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About 1,206,585 results

Screening for Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes: US Preventive Services Task Force Recomm...
https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2021.12531
JAMA , Davidson KW et. al.

Aug 25th, 2021 - An estimated 13% of all US adults (18 years or older) have diabetes, and 34.5% meet criteria for prediabetes. The prevalences of prediabetes and diabetes are higher in older adults. Estimates of the risk of progression from prediabetes to diabetes vary widely, perhaps because of differences in the definition of prediabetes or the heterogeneity of prediabetes. Diabetes is the leading cause of ki...

Multiple cerebral infarctions associated with lung cancer-induced hypereosinophilia: a ...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12883-021-02423-1 10.1016/j.jaci.2012.02.019 10.1186/1471-2490-12-7 10.1016/j.clinimag.2020.12.038 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2016.12.009 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2017.12.022 10.1186/s12883-019-1515-z 10.14310/horm.2002.11196 10.1007/s10072-014-1814-5 10.5692/clinicalneurol.55.165 10.1212/01.wnl.0000277656.36206.ca 10.1097/RCT.0000000000000865 10.1016/j.jns.2012.12.002 10.1161/STR.0000000000000375 10.1161/STROKEAHA.120.032002
BMC Neurology; Ozaki M, Mano T et. al.

Oct 14th, 2021 - Hypereosinophilia (HE) is caused by various conditions, including solid and hematologic tumors. Nonetheless, there exist no reports on cerebral infarctions caused by HE associated with lung cancer metastasis to the bone marrow. We report a case of a 67-year-old man with multiple cerebral infarctions associated with HE. His white blood cell and eosinophil counts were 38,900/μL and 13,600/μL, res...

Pain, disease severity and associations with individual quality of life in patients wit...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12904-021-00848-6 10.1002/ejp.1091 10.1159/000493386 10.7861/clinmedicine.10-3-252 10.1016/j.ncl.2015.07.007 10.1016/S0885-3924(02)00440-2 10.1002/brb3.296 10.1111/j.1468-1331.2011.03540.x 10.3109/21678421.2015.1074701 10.3109/21678421.2014.951944 10.3109/21678421.2012.751614 10.3233/JND-180322 10.2174/1874205X01610010059 10.1016/S1474-4422(16)30358-1 10.1056/NEJM199603283341306 10.1007/s13311-014-0322-x 10.1097/00005650-199206000-00002 10.1016/j.jns.2018.12.035 10.1016/j.jns.2016.09.034 10.1002/mus.23245 10.1136/bmj.313.7048.29 10.1136/jnnp.2003.033100 10.1080/146608202760834120 10.3109/17482960802444840 10.1111/ane.12774 10.1017/S1478951509990733 10.1089/jpm.2004.7.551 10.1080/13548506.2011.651149 10.1212/WNL.52.7.1434 10.1016/j.neurol.2017.03.019 10.1023/A:1025024008139 10.1007/s11136-005-8165-x 10.1007/s11136-009-9490-2 10.1007/s004150170140 10.1016/j.pain.2009.09.017 10.1177/0961203315588972 10.3233/BMR-160738 10.1016/j.pmr.2005.08.015 10.1016/S0022-510X(99)00210-5 10.1016/j.pain.2003.12.024 10.1016/j.pain.2010.11.019 10.1007/s00415-017-8538-4 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01197 10.1177/1049732313480048 10.1212/01.wnl.0000345041.83406.a2 10.1186/s12883-015-0340-2 10.1007/s11136-009-9569-9 10.1097/WCO.0000000000000862
BMC Palliative Care; Åkerblom Y, Zetterberg L et. al.

Oct 14th, 2021 - Up to 85% of people with motor neuron disease (MND) report pain, but whether pain has negative impact on quality of life is unclear. The aim was to study associations between pain, disease severity and individual quality of life (IQOL) in patients with MND. In this cross sectional study, 61 patients were recruited from four multidisciplinary teams in Sweden, whereof 55 responded to the pain mea...

Upward gaze palsy and convergence insufficiency as a rare presentation of primary intra...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2020-241340
BMJ Case Reports; Tanimura J, Sato H et. al.

