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About 299,565 results

An Unusual Case of Stroke as the Initial Manifestation of Early Takayasu Arteritis with...
https://doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.936321
The American Journal of Case Reports; Chiew YR, Seet YHC

May 20th, 2022 - BACKGROUND Takayasu arteritis is a rare systemic inflammatory vasculitis of granulomatous nature. The etiology of Takayasu arteritis is still unknown and it affects the aorta and its main branches. Takayasu arteritis is more common in Asians and women of childbearing age. However, ischemic stroke as the initial manifestation of Takayasu arteritis is uncommon. We report a young, stroke patient i...

ROS1-positive Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor of the Small Bowel Causing Obstruction...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9063829
Journal of Radiology Case Reports; Budylev A, Solar I et. al.

May 20th, 2022 - Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumors (IMTs) are rare fibroblastic/myofibroblastic neoplasms that affect predominately pediatric patients and young adults. Almost half of the patients with IMTs have a chromosomal abnormality in the Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase 1 gene on chromosome 2p23. Although these tumors occur primarily in the lung, lesions have been reported in a variety of intra-abdominal org...

Novel Diagnostic Value of Driver Gene Transcription Signatures to Characterise Clear Ce...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9108154
Pathology Oncology Research : POR; Ujfaludi Z, Kuthi L et. al.

May 20th, 2022 - Routine molecular tumour diagnostics are augmented by DNA-based qualitative and quantitative molecular techniques detecting mutations of DNA. However, in the past decade, it has been unravelled that the phenotype of cancer, as it's an extremely complex disease, cannot be fully described and explained by single or multiple genetic variants affecting only the coding regions of the genes. Moreover...

Understanding the diagnosis and management of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in adul...
https://doi.org/10.7861/clinmed.2021-0700
Clinical Medicine (London, England); Hookham L, Fisher C et. al.

May 19th, 2022 - Infection with SARS-CoV-2 may trigger a delayed hyper-inflammatory illness in children called paediatric multisystem inflammatory syndrome temporally associated with COVID-19 (PIMS-TS). A similar syndrome is increasingly recognised in adults termed multisystem inflammatory syndrome in adults (MIS-A) and may present acutely to medical or surgical specialties with severe symptoms, such as acute a...

Multiple myeloma: what a non-haematologist should know.
https://doi.org/10.7861/clinmed.2022-0144
Clinical Medicine (London, England); Nandra TK, Devi A et. al.

May 19th, 2022 - Multiple myeloma (MM) is a type of haematological bone marrow malignancy. Cancer Research UK reports that MM is the 18th most common cancer in the UK, accounting for 2% of all new cancer cases, yet, non-haematologists often lack familiarity with the pathology and initial investigations. This paper aims to demonstrate the diagnostic features, relevant investigations and basic management plan for...

Severe Bartonella henselae bone infection in a kidney transplanted young man.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2021-247805
BMJ Case Reports; Christensen HD, Madelung AB et. al.

May 19th, 2022 - We present a case of a young kidney transplanted man. He was admitted with lymphadenopathy, fluctuating fever and night sweats 2 months after a cat bite. After admission, he developed severe pain around his right hip. An 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography/CT revealed intense FDG-uptake in lymph nodes, spleen and bone, suggestive of lymphoma. An extracted lymph node showed...

