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About 12,398 results

Zambia Assessment of Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV in the Mines (ZATHIM): implications for ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9018205
BMC Public Health; Podewils LJ, Long EF et. al.

Apr 21st, 2022 - Mineworkers in Southern Africa have the highest rates of tuberculosis (TB) among working populations in the world (The World Bank, Benefits and costs associated with reducing tuberculosis among Southern Africa's mineworkers, 2014), making mineworkers a key population for TB program efforts. The current evaluation aimed to characterize mineworkers and former (ex-) mineworkers, and assess knowled...

The Utility of Length of Mining Service and Latency in Predicting Silicosis among Claim...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8953429
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Williams H, Ehrlich R et. al.

Mar 26th, 2022 - In the wake of a large burden of silicosis and tuberculosis among ex-miners from the South African gold mining industry, several programmes have been engaged in examining and compensating those at risk of these diseases. Availability of a database from one such programme, the Q(h)ubeka Trust, provided an opportunity to examine the accuracy of length of service in predicting compensable silicosi...

Epidemiology, healthcare utilization, and related costs among patients with IPF: result...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8933882
Respiratory Research; Kreuter M, Picker N et. al.

Mar 21st, 2022 - Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive form of fibrosing interstitial pneumonia with poor survival. This study provides insight into the epidemiology, cost, and disease course of IPF in Germany. A cohort of incident patients with IPF (n = 1737) was identified from German claims data (2014-2019). Incidence and prevalence rates were calculated and adjusted for age differences compar...

Hospitalization costs of coronaviruses diseases in upper-middle-income countries: A sys...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8916657
PloS One; Rocha-Filho CR, Martins JWL et. al.

Mar 12th, 2022 - COVID-19, SARS and MERS are diseases that present an important health burden worldwide. This situation demands resource allocation to the healthcare system, affecting especially middle- and low-income countries. Thus, identifying the main cost drivers is relevant to optimize patient care and resource allocation. To systematically identify and summarize the current status of knowledge on direct ...

TB Treatment Can Be Shortened for Most Children: Study
https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/970000

Mar 9th, 2022 - The World Health Organization is expected to recommend truncating treatment of children with mild tuberculosis by 2 months — from 6 months to 4 — after a randomized trial found similar outcomes with the shorter regimen. An international team of investigators found the abbreviated course of antibiotics was no less effective or safe than conventional treatment and saved an average of $17.34 per c...

Cost-effectiveness of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody diagnostic tests in Brazil.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8880880
PloS One; de Assis TSM, Freire ML et. al.

Feb 26th, 2022 - Although serologic tests for COVID-19 diagnosis are rarely indicated nowadays, they remain commercially available and widely used in Brazil. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of anti-SARS-CoV-2antibody diagnostic tests for COVID-19 in Brazil. Eleven commercially available diagnostic tests, comprising five lateral-flow immunochromatographic assays (LFAs) and six ...

Pediatric growth hormone treatment in Italy: A systematic review of epidemiology, quali...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8880399
PloS One; Orso M, Polistena B et. al.

Feb 26th, 2022 - This systematic review aims to describe 1) the epidemiology of the diseases indicated for treatment with growth hormone (GH) in Italy; 2) the adherence to the GH treatment in Italy and factors associated with non-adherence; 3) the economic impact of GH treatment in Italy; 4) the quality of life of patients treated with GH and their caregivers in Italy. Systematic literature searches were perfor...

Major ambulatory surgery among US adults with inflammatory bowel disease, 2017.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8870533
PloS One; Xu F, Wheaton AG et. al.

Feb 25th, 2022 - Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have higher health services use than those without IBD. We investigated patient and hospital characteristics of major ambulatory surgery encounters for Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) vs non-IBD patients. We conducted a cross-sectional study using 2017 Nationwide Ambulatory Surgery Sample. Major ambulatory surgery encounters among p...

Prevalence, acceptability, and cost of routine screening for pulmonary tuberculosis amo...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8863221
PloS One; Adjobimey M, Ade S et. al.

Feb 23rd, 2022 - We sought to evaluate the yield, cost, feasibility, and acceptability of routine tuberculosis (TB) screening of pregnant women in Cotonou, Benin. Mixed-methods, cross-sectional study with a cost assessment. Eight participating health facilities in Cotonou, Benin. Consecutive pregnant women presenting for antenatal care at any participating site who were not in labor or currently being treated f...

Trend and burden of neural tube defects among cohort of pregnant women in Ethiopia: Whe...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8856542
PloS One; Berhane A, Belachew T

Feb 19th, 2022 - Neural tube defect is one of the top five most serious birth defects in the world. In Ethiopia an accurate estimate of the trend and burden of neural tube defects is still unknown. There hasn't been much research done on the prevalence and trend of neural tube defects in Eastern Ethiopia. To complement previous efforts of studies, the purpose of this study is to estimate the trend and burden of...

Odevixibat (Bylvay) for progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis-associated pruritus.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35171896
The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics;

Feb 17th, 2022 - Odevixibat (Bylvay) for progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis-associated pruritus.|2022||adverse effects,economics,pharmacology,therapeutic use,adverse effects,economics,pharmacology,therapeutic use,drug therapy,

Geographic concentration of SARS-CoV-2 cases by social determinants of health in metrop...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8900797
CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association Journal = Journal De ... Xia Y, Ma H et. al.

Feb 16th, 2022 - Understanding inequalities in SARS-CoV-2 transmission associated with the social determinants of health could help the development of effective mitigation strategies that are responsive to local transmission dynamics. This study aims to quantify social determinants of geographic concentration of SARS-CoV-2 cases across 16 census metropolitan areas (hereafter, cities) in 4 Canadian provinces, Br...