Oct 14th, 2021 - A primary intraventricular haemorrhage (PIVH) usually presents with non-localised neurological symptoms since the haematoma is limited to the ventricles. However, it is sometimes associated with focal neurological signs, whose pathophysiologies are not confirmed. Here, we report on a case of PIVH who showed rare manifestations in the acute stage: upward gaze palsy and convergence insufficiency....

Sulfasalazine-induced drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) wit...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-244063
BMJ Case Reports; Sil A, Bhattacharjee MS et. al.

Oct 14th, 2021 - Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is designated as a potentially lethal adverse drug effect with characteristic signs and symptoms such as skin rash, fever, leucocytosis with eosinophilia or atypical lymphocytes, lymphadenopathy and liver or renal dysfunction. In addition to most commonly implicated drug category (aromatic anticonvulsants), lamotrigine, sulfonamides,...

Neurological injury from virtual reality mishap.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-243424
BMJ Case Reports; Warner N, Teo JT

Oct 14th, 2021 - Consumer virtual reality systems are becoming increasingly popular with the increasing availability of devices and gamified technologies. Self-sustained injury risks exist with the use of this technology in the uncontrolled home environment, however, the public awareness of these risks may not be recognised. We present a case of a low- impact virtual reality fall resulting in spinal cord injury...

Epstein-Barr Virus Causing Clinical Jaundice and Acute Acalculous Cholecystitis in a Pr...
https://doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.932285
The American Journal of Case Reports; Harvey KG, Tice JG et. al.

Oct 14th, 2021 - BACKGROUND Infectious mononucleosis secondary to Epstein-Barr Virus is a common infection in young adults. Infection usually involves a self-limiting course of fevers, sore throat, malaise, and myalgias. Transaminitis is a relatively common complication; clinical jaundice, however, is rare. This case report highlights an uncommon complication of Epstein-Barr Virus infection in which hepatocellu...

Mortality risk factors among hospitalized children with severe pertussis.
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-021-06732-1 10.1016/S1473-3099(17)30390-0 10.1542/peds.2004-2648 10.1007/s001340000587 10.1097/PCC.0b013e31828a70fe 10.1183/13993003.01032-2015 10.1097/01.PCC.0000149131.72248.E6 10.1097/PCC.0000000000000350 10.1542/peds.2007-1393 10.1111/jpc.13427 10.1097/PCC.0b013e3181fe4058 10.1097/01.inf.0000247055.81541.04 10.1016/j.jpeds.2012.05.041 10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.09.085 10.1093/cid/civ472 10.1136/bmj.l401 10.1097/INF.0b013e31818c9032 10.1097/00003246-199311000-00033 10.1097/PCC.0000000000000851 10.1586/14760584.2014.935766 10.1086/589753 10.1093/femspd/ftw087 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.752618 10.1542/peds.114.2.e264 10.1542/peds.2009-2860 10.1371/journal.pone.0138941 10.3201/eid2512.181836
BMC Infectious Diseases; Shi T, Wang L et. al.

Oct 14th, 2021 - Some children hospitalized for severe pertussis need intensive care; moreover, some children die because of deterioration alone or in combination with other complications. The purpose of this study was to identify the mortality risk factors among hospitalized children with severe pertussis. This study evaluated the medical records of 144 hospitalized children with severe pertussis at the Guangz...

Characteristics of retinal detachment associated with atopic dermatitis.
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12886-021-02135-7 10.1159/000370220 10.1016/j.jaip.2018.10.009 10.1177/1120672120960339 10.1159/000351176 10.2147/OPTH.S85020 10.3390/life11050453 10.1186/s12886-019-1120-3 10.2174/1381612821666150909100212 10.1016/S0002-9394(37)91114-0 10.1001/archopht.1952.00920010033004 10.1111/j.1346-8138.1999.tb02068.x 10.1167/tvst.9.6.23 10.3346/jkms.2012.27.6.681 10.1097/OPX.0000000000001244 10.1016/S0002-9394(14)76695-4 10.1136/bjo.2009.157727 10.1136/bjo.80.1.54.18 10.3341/jkos.2017.58.1.56 10.1097/00006982-198400410-00003
BMC Ophthalmology; Lee Y, Park WK et. al.