Unexplained post-acute infection syndromes.
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-022-01810-6 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)32656-8 10.1016/j.lanepe.2021.100186 10.1371/journal.pmed.1003773 10.1186/s12916-021-02115-0 10.1001/jama.2021.5612 10.1038/s41591-021-01433-3 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0830 10.1371/journal.pone.0256142 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.28568 10.1136/bmj.n1648 10.1136/bmjgh-2021-005427 10.1002/jmv.27309 10.1016/j.jinf.2021.05.004 10.1038/s41591-021-01283-z 10.3389/fmicb.2021.698169 10.1093/brain/awab302 10.1038/s41590-021-01104-y 10.1371/journal.pone.0155884 10.1016/j.pt.2019.06.004 10.1016/j.jaut.2019.102375 10.1586/14787210.2015.1079128 10.1002/acr.22900 10.1093/trstmh/try063 10.1136/bmj.38933.585764.AE 10.5694/j.1326-5377.2002.tb04836.x 10.5694/j.1326-5377.2002.tb04837.x 10.1016/S0928-0197(94)00043-3 10.3389/fneur.2019.00773 10.1016/S1473-3099(15)00134-6 10.1542/peds.2008-1879 10.1093/cid/ciaa1886 10.1016/j.bbi.2018.09.023 10.1093/qjmed/hci149 10.1192/bjp.173.6.475 10.1186/1471-230X-12-13 10.1016/j.cgh.2018.01.022 10.3389/fmed.2020.00057 10.1093/cid/ciz1158 10.1016/j.ijid.2022.01.033 10.7326/0003-4819-131-12-199912210-00003 10.7326/0003-4819-121-8-199410150-00002 10.3389/fmed.2017.00224 10.3389/fmed.2019.00283 10.1016/j.lanepe.2021.100142 10.1093/arclin/acw098 10.1001/jama.283.5.609 10.1093/cid/ciz1215 10.1016/j.amjmed.2009.05.011 10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.10.018 10.1007/s10096-014-2095-x 10.1136/jcp.2009.070466 10.1097/ICU.0000000000000426 10.1016/j.ophtha.2016.10.011 10.3201/eid2307.161608 10.7326/0003-4819-121-12-199412150-00009 10.1300/J092v11n01_02 10.1177/014107689108400224 10.1017/S003329171000139X 10.1016/S0002-9343(00)00560-X 10.1371/journal.pone.0102953 10.1348/174866407X218312 10.1093/qjmed/91.2.105 10.1093/qjmed/95.8.527 10.1093/qjmed/95.8.539 10.4081/mr.2011.e19 10.1016/S0140-6736(96)91469-5 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2020.110258 10.1186/1471-230X-13-28 10.1186/s12967-020-02269-0 10.1093/cid/civ735 10.7326/0003-4819-117-4-281 10.1086/514318 10.1093/cid/cix705 10.1016/S1473-3099(15)70152-0 10.1093/cid/ciab267 10.1371/journal.pone.0007800 10.1017/S0950268818000031 10.1186/1741-7015-9-5 10.1097/MD.0b013e318260b604 10.1371/journal.pone.0051519 10.1155/2012/639178 10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30203-0 10.1001/archinternmed.2009.384 10.1186/1471-2377-11-37 10.1093/ofid/ofz482 10.1093/ofid/ofx155 10.1093/infdis/jiaa268 10.1038/s41467-020-17489-7 10.1038/s41586-020-03146-y 10.1038/s41586-021-03901-9 10.1093/cid/ciw601 10.1086/648731 10.1038/s41586-021-03207-w 10.1136/gutjnl-2021-324280 10.1016/j.jaut.2018.10.012 10.1038/s41586-022-04432-7 10.1126/science.abj8222 10.1038/s41586-021-03631-y 10.1038/s41586-021-03234-7 10.1126/scitranslmed.abd3876 10.1111/cts.12805 10.1016/j.xcrm.2021.100288 10.1183/13993003.00918-2021 10.1038/s41467-020-20314-w 10.1016/j.jtauto.2021.100100 10.1038/nature17979 10.1126/science.aar7201 10.1016/j.bbadis.2015.10.026 10.1038/s41572-019-0069-0 10.1186/s12933-021-01359-7 10.1093/cid/ciz1062 10.1016/S1473-3099(16)30516-3 10.1086/514288 10.1155/2018/1909410 10.1016/S1473-3099(15)00489-2 10.1093/cid/civ453 10.1093/cid/ciw158 10.1093/cid/civ795 10.3201/eid2408.171367 10.4269/ajtmh.13-0544 10.1093/trstmh/traa110 10.1016/j.jcv.2006.10.011 10.1590/s1678-9946201759065 10.1016/j.ijid.2010.09.008 10.1002/art.40384 10.1093/rheumatology/kes015 10.1016/j.jbspin.2017.01.014 10.1016/j.jinf.2012.04.005 10.1016/j.trstmh.2010.01.011 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002137 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003603 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000389 10.3899/jrheum.141609 10.1002/art.39775 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001446 10.1080/21642850.2013.869176 10.1001/archpediatrics.2011.124 10.1016/j.jpeds.2019.01.035 10.1016/j.jns.2005.04.012 10.1093/aje/136.7.769 10.1016/S0003-9993(99)90110-7 10.1111/ene.12593 10.1080/16501970600722395 10.1080/16501970310017423 10.1016/j.sleep.2017.06.025 10.1002/jclp.21871 10.7326/0003-4819-149-4-200808190-00004 10.1186/s12955-017-0787-5 10.1089/vim.2014.0035 10.1086/506939 10.3201/eid1008.030879 10.3201/eid1207.051399 10.4269/ajtmh.2010.09-0717 10.1371/journal.pone.0158364 10.1080/13803390902881918 10.3389/fmed.2020.00164 10.1001/archinte.167.12.1312 10.1136/jcp.2009.071944 10.1016/j.jinf.2014.10.010 10.1017/S0950268803008343 10.1086/507639 10.7326/0003-4819-136-6-200203190-00005 10.1016/S0002-9343(03)00308-5 10.1007/s11136-012-0126-6 10.1371/journal.pone.0116767 10.1056/NEJM200107123450202 10.1186/s12875-017-0614-4 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2021.10.018 10.1001/jama.2021.3331 10.1016/j.molmed.2021.06.002 10.3390/medicina57050418 10.1136/bmj.n829 10.1016/j.cmi.2021.05.033 10.1111/bjd.19807 10.1002/mus.27024 10.1007/s12026-021-09185-5 10.1172/jci.insight.151551 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.35397 10.1136/bmj-2021-068993
Nature Medicine; Choutka J, Jansari V et. al.

