reviewed medical records for each case. Of them, 393 patients with ruptured AVM between 18 and 40 years of age were used for c...

Transplantation outcomes for severe combined immunodeficiency, 2000-2009.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4183064
The New England Journal of Medicine; Pai SY, Logan BR et. al.

Jul 30th, 2014 - The Primary Immune Deficiency Treatment Consortium was formed to analyze the results of hematopoietic-cell transplantation in children with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) and other primary immunodeficiencies. Factors associated with a good transplantation outcome need to be identified in order to design safer and more effective curative therapy, particularly for children with SCID diag...

Causes of pulmonary hypertension in the elderly.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4077408
Chest Pugh ME, Sivarajan L et. al.

Jan 31st, 2014 - Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is common in elderly patients, but a detailed analysis of the causes of PH in the elderly has not been performed. We hypothesized that pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is rare in elderly patients and sought to describe the characteristics of these patients at a large referral center. Clinical and hemodynamic data were collected on consecutive patients ≥ 65 years...

Colonoscopy is associated with a reduced risk for colon cancer and mortality in patient...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4297589
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology : the Official C... Ananthakrishnan AN, Cagan A et. al.

Jul 21st, 2014 - Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). Surveillance colonoscopy is recommended at 2- to 3-year intervals beginning 8 years after diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, there have been no reports of whether colonoscopy examination reduces the risk for CRC in patients with IBD. In a retrospective study, we analyzed...

Renal Functional Outcomes after Surgery, Ablation, and Active Surveillance of Localized...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5498358
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : ... Patel HD, Pierorazio PM et. al.

May 9th, 2017 - Management strategies for localized renal masses suspicious for renal cell carcinoma include radical nephrectomy, partial nephrectomy, thermal ablation, and active surveillance. Given favorable survival outcomes across strategies, renal preservation is often of paramount concern. To inform clinical decision making, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies comparing renal fu...

The incidence of visual impairment due to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and concomit...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bjo.2010.192542
The British Journal of Ophthalmology; van Sorge AJ, Termote JU et. al.

Feb 11th, 2011 - To determine the incidence of visual impairment (VI) caused by retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and concomitant disabilities in preterm neonates born between 2000 and 2009 in the Netherlands. Data were retrieved from the Dutch institutes for the visually impaired. They were compared with similar Dutch studies conducted in 1975-1987, 1986-1994 and 1994-2000. Records of 42 infants with VI due to ...

Cholestasis and meconium ileus in infants with cystic fibrosis and their clinical outco...
https://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2013-304159
Archives of Disease in Childhood; Leeuwen L, Magoffin AK et. al.

Jan 17th, 2014 - To identify the incidence and outcomes of cholestasis and meconium ileus (MI) in infants with cystic fibrosis (CF). Retrospective cohort study. Single-centre study. From January 1986 to December 2011, 401 infants with CF (69 with MI) presented to our centre. (1) incidence of cholestasis, (2) identification of risk factors for cholestasis, (3) association between the presence of cholestasis and ...

Diabetes before and after lung transplantation in patients with cystic fibrosis and oth...
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.2012.03676.x
Diabetic Medicine : a Journal of the British Diabetic Ass... Belle-van Meerkerk G, van de Graaf EA et. al.

Apr 10th, 2012 - The aims of the study are to investigate the prevalence of diabetes in patients with cystic fibrosis compared with patients without cystic fibrosis, and its impact on the outcome after lung transplantation. Data were reviewed from 77 lung transplantation recipients in our centre between 2001 and 2010; 43 patients had cystic fibrosis and 34 patients had other lung diseases (no cystic fibrosis). ...

The effectiveness of BCG vaccination in preventing Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection...
https://doi.org/10.1136/thoraxjnl-2014-205688
Thorax Michelsen SW, Soborg B et. al.

Jun 27th, 2014 - The BCG vaccine's ability to prevent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (MTI) remains highly debated. In Greenland, BCG vaccination was introduced in 1955, but was temporarily discontinued (1991-1996) due to nationwide policy changes. The study aimed to use the transient stop in BCG vaccination to evaluate the effect of vaccination on MTI prevalence and TB incidence. MTI study: A cross-sectio...

The increasing burden of HIV-associated malignancies in resource-limited regions.
https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-med-050409-103711
Annual Review of Medicine; Casper C

Sep 27th, 2010 - Cancer is increasingly recognized as a complication of HIV infection in both resource-rich and resource-limited areas. The traditional AIDS-defining cancers, including Kaposi sarcoma, cervical cancer, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, have become common comorbidities afflicting HIV-positive individuals and lack adequate prevention and management options. Additionally, several non-AIDS-defining cancers ...

Residential Proximity to Heavy-Traffic Roads, Benzene Exposure, and Childhood Leukemia-...
https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwv111
American Journal of Epidemiology; Houot J, Marquant F et. al.