Oct 13th, 2021 - To examine the characteristics of rhegmatous retinal detachment (RRD) associated with atopic dermatitis. Medical records of 2257 patients who underwent RD surgery at this clinic between 2008 and 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Among them, 61 patients who were diagnosed as AD were assigned into the experimental group and 100 patients who did not have AD were randomly selected and assigned in...

Intestinal ulcers in a patient with myelodysplastic syndrome: a case report.
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12876-021-01932-0 10.1002/ajh.23642 10.1093/cid/ciy149 10.1111/jcpt.13146 10.1111/jdv.12107 10.1007/s00277-020-03951-5
BMC Gastroenterology; Zhang X, Jin M et. al.

Oct 13th, 2021 - Trisomy 8 positivity myelodysplastic syndrome with Behçet's disease is rare. Isolated trisomy 8 is a frequent cytogenetic abnormality in the MDS, but the characteristic of trisomy 8 and the association between trisomy 8 positivity myelodysplastic syndrome and Behçet's disease is unclear. Here, we reported a 63-year-old man, who presented with fever, abdominal pain and hematochezia. Imaging stud...

Comparison of Non-Invasive Clinical Algorithms for Liver Fibrosis in Patients With Chro...
https://doi.org/10.3343/alm.2022.42.2.249
Annals of Laboratory Medicine; Hur M, Park M et. al.

Oct 13th, 2021 - Non-invasive clinical algorithms for the detection of liver fibrosis (LF) can reduce the need for liver biopsy (LB). We explored the implementation of two serum biomarkers, enhanced liver fibrosis (ELF) and Mac-2 binding protein glycosylation isomer (M2BPGi), in clinical algorithms for LF in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. Two clinical algorithms were applied to 152 CHB patients: (1) transi...

Ruptured middle cranial fossa arachnoid cysts after minor trauma in adolescent boys pre...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13256-021-03106-8 10.4103/0971-3026.41831 10.1590/S0004-282X2008000600033 10.1016/0090-3019(82)90315-9 10.1007/BF00587820 10.1259/bjr/94682952 10.1089/089771502760341938 10.3171/2013.8.PEDS13206 10.1227/NEU.0b013e318285b3a4 10.1159/000028918 10.1007/s00381-008-0728-z 10.1016/j.jocn.2003.03.003 10.1227/01.NEU.0000089060.65702.03
Journal of Medical Case Reports; Hamidi MF, Hamidi H

Oct 13th, 2021 - Intracranial arachnoid cysts are common, cerebrospinal fluid-filled, innocent lesions that are usually detected incidentally on brain imaging. They may rupture and complicate due to subdural hematoma or hygroma after minor trauma. Authors present two cases of ruptured middle cranial fossa arachnoid cysts in adolescent (12-year-old and 15-year-old) Afghan boys presenting with subdural hygroma af...

Experience in curing refractory gastrointestinal bleeding due to type A aortic dissecti...
https://doi.org/10.21037/apm-21-2173
Annals of Palliative Medicine; Ren Y, Zhang J et. al.

Oct 12th, 2021 - Aortic dissection (AD) is a cardiovascular emergency that seriously endangers human health. It has acute onset, dangerous condition and many complications. The mortality without treatment is very high, and the mortality within 24 hours is 25%. AD combined with mesenteric artery malperfusion has an incidence of only 5%, but a hospital mortality rate of up to 33-100%. Mesenteric artery malperfusi...

