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About 235,223 results

Be cautious if considering use of premium IOLs in patients with glaucoma
https://www.healio.com/news/ophthalmology/20220121/be-cautious-if-considering-use-of-premium-iols-in-patients-with-glaucoma

Jan 21st, 2022 - WAIKOLOA, Hawaii — Surgeons need to consider the risks and possible refractive outcomes before implanting a premium IOL in a patient with glaucoma, according to a presentation at Hawaiian Eye 2022. Nathan Radcliffe, MD, said that when a patient with glaucoma who already has a premium IOL experiences a problem, the IOL is rarely the issue. “I never remove the premium IOL because as bad as the gl...

Depressive and anxious symptoms among young adults in the COVID-19 pandemic: Results fr...
https://doi.org/10.1002/da.23273
Depression and Anxiety; Kreski NT, Keyes KM et. al.

May 28th, 2022 - The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic is associated with worsening mental health among young adults, but further research is necessary to quantify the associations with depression and anxiety. Using Monitoring the Future data (N = 1244 young adults, modal age: 19, Fall 2020 supplement), we examined internalizing symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire-8 and Ge...

Treatment Outcomes for Primary Hepatic Angiosarcoma: National Cancer Database Analysis ...
https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol29050292
Current Oncology (Toronto, Ont.); Mangla A, Cioffi G et. al.

May 28th, 2022 - To determine the risk of mortality and factors associated with survival amongst patients diagnosed with primary hepatic angiosarcoma (PHA). All patients diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or PHA from 2004 to 2014 were identified from the National Cancer Database (NCDB). Further analysis was performed within the cohort of patients with PHA to assess the impact of surgery, chemotherapy...

The Effect of Surgeon Volume on the Outcome of Laser Vaporization: A Single-Center Retr...
https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol29050302
Current Oncology (Toronto, Ont.); Maeda M, Hisa T et. al.

May 28th, 2022 - Although laser vaporization is a popular minimally invasive treatment for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), factors influencing CIN recurrence are understudied. Moreover, the effect of surgeon volume on patients' prognosis after laser vaporization for CIN is unknown. This single-center retrospective study evaluated the predictive value of surgeon volume and patient characteristics for l...

Clinical risk factors for patients with myelodysplastic syndromes undergoing allogeneic...
https://doi.org/10.1080/16078454.2022.2052601
Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands); Teshigawara-Tanabe H, Hagihara M et. al.

May 28th, 2022 - Objectives: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT) is the only curative treatment for myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), although predicting post-transplant outcomes remains inconclusive. This study evaluated patients who underwent allo-HCT for MDS to identify prognostic factors and develop a clinical risk model.Methods: We evaluated 55 patients between June 2000 and March ...

Inpatient Care Utilization and Epidemiology of Hirschsprung Disease: Analysis of the Na...
https://doi.org/10.1097/MPG.0000000000003449
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition; Dharmaraj R, Reno J et. al.

May 28th, 2022 - Hirschsprung disease (HD) is associated with significant morbidities including long-term bowel dysfunction. The aim of this study was to update national and regional trends in the inpatient care utilization and epidemiology of HD in the United States between 2009 and 2014 using the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database. We identified all pediatric admissions with a diagnosis of HD within the...

Impact of Pancreatic Enzymes on Enteral Fat and Nitrogen Absorption in Short Bowel Synd...
https://doi.org/10.1097/MPG.0000000000003465
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition; Sainath NN, Bales C et. al.

May 28th, 2022 - Patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS) can have a high morbidity rate. To minimize morbidity, enteral autonomy is the primary goal in clinical management of patients with SBS. This is often difficult to achieve due to significant malabsorption. To date, there are limited therapies that improve absorption in patients with SBS. The impact of pancreatic enzyme replacement treatment on enteral ab...

Risk factors for 1-year hospital readmissions in patients with systemic lupus erythemat...
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10238-022-00835-y 10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30546-X 10.1002/ajmg.c.31696 10.1093/rheumatology 10.1007/s00296-013-2902-1 10.1002/art.24741 10.1002/art.38768 10.1186/1471-2369-15-67 10.1177/0961203308096661 10.1002/art.37795 10.3904/kjim.2016.234 10.1097/MD.0000000000000794
Clinical and Experimental Medicine; Chen J, Zhang L et. al.

May 28th, 2022 - To reveal the characteristics of and risk factors for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with frequent readmission aiming at intervening early and improve the quality of care during initial hospitalizations. This was a single-center, retrospective case-control study involving 521 hospitalized patients with SLE from January 2014 to December 2016 in the Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong M...

Dietary Factors and Incidence of Hydatidiform Mole: An Ecological Study.
https://doi.org/10.1080/01635581.2022.2079688
Nutrition and Cancer; Wang X, Du Y et. al.

May 28th, 2022 - The current ecological study aims to explore the association between dietary factors and hydatidiform mole (HM) incidence in Japan and China. HM incidence in Japan gradually declined from 1970s to 1990s, while the dietary structure also changed during the same period, mainly characterized by a decrease in the consumption of cereals and an increase in the consumption of meat, eggs, and dairy pro...

A Nomogram to Predict Bacterial Meningitis-Associated Hydrocephalus: A Single-Center Re...
https://doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000003590
The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal; Meng L, Peng XL et. al.

May 28th, 2022 - We aimed to develop a predictive nomogram for the early detection of hydrocephalus in children with bacterial meningitis. This retrospective study was based on data of children with bacterial meningitis admitted to our hospital between January 2016 and December 2020. Risk factors were evaluated using univariate analysis, and the predictive model/nomogram was built using binary logistic analysis...

Experiences of persons with Multiple Sclerosis with lifestyle adjustment-A qualitative ...
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0268988
PloS One; Elkhalii-Wilhelm S, Sippel A et. al.