Sep 17th, 2015 - Childhood leukemia may be associated with traffic-related environmental exposure to benzene, and additional data are needed. The Géolocalisation des Cancers Pédiatriques (GEOCAP) Study, a nationwide French case-control study, was designed to avoid selection bias due to differential participation and misclassification. The study compared the 2,760 childhood leukemia cases diagnosed in France bet...

When children with Kawasaki disease grow up: Myocardial and vascular complications in a...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2870533
Journal of the American College of Cardiology; Gordon JB, Kahn AM et. al.

Nov 16th, 2009 - Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute, self-limited vasculitis that typically occurs in young children and was first described by Japanese pediatrician Tomisaku Kawasaki in 1967. Although originally thought to be a rare condition, KD has become the most common cause of acquired heart disease in the pediatric age group in developed countries. The majority of patients with KD appear to have a benign ...

Outcome predictors and implications for management of scimitar syndrome.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ahj.2013.01.016
American Heart Journal; Dusenbery SM, Geva T et. al.

Apr 29th, 2013 - Scimitar syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly. We evaluated risk factors for postoperative pulmonary vein stenosis or death and predictive factors for survival without scimitar vein surgery in patients with scimitar syndrome. The records of patients with scimitar syndrome evaluated at our medical center between 1964 and 2011 were reviewed. Scimitar syndrome was identified in 80 patients, with ...

Predictive factors and management of rectal bleeding side effects following prostate ca...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2013.04.033
International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Phy... Price JG, Stone NN et. al.

Jul 12th, 2013 - To report on the incidence, nature, and management of rectal toxicities following individual or combination brachytherapy following treatment for prostate cancer over a 17-year period. We also report the patient and treatment factors predisposing to acute ≥ grade 2 proctitis. A total of 2752 patients were treated for prostate cancer between October 1990 and April 2007 with either low-dose-rate ...

Risk of Buruli ulcer and detection of Mycobacterium ulcerans in mosquitoes in southeast...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3176747
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases; Lavender CJ, Fyfe JA et. al.

Sep 28th, 2011 - Buruli ulcer (BU) is a destructive skin condition caused by infection with the environmental bacterium, Mycobacterium ulcerans. The mode of transmission of M. ulcerans is not completely understood, but several studies have explored the role of biting insects. In this study, we tested for an association between the detection of M. ulcerans in mosquitoes and the risk of BU disease in humans in an...

Predictors for future cystic fibrosis-related diabetes by oral glucose tolerance test.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcf.2013.06.001
Journal of Cystic Fibrosis : Official Journal of the Euro... Schmid K, Fink K et. al.

Jul 2nd, 2013 - An annual oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) has become part of standard care in cystic fibrosis (CF) to screen for CF-related diabetes (CFRD). The objective of this study was to determine predictors for future CFRD derived from an OGTT. Data were collected from 2001 to 2009 during a longitudinal prospective study on "Early Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus in CF Patients, trial number NCT00662714...

The Clinical Implications of Todd Paralysis in Children With Benign Rolandic Epilepsy.
https://doi.org/10.1177/0883073815589760
Journal of Child Neurology; Dai AI, Demiryürek S

Jun 10th, 2015 - The aim of this study was to describe the clinical and electroencephalographic (EEG) findings of postictal Todd paralysis in benign rolandic epilepsy of childhood and find out the possible correlation with migraine. Based on International Headache Society pediatric migraine criteria, patients were investigated for migraine, and 12 of the 108 patients with benign rolandic epilepsy (6 girls and 6...

Increase in incidence of congenital syphilis - United States, 2012-2014.
https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6444a3
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Bowen V, Su J et. al.

Nov 12th, 2015 - Congenital syphilis (CS) occurs when a mother infected with syphilis transmits the infection to her child during pregnancy. CS can cause severe illness, miscarriage, stillbirth, and early infant death. However, among pregnant women with syphilis who deliver after 20 weeks gestation, maternal treatment with penicillin is 98% effective at preventing CS (1). In the United States, the rate of CS de...

Lymphatic mapping and sentinel lymph node biopsy in women with squamous cell carcinoma ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3478573
Journal of Clinical Oncology : Official Journal of the Am... Levenback CF, Ali S et. al.

Jul 3rd, 2012 - To determine the safety of sentinel lymph node biopsy as a replacement for inguinal femoral lymphadenectomy in selected women with vulvar cancer. Eligible women had squamous cell carcinoma, at least 1-mm invasion, and tumor size ≥ 2 cm and ≤ 6 cm. The primary tumor was limited to the vulva, and there were no groin lymph nodes that were clinically suggestive of cancer. All women underwent intrao...

Esophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula in very low-birth-weight neonates: improve...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2009.07.047
Journal of Pediatric Surgery; Petrosyan M, Estrada J et. al.

Dec 16th, 2009 - The surgical management of esophageal atresia with distal tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) involves early division of the TEF and primary esophageal anastomosis. However, in premature infants, the morbidity associated with primary repair remains high, and the optimal surgical approach has not been well defined. Medical records of very low-birth-weight infants (<1500 g) with EA/TEF from June 1...