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About 186,908 results

Primary angiitis of the central nervous system: description of the first fifty-two adul...
https://doi.org/10.1002/art.38340
Arthritis & Rheumatology (Hoboken, N.J.); de Boysson H, Zuber M et. al.

May 1st, 2014 - To describe characteristics and outcomes of a multicenter cohort of patients diagnosed as having primary angiitis of the central nervous system (PACNS). In 2010, we initiated a cohort study of adults diagnosed as having PACNS ≤15 years ago and with followup of >6 months (unless they died earlier of biopsy-proven PACNS). Its first analysis was planned at 2 years. Multidisciplinary investigators ...

Risk of cerebral arteriovenous malformation rupture during pregnancy and puerperium.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4035708
Neurology Liu XJ, Wang S et. al.

Apr 24th, 2014 - To determine whether the risk of arteriovenous malformation (AVM) rupture is increased during pregnancy and puerperium. Participants included 979 female patients with intracranial AVM admitted to Beijing Tiantan Hospital between 1960 and 2010. Two neurosurgery residents reviewed medical records for each case. Of them, 393 patients with ruptured AVM between 18 and 40 years of age were used for c...

Use of Vibrio cholerae vaccine in an outbreak in Guinea.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1312680
The New England Journal of Medicine; Luquero FJ, Grout L et. al.

May 29th, 2014 - The use of vaccines to prevent and control cholera is currently under debate. Shanchol is one of the two oral cholera vaccines prequalified by the World Health Organization; however, its effectiveness under field conditions and the protection it confers in the first months after administration remain unknown. The main objective of this study was to estimate the short-term effectiveness of two d...

Free-roaming kissing bugs, vectors of Chagas disease, feed often on humans in the South...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4096837
The American Journal of Medicine; Klotz SA, Schmidt JO et. al.

Jan 8th, 2014 - Kissing bugs, vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi, the parasite that causes Chagas disease, are common in the desert Southwest. After a dispersal flight in summer, adult kissing bugs occasionally gain access to houses where they remain feeding on humans and pets. How often wild, free-roaming kissing bugs feed on humans outside their homes has not been studied. This is important because contact of kiss...

Efficacy of dietary interventions for inducing histologic remission in patients with eo...
https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2014.02.006
Gastroenterology Arias A, González-Cervera J et. al.

Feb 18th, 2014 - Various dietary interventions have been used to treat patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), yielding varied results. This systematic review assesses the efficacy of different dietary therapies in inducing disease remission. We performed a systematic search of the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and SCOPUS databases for studies investigating the efficacy of dietary interventions (reducing infiltration ...

Contributions of the social environment to first-onset and recurrent mania.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4206672
Molecular Psychiatry; Gilman SE, Ni MY et. al.

Apr 22nd, 2014 - In treated cohorts, individuals with bipolar disorder are more likely to report childhood adversities and recent stressors than individuals without bipolar disorder; similarly, in registry-based studies, childhood adversities are more common among individuals who later become hospitalized for bipolar disorder. Because these types of studies rely on treatment-seeking samples or hospital diagnose...

Transplantation outcomes for severe combined immunodeficiency, 2000-2009.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4183064
The New England Journal of Medicine; Pai SY, Logan BR et. al.

Jul 30th, 2014 - The Primary Immune Deficiency Treatment Consortium was formed to analyze the results of hematopoietic-cell transplantation in children with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) and other primary immunodeficiencies. Factors associated with a good transplantation outcome need to be identified in order to design safer and more effective curative therapy, particularly for children with SCID diag...

Vulvar cancers in women with vulvar lichen planus: a clinicopathological study.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2014.05.057
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology; Regauer S, Reich O et. al.

Jul 7th, 2014 - Vulvar squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) arising in association with vulvar lichen planus (LP) are poorly documented. We sought to present clinicopathological features of 38 patients (median age 61 years, range 39-90 years) with LP-associated vulvar SCCs. Evaluated were location of vulvar SCC and metastases at presentation, recurrences, survival, precursor lesions, presence of human papillomaviru...

Prenatal antidepressant exposure is associated with risk for attention-deficit hyperact...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4427538
Molecular Psychiatry; Clements CC, Castro VM et. al.

Aug 26th, 2014 - Previous studies suggested that risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may be increased in children exposed to antidepressants during the prenatal period. The disease specificity of this risk has not been addressed and the possibility of confounding has not been excluded. Children with ASD or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) delivered in a large New England health-care system we...

Causes of pulmonary hypertension in the elderly.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4077408
Chest Pugh ME, Sivarajan L et. al.

Jan 31st, 2014 - Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is common in elderly patients, but a detailed analysis of the causes of PH in the elderly has not been performed. We hypothesized that pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is rare in elderly patients and sought to describe the characteristics of these patients at a large referral center. Clinical and hemodynamic data were collected on consecutive patients ≥ 65 years...