May 28th, 2022 - Persons with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS) follow individual strategies to cope with this highly heterogeneous disease. As surveys show, lifestyle habits play an important role in pwMS. However, little is known about individual experiences of pwMS with different lifestyle adjustment strategies. This study aims to describe and understand individual experiences of pwMS with lifestyle adjustments. Sem...

Depression, diabetes, comorbid depression and diabetes and risk of all-cause and cause-...
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-022-05723-4 10.1201/9780429492259
Diabetologia Prigge R, Wild SH et. al.

May 28th, 2022 - The aim of this study was to investigate the risks of all-cause and cause-specific mortality among participants with neither, one or both of diabetes and depression in a large prospective cohort study in the UK. Our study population included 499,830 UK Biobank participants without schizophrenia and bipolar disorder at baseline. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes and depression were identified using sel...

Albumin and Derived Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio is a Novel Prognostic Factor for Pat...
https://doi.org/10.1245/s10434-022-11868-8 10.3322/caac.21660 10.1245/s10434-011-2049-9 10.2147/OTT.S117290 10.1016/j.jss.2014.12.021 10.1186/s12876-020-01566-8 10.21873/anticanres.13711 10.1016/j.pan.2019.12.006 10.1111/dote.12316 10.1245/s10434-021-11012-y 10.1097/01.sla.0000133083.54934.ae 10.1038/bjc.2012.292 10.3348/kjr.2004.5.1.11 10.1002/jso.26611 10.1038/nature01322 10.1186/1472-6890-13-12 10.1007/s00268-010-0641-y 10.1186/1475-2891-9-69 10.1080/01635581.2019.1677925 10.21873/invivo.11853 10.1245/s10434-020-08958-w 10.1007/s00595-013-0628-z 10.1007/s12282-020-01096-x 10.1007/s00268-017-4074-8 10.1056/NEJMoa2032125 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2013.07.119 10.1097/SLA.0000000000003772 10.21873/invivo.11849 10.1007/s00423-021-02139-3 10.1186/s12893-020-00726-7 10.1245/s10434-007-9407-7
Annals of Surgical Oncology; Abe T, Oshikiri T et. al.

May 28th, 2022 - Multidisciplinary treatment combining neoadjuvant treatment (NAT) and surgery has slightly improved the prognosis of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Although various biomarkers targeting nutrition and inflammation are associated with cancer prognosis, most studies have focused on conditions prior to NAT. Developing real-time and sensitive biomarkers that monitor changes...

High phosphate intake induces bone loss in nephrectomized thalassemic mice.
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0268732
PloS One; Wanna-Udom S, Luesiripong C et. al.

May 28th, 2022 - Although patients with either β-thalassemia or chronic kidney disease (CKD) clinically correlate with severe osteoporosis, the mechanism by which CKD exposed to high phosphate affects bone turnover has not been characterized in β-thalassemia. We aimed to determine the effects of renal insufficiency on high phosphate intake induced changes in bone metabolism after 5/6th nephrectomy in hemizygous...

Food safety practice and associated factors in public food establishments of Ethiopia: ...
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0268918
PloS One; Tamene A, Habte A et. al.

May 28th, 2022 - In terms of global impact, foodborne infections have been likened to major infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis, with 1 in 10 people becoming ill and 420,000 deaths per year. A large number of these incidents are caused by improperly handled food in foodservice establishments. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis aims to estimate the proportion of food ...

Incidence and survival in laryngeal and lung cancers in Finland and Sweden through a ha...
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0268922
PloS One; Koskinen A, Hemminki O et. al.

May 28th, 2022 - Global survival studies have shown favorable development in most cancers but few studies have considered laryngeal cancer, particularly over extended periods or in populations for which medical care is essentially free of charge. We analyzed laryngeal and lung cancer incidence and survival in Finland (FI) and Sweden (SE) over a 50-year period (1970-2019) using data and statistical tools from th...

High-dose vitamin D versus placebo to prevent complications in COVID-19 patients: Multi...
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0267918
PloS One; Mariani J, Antonietti L et. al.

May 28th, 2022 - The role of oral vitamin D3 supplementation for hospitalized patients with COVID-19 remains to be determined. The study was aimed to evaluate whether vitamin D3 supplementation could prevent respiratory worsening among hospitalized patients with COVID-19. We designed a multicentre, randomized, double-blind, sequential, placebo-controlled clinical trial. The study was conducted in 17 second and ...

Activated Protein C Resistance (Factor V Leiden) Assay
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2084840-overview

May 27th, 2022 - Reference Range The normal reference value for the activated protein C resistance (APCR) ratio is greater than 2.1. Next: Interpretation See the list below: Heterozygous carriers of factor V Leiden typically have APCR ratios in the range of 1.5 -1.8. Homozygotes for factor V Leiden usually have APRC ratios of less than 1.5. Previous Next: Collection and Panels Specifics for collection and panel...

Rituximab Plus Cyclosporine in Idiopathic Membranous Nephropathy
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00977977

May 27th, 2022 - This is a pilot intervention study to evaluate preliminary evidence of the safety and effectiveness of a novel combination immunosuppressive regimen, Rituximab plus cyclosporine, in the treatment of idiopathic membranous nephropathy. Membranous nephropathy is a condition that affects the kidney and involves damage to the walls of tiny blood vessels filters in the kidneys called glomeruli. This ...

Using Biomarkers to Predict TB Treatment Duration
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02821832

May 27th, 2022 - Shortening the duration of treatment for patients with drug sensitive tuberculosis from 6 to 4 months has been attempted many times in clinical trials but thus far all have failed. These failures reveal our incomplete understanding of factors driving the need for such extensive treatments. Consistently, trials have demonstrated that 80-85% of patients are successfully cured after 4 months of th...