About 253,798 results

Real-time assessment of COVID-19 prevalence among multiple sclerosis patients: a multicenter European study

We assessed the prevalence and impact of COVID-19 among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients across Europe by leveraging participant data collected as part of the ongoing EU IMI2 RADAR-CNS major programme aimed at finding new ways of monitoring neurological disorders using wearable devices and smartphone technology. In the present study, 399 patients of RADAR-MS have been included (mean age 43.9 ye...

Imaging in Parkinson’s disease
Clinical Medicine;

The clinical presentation of Parkinson’s disease (PD) is heterogeneous and overlaps with other conditions, including the parkinsonian variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and essential tremor. Imaging of the brain in patients with parkinsonism has the ability to increase the accuracy of differential diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), single ...

Risk factors of levodopa-induced dyskinesia in Parkinson’s disease: results from the PPMI cohort
NPJ Parkinson's Disease;

Levodopa-induced dyskinesias (LID) negatively impact on the quality of life of patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). We assessed the risk factors for LID in a cohort of de-novo PD patients enrolled in the Parkinson’s Progression Markers Initiative (PPMI). This retrospective cohort study included all PD patients enrolled in the PPMI cohort. Main outcome was the incidence rate of dyskinesia, de...

The role of total ankle replacement in patients with hemophilia and end‐stage ankle arthropathy: A review
Haemophilia Sackstein P

Nov 7th, 2020 - Hemophilia is the most common X‐linked bleeding disorder, affecting over 1 million individuals throughout the world. Patients are subclassified into mild, moderate and severe disease based on per cent factor activity level.

Joint AAD-NPF Guidelines of care for the management and treatment of psoriasis with topical therapy and alternative medicine modalities for psoriasis severity measures
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology; Craig A. Elmets, MD et. al.

Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory, multisystem disease which affects up to 3.2% of the U.S population. This guideline addresses important clinical questions that arise in psoriasis management and care and provides recommendations based on the available evidence.

Defining the role of asymptomatic and pre-symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 transmission – a living systematic review
Medrxiv Qiu X, Nergiz AI et. al.

Reports suggest that asymptomatic individuals (those with no symptoms at all throughout the infection) with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) are infectious, but the extent of asymptomatic transmission requires further understanding.

Clocks, Viruses, and Immunity: Lessons for the COVID-19 Pandemic
Journal of Biological Rhythms; Sengupta S, Ince L et. al.

Jan 21st, 2021 - Circadian rhythms are evolutionarily conserved anticipatory systems that allow the host to prepare and respond to threats in its environment. This article summarizes a European Biological Rhythms Society (EBRS) workshop held in July 2020 to review current knowledge of the interplay between the circadian clock and viral infections to inform therapeutic strategies against SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19.

Causes and Evaluation of Chronic Dyspnea

Jul 11th, 2015 - Chronic dyspnea is shortness of breath that lasts more than one month. The perception of dyspnea varies based on behavioral and physiologic responses. Dyspnea that is greater than expected with the degree of exertion is a symptom of disease. Most cases of dyspnea result from asthma, heart failure and myocardial ischemia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, interstitial lung disease, pneumoni...

Management of Rare Ovarian Cancer Histologies
Gershenson,D.,et al

Aug 11th, 2019 - Management of Rare Ovarian Cancer Histologies. David M. Gershenson, MD1. x. David M. Gershenson.

Fasting Triglycerides & Glucose Index: A Useful Screening Test for Assessing Insulin Resistance in Patients Diagnosed with Rheumatoid Arthritis & Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome; Contreras-Haro B,et al

Nov 26th, 2019 - Insulin resistance (IR) is frequently observed in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In clinical practice, IR assessment is limited to a low proportion of patients due to cost and equipment and technical expertise requirements. The surrogate index of triglycerides and glucose (TyG index) has been validated in non-rheumatic populations, showing adequat...

Musical hallucinations and their relation with epilepsy
Journal of Neurology;

Apr 9th, 2019 - Musical hallucinations are poorly understood phenomena. Their relation with epilepsy was first described over a century ago, but never systematically explored. We, therefore, reviewed the literature, and assessed all descriptions of musical hallucinations attributed to epileptic activity. Our search yielded 191 articles, which together describe 983 unique patients, with 24 detailed descriptions...

