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About 182,613 results

Rose Gana Fomban Leke: rethinking malaria.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8722637
Bulletin of the World Health Organization;

Jan 13th, 2022 - Rose Gana Fomban Leke talks to Gary Humphreys about rethinking approaches to malaria elimination and her efforts to support the next generation of women scientists in Cameroon.

Intraocular pressure of adults in a coastal province in southern China: the Fujian cros...
https://doi.org/10.21037/apm-21-3238
Annals of Palliative Medicine; Li Y, Hu Q et. al.

Jan 13th, 2022 - Glaucoma is a leading cause of irreversible vision loss worldwide. Increased intraocular pressure (IOP) is widely recognized as the most important modifiable risk factor for the development of glaucoma. In order to arouse people's attention to glaucoma, this study set out to describe IOP and its related factors in adults living in urban and rural areas of Fujian, a coastal province in southern ...

Village health workers as health diplomats: negotiating health and study participation ...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-021-07431-y
BMC Health Services Research; Masunaga Y, Muela Ribera J et. al.

Jan 13th, 2022 - Although many success stories exist of Village Health Workers (VHWs) improving primary health care, critiques remain about the medicalisation of their roles in disease-specific interventions. VHWs are placed at the bottom of the health system hierarchy as cheap and low-skilled volunteers, irrespective of their highly valued social and political status within communities. In this paper, we shed ...

The Interaction of Vitamin D and Corticosteroids: A Mortality Analysis of 26,508 Vetera...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8744830
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Efird JT, Anderson EJ et. al.

Jan 12th, 2022 - This data-based cohort consisted of 26,508 (7%) United States veterans out of the 399,290 who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 from 1 March to 10 September 2020. We aimed to assess the interaction of post-index vitamin D (Vit D) and corticosteroid (CRT) use on 30-day mortality among hospitalized and non-hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Combination Vit D and CRT drug...

The Social and Natural Environment's Impact on SARS-CoV-2 Infections in the UK Biobank.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8744630
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Scalsky RJ, Chen YJ et. al.

Jan 12th, 2022 - COVID-19 has caused a global pandemic with considerable impact. Studies have examined the influence of socioeconomic status and air pollution on COVID-19 risk but in low detail. This study seeks to further elucidate the nuances of socioeconomic status, as defined by the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD), air pollution, and their relationship. We examined the effect of IMD and air pollution on...

Assessment of Meteorological Variables and Air Pollution Affecting COVID-19 Cases in Ur...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8744893
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Zhao M, Liu Y et. al.

Jan 12th, 2022 - The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has become a severe public health and social problem worldwide. A limitation of the existing literature is that multiple environmental variables have not been frequently elaborated, which is why the overall effect of the environment on COVID-19 has not been conclusive. In this study, we used generalized additive model (GAM) to detect the relationshi...

Synonyms and Symptoms of COVID-19 and Individual and Official Actions against the Disea...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8750519
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Auth K, Bohnet S et. al.

Jan 12th, 2022 - To control the ongoing global pandemic due to SARS-CoV-2, we need to influence people's behavior. To do so, we require information on people's knowledge and perception of the disease and their opinions about the importance of containment measures. Therefore, in August 2020, we conducted an anonymous cross-sectional online survey on these topics in 913 participants in Germany. Participants compl...

The Changes in Stress Coping, Alcohol Use, Cigarette Smoking and Physical Activity duri...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8744869
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Kosendiak A, Król M et. al.

Jan 12th, 2022 - The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has significantly limited social contacts, thus contributing to deepening isolation. Therefore, SARS-CoV-2 exerted on humanity not only a physical impact but also a psychological one, often increasing the feeling of stress. The long-term effects of such a state could include the management of depression, so our study aimed to analyze groups of medical students in d...

Defining Antibody Seroprevalence and Duration of Humoral Responses to SARS-CoV-2 Infect...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8744770
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Kotsiou OS, Papagiannis D et. al.

Jan 12th, 2022 - In this work, we aimed to evaluate antibody-response longevity to SARS-CoV-2 infection and/or vaccination in one of the Greek communities that was worst hit by the pandemic, Deskati, five months after a previous serosurveillance and nine months after the pandemic wave initiation (October 2020). The SARS-CoV-2 IgG II Quant method (Architect, Abbott, IL, USA) was used for antibody testing. A tota...

Application of the ARIMA Model to Predict Under-Reporting of New Cases of Hansen's Dise...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8744825
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... da Cunha VP, Botelho GM et. al.

Jan 12th, 2022 - This work aimed to apply the ARIMA model to predict the under-reporting of new Hansen's disease cases during the COVID-19 pandemic in Palmas, Tocantins, Brazil. This is an ecological time series study of Hansen's disease indicators in the city of Palmas between 2001 and 2020 using the autoregressive integrated moving averages method. Data from the Notifiable Injuries Information System and popu...

Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 Infection in a Sample of Health Workers in Two Health Departme...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8751085
International Journal of Environmental Research and Publi... Rodríguez de Limia Ramírez K, Ruiz-Robledillo N et. al.