Midlife migraine and late-life parkinsonism: AGES-Reykjavik study.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4180488
Neurology Scher AI, Ross GW et. al.

Sep 18th, 2014 - In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that having migraine in middle age is related to late-life parkinsonism and a related disorder, restless legs syndrome (RLS), also known as Willis-Ekbom disease (WED). The AGES-Reykjavik cohort (born 1907-1935) has been followed since 1967. Headaches were classified based on symptoms assessed in middle age. From 2002 to 2006, 5,764 participants wer...

Seasonal variation of relapse rate in multiple sclerosis is latitude dependent.
https://doi.org/10.1002/ana.24287
Annals of Neurology; Spelman T, Gray O et. al.

Oct 6th, 2014 - Previous studies assessing seasonal variation of relapse onset in multiple sclerosis have had conflicting results. Small relapse numbers, differing diagnostic criteria, and single region studies limit the generalizability of prior results. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a temporal variation in onset of relapses in both hemispheres and to determine whether seasonal peak ...

Prevalence of small-bowel neoplasia in Lynch syndrome assessed by video capsule endoscopy.
https://doi.org/10.1136/gutjnl-2014-307348
Gut Haanstra JF, Al-Toma A et. al.

Sep 11th, 2014 - The aim was to determine the prevalence of small-bowel neoplasia in asymptomatic patients with Lynch syndrome (LS) by video capsule endoscopy (VCE). After obtaining informed consent, asymptomatic proven gene mutation carriers aged 35-70 years were included in this prospective multicentre study in the Netherlands. Patients with previous small-bowel surgery were excluded. After bowel preparation,...

Prevention of Pertussis, Tetanus, and Diphtheria with Vaccines in the United States: Re...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5919600
MMWR. Recommendations and Reports : Morbidity and Mortali... Liang JL, Tiwari T et. al.

Apr 27th, 2018 - This report compiles and summarizes all recommendations from CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) regarding prevention and control of tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis in the United States. As a comprehensive summary of previously published recommendations, this report does not contain any new recommendations and replaces all previously published reports and policy notes; ...

Antidepressants during pregnancy and autism in offspring: population based cohort study.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5516223
BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.); Rai D, Lee BK et. al.

Jul 20th, 2017 - Objectives To study the association between maternal use of antidepressants during pregnancy and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in offspring.Design Observational prospective cohort study with regression methods, propensity score matching, sibling controls, and negative control comparison.Setting Stockholm County, Sweden.Participants 254 610 individuals aged 4-17, including 5378 with autism, liv...

Population-Based Surveillance of Birth Defects Potentially Related to Zika Virus Infect...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5812309
MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; Delaney A, Mai C et. al.

Jan 25th, 2018 - Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause serious birth defects, including microcephaly and brain abnormalities (1). Population-based birth defects surveillance systems are critical to monitor all infants and fetuses with birth defects potentially related to Zika virus infection, regardless of known exposure or laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection during pregnancy. CDC analyzed dat...

Renal Functional Outcomes after Surgery, Ablation, and Active Surveillance of Localized...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5498358
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : ... Patel HD, Pierorazio PM et. al.

May 9th, 2017 - Management strategies for localized renal masses suspicious for renal cell carcinoma include radical nephrectomy, partial nephrectomy, thermal ablation, and active surveillance. Given favorable survival outcomes across strategies, renal preservation is often of paramount concern. To inform clinical decision making, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies comparing renal fu...

Association of hospital structures with mortality from ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm.
https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.9759
The British Journal of Surgery; Ozdemir BA, Karthikesalingam A et. al.

Feb 23rd, 2015 - There is significant variation in the mortality rates of patients with a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) admitted to hospital in England. This study sought to investigate whether modifiable differences in hospital structures and processes were associated with differences in patient outcome. Patients diagnosed with rAAA between 2005 and 2010 were extracted from the Hospital Episode Sta...

The incidence of visual impairment due to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and concomit...
https://doi.org/10.1136/bjo.2010.192542
The British Journal of Ophthalmology; van Sorge AJ, Termote JU et. al.

Feb 11th, 2011 - To determine the incidence of visual impairment (VI) caused by retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and concomitant disabilities in preterm neonates born between 2000 and 2009 in the Netherlands. Data were retrieved from the Dutch institutes for the visually impaired. They were compared with similar Dutch studies conducted in 1975-1987, 1986-1994 and 1994-2000. Records of 42 infants with VI due to ...

Risk factors for pulmonary artery hypertension in preterm infants with moderate or seve...
https://doi.org/10.1159/000327891
Neonatology Kim DH, Kim HS et. al.

Jul 27th, 2011 - Despite the potential importance of pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) in preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), little is known about the risk factors for PAH. To investigate the risk factors for PAH in preterm infants with BPD. Infants diagnosed with BPD were assigned to the PAH group or non-PAH group except for infants with mild BPD who had no PAH. PAH was diagnosed on the b...