Distinguishing rheumatoid arthritis from psoriatic arthritis
RMD Open; Merola,J.,et al

Aug 12th, 2018 - Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) have key differences in clinical presentation, radiographic findings, comorbidities and pathogenesis to distinguish between these common forms of chronic inflammatory arthritis. Joint involvement is typically, but not always, asymmetric in PsA, while it is predominantly symmetric in RA. Bone erosions, without new bone growth, and cervical ...

Risk of cerebral arteriovenous malformation rupture during pregnancy and puerperium.
Neurology Liu XJ, Wang S et. al.

Apr 24th, 2014 - To determine whether the risk of arteriovenous malformation (AVM) rupture is increased during pregnancy and puerperium. Participants included 979 female patients with intracranial AVM admitted to Beijing Tiantan Hospital between 1960 and 2010. Two neurosurgery residents reviewed medical records for each case. Of them, 393 patients with ruptured AVM between 18 and 40 years of age were used for c...

Etanercept therapy for toxic epidermal necrolysis.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology; Paradisi A, Abeni D et. al.

Jun 14th, 2014 - Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a severe and potentially lethal drug reaction for which no standard treatment is available. To describe a case series of patients with TEN treated with a single dose of etanercept. We observed 10 consecutive patients with TEN. For each patient, we recorded the presence of comorbidities and all the drugs recently started (ie, in the last month). In all cases, ...

Early lung ultrasonography predicts the occurrence of acute respiratory distress syndro...
Intensive Care Medicine; Leblanc D, Bouvet C et. al.

Jul 15th, 2014 - Extent of lung contusion on initial computed tomography (CT) scan predicts the occurrence of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in blunt chest trauma patients. We hypothesized that lung ultrasonography (LUS) on admission could also predict subsequent ARDS. Forty-five blunt trauma patients were prospectively studied. Clinical examination, chest radiography, and LUS were performed on arri...

Surveillance for stage I nonseminoma testicular cancer: outcomes and long-term follow-u...
Journal of Clinical Oncology : Official Journal of the Am... Daugaard G, Gundgaard MG et. al.

Sep 30th, 2014 - To describe treatment results in a large cohort with stage I nonseminoma germ cell cancer (NSGCC) treated in a surveillance program. From January 1, 1984, to December 31, 2007, 1,226 patients with stage I NSGCC, including high-risk patients with vascular invasion, were observed in a surveillance program. The relapse rate after orchiectomy alone was 30.6% at 5 years. Presence of vascular invasio...

Is 3-years duration of adjuvant imatinib mesylate treatment sufficient for patients wit...
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology; Lin JX, Chen QF et. al.

Jan 13th, 2017 - The therapy for gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) has changed significantly since the use of imatinib mesylate (IM). However, the appropriate duration of receiving adjuvant IM for patients with high-risk GIST who underwent R0 resection is still controversial. From January 2005 to December 2014, 234 patients who underwent R0 resection and were treated with adjuvant imatinib at our instituti...

Patient-reported health-related quality of life from the phase III TOURMALINE-MM1 study...
American Journal of Hematology; Leleu X, Masszi T et. al.

May 4th, 2018 - TOURMALINE-MM1 is a phase III, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of ixazomib plus lenalidomide and dexamethasone (IRd) versus placebo-Rd in patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma following 1-3 prior lines of therapy. The study met its primary endpoint, demonstrating significantly longer progression-free survival (PFS) in the IRd arm versus placebo-Rd arm (median 20....

Ataluren in patients with nonsense mutation Duchenne muscular dystrophy (ACT DMD): a mu...
Lancet (London, England); McDonald CM, Campbell C et. al.

Jul 21st, 2017 - Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a severe, progressive, and rare neuromuscular, X-linked recessive disease. Dystrophin deficiency is the underlying cause of disease; therefore, mutation-specific therapies aimed at restoring dystrophin protein production are being explored. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of ataluren in ambulatory boys with nonsense mutation DMD. We did this multi...

Long-term results and recurrence patterns from SCALOP: a phase II randomised trial of g...
British Journal of Cancer; Hurt CN, Falk S et. al.

Apr 4th, 2017 - SCALOP, a randomised, phase II trial, tested the activity and safety of gemcitabine (GEM)-based and capecitabine (CAP)-based chemoradiation (CRT) for locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). Here we present the long-term outcomes. Eligibility: histologically proven LAPC ⩽7 cm. Following 12 weeks of induction GEMCAP chemotherapy (three cycles: GEM 1000 mg m-2 days 1, 8, 15; CAP 830 mg m-2 days...