May 19th, 2022 - SARS-CoV-2 is not unique in its ability to cause post-acute sequelae; certain acute infections have long been associated with an unexplained chronic disability in a minority of patients. These post-acute infection syndromes (PAISs) represent a substantial healthcare burden, but there is a lack of understanding of the underlying mechanisms, representing a significant blind spot in the field of m...

Myocardial injury and inflammatory response in percutaneous device closures of pediatri...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12872-022-02666-x 10.1203/00006450-197209000-00001 10.1053/j.semperi.2011.09.025 10.5603/KP.a2018.0038 10.1093/eurheartj/ehq249 10.1097/PCC.0000000000001118 10.1017/S1047951101000476 10.1186/s13019-019-0900-4 10.1136/heart.83.4.371 10.1097/00024382-200116001-00007 10.1016/S0022-5223(96)70068-5 10.1007/s00380-016-0807-0 10.1016/0167-5699(94)90138-4 10.1111/jocs.12465 10.1111/jocs.12465 10.1532/hsf.1932 10.1111/joic.12121 10.1253/circj.CJ-12-0111 10.1016/j.advms.2013.06.001 10.1001/jama.1939.02800080049011 10.4103/0974-2069.126560 10.1016/S0003-4975(98)00795-4 10.1016/S0735-1097(99)00061-3 10.1016/S0003-4975(98)00228-8 10.1007/s100240050007 10.3389/fped.2020.558256 10.1016/S0002-9149(00)01221-2 10.1016/S0022-5223(97)70231-9 10.1016/S0002-9149(02)02781-9
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders; Luo ZR, Yu LL et. al.

May 19th, 2022 - The percutaneous device closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is widely used in clinical practice, however full data on the changes in myocardial injury and systemic inflammatory markers' levels after PDA in children are not fully reported. We have conducted a retrospective analysis of the medical records of 385 pediatric patients in our hospital from January 2017 to December 2019. The pati...