Understanding the link between obesity and headache- with focus on migraine and idiopat...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-021-01337-0 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2015.03.001 10.1001/jama.2012.113905 10.1186/1471-2458-9-88 10.1016/S1474-4422(18)30322-3 10.1093/epirev/mxm001 10.1038/s41366-021-00788-4 10.1038/nature14177 10.1371/journal.pgen.1007603 10.1093/bmb/ldx022 10.1172/JCI45887 10.1111/nyas.13542 10.1007/s11695-014-1354-3 10.2337/diabetes.52.7.1779 10.1016/j.it.2003.10.013 10.1001/jama.289.1.76 10.1016/S1474-4422(19)30185-1 10.1046/j.1526-4610.2001.041007646.x 10.1002/ana.21211 10.1093/brain/awt251 10.1038/s41582-018-0098-4 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32154-2 10.1056/NEJMra1915327 10.1007/s42399-021-00814-6 10.1007/s42399-021-00899-z 10.1186/s10194-015-0521-9 10.1111/head.14125 10.1212/WNL.54.2.319 10.1186/s10194-021-01283-x 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026573 10.1136/jnnp-2017-317440 10.1111/ene.12512 10.1186/s10194-020-01182-7 10.1111/head.12296 10.1212/WNL.0000000000003919 10.1111/j.1526-4610.2009.01459.x 10.1212/01.wnl.0000225052.35019.f9 10.1001/archinte.167.18.1964 10.1212/01.wnl.0000197218.05284.82 10.1111/j.1526-4610.2008.01232.x 10.1111/ene.12550 10.1186/1129-2377-15-69 10.1177/0333102411413162 10.1136/bmj.c2701 10.1016/j.neurol.2021.06.002 10.1186/s10194-018-0856-0 10.1002/ana.410280213 10.1002/ana.410330109 10.1111/j.1526-4610.2006.00294.x 10.1212/WNL.0b013e3182a6cb72 10.1016/S0140-6736(19)32504-8 10.1111/head.13064 10.1042/BST20120251 10.2174/13892037113149990057 10.1002/acn3.197 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2010.05.016 10.1016/j.brainres.2014.11.031 10.1002/cne.21607 10.1002/cne.23828 10.1016/j.jpain.2013.03.010 10.1007/s12311-013-0509-4 10.1016/0196-9781(91)90147-H 10.1530/eje.1.02046 10.1210/en.2010-0284 10.1177/0333102416654883 10.1038/oby.2002.147 10.1002/ana.26072 10.1007/s13300-020-00816-y 10.1038/nrneurol.2013.192 10.1186/s10194-019-1042-8 10.1002/ana.20778 10.1186/1129-2377-14-62 10.1177/0333102414540813 10.1177/0333102416648650 10.1111/j.1526-4610.2005.05162.x 10.1053/meta.2001.21693 10.2337/db07-0932 10.1186/s10194-020-1082-0 10.1177/0333102417748928 10.1111/ene.12289 10.1017/S0317167100009100 10.1046/j.1365-2796.2000.00678.x 10.1097/WCO.0000000000000651 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2016.06.022 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2013.01.019 10.1177/0333102420925513 10.1007/s11064-008-9711-z 10.1111/head.13033 10.1038/334698a0 10.1016/j.pain.2006.10.007 10.1016/j.pain.2008.06.015 10.1093/brain/awz199 10.1111/j.1476-5381.1992.tb14503.x 10.1172/JCI117936 10.1126/science.271.5249.665 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2005.03524.x 10.1167/iovs.11-8220 10.1007/s00417-011-1746-1 10.1016/j.clineuro.2019.105597 10.1080/01658107.2017.1334218 10.1038/ijo.2017.83 10.1016/j.brainres.2016.05.024 10.1177/0333102412457091 10.1111/j.1468-2982.2008.01564.x 10.1089/089771503322686111 10.1038/jcbfm.2010.191 10.1038/ijo.2017.83
The Journal of Headache and Pain; Westgate CSJ, Israelsen IME et. al.

Oct 12th, 2021 - Obesity confers adverse effects to every system in the body including the central nervous system. Obesity is associated with both migraine and idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). The mechanisms underlying the association between obesity and these headache diseases remain unclear. We conducted a narrative review of the evidence in both humans and rodents, for the putative mechanisms unde...

Validation of conventional non-invasive fibrosis scoring systems in patients with metab...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8473595
World Journal of Gastroenterology; Wu YL, Kumar R et. al.

Oct 12th, 2021 - Non-invasive fibrosis scores are not yet validated in the newly defined metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD). To evaluate the diagnostic performance of four non-invasive scores including aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI), fibrosis-4 index (FIB-4), body mass index, aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase ratio, diabetes score (BARD), and nonalcohol...

Screening for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease-when, who and how?
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8475001
World Journal of Gastroenterology; Dietrich CG, Rau M et. al.

