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About 58,830 results

Household Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in the United States
https://academic.oup.com/cid/advance-article/doi/10.1093/cid/ciaa1166/5893024
Clinical Infectious Diseases; Lewis, NM. et. al.

Although many viral respiratory illnesses are transmitted within households, the evidence base for SARS-CoV-2 is nascent. We sought to characterize SARS-CoV-2 transmission within US households and estimate the household secondary infection rate (SIR) to inform strategies to reduce transmission.

SARS-CoV-2 transmission among children and staff in daycare centres during a nationwide lockdown in France: a cross-sectional, multicentre, seroprevalence study
https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanchi/article/PIIS2352-4642(21)00024-9/fulltext
The Lancet;

Feb 6th, 2021 - The extent to which very young children contribute to the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 is unclear. We aimed to estimate the seroprevalence of antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 in daycare centres that remained open for key workers' children during a nationwide lockdown in France.

Public health impact of delaying second dose of BNT162b2 or mRNA-1273 covid-19 vaccine: simulation agent based modeling study
https://www.bmj.com/content/373/bmj.n1087
BMJ Romero-Brufau S, Chopra A et. al.

May 11th, 2021 - Objective To estimate population health outcomes with delayed second dose versus standard schedule of SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccination.

Prognosis and Neuropathologic Correlation of Clinical Subtypes of Parkinson Disease
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaneurology/article-abstract/2719823

Jan 13th, 2019 - Parkinson clinical subtypes at diagnosis may estimate disease course and survival, which may be useful in providing a more accurate prognosis in individual patients in clinical practice and helping to stratify subgroups in clinical trials. Different severity and progression of neuropathologies are important determinants of Parkinson subtypes, and age at diagnosis should be included in future s...

Secukinumab Versus Adalimumab for Psoriatic Arthritis: Comparative Effectiveness up to 48 Weeks Using a Matching-Adjusted Indirect Comparison
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5935619/
Rheumatology and Therapy; Nash,P.,et al

Mar 30th, 2018 - Introduction Secukinumab and adalimumab are approved for adults with active psoriatic arthritis (PsA). In the absence of direct randomized controlled trial (RCT) data, matching-adjusted indirect comparison can estimate the comparative effectiveness in anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-naïve populations. Methods Individual patient data from the FUTURE 2 RCT (secukinumab vs. placebo; N = 299) wer...

Machine learning approaches to predict lupus disease activity from gene expression data
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-45989-0
Scientific Reports; Kegerreis,B.,et al

Jul 2nd, 2019 - The integration of gene expression data to predict systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) disease activity is a significant challenge because of the high degree of heterogeneity among patients and study cohorts, especially those collected on different microarray platforms. Here we deployed machine learning approaches to integrate gene expression data from three SLE data sets and used it to classify...

Time in remission and low disease activity state (LDAS) are associated with a better quality of life in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: results from LUMINA (LXXIX), a multiethnic, multi...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6560976/
RMD Open;

May 22nd, 2019 - Aims To determine whether the proportion of time systemic lupus erythematosus patients achieve remission/low disease activity state (LDAS) is associated with a better quality of life (QoL). Patients and methods Patients from a well-established multiethnic, multicentre US cohort were included: remission: Systemic Lupus Activity Measure (SLAM) score=0, prednisone≤5 mg/day and no immunosuppressan...

Use of Vibrio cholerae vaccine in an outbreak in Guinea.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1312680
The New England Journal of Medicine; Luquero FJ, Grout L et. al.

May 29th, 2014 - The use of vaccines to prevent and control cholera is currently under debate. Shanchol is one of the two oral cholera vaccines prequalified by the World Health Organization; however, its effectiveness under field conditions and the protection it confers in the first months after administration remain unknown. The main objective of this study was to estimate the short-term effectiveness of two d...

Ultrasonography of the colon in pediatric ulcerative colitis: a prospective, blind, com...
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.02.055
The Journal of Pediatrics; Civitelli F, Di Nardo G et. al.

Apr 14th, 2014 - To evaluate the usefulness of colonic ultrasonography (US) in assessing the extent and activity of disease in pediatric ulcerative colitis (UC) and to compare US findings with clinical and endoscopic features. Consecutive pediatric patients (n = 60) with a diagnosis of UC and suspected disease flare-up were prospectively enrolled; of these, 50 patients were eligible for the study. All underwent...

Event-free survival at 24 months is a robust end point for disease-related outcome in d...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3965261
Journal of Clinical Oncology : Official Journal of the Am... Maurer MJ, Ghesquières H et. al.

Feb 19th, 2014 - Studies of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) are typically evaluated by using a time-to-event approach with relapse, re-treatment, and death commonly used as the events. We evaluated the timing and type of events in newly diagnosed DLBCL and compared patient outcome with reference population data. Patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL treated with immunochemotherapy were prospectively enrolle...

Nonselective β blockers increase risk for hepatorenal syndrome and death in patients wi...
https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2014.03.005
Gastroenterology Mandorfer M, Bota S et. al.