FluoRNT: A robust, efficient assay for the detection of neutralising antibodies against...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8827462
PloS One; Scheck MK, Lehmann L et. al.

Feb 10th, 2022 - There is an urgent need for better diagnostic and analytical methods for vaccine research and infection control in virology. This has been highlighted by recently emerging viral epidemics and pandemics (Zika, SARS-CoV-2), and recurring viral outbreaks like the yellow fever outbreaks in Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo (2016) and in Brazil (2016-2018). Current assays to determine neut...

How Prolonged Isolation Affects People With Parkinson Disease During the COVID-19 Pande...
https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2022.1510
JAMA Suran M

Feb 10th, 2022 - How Prolonged Isolation Affects People With Parkinson Disease During the COVID-19 Pandemic.|2022|Suran M,|etiology,diagnosis,psychology,psychology,economics,

Universal Hepatitis B Antibody Screening and Vaccination in Pregnancy: A Cost-Effective...
https://doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000004652 10.7326/M17-1106 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.22388 10.1016/j.ogc.2014.08.004 10.1186/1471-2334-14-368 10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.08.074 10.1093/cid/ciu103 10.1086/656776 10.1097/AOG.0b013e3182148efe 10.1097/AOG.0000000000003706 10.1097/INF.0000000000001516 10.1097/INF.0000000000001516 10.1128/JCM.02430-07 10.4038/cmj.v47i1.6396 10.15585/mmwr.mm6939a2 10.3390/vaccines1020167 10.1002/hep.22975 10.1093/infdis/jix356 10.1093/ofid/ofy353 10.1002/hep.30501 10.1016/j.drugpo.2016.12.006 10.1002/hep.28156 10.1016/j.jhep.2007.11.011 10.1002/hep.26218 10.2337/dc12-0759 10.1016/j.amepre.2006.01.017 10.7326/0003-4819-127-10-199711150-00001 10.1097/00004836-200411003-00005 10.14309/ctg.0000000000000062 10.1016/j.ajog.2004.10.600 10.1016/s0029-7844(01)01355-2 10.1186/s12962-018-0088-9 10.1007/s40273-019-00852-y 10.1111/j.1524-4733.2007.00297.x 10.1155/2012/736452 10.1371/journal.pone.0221769 10.1371/journal.pone.0221614 10.1016/j.jval.2019.09.2751 10.1093/infdis/jiaa432 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000001355 10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.03.050 10.1542/hpeds.2019-0029 10.1046/j.1341-8076.2002.00076.x 10.1080/14767058.2021.1949442 10.1093/cid/ciz063 10.1097/aog.0000000000003062 10.7326/0003-4819-156-4-201202210-00378
Obstetrics and Gynecology; Prabhu M, Susich MK et. al.

Feb 5th, 2022 - To evaluate the cost effectiveness of universal screening for hepatitis B immunity and vaccination among pregnant women in the United States. We designed a decision-analytic model to evaluate the outcomes, costs, and cost effectiveness associated with universal hepatitis B virus (HBV) immunity screening in pregnancy with vaccination of susceptible individuals compared with no screening. A theor...

The Cost-Effectiveness of Belimumab and Voclosporin for Patients with Lupus Nephritis i...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8975035
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : ... Mandrik O, Fotheringham J et. al.

Feb 5th, 2022 - Despite existing therapies, people with lupus nephritis progress to kidney failure and have reduced life expectancy. Belimumab and voclosporin are two new disease-modifying therapies recently approved for the treatment of lupus nephritis. A de novo economic model was developed to estimate the cost-effectiveness of these therapies, including the following health states: "complete response," "par...

Costs of mass drug administration for scabies in Fiji.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8846527
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases; Mow M, Thean LJ et. al.

Feb 4th, 2022 - In 2019, the Murdoch Children's Research Institute in partnership with the Fiji Ministry of Health and Medical Services carried out an integrated mass drug administration (MDA) for the treatment of scabies and lymphatic filariasis in the Northern Division of Fiji (population estimate 131,914). We conducted a retrospective micro-costing exercise focused on the cost of scabies control in order to...

The impact of COVID-19 on the dental hygienists: A cross-sectional study in the Lombard...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8809622
PloS One; Varoni EM, Cinquanta L et. al.

Feb 3rd, 2022 - The impact of COVID-19 on socio-economical activities has changed everyday life. Dental hygienists, who perform aerosol generating procedures, have been strongly affected by changes in routine procedures. This cross-sectional study aimed at carrying out an online survey among dental hygienists in Lombardy. The survey was implemented after the first-wave lockdown focusing on the level of knowled...

Cost-effectiveness of routine adolescent vaccination with an M72/AS01E-like tuberculosi...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8807591
Nature Communications; Harris RC, Quaife M et. al.

Feb 3rd, 2022 - The M72/AS01E tuberculosis vaccine showed 50% (95%CI: 2-74%) efficacy in a phase 2B trial in preventing active pulmonary tuberculosis disease, but potential cost-effectiveness of adolescent immunisation is unknown. We estimated the impact and cost-effectiveness of six scenarios of routine adolescent M72/AS01E-like vaccination in South Africa and India. All scenarios suggested an M72/AS01E-like ...

End-to-end system for rapid and sensitive early-detection of SARS-CoV-2 for resource-po...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8791454
PloS One; Lin EE, Razzaque UA et. al.

Jan 27th, 2022 - COVID-19 has exposed stark inequalities between resource-rich and resource-poor countries. International UN- and WHO-led efforts, such as COVAX, have provided SARS-CoV-2 vaccines but half of African countries have less than 2% vaccinated in their population, and only 15 have reached 10% by October 2021, further disadvantaging local economic recovery. Key for this implementation and preventing f...