Oct 12th, 2021 - Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is becoming a frequent liver disease, especially in patients with metabolic syndrome and especially in Western countries. Complications of NAFLD comprise progressive fibrosis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. NAFLD also represents an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, extrahepatic neoplasia and other organ damage, such as renal in...

Comparison of the efficacy and safety between palliative biliary stent placement and du...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12876-021-01956-6 10.1016/0140-6736(91)91972-W 10.1186/s12876-017-0678-6 10.1136/gut.41.4.433 10.1016/j.gie.2018.10.001 10.1111/den.12118 10.1016/S0140-6736(02)09896-3 10.1111/1751-2980.12859 10.3390/jcm9092953 10.1007/s00535-006-1849-3 10.1111/j.1443-1661.2010.01065.x 10.1111/j.1443-1661.2010.01100.x 10.1016/j.gie.2009.12.055 10.1055/s-2007-1001282 10.1016/S0016-5107(95)70091-9 10.1016/S0140-6736(96)06316-7 10.1038/bmt.2012.244 10.1002/jhbp.512 10.1016/j.gie.2009.10.027 10.1111/den.13029 10.1016/j.gie.2015.06.016 10.1067/mge.2003.52 10.1016/j.gie.2016.03.789 10.1055/a-0942-9336 10.1055/s-0029-1215108 10.1111/den.12175 10.1002/jhbp.584 10.1055/s-0033-1344556 10.1007/s00535-011-0461-3
BMC Gastroenterology; Kitagawa K, Mitoro A et. al.

Oct 12th, 2021 - This study aimed to evaluate and compare the outcomes of palliative endoscopic biliary stenting (EBS) and complete stone removal among elderly patients with choledocholithiasis using propensity score matching. From April 2012 to October 2017, 161 patients aged 75 years and older with choledocholithiasis underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography at our institution. Among them, 136...

Inverted Meckel's diverticulum diagnosed using capsule endoscopy: A case report.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8476338
World Journal of Gastroenterology; El Hajra Martínez I, Calvo M et. al.

Oct 12th, 2021 - Meckel's diverticulum is a common asymptomatic congenital gastrointestinal anomaly. However, its presentation as an inverted Meckel's diverticulum is a rare complication, of which few cases have been reported in the literature. Here, we report the case of a 33-year-old man with iron deficiency anemia without manifestation of gastrointestinal bleeding. An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and tot...

Prevalence of hyperthyroidism with hypercalcemia in Xindu district and the efficacy of ...
https://doi.org/10.21037/apm-21-1947
Annals of Palliative Medicine; Mei X, Zeng J et. al.

Oct 12th, 2021 - This trial aimed to analyze the relationship between hyperthyroidism and the morbidity rate of hypercalcemia in the Xindu district, Chengdu, Sichuan province. We observed the level of serum calcium, the bone metabolic and thyroid autoimmune-related antibodies index during vitamin D3 treatment combined with traditional antithyroid drugs (ATD). Our research included hyperthyroid patients with a f...

Angioarchitectural features amongst patients with unruptured brain arteriovenous malfor...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-021-01331-6 10.1038/nrdp.2015.8 10.1161/STROKEAHA.114.005170 10.1016/j.jbi.2008.08.010 10.1161/01.STR.32.6.1430 10.1016/j.clineuro.2020.106019 10.1007/s10143-016-0750-7 10.1161/01.STR.31.6.1307 10.3171/jns.1992.76.2.0239 10.1016/j.mehy.2019.01.003 10.1007/s002340050367 10.1148/radiology.176.3.2389040 10.1212/WNL.0000000000000688 10.1177/0333102411417465 10.1016/j.jocn.2015.08.003 10.3171/2009.11.JNS09884 10.3171/jns.2000.93.2.0224 10.1186/s10194-018-0852-4 10.1177/0271678X17733655 10.1111/bph.12651 10.1046/j.1526-4610.2001.111006193.x
The Journal of Headache and Pain; Africk BN, Heiferman DM et. al.

Oct 11th, 2021 - Brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) consist of abnormal connections between arteries and veins via an interposing nidus. While hemorrhage is the most common presentation, unruptured AVMs can present with headaches, seizures, neurological deficits, or be found incidentally. It remains unclear as to what AVM characteristics contribute to pain generation amongst unruptured AVM patients with h...