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About 34,324 results

Prevalence of small-bowel neoplasia in Lynch syndrome assessed by video capsule endoscopy.
https://doi.org/10.1136/gutjnl-2014-307348
Gut Haanstra JF, Al-Toma A et. al.

Sep 11th, 2014 - The aim was to determine the prevalence of small-bowel neoplasia in asymptomatic patients with Lynch syndrome (LS) by video capsule endoscopy (VCE). After obtaining informed consent, asymptomatic proven gene mutation carriers aged 35-70 years were included in this prospective multicentre study in the Netherlands. Patients with previous small-bowel surgery were excluded. After bowel preparation,...

Population-Based Surveillance of Birth Defects Potentially Related to Zika Virus Infect...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5812309
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Delaney A, Mai C et. al.

Jan 25th, 2018 - Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause serious birth defects, including microcephaly and brain abnormalities (1). Population-based birth defects surveillance systems are critical to monitor all infants and fetuses with birth defects potentially related to Zika virus infection, regardless of known exposure or laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection during pregnancy. CDC analyzed dat...

Human papillomavirus outcomes in an access-to-care laryngeal cancer cohort.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3728652
Otolaryngology--head and Neck Surgery : Official Journal ... Stephen JK, Chen KM et. al.

Jan 23rd, 2012 - Human papillomavirus (HPV), particularly HPV16, is a causative agent for 25% of head and neck squamous cell cancer, including laryngeal squamous cell cancer (LSCC). HPV-positive (HPV+ve) patients, particularly those with oropharyngeal SCC, have improved prognosis. For LSCC patients, this remains to be established. The goal was to determine stage and survival outcomes in LSCC in the context of H...

Childhood-onset bullous systemic lupus erythematosus.
https://doi.org/10.1177/0961203314544187
Lupus Lourenço DM, Gomes RC et. al.

Jul 30th, 2014 - Bullous systemic lupus erythematosus has rarely been described in pediatric lupus population and the real prevalence of childhood-onset bullous systemic lupus erythematosus has not been reported. From January 1983 to November 2013, 303 childhood-onset SLE (c-SLE) patients were followed at the Pediatric Rheumatology Unit of the Childreńs Institute of Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicin...

Prevalence of sclerosing cholangitis in adults with autoimmune hepatitis: a prospective...
https://doi.org/10.1002/hep.23024
Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.); Lewin M, Vilgrain V et. al.

Jul 3rd, 2009 - The development of sclerosing cholangitis (SC) is observed in up to 50% of children followed up for autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). In adults, the prevalence is less known, although a recent study found evidence of SC in 10% of AIH patients using magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). The aim of this study was to assess prospectively the prevalence of SC in adults with AIH. Fifty-nine ...

High Frequency of Blackwater Fever Among Children Presenting to Hospital With Severe Fe...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5848229
Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication Of... Olupot-Olupot P, Engoru C et. al.

Mar 31st, 2017 - In the Fluid Expansion as a Supportive Treatment (FEAST) trial, an unexpectedly high proportion of participants from eastern Uganda presented with blackwater fever (BWF). We describe the prevalence and outcome of BWF among trial participants and compare the prevalence of 3 malaria-protective red blood cell polymorphisms in BWF cases vs both trial (non-BWF) and population controls. Of 3170 trial...

Diabetes before and after lung transplantation in patients with cystic fibrosis and oth...
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.2012.03676.x
Diabetic Medicine : a Journal of the British Diabetic Ass... Belle-van Meerkerk G, van de Graaf EA et. al.

Apr 10th, 2012 - The aims of the study are to investigate the prevalence of diabetes in patients with cystic fibrosis compared with patients without cystic fibrosis, and its impact on the outcome after lung transplantation. Data were reviewed from 77 lung transplantation recipients in our centre between 2001 and 2010; 43 patients had cystic fibrosis and 34 patients had other lung diseases (no cystic fibrosis). ...

The effectiveness of BCG vaccination in preventing Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection...
https://doi.org/10.1136/thoraxjnl-2014-205688
Thorax Michelsen SW, Soborg B et. al.

Jun 27th, 2014 - The BCG vaccine's ability to prevent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (MTI) remains highly debated. In Greenland, BCG vaccination was introduced in 1955, but was temporarily discontinued (1991-1996) due to nationwide policy changes. The study aimed to use the transient stop in BCG vaccination to evaluate the effect of vaccination on MTI prevalence and TB incidence. MTI study: A cross-sectio...

The increasing burden of HIV-associated malignancies in resource-limited regions.
https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-med-050409-103711
Annual Review of Medicine; Casper C

Sep 27th, 2010 - Cancer is increasingly recognized as a complication of HIV infection in both resource-rich and resource-limited areas. The traditional AIDS-defining cancers, including Kaposi sarcoma, cervical cancer, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, have become common comorbidities afflicting HIV-positive individuals and lack adequate prevention and management options. Additionally, several non-AIDS-defining cancers ...

How I manage neonatal thrombocytopenia.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2141.2011.08892.x
British Journal of Haematology; Chakravorty S, Roberts I

Sep 28th, 2011 - Although neonatal thrombocytopenia (platelet count < 150×10(9) /l) is a common finding in hospital practice, a careful clinical history and examination of the blood film is often sufficient to establish the diagnosis and guide management without the need for further investigations. In preterm neonates, early-onset thrombocytopenia (<72h) is usually secondary to antenatal causes, has a character...