Mar 18th, 2014 - Nonselective β blockers (NSBBs) reduce portal pressure and the risk for variceal hemorrhage in patients with cirrhosis. However, development of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in these patients could preclude treatment with NSBBs because of their effects on the circulatory reserve. We investigated the effects of NSBBs in patients with cirrhosis and ascites with and without SBP. We perfo...

Four-month moxifloxacin-based regimens for drug-sensitive tuberculosis.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4277680
The New England Journal of Medicine; Gillespie SH, Crook AM et. al.

Sep 9th, 2014 - Early-phase and preclinical studies suggest that moxifloxacin-containing regimens could allow for effective 4-month treatment of uncomplicated, smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis. We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial to test the noninferiority of two moxifloxacin-containing regimens as compared with a control regimen. One group of patients received isoni...

Surveillance for stage I nonseminoma testicular cancer: outcomes and long-term follow-u...
https://doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2013.53.5831
Journal of Clinical Oncology : Official Journal of the Am... Daugaard G, Gundgaard MG et. al.

Sep 30th, 2014 - To describe treatment results in a large cohort with stage I nonseminoma germ cell cancer (NSGCC) treated in a surveillance program. From January 1, 1984, to December 31, 2007, 1,226 patients with stage I NSGCC, including high-risk patients with vascular invasion, were observed in a surveillance program. The relapse rate after orchiectomy alone was 30.6% at 5 years. Presence of vascular invasio...

Simvastatin in the acute respiratory distress syndrome.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1403285
The New England Journal of Medicine; McAuley DF, Laffey JG et. al.

Sep 30th, 2014 - Studies in animals and in vitro and phase 2 studies in humans suggest that statins may be beneficial in the treatment of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). This study tested the hypothesis that treatment with simvastatin would improve clinical outcomes in patients with ARDS. In this multicenter, double-blind clinical trial, we randomly assigned (in a 1:1 ratio) patients with an ons...

Autologous transplantation and maintenance therapy in multiple myeloma.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1402888
The New England Journal of Medicine; Palumbo A, Cavallo F et. al.

Sep 3rd, 2014 - This open-label, randomized, phase 3 study compared melphalan at a dose of 200 mg per square meter of body-surface area plus autologous stem-cell transplantation with melphalan-prednisone-lenalidomide (MPR) and compared lenalidomide maintenance therapy with no maintenance therapy in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. We randomly assigned 273 patients 65 years of age or younger to h...

National, Regional, State, and Selected Local Area Vaccination Coverage Among Adolescen...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5687818
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Walker TY, Elam-Evans LD et. al.

Aug 24th, 2017 - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that adolescents routinely receive tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap), meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MenACWY), and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine (1) at age 11-12 years. ACIP also recommends catch-up vaccination with hepatitis B vaccine, measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine, and varicella vac...

Mycophenolate versus azathioprine as maintenance therapy for lupus nephritis.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1014460
The New England Journal of Medicine; Dooley MA, Jayne D et. al.

Nov 17th, 2011 - Maintenance therapy, often with azathioprine or mycophenolate mofetil, is required to consolidate remission and prevent relapse after the initial control of lupus nephritis. We carried out a 36-month, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, phase 3 study comparing oral mycophenolate mofetil (2 g per day) and oral azathioprine (2 mg per kilogram of body weight per day), plus placebo in each grou...

Increased survival in pancreatic cancer with nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4631139
The New England Journal of Medicine; Von Hoff DD, Ervin T et. al.

Oct 17th, 2013 - In a phase 1-2 trial of albumin-bound paclitaxel (nab-paclitaxel) plus gemcitabine, substantial clinical activity was noted in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. We conducted a phase 3 study of the efficacy and safety of the combination versus gemcitabine monotherapy in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer. We randomly assigned patients with a Karnofsky performance-status score of ...

Azathioprine and Risk of Skin Cancer in Organ Transplant Recipients: Systematic Review ...
https://doi.org/10.1111/ajt.13863
American Journal of Transplantation : Official Journal Of... Jiyad Z, Olsen CM et. al.

May 10th, 2016 - Azathioprine, a purine antimetabolite immunosuppressant, photosensitizes the skin and causes the production of mutagenic reactive oxygen species. It is postulated to increase the risk of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and other skin cancers in organ transplant recipients (OTRs), but evidence from multiple, largely single-center studies to date has been inconsistent. We aimed to resolve the issue...

Mortality of bullous pemphigoid in the first year after diagnosis: a retrospective stud...
https://doi.org/10.1111/jdv.12065
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venere... Gual A, Mascaró JM et. al.

Jan 2nd, 2013 - Prognosis of patients with bullous pemphigoid (BP) is controversial, with a 1-year mortality rate ranging from 6% to 48%. To determine the mortality rate of a large cohort of patients with BP and to identify prognostic factors associated with early mortality. Patients diagnosed with BP between January 1, 1990 and December 31, 2010 in a referral unit for blistering skin diseases at a university ...