Jan 12th, 2022 - Health care personnel constitutes the most vulnerable group of professionals, as they are employed in a work context with higher exposure to SARS-CoV-2 infection. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in health personnel (n = 2858) of two health departments in the Valencian community between March 2020 and April 2021, as well as the sociodemographic and work variabl...

A systematic review of the burden and risk factors of sudden infant death syndrome (SID...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8719309
Journal of Global Health; Osei-Poku GK, Thomas S et. al.

Jan 11th, 2022 - While sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has long been recognized as a leading preventable cause of infant mortality in high-income countries, little is known about the burden of SIDS in Africa. To address this knowledge gap, we conducted the first systematic review of SIDS-related publications in Africa. Our objective was to assess the prevalence of SIDS and its risk factors in Africa. We sys...

Uptake, effectiveness and safety of COVID-19 vaccines in children and young people in S...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8709900
Journal of Global Health; Adeloye D, Katikireddi SV et. al.

Jan 11th, 2022 - The dynamics of acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) transmission and severity of disease among children and young people (CYP) across different settings are of considerable clinical, public health and societal interest. Severe COVID-19 cases, requiring hospitalisations, and deaths have been reported in some CYP suggesting a need to extend vaccinations to these age groups. As p...

COVID-19 related outcomes among individuals with neurodegenerative diseases: a cohort a...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8739517
BMC Neurology; Hu Y, Yang H et. al.

Jan 9th, 2022 - An increased susceptibility to COVID-19 has been suggested for individuals with neurodegenerative diseases, but data are scarce from longitudinal studies. In this community-based cohort study, we included 96,275 participants of the UK Biobank who had available SARS-CoV-2 test results in Public Health England. Of these, 2617 had a clinical diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases in the UK Bioban...

High prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis in a desert population: results from an expl...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8740043
Infectious Diseases of Poverty; Moser W, Batil AA et. al.

Jan 8th, 2022 - Researching a water-borne disease in the middle of the Sahara desert might not seem the most relevant concern. However, nomadic Sahelian pastoralists health concerns regarding their livestock and anecdotal reports about trematode infections of Fasciola spp. and Schistosoma spp. in desert-raised animals justified an exploratory study focusing on the lakes of Ounianga in Northern Chad. The aim wa...

SARS-CoV-2 antibody prevalence and correlates of six ethnic groups living in Amsterdam,...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8739540
BMJ Open; Coyer L, Boyd A et. al.

Jan 8th, 2022 - It has been suggested that ethnic minorities have been disproportionally affected by the COVID-19. We aimed to determine whether prevalence and correlates of past SARS-CoV-2 exposure varied between six ethnic groups in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Participants aged 25-79 years enrolled in the Healthy Life in an Urban Setting population-based prospective cohort (n=16 889) were randomly selected w...

SARS-CoV-2 Reinfection Rate and Estimated Effectiveness of the Inactivated Whole Virion...
https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.42210
JAMA Network Open; Malhotra S, Mani K et. al.

Jan 8th, 2022 - A surge of COVID-19 occurred from March to June 2021, in New Delhi, India, linked to the B.1.617.2 (Delta) variant of SARS-CoV-2. COVID-19 vaccines were rolled out for health care workers (HCWs) starting in January 2021. To assess the incidence density of reinfection among a cohort of HCWs and estimate the effectiveness of the inactivated whole virion vaccine BBV152 against reinfection. This wa...

Poliovirus immunity among adults in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: a cross-secti...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8728990
BMC Infectious Diseases; Alfonso VH, Voorman A et. al.

Jan 7th, 2022 - Vaccination efforts to eradicate polio currently focus on children under 5 years of age, among whom most cases of poliomyelitis still occur. However, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), an outbreak of wild poliovirus type 1 occurred in 2010-2011 in which 16% of cases occurred among adults; in a related outbreak in the neighboring Republic of Congo, 75% of cases occurred among the sam...

Neonatal Fever in the COVID-19 Pandemic: Odds of a Serious Bacterial Infection.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8745945
Pediatric Emergency Care; Mittal S, Muthusami S et. al.

Jan 7th, 2022 - A sepsis workup is recommended in young infants 56 days or younger with fever to rule out a serious bacterial infection (SBI). Given the reduction in non-severe acute respiratory syndrome - coronavirus 2 viral infections observed in multiple studies during the coronavirus diseases 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, we sought to determine if the reduction in viral infections led to a change in the incide...

SARS-CoV-2 induced post-translational protein modifications: A trigger for developing a...
https://doi.org/10.1002/dmrr.3508
Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews; Catriona C, Paolo P

Jan 7th, 2022 - Emerging evidence indicates a bi-directional relationship between SARS-CoV-2 and diabetes. The possibility exists that SARS-CoV-2 could induce diabetes, but it is not yet clear whether this might be a fulminant-type diabetes, autoimmune diabetes, or a new-onset transient hyperglycaemia. This viewpoint discusses mechanisms by which SARS-CoV-2 might trigger type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Specif...