Controlled Study of Obesity Among Adolescents with Bipolar Disorder.
https://doi.org/10.1089/cap.2015.0154
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology; Shapiro J, Mindra S et. al.

Jan 15th, 2016 - Despite numerous studies regarding obesity (OB) in adult bipolar disorder (BP), there are few studies on this topic among adolescents. The current study attempts to extend the literature on prevalence and correlates of OB in adolescent BP by including control participants, and determining OB by direct measurement. Participants were 75 treatment-seeking adolescents, ages 13-19 years, with BP-I, ...

Lithium Use in Pregnancy and the Risk of Cardiac Malformations.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5667676
The New England Journal of Medicine; Patorno E, Huybrechts KF et. al.

Jun 7th, 2017 - There has been concern that exposure to lithium early in pregnancy may be associated with a marked increase in the risk of Ebstein's anomaly (a right ventricular outflow tract obstruction defect) in infants and overall congenital cardiac defects, but data are conflicting and limited. We conducted a cohort study involving 1,325,563 pregnancies in women who were enrolled in Medicaid and who deliv...

Prevalence of HIV Infection among U.S. Hodgkin lymphoma cases.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3946161
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : a Publicat... Shiels MS, Koritzinsky EH et. al.

Dec 11th, 2013 - Hodgkin lymphoma is uncommon in the U.S. general population; however, Hodgkin lymphoma risk is elevated in people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Thus, despite the low HIV prevalence in the United States, the HIV epidemic may have contributed substantially to the general population burden of Hodgkin lymphoma. We used data from 14 U.S. cancer registries in the Surveillance, Ep...

Autism and intellectual disability are differentially related to sociodemographic backg...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3068153
PloS One; Leonard H, Glasson E et. al.

Apr 11th, 2011 - Research findings investigating the sociodemographics of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been inconsistent and rarely considered the presence of intellectual disability (ID). We used population data on Western Australian singletons born from 1984 to 1999 (n = 398,353) to examine the sociodemographic characteristics of children diagnosed with ASD with or without ID, or ID without ASD compare...

Heterotaxy in southern Nevada: prenatal detection and epidemiology.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00246-015-1099-3
Pediatric Cardiology; Evans WN, Acherman RJ et. al.

Jan 14th, 2015 - We retrospectively analyzed a combination of prenatally detected and postnatally diagnosed patients with heterotaxic situs that included those with situs inversus, bilateral left-sidedness, and bilateral right-sidedness for the period between April 2002 and July 2014. We found a statistically higher prevalence in the Hispanic population of Southern Nevada of 2.7/10,000 live births (95 % confide...

Meta-analysis of urine heme dipstick diagnosis of Schistosoma haematobium infection, in...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3772022
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases; King CH, Bertsch D

Sep 26th, 2013 - Urogenital schistosomiasis remains highly endemic in Africa. Current control is based on drug administration, targeted either to school-age children or to high-risk communities at-large. Urine dipsticks for detection of microhematuria offer an inexpensive means for estimating infection prevalence. However, their diagnostic performance has not been systematically evaluated after community treatm...

The effect of malaria control on Plasmodium falciparum in Africa between 2000 and 2015.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4820050
Nature Bhatt S, Weiss DJ et. al.

Sep 16th, 2015 - Since the year 2000, a concerted campaign against malaria has led to unprecedented levels of intervention coverage across sub-Saharan Africa. Understanding the effect of this control effort is vital to inform future control planning. However, the effect of malaria interventions across the varied epidemiological settings of Africa remains poorly understood owing to the absence of reliable survei...

Acute chorioamnionitis and funisitis: definition, pathologic features, and clinical sig...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4774647
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology; Kim CJ, Romero R et. al.

Oct 2nd, 2015 - Acute inflammatory lesions of the placenta consist of diffuse infiltration of neutrophils at different sites in the organ. These lesions include acute chorioamnionitis, funisitis, and chorionic vasculitis and represent a host response (maternal or fetal) to a chemotactic gradient in the amniotic cavity. While acute chorioamnionitis is evidence of a maternal host response, funisitis and chorioni...

Lack of association between acellular pertussis vaccine and seizures in early childhood.
https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2009-1496
Pediatrics Huang WT, Gargiullo PM et. al.

Jul 20th, 2010 - Receipt of diphtheria-tetanus-whole-cell pertussis vaccine (diphtheria-tetanus toxoids-pertussis [DTP]) is associated with seizures. Limited population-based studies have been conducted on the risk for seizures after receipt of diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccine (diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis [DTaP]). We conducted a retrospective study from 1997-2006 by using risk-interval ...

Fibromuscular dysplasia: state of the science and critical unanswered questions: a scie...
https://doi.org/10.1161/01.cir.0000442577.96802.8c
Circulation Olin JW, Gornik HL et. al.

Feb 19th, 2014 - Fibromuscular dysplasia: state of the science and critical unanswered questions: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association.|2014|Olin JW,Gornik HL,Bacharach JM,Biller J,Fine LJ,|epidemiology,diagnosis,epidemiology,genetics,