Diagnostic gene biomarkers for predicting immune infiltration in endometriosis.
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12905-022-01765-3 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2012.06.029 10.1093/humrep/dew293 10.1177/1933719116654991 10.1186/1477-7827-12-4 10.1093/humrep/det457 10.2147/IJWH.S119724 10.1007/s13669-017-0187-1 10.1177/1933719115584446 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2006.07.1550 10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2003.03.001 10.1056/NEJMcp1000274 10.1016/S0015-0282(02)03331-9 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2016.12.036 10.1007/s004280000299 10.1016/S0015-0282(97)00191-X 10.1016/S0015-0282(16)53570-5 10.1093/humrep/deq135 10.1007/s10397-012-0759-z 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2018.12.018 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2018.08.016 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2017.01.005 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2017.12.030 10.1073/pnas.0703451104 10.1002/jcp.24358 10.1093/bioinformatics/bts034 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2007.01.056 10.1089/omi.2011.0118 10.1016/j.lfs.2017.10.031 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2006.04.054 10.1093/humrep/des316 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2011.05.090 10.1034/j.1600-0412.2003.00168.x 10.1093/humrep/dep425 10.1159/000489494 10.2741/4341 10.1177/1933719116646202 10.1684/ejd.2019.3602 10.1016/j.ygcen.2016.12.016 10.1038/srep15431 10.1074/jbc.M407588200 10.1083/jcb.200708021 10.1038/s41586-018-0281-1 10.1016/j.canlet.2018.05.015 10.1016/j.metabol.2019.05.006 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2017.05.015 10.1097/GRF.0b013e3181db7ca1 10.1080/13625180701387266 10.1093/humrep/16.9.1802 10.1016/j.molmed.2018.07.004 10.1055/s-0033-1350702 10.7150/ijms.10076 10.1530/REP-17-0342 10.1038/nature07205
BMC Women's Health; Xie C, Lu C et. al.

May 19th, 2022 - To determine the potential diagnostic markers and extent of immune cell infiltration in endometriosis (EMS). Two published profiles (GSE7305 and GSE25628 datasets) were downloaded, and the candidate biomarkers were identified by support vector machine recursive feature elimination analysis and a Lasso regression model. The diagnostic value and expression levels of biomarkers in EMS were verifie...

Rapid molecular diagnostics of tuberculosis resistance by targeted stool sequencing.
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13073-022-01054-6 10.1016/S1473-3099(19)30307-X 10.1016/S1473-3099(16)30132-3 10.1016/S0140-6736(19)31882-3 10.5588/ijtld.18.0622 10.5588/pha.19.0051 10.1093/jpids/piu020 10.1371/journal.pone.0203063 10.1371/journal.pone.0177529 10.4269/ajtmh.18-0004 10.1128/JCM.00801-17 10.4269/ajtmh.12-0726 10.1038/nmeth.1923 10.1128/jcm.35.4.907-914.1997 10.1186/s13073-020-00793-8 10.1016/S2666-5247(20)30060-4 10.5588/ijtld.20.0558 10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30496-1 10.1056/NEJMc1413930 10.1128/JCM.01209-09 10.1128/JCM.02741-12 10.1128/JCM.00553-13
Genome Medicine; Sibandze DB, Kay A et. al.

May 19th, 2022 - Stool is an important diagnostic specimen for tuberculosis in populations who struggle to provide sputum, such as children or people living with HIV. However, the culture of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) complex strains from stool perform poorly. This limits the opportunity for phenotypic drug resistance testing with this specimen. Therefore, reliable molecular methods are urgent...

Hedgehog Signaling Pathway Proteins in Prognosis of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma an...
https://doi.org/10.1097/MPA.0000000000002001
Pancreas Winter K, Dzieniecka M et. al.

May 19th, 2022 - The Hedgehog signaling pathway (Hh) probably plays a role in development and progression of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). In our study, 114 patients (83 with PDAC and 31 with chronic pancreatitis [CP]) after pancreatic surgery were enrolled. The immunoexpression of Sonic hedgehog (Shh), Smoothened (Smo), and Glioblastoma transcription factor 1 (Gli1) and Ki-67 were detected in tissue...

Acute intermittent porphyria: is oseltamivir safe in these patients?
https://doi.org/10.7861/clinmed.2022-0100
Clinical Medicine (London, England); Amador AP, Cordero AS et. al.

May 19th, 2022 - A 40-year-old man attended the emergency room with abdominal pain and inappropriate behaviour associated with stress, and the consumption of alcohol and cannabis. Examination revealed hypertension (155/100 mmHg), tachycardia (95 beats per minute), abdominal pain and leucocytosis with neutrophilia, hyponatraemia and hypokalaemia. Urine was positive for nitrites, elevated bilirubin and cannabinoi...

Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration facilitating diagnosis...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13256-022-03428-1 10.1038/bjc.1974.64 10.3816/CBC.2007.n.044 10.2169/internalmedicine.53.3333 10.1186/1477-7819-6-7 10.1097/MD.0000000000000928 10.1002/ijc.33588 10.1016/j.esmoop.2021.100114 10.1002/mpo.2950150207 10.1007/s00259-004-1536-7 10.1007/s11864-005-0021-2 10.1007/s12282-011-0323-0 10.1155/2009/785047 10.1016/j.clbc.2014.05.001 10.4143/crt.2014.46.3.317 10.1164/rccm.202002-0251ST 10.3109/00016925709170911 10.1016/0014-2964(70)90076-9 10.1016/0002-9610(62)90399-9 10.1378/chest.15-1216 10.1378/chest.12-2355 10.1378/chest.12-2377 10.1093/ejcts/ezu028 10.6004/jnccn.2021.0013 10.1093/annonc/mdx222 10.1513/AnnalsATS.201902-175OC 10.1111/j.1440-1843.2007.01145.x 10.1183/09031936.00028706 10.1016/j.rmed.2009.07.013 10.1111/j.1440-1843.2011.01933.x
Journal of Medical Case Reports; Oride Y, Koi Y et. al.

May 19th, 2022 - Sarcoidosis is a benign systemic granulomatous disorder of unknown etiology. Cell-mediated immunity disorder is often found in sarcoidosis patients, and an association between malignant tumors and sarcoidosis has been suggested. Sarcoidosis and malignant disease can occur simultaneously or sequentially, leading to misdiagnosis and mistreatment. Sarcoidosis is diagnosed clinically, radiologicall...

Where do you live? North versus Central-South differences in relation to Italian patien...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12903-022-02181-7 10.1007/s00403-016-1667-2 10.1111/odi.13323 10.1016/j.jfma.2018.01.021 10.1111/odi.13787 10.1007/s00784-021-04114-0 10.1111/j.1601-0825.2005.01221.x 10.1067/mjd.2002.120452 10.1111/j.1601-0825.2009.01516.x 10.1186/s13005-016-0115-z 10.1016/j.ijsu.2014.07.013 10.1034/j.1600-0714.2003.00125.x 10.1016/0304-3959(87)91074-8 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2010.08.016 10.1111/j.2044-8341.1959.tb00467.x 10.1136/jnnp.23.1.56 10.1007/s10072-012-1085-y 10.1007/s100720300004 10.1111/jop.13255 10.1007/s10654-019-00494-6 10.1111/j.1600-0714.2005.00341.x 10.14219/jada.archive.2001.0302 10.1111/j.1600-0714.1996.tb01726.x 10.1016/j.bjoms.2007.07.199 10.1016/0030-4220(85)90210-5 10.1111/j.1600-0714.2010.00894.x 10.1111/jop.12577 10.3389/fmed.2021.641746 10.1080/00365521.2019.1674375 10.3390/cancers13225740 10.1111/odi.12634 10.1007/s00127-006-0097-4 10.1371/journal.pone.0236963 10.1007/s11205-021-02775-8 10.3390/healthcare9091182 10.1016/s1368-8375(03)00139-8 10.1111/jdv.12525 10.1111/odi.13220 10.1016/0301-0511(89)90109-9
BMC Oral Health; Adamo D, Calabria E et. al.

May 19th, 2022 - Oral lichen planus (OLP) is an immune-mediated inflammatory chronic disease of the oral mucosa, with different patterns of clinical manifestations which range from keratotic manifestations (K-OLP) to predominantly non-keratotic lesions (nK-OLP). The aim of the study was to analyze the differences in the clinical, psychological profile and symptoms between Italian patients of the North and Centr...

Therapy-resistant dermatomyositis with extensive 'lumbar belt' calcinosis.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2022-249110
BMJ Case Reports; Linan-Barroso JM, Gonzalez-Estrada A et. al.

May 19th, 2022 - Calcinosis cutis (CC) is the umbrella term for calcium salt deposition on skin and subcutaneous tissue. We present a unique case of CC associated with anti-Mi2-positive dermatomyositis, having a distinctive distribution of subcutaneous calcifications appearing as a 'lumbar belt'. Treatment of CC remains challenging for clinicians due to a lack of high-quality evidence. Corticosteroids, methotre...

Xpert MTB/XDR for detection of pulmonary tuberculosis and resistance to isoniazid, fluo...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9115865
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; Pillay S, Steingart KR et. al.

May 19th, 2022 - The World Health Organization (WHO) End TB Strategy stresses universal access to drug susceptibility testing (DST). DST determines whether Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria are susceptible or resistant to drugs. Xpert MTB/XDR is a rapid nucleic acid amplification test for detection of tuberculosis and drug resistance in one test suitable for use in peripheral and intermediate level laboratori...

Eosinophilic Pustular Folliculitis of Infancy: A Histologic Assessment of 43 Cases.
https://doi.org/10.1097/DAD.0000000000002006
The American Journal of Dermatopathology; Fertitta L, Bodemer C et. al.

May 19th, 2022 - Eosinophilic pustular folliculitis of infancy is a sterile, inflammatory dermatosis that mainly affects children younger than 36 months. The underlying physiopathologic mechanism is unclear. Clinical diagnosis is challenging, and a skin biopsy may be necessary. The literature data are sometimes contradictory, and a histologic series of eosinophilic pustular folliculitis of infancy cases has not...

Novel approaches in search for biomarkers of cholangiocarcinoma.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9048460
World Journal of Gastroenterology; Mocan LP, Ilieș M et. al.

May 19th, 2022 - Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) arises from the ductular epithelium of the biliary tree, either within the liver (intrahepatic CCA) or more commonly from the extrahepatic bile ducts (extrahepatic CCA). This disease has a poor prognosis and a growing worldwide prevalence. The poor outcomes of CCA are partially explained by the fact that a final diagnosis is challenging, especially the differential diag...

Osteosarcopenia in autoimmune cholestatic liver diseases: Causes, management, and chall...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9048470
World Journal of Gastroenterology; Pugliese N, Arcari I et. al.

May 19th, 2022 - Primary biliary cholangitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) are the most common cholestatic liver diseases (CLD) in adults and are both characterized by an immune pathogenesis. While primary biliary cholangitis is a model autoimmune disease, with over 90% of patients presenting very specific autoantibodies against mitochondrial antigens, PSC is considered an immune mediated disease. Os...

Aneurysmal bone cyst of the proximal femur concomitant with Graves' disease and Moyamoy...
https://doi.org/10.1177/03000605221097669
The Journal of International Medical Research; Gao-Rui C, Guo-Neng C et. al.

May 18th, 2022 - Aneurysmal bone cyst is a type of benign bone pathology with expansile and osteolytic features whose etiology remains unclear. Graves' disease is an autoimmune disease characterized by diffuse goiter and hyperthyroidism. Moyamoya disease is a progressive cerebral vasculopathy. It has been reported that Graves' disease and Moyamoya disease share a similar etiology involving cytokines